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John Winston Jones (November 22, 1791 – January 29, 1848) was an American politician and lawyer. He served five terms in the United States House of Representatives from 1835 to 1845. He served as Speaker of the House in both the U.S. House of Representatives (1843-1845) and the Virginia House of Delegates (1847).
John Winston Jones
|16th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
December 4, 1843 – March 4, 1845
|Preceded by||John White|
|Succeeded by||John W. Davis|
|Leader of the House Democratic Caucus|
December 4, 1843 – March 4, 1845
|Preceded by||James K. Polk|
|Succeeded by||Howell Cobb|
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1845
|Preceded by||William S. Archer (3rd)|
Walter Coles (6th)
|Succeeded by||Walter Coles (3rd)|
James Seddon (6th)
|Constituency||3rd district (1835–43)|
6th district (1843–45)
|Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee|
March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
|Preceded by||Churchill C. Cambreleng|
|Succeeded by||Millard Fillmore|
|22nd Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates|
January 4, 1847 – December 6, 1847
|Preceded by||William Goode|
|Succeeded by||James F. Strother|
|Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Chesterfield County|
December 7, 1846 – December 17, 1847
|Preceded by||William Winfree|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Jones|
|Born||November 22, 1791|
Amelia County, Virginia
|Died||January 29, 1848 (aged 56)|
|Children||Mary Winston Jones|
James Boisseau Jones
|Alma mater||The College of William & Mary|
Early life and careerEdit
Born November 22, 1791 in Amelia County, Virginia, he graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1813. He practiced law in Chesterfield County, Virginia before being appointed Prosecuting Attorney for Virginia's 5th Judicial Circuit in 1818. He was a delegate to the 1829–1830 state constitutional convention.
Tenure in CongressEdit
Jones was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1835 and served five terms. As he rose through the ranks of the House, he became chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, replacing future president Millard Fillmore, and House Democratic Leader, succeeding future president James K. Polk.
Jones declined nomination for a sixth term in Congress and returned to Virginia in 1845.
Career after CongressEdit
Upon his retirement from Congress, he returned to the practice of law in Virginia. Among his more prominent cases, he served as lead counsel for Thomas Ritchie, Jr., who in 1846 faced trial for his involvement in the infamous duel in which John Hampden Pleasants was fatally wounded. Ritchie won acquittal on the grounds of self-defense.
That same year, Jones was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates and in 1847 was chosen as Speaker. He was elected to a second term in 1847, but did not attend the session due to illness. He resigned his seat on December 17. The vacant House seat was later filled by his son, Alexander.
Jones married Harriet Boisseau in 1815 and together they had three children: Mary Winston, James Boisseau and Alexander. His son-in-law was George W.B. Towns, who was the 39th Governor of Georgia from 1847 to 1851.
Jones died on January 29, 1848. He is buried in the family cemetery at his Dellwood Plantation northwest of Petersburg, Virginia.
- 1835; Jones was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 68.09% of the vote, defeating Whig William Segar Archer.
- 1837; Jones was re-elected unopposed.
- 1839; Jones was re-elected with 58.51% of the vote, defeating a Whig identified only as Taylor.
- 1841; Jones was re-elected with 69.47% of the vote, defeating Independents Junius E. Leigh and Thomas Miller.
- 1843; Jones was re-elected unopposed.
- Jamerson, Bruce F., Clerk of the House of Delegates, supervising (2007). Speakers and Clerks of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1776-2007. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia House of Delegates.