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New Hampshire's at-large congressional district

The New Hampshire at-large congressional district is obsolete, with representation having since been divided into districts.

However, from 1789 to 1847, New Hampshire elected members to the United States House of Representatives at-large:

  • From 1789 to 1793, three members represented the state at-large.
  • From 1793 to 1803, four members represented the state at-large.
  • From 1803 to 1813, five members represented the state at-large.
  • From 1813 to 1833, six members represented the state at-large.
  • From 1833 to 1843, five members represented the state at-large.
  • From 1843 to 1847, four members represented the state at-large.
  • In 1847 at-large representation was replaced by four electoral districts.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Years & Congresses Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F
Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history
March 4, 1789 –
June 22, 1789
1st Representative-elect Benjamin West chose not to serve.  
Nicholas Gilman
Pro-Admin Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Retired.
 
Samuel Livermore
Anti-Admin Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Retired.
June 23, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
 
Abiel Foster
Pro-Admin Elected to finish West's term.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd  
Jeremiah Smith
Pro-Admin Elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Resigned.
Pro-Admin
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd  
John Samuel Sherburne
Anti-Admin Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Retired.
 
Paine Wingate
Pro-Admin Elected in 1792.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4th Fed Fed Dem-Rep  
Abiel Foster
Fed Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Retired.
March 4, 1797 –
July 26, 1797
5th Jonathan Freeman Fed Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
William Gordon Fed Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Resigned to become New Hampshire Attorney General.
July 26, 1797 –
December 15, 1797
Vacant
December 15, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Peleg Sprague Fed Elected to finish Smith's term.
Re-elected in 1798, but declined to serve.
March 4, 1799 –
June 12, 1800
6th  
James Sheafe
Fed Elected to finish Sprague's term.
Retired.
June 12, 1800 –
December 8, 1800
Vacant
December 8, 1800 –
March 3, 1801
 
Samuel Tenney
Fed Elected August 25, 1800 to the next term.
Elected October 27, 1800 to finish Gordon's term.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1801 –
?, 1802
7th George B. Upham Fed Elected in 1800.
Retired.
Joseph Peirce Fed Elected in 1800.
Resigned.
?, 1802 –
December 6, 1802
Vacant
December 6, 1802 –
March 3, 1803
Samuel Hunt Fed Elected August 30, 1802 to finish Peirce's term.
Elected August 30, 1802 to the next term.
Retired.
March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Silas Betton Fed Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
David Hough Fed Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
Clifton Clagett Dem-Rep Elected in 1802.
Retired.
March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th  
Thomas W. Thompson
Fed Elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
Caleb Ellis Fed Elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10th Peter Carleton Dem-Rep Elected in 1806.
Retired.
Daniel Meserve Durell Dem-Rep Elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
Francis Gardner Dem-Rep Elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
Jedediah K. Smith Dem-Rep Elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
 
Clement Storer
Dem-Rep Elected in 1806.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
11th Daniel Blaisdell Fed Elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
John Curtis Chamberlain Fed Elected in 1808.
Retired.
William Hale Fed Elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
Nathaniel Appleton Haven Fed Elected in 1808.
Retired.
James Wilson Fed Elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th   Josiah Bartlett Jr. Dem-Rep Elected in 1810.
Retired.
 
Samuel Dinsmoor
Dem-Rep Elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
Obed Hall Dem-Rep Elected in 1811.
Retired.
John Adams Harper Dem-Rep Elected in 1811.
Lost re-election.
George Sullivan Fed Elected in 1811.
Retired.
March 4, 1813 –
May 21, 1814
13th  
Bradbury Cilley
Fed Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Samuel Smith Fed Elected in 1812.
Resigned.[a]
William Hale Fed Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Roger Vose Fed Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
 
Daniel Webster
Fed Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Jeduthun Wilcox Fed Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
May 21, 1814 –
March 3, 1815
Vacant
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Charles Humphrey Atherton Fed Elected in 1814.
Retired.
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Josiah Butler Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
Nathaniel Upham Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
Clifton Clagett Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1819.
Lost re-election.
Salma Hale Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Retired.
 
Arthur Livermore
Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1819.
Lost re-election.
 
John Parrott
Dem-Rep Elected in 1816.
Retired.
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
16th Joseph Buffum Jr. Dem-Rep Elected in 1819.
Retired.
 
William Plumer Jr.
Dem-Rep Elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th  
Matthew Harvey
Dem-Rep Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
 
Aaron Matson
Dem-Rep Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
Thomas Whipple Jr. Dem-Rep Elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Ichabod Bartlett Adams-Clay Dem-Rep Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
 
Arthur Livermore
Adams-Clay Dem-Rep Elected on the second ballot in 1823.
Lost re-election.
Adams-Clay Dem-Rep Adams-Clay Dem-Rep Adams-Clay Dem-Rep Adams-Clay Dem-Rep
March 4, 1825 –
March 8, 1825
19th Anti-J James Miller was elected in 1824 but declined to serve. Nehemiah Eastman Anti-J Elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
Jonathan Harvey Jack Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-J Late run-off election.
March 8, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
 
Titus Brown
Anti-J Elected March 8, 1825 to finish Miller's term.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
Joseph Healy Anti-J Elected late on the second ballot in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th David Barker Jr. Anti-J Elected in 1827.
Retired.
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st John Brodhead Jack Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Chandler Jack Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Hammons Jack Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry Hubbard
Jack Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John W. Weeks Jack Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd  
Joseph M. Harper
Jack [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Benning M. Bean Jack [Data unknown/missing.] Robert Burns Jack [Data unknown/missing.]  
Franklin Pierce
Jack [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Seat eliminated
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th  
Samuel Cushman
Jack [Data unknown/missing.] Joseph Weeks Jack [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th  
Charles G. Atherton
Dem [Data unknown/missing.] James Farrington Dem [Data unknown/missing.]  
Jared W. Williams
Dem [Data unknown/missing.] Dem Dem
March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th  
Edmund Burke
Dem [Data unknown/missing.]  
Ira Allen Eastman
Dem [Data unknown/missing.] Tristram Shaw Dem [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th John Randall Reding Dem [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th  
Moses Norris Jr.
Dem [Data unknown/missing.]  
John P. Hale
Dem [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Seat eliminated.
March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Mace Moulton Dem [Data unknown/missing.] James Hutchins Johnson Dem [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Vacant.
No candidate received a majority of votes.
Years & Cong
ress
Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history
Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Samuel Smith's resignation is not mentioned in the Congressional Biography.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 44°00′N 71°30′W / 44°N 71.5°W / 44; -71.5