James Sheafe (November 16, 1755 – December 5, 1829) was a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Portsmouth, he completed preparatory studies and graduated from Harvard College in 1774. He engaged in mercantile pursuits, was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1788 to 1790, a member of the New Hampshire Senate in 1791, 1793 and 1799, and a member of the state Executive Council in 1799.

James Sheafe
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
March 4, 1801 – June 14, 1802
Preceded byJohn Langdon
Succeeded byWilliam Plumer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Hampshire's At-large district (Seat 1)
In office
March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801
Preceded byPeleg Sprague
Succeeded byGeorge B. Upham
Member of the New Hampshire Senate
In office
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1755-11-16)November 16, 1755
Portsmouth, Province of New Hampshire
DiedDecember 5, 1829(1829-12-05) (aged 74)
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Political partyFederalist
Alma materHarvard University

Sheafe was elected as a Federalist to the Sixth Congress (March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801); he was then elected to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1801, until his resignation on June 14, 1802. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New Hampshire in 1816 and died in Portsmouth; interment was in St. John's Church Cemetery.

In 1815, Sheafe was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society.[1]


  • United States Congress. "James Sheafe (id: S000312)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

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U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John Langdon
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New Hampshire
Served alongside: Samuel Livermore, Simeon Olcott
Succeeded by
William Plumer
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Peleg Sprague
Member of the House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's At-large (Seat 1) congressional district

Succeeded by
George B. Upham