Samuel Breck (politician)

Samuel Breck (July 17, 1771 – August 31, 1862) was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district from 1823 to 1825.

Samuel Breck
Samuel Breck, 1771-1862, in old age.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
Preceded byJoseph Hemphill
John Sergeant
Thomas Forrest
Samuel Edwards
Succeeded byDaniel H. Miller
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate for the 2nd district
In office
1832–1834
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
1817–1820
Personal details
Born(1771-07-17)July 17, 1771
Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
DiedAugust 31, 1862(1862-08-31) (aged 91)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US
Political partyFederalist

LifeEdit

Samuel Breck (brother of Daniel Breck) was born in Boston in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. His parents were Samuel Breck and Hannah Andrews. His father was a wealthy merchant in Boston and the family mansion adjacent to Boston Common was often visited by foreign travelers.[1]

He began his education at Boston Latin School. In 1783 Breck attended the Royal Military School of Loreze, France. He completed his studies in France in 1787. Although he was somewhat drawn to Catholicism in France he remained an Episcopalian his whole life.

In 1790 his father gave him $10,000 to set up as a merchant on Boston's longwharf.[2] He moved to Pennsylvania and settled in Philadelphia in 1792, where he engaged in business as a merchant. He served as a corporal during the Whiskey Rebellion. On December 24, 1795, he married Jean Ross, the daughter of a leading Philadelphia merchant. Besides his role in business he was also an essayist and orator. He founded a group called the Sons of New England.

Breck was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1817 to 1821. In February 1821, he was the lead sponsor of a law that would have immediately emancipated all enslaved persons living in Pennsylvania. When this failed, he sponsored another bill which would have amended the state's existing gradual abolition law. This bill failed as well.[3] He returned to the state assembly as the senator for Pennsylvania's 2nd district from 1832 to 1834.[4] He was elected as a member to the American Philosophical Society in 1838.[5]

Breck was elected as an Adams-Clay Federalist to the Eighteenth Congress. He withdrew from active business pursuits and lived in retirement. In 1861 he spoke publicly at a meeting in Philadelphia urging the people to preserve the constitution he had been alive to help form.[6] His death occurred in Philadelphia in 1862. Interment in St. Peter's Episcopal Churchyard in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[7]

WorksEdit

  • Sketch of the Internal Improvements Already Made by Pennsylvania: With Observations Upon Her Physical and Fiscal Means for Their Extension; Particularly as They Have Reference to the Future Growth and Prosperity of Philadelphia. M. Thomas, 1818.

BibliographyEdit

Wainwright, Nicholas B. The Diary of Samuel Breck, 1814–1835, 1838. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 102 (October 1978): 469–508; 103 (1979): 85-113, 222–51, 356–82.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Biography Vol. 2, p. 4
  2. ^ Dictionary 9f American Biography, Vol 2 p. 4
  3. ^ Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 2, p. 5
  4. ^ "Samuel Breck". www.legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  5. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  6. ^ Dictionary of American Biography Vol. 2, p. 5
  7. ^ "Samuel Breck". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved January 22, 2019.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district

1823–1825
Succeeded by
Pennsylvania State Senate
Preceded by
Peter Hay
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate, 2nd district
1832-1834
Succeeded by
Joseph Taylor