Georgia's at-large congressional district

From 1793 to 1827 and again from 1829 to 1845, Georgia elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member at-large congressional district.

  • From 1793 to 1803 Georgia elected 2 Representatives at large.
  • From 1803 to 1813 Georgia elected 4 Representatives at large.
  • From 1813 to 1823 Georgia elected 6 Representatives at large.
  • From 1823 to 1826 and again from 1829 to 1833 Georgia elected 7 Representatives at large.
  • From 1833 to 1843 Georgia elected 9 Representatives at large.
  • From 1843 to 1845 Georgia elected 8 Representatives at large.

Briefly, from 1883 to 1885, Georgia elected one of its representatives at large, with the remainder being elected from districts.

List of members representing the districtEdit

The at-large district was created in 1793 from district representation.

  Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F Seat G Seat H Seat I
3rd
(1793–1795)
 
Abraham Baldwin
(Anti-Administration)

Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1792.
Thomas P. Carnes
(Anti-Administration)

Elected in 1792.
Lost re-election.
4th
(1795–1797)
 
Abraham Baldwin
(Democratic-Republican)

Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
 
John Milledge
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Retired.
5th
(1797–1799)
6th
(1799–1801)
Benjamin Taliaferro
(Federalist)

Elected in 1798.
James Jones
(Federalist)

Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800, but died January 11, 1801.
Vacant
7th
(1801–1803)
Benjamin Taliaferro
(Democratic-Republican)

Re-elected in 1800.
Resigned in 1802.
 
John Milledge
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected March 23, 1801 to finish Jones's term and seated December 7, 1801.
Re-elected in 1802, but declined to serve to become Governor of Georgia.
Resigned in May 1802.
Vacant Vacant
David Meriwether
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected April 26, 1802 to finish Taliaferro's term and seated December 6, 1802.
Also elected in 1802 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1804.
Retired.
 
Peter Early
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected December 15, 1802 to finish Milledge's term in the 7th Congress and seated January 10, 1803.
Also elected to the next term in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Retired.
8th
(1803–1805)
Vacant  
Samuel Hammond
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1802.
Retired.
 
Joseph Bryan
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected October 3, 1803 to finish Milledge's term in the 8th Congress and seated October 17, 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
9th
(1805–1807)
Cowles Mead
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1804.
Lost election contest on December 24, 1805.
Dennis Smelt
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected September 15, 1806 to finish Bryan's term and seated December 26, 1806.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
Thomas Spalding
(Democratic-Republican)

Won election contest on December 24, 1805.
Lost re-election and then resigned.
Vacant
 
William Wyatt Bibb
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1806.
Elected early to finish Spalding's term and seated January 26, 1807.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
10th
(1807–1809)
Howell Cobb
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Resigned.
 
George M. Troup
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Retired.
11th
(1809–1811)
12th
(1811–1813)
Bolling Hall
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Vacant
William Barnett
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected to finish Cobb's term.
Also elected to the next term in 1812.
Lost re-election.
13th
(1813–1815)
 
John Forsyth
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818, but declinced the seat and resigned November 23, 1818.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas Telfair
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Alfred Cuthbert
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected to finish Bibb's term.
Re-elected in 1814.
Resigned.
14th
(1815–1817)
 
Richard Henry Wilde
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
 
Wilson Lumpkin
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Zadock Cook
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1816.
Also elected to finish Cuthbert's term.
Retired.
15th
(1817–1819)
Thomas W. Cobb
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
Joel Crawford
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
Joel Abbot
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
William Terrell
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Retired.
 
Robert R. Reid
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected January 4, 1819 to finish Forsyth's term and seated February 18, 1819.
Also elected to the next term.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
16th
(1819–1821)
John Alfred Cuthbert
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1818.
Retired.
17th
(1821–1823)
 
George R. Gilmer
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1820.
Retired.
Edward F. Tattnall
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Alfred Cuthbert
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Wiley Thompson
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
18th
(1823–1825)
Thomas W. Cobb
(Democratic-Republican)

Elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
Resigned December 6, 1824 when elected U.S. Senator.
 
John Forsyth
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1822.
George Cary
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in 1822.
 
Richard Henry Wilde
(Democratic-Republican)[a]

Elected in December 1824 to finish Cobb's term.
Seated February 7, 1825.
Retired.
19th
(1825–1827)
Charles E. Haynes
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Edward F. Tattnall
(Jacksonian)

Re-elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
James Meriwether
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 4th district and retired.
Alfred Cuthbert
(Jacksonian)

Re-elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 6th district but lost re-election.
 
John Forsyth
(Jacksonian)

Re-elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Wiley Thompson
(Jacksonian)

Re-elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
George Cary
(Jacksonian)

Re-elected in 1824.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and retired.
20th
(1827–1829)
District returned to district representation in 1827.
District re-established from district representation in 1829.
21st
(1829–1831)
Charles E. Haynes
(Jacksonian)

Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1828.
Lost re-election.
 
Wilson Lumpkin
(Jacksonian)

Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Resigned in 1831 to become Governor of Georgia.
Vacant[b]  
Richard Henry Wilde
(Jacksonian)

Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Re-elected in 1832.
Lost re-election.
 
James M. Wayne
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Re-elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834 but declined the seat.
Resigned January 13, 1835 to become Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Wiley Thompson
(Jacksonian)

Redistricted from the 3rd district and Re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Retired.
Thomas F. Foster
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
Re-elected in 1832.
Lost re-election.
Henry G. Lamar
(Jacksonian)

Elected to finish the vacant term.
Re-elected in 1830.
Lost re-election.
22nd
(1831–1833)
Daniel Newnan
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1830.
Lost re-election.
Augustin S. Clayton
(Jacksonian)

Elected December 12, 1831 to finish Lumpkin's term and seated January 21, 1832.
Re-elected in 1832.
Retired.
23rd
(1833–1835)
 
John E. Coffee
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
Died September 25, 1836.
 
George R. Gilmer
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1832.
Lost re-election.
Roger L. Gamble
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1832.
Lost re-election.
 
William Schley
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
Resigned July 1, 1835.
Seaborn Jones
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1832.
Retired.
24th
(1835–1837)
George W. Owens
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1834.
Seaton Grantland
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1834.
John W. A. Sanford
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1834.
Resigned July 25, 1835.
Vacant James C. Terrell
(Unionist)

Elected in 1834.
Resigned July 8, 1835.
 
George Towns
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1834.
Resigned September 1, 1836.
Charles E. Haynes
(Jacksonian)

Elected in 1834.
 
William C. Dawson
(Nullifier)

Elected October 30, 1836 to finish Coffee's term and seated December 26, 1836.
Thomas Glascock
(Jacksonian)

Elected October 5, 1835 to finish Sanford's term and seated December 7, 1835.
Jabez Y. Jackson
(Jacksonian)

Elected October 5, 1835 to finish Wayne's term and seated December 7, 1835.
Hopkins Holsey
(Jacksonian)

Elected October 5, 1835 to finish Terrell's term and seated December 7, 1835.
Julius Caesar Alford
(Anti-Jacksonian)

Elected January 2, 1837 to finish Towns's term and seated January 31, 1837, having already lost election to the next term.
Jesse F. Cleveland
(Jacksonian)

Elected October 5, 1835 to finish Schley's term and seated December 7, 1835.
25th
(1837–1839)
 
William C. Dawson
(Whig)

Re-elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Resigned to run for Governor of Georgia.
George W. Owens
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Seaton Grantland
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas Glascock
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Jabez Y. Jackson
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Hopkins Holsey
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
 
George Towns
(Democratic)

[data unknown/missing]
Jesse F. Cleveland
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Charles E. Haynes
(Democratic)

Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
26th
(1839–1841)
 
Mark A. Cooper
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
 
Thomas B. King
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Lost re-election.
 
Walter T. Colquitt
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Resigned July 21, 1840.
Edward J. Black
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
Richard W. Habersham
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Died December 2, 1842.
Julius Caesar Alford
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Resigned in 1841.
 
Eugenius A. Nisbet
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Resigned in 1841.
 
Lott Warren
(Whig)

Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Retired.
 
Hines Holt
(Whig)

Elected in January 1841 to finish Colquitt's term.
[data unknown/missing]
27th
(1841–1843)
Thomas F. Foster
(Whig)

Elected in 1840.
Retired.
Roger L. Gamble
(Whig)

Elected in 1840.
Lost re-election.
James A. Meriwether
(Whig)

Elected in 1840.
Retired.
 
Mark A. Cooper
(Democratic)

Elected in December 1841 to finish Dawson's term.
Re-elected in 1842.
Resigned to run for Governor of Georgia.
Edward J. Black
(Democratic)

Elected in December 1841 to finish Alford's term.
Re-elected in 1842.
Lost re-election.
 
Walter T. Colquitt
(Democratic)

Elected in December 1841 to finish Nisbet's term.
Retired.
 
George W. Crawford
(Whig)

Elected in January 1843 to finish Habersham's term.
[data unknown/missing]
28th
(1843–1845)
 
William H. Stiles
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Retired.
John B. Lamar
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Resigned July 29, 1843.
 
John Millen
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Died October 15, 1843.
 
Howell Cobb
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Hugh A. Haralson
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
 
John H. Lumpkin
(Democratic)

Elected in 1842.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Seat
eliminated
in 1843.
 
Alexander H. Stephens
(Whig)

Elected October 2, 1843 to finish Cooper's term.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Absalom H. Chappell
(Whig)

Elected October 2, 1843 to finish Lamar's term.
Lost re-election.
  Duncan L. Clinch
(Whig)

Elected January 1, 1844 to finish Millen's term.
Retired.
District returned to district representation in 1845.
At-large seat restored for the 48th Congress
48th
(1883–1885)
 
Thomas Hardeman Jr.
(Democratic)

Elected in 1882.
[data unknown/missing]

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Supported the Crawford faction in the 1824 United States presidential election.
  2. ^ George Gilmer (Jacksonian) was redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected but failed to accept the position within the legal time frame and the governor ordered a new election.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present