Homer S. Ferguson
Homer Samuel Ferguson (February 25, 1889 – December 17, 1982) was a United States Senator from Michigan. He was born in the Pittsburgh suburb of Harrison City, Pennsylvania to parents Samuel Ferguson (Oct. 1857 in Pennsylvania – 1933) and Margaret Bush (Nov. 1857 in Pennsylvania – 1940).
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces|
April 9, 1956 – December 17, 1971
|Appointed by||Dwight Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||Paul William Brosman|
|Succeeded by||Robert Morton Duncan|
|United States Ambassador to the Philippines|
April 12, 1955 – March 23, 1956
|Preceded by||Raymond A. Spruance|
|Succeeded by||Albert Nufer|
|Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee|
August 4, 1953 – January 3, 1955
|Preceded by||William Knowland|
|Succeeded by||Styles Bridges|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1955
|Preceded by||Prentiss M. Brown|
|Succeeded by||Patrick V. McNamara|
Homer Samuel Ferguson
February 25, 1889
Harrison City, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||December 17, 1982 (aged 93)|
Grosse Pointe, Michigan, U.S.
|Education||University of Pittsburgh|
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (LLB)
Education and early careerEdit
Ferguson attended public schools and the University of Pittsburgh. He graduated from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1913, was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Detroit, Michigan. He was judge of the circuit court for Wayne County, Michigan from 1929–1942 and also professor of law at Detroit College of Law (now part of Michigan State University) from 1929 to 1939.
Elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1942 and was reelected in 1948, serving from January 3, 1943, to January 3, 1955. Ferguson successfully was re-elected in 1948, a year dominated by the Democratic party's upset wins. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1954, defeated by Democrat Patrick V. McNamara.
While in the Senate, he served as chairman of the Republican Policy Committee in the 83rd United States Congress.
In 1943, Ferguson was one of 12 senators who sponsored or co-sponsored the Rescue Resolution, which would have declared that Congress "recommends and urges the creation by the President of a commission of diplomatic, economic, and military experts to formulate and effectuate a plan of immediate action designed to save the surviving Jewish people of Europe from extinction at the hands of Nazi Germany." 
In 1948, he served as chairman of the Investigations Subcommittee of the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments, which held hearings on such matters as export control violations, for which Soviet spy William Remington was called in to testify; the trial of Nazi war criminal Ilse Koch; and the Mississippi Democratic Party's sale of postal jobs, which Mississippians from rural areas attested to purchasing. On July 30, 1948, his committee heard testimony from ex-Soviet spy Elizabeth Bentley. Bentley testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee the next day, followed by Whittaker Chambers a few days later – setting off the Hiss Case, used by both Richard Nixon and Joseph McCarthy for their own political agendas.
Ferguson sponsored an anti-lynching bill, which was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee in June 1949. The House of Representatives had approved several anti-lynching bills. Due to opposition from Southern Democrats, no anti-lynching bill was ever approved by the full Senate.
He introduced the Senate version of the bill that inserted "under God" into the Pledge of Allegiance in 1954. Michigan's 17th congressional district United States House of Representatives Republican Charles G. Oakman had previously introduced a House version. The bill became law on Flag Day, June 14, 1954.
Also in 1954, Ferguson proposed several amendments to the Bricker Amendment.
He served as senior judge on the United States Court of Military Appeals from 1971 to 1976.
Ferguson's involvement behind the scenes in influencing the failed investigation, trial, and slander of Preston Tucker by the Securities and Exchange Commission has long been speculated. Lloyd Bridges portrayed Ferguson in the 1988 film Tucker: The Man and His Dream in which Tucker was played by the elder actor's son Jeff Bridges.
- Wyman, David S. (1984). The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945. Pantheon Books. p. 194. ISBN 0-394-74077-7. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- Olmsted, Kathryn S. (2002). Red Spy Queen: A Biography of Elizabeth Bentley. The University of North Carolina Press. pp. 129–139. ISBN 0-8078-2739-8. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Committee Approves Anti-Lynching Bill; Senate's First Formal Action on 'Rights'". New York Times. 7 June 1948. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- Thomas-Lester, Avis (June 14, 2005). "A Senate Apology for History on Lynching". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- Homer Ferguson at Find a Grave
- United States Congress. "Homer S. Ferguson (id: F000081)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The Political Graveyard
- Homer Ferguson Papers 1939-1976, collection maintained by University of Michigan
- Tucker: The Man and His Dream on IMDb
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Homer Ferguson" is available at the Internet Archive
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Sen. Homer Ferguson (October 12, 1951)" is available at the Internet Archive
|Party political offices|
Wilber M. Brucker
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Michigan
1942, 1948, 1954
Alvin Morell Bentley
William F. Knowland
| Chair of the Senate Republican Policy Committee
Prentiss M. Brown
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Michigan
Served alongside: Arthur Vandenberg, Blair Moody, Charles E. Potter
Patrick V. McNamara
Raymond A. Spruance
| United States Ambassador to the Philippines
Paul William Brosman
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
Robert Morton Duncan