Charles Naylor

Charles Naylor (October 6, 1806 – December 24, 1872) was an American lawyer and politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Whig party member of the United States House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district from 1837 to 1841.

Charles Naylor
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 3rd district
In office
June 29, 1837 – March 4, 1841
Preceded byFrancis J. Harper
Succeeded byCharles J. Ingersoll
Personal details
Born(1806-10-06)October 6, 1806
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US
DiedDecember 24, 1872(1872-12-24) (aged 66)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US
Political partyWhig

Early life and educationEdit

Naylor was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At a young age he read John Neal's poem Battle of Niagara and became inspired by Neal's life. Years later as a member of Congress he met Neal and told him, "If the author of that poem...could do what he has done here, under so many disadvantages, why cannot I? I will! were my inspiration, and for all that I now am, and all I hope to be hereafter, I am indebted to you."[1] He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1828 and commenced practice in Philadelphia.


He held several local offices, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress.

He was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Francis Jacob Harper. There were allegations of fraud during the election against Charles J. Ingersoll. Local election officials certified Ingersoll as the winner while state officials declared Naylor the winner. Both candidates claimed victory and appeared in Washington D.C. to claim the seat. Congress declared Naylor the winner by 775 votes and he was sworn into office.[2] He was reelected to the Twenty-sixth Congress. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1840. He resumed the practice of law.

In 1844 Naylor was present at the Philadelphia Bible Riots of 1844. During the rioting in Southwark he prevented militia under the command of Gen. George Cadwalader from firing on a group of nativist protesters. He was arrested for his actions, but later released without trial.[3]

During the Mexican–American War, Naylor raised a company of volunteers known as the Philadelphia Rangers and served as captain. After the war he settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and continued the practice of law. He returned to Philadelphia and practiced law until his death there in 1872. He is interred in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.


  1. ^ Neal, John (1869). Wandering Recollections of a Somewhat Busy Life. Boston, Massachusetts: Roberts Brothers. pp. 257–258. OCLC 1056818562.
  2. ^ Kyriakodis, Harry. "Fraud Claims, "Rigged" Election in Northern Liberties (1838)". Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  3. ^ The Philadelphia Bible Riots of 1844

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district

June 29, 1837 – March 4, 1841
Succeeded by