|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Hampshire's At-Large district
March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1823
|Preceded by||Charles H. Atherton|
|Succeeded by||George Cassedy|
|Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives|
|Born||December 4, 1779|
Pelham, Hillsborough County
New Hampshire, USA
|Died||October 27, 1854 (aged 74)|
Deerfield, Rockingham County
New Hampshire, USA
|Resting place||Farmington Cemetery|
Farmington, New Hampshire
|Spouse(s)||Hannah Jenness Butler|
|Children||DeWitt Clinton Butler|
Josiah W Butler
Elizabeth H Butler
Lydia J Butler
Franklin I Butler
Franklin Jenness Butler
Wentworth S Butler
Caroline L Butler
Mary J Butler
Lyndia Wood Butler
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
Born in Pelham, New Hampshire, Butler attended the Londonderry and Atkinson academies and was instructed by private tutors. He graduated from Harvard University in 1803, and taught school in Virginia for three years. He then studied law with Clifton Claggett of Amherst and Governor Cabot of Virginia and was admitted to the bar of Virginia in 1807.
Upon his return to Pelham, Butler commenced practice in 1807, then moved to Deerfield, Rockingham County, New Hampshire in 1809. He served as the sheriff of Rockingham County, New Hampshire from (1810–1813) and then the clerk of the court of common pleas. An unsuccessful candidate for election in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress, he was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1814 - 1816.
Elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifteenth Congress and reelected to the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Congresses, Butler served as United States Representative for the state of New Hampshire from (March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1823). In Congress, he served as chairman, Committee on Agriculture (Seventeenth Congress). After leaving Congressional service, he served as an associate justice of the New Hampshire Court of Common Pleas 1825–1835.
Butler died in Deerfield on October 27, 1854 (age 74 years, 327 days). He is interred in Granite Cemetery, South Deerfield, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, USA.
Son of Nehemiah and Lyndia Wood, Butler married Hannah Jenness and they had ten children, DeWitt Clinton, Horace, Josiah W., Elizabeth H., Lydia J., Franklin I., Franklin Jenness, Wentworth S., Caroline L., and Mary J.
- American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge ... Comprising a Calendar for the Year. Gray and Bowen, 1855. 1855. p. 348. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- Cogswell, Elliot Colby. History of Nottingham, Deerfield, and Northwood, comprised within the original limits of Nottingham, Rockingham County, N.H., with records of the centennial proceedings at Northwood, and genealogical sketches .. (1878). Manchester N. H. John B. Clarke 1878. pp. 336–338. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Josiah Butler". 1997-2014 Ancestry.com. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- United States Congress. "Josiah Butler (id: B001181)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Josiah Butler at Find a Grave