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Anthony Perkins (April 4, 1932 – September 12, 1992) was an American actor and singer.

Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins.jpg
Anthony Perkins in 1975, by Allan Warren
Born (1932-04-04)April 4, 1932
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died September 12, 1992(1992-09-12) (aged 60)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death AIDS-related pneumonia
Nationality American
Occupation Actor, singer
Years active 1953–1992
Spouse(s) Berry Berenson (1973–1992, his death)
Children Oz Perkins
Elvis Perkins
Parent(s) Osgood Perkins
Janet Esselstyn Rane

He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his second film, Friendly Persuasion, but is best known for playing Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho and its three sequels.

His other films include The Trial, Phaedra, Fear Strikes Out, Tall Story, The Matchmaker, Pretty Poison, North Sea Hijack, Five Miles to Midnight, The Black Hole, Murder on the Orient Express, Mahogany, and Crimes of Passion.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Perkins was born in New York City, son of stage and film actor Osgood Perkins and his wife, Janet Esselstyn (née Rane). His paternal great-grandfather was wood engraver Andrew Varick Stout Anthony.[1] He was five when his father died.[2]

Perkins was a descendant of a Mayflower passenger, John Howland. He attended Brooks School, Browne & Nichols School, Columbia University and Rollins College, having moved to Boston in 1942.[3]

CareerEdit

Perkins made his film debut in The Actress (1953). The film was a commercial disappointment.

Perkins was first really noticed when he replaced John Kerr on Broadway in the lead of Tea and Sympathy in 1954. This renewed Hollywood interest in him.

StardomEdit

Perkins received a lot of attention for his second film, Friendly Persuasion (1956), playing the son of Gary Cooper under the direction of William Wyler. The film was very successful and Perkins received the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor and an Academy Award nomination.

He followed it as the troubled former Boston Red Sox baseball player Jimmy Piersall in the 1957 biopic Fear Strikes Out (1957).

Perkins then made two Westerns: The Lonely Man (1957) with Jack Palance and The Tin Star (1957) with Henry Fonda.

He released three pop music albums in 1957 and 1958 on Epic and RCA Victor as "Tony Perkins".[4] His single "Moon-Light Swim" was a hit in the United States, peaking at number 24 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1957.[4] He showcased his musical talents in The Matchmaker (1958) with Shirley Booth and Shirley MacLaine.

A life member of the Actors Studio,[5] Perkins also acted in theater. In 1958, he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his performance in Look Homeward, Angel (1957-59) on Broadway. He played the role of Eugene Gant.[citation needed]

On film he appeared in This Angry Age (1958) for Columbia and Desire Under the Elms (1958) for Paramount, lusting after Sophia Loren. He was more happily cast in The Matchmaker (1958).

Perkins was Audrey Hepburn's love interest in Green Mansions (1959), one of Hepburn's few flops.He was a doomed lover in On the Beach (1959) and played a college basketball champion in Tall Story (1960), best remembered for being Jane Fonda's film debut.

On Broadway he starred the Frank Loesser musical Greenwillow (1960), for which he was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical.

PsychoEdit

Perkins in youth had a boyish, earnest quality, reminiscent of the young James Stewart, which Alfred Hitchcock exploited and subverted when the actor starred as Norman Bates in the 1960 film Psycho. The film was a critical and commercial success, and gained Perkins international fame for his performance as the homicidal owner of the Bates Motel. Perkins' performance gained him the Best Actor Award from the International Board of Motion Picture Reviewers. The role and its multiple sequels affected the remainder of his career.[citation needed]

EuropeEdit

In 1961, Perkins received considerable critical acclaim for his performance in the film Goodbye Again, shot in Paris opposite Ingrid Bergman, a performance which won him the Best Actor Award at the 1961 Cannes Film Festival. The film was a notable success in France but not the US.

He appeared in a short-lived Broadway play Harold (1962) then made a series of films in Europe: Phaedra (1962), shot in Greece with Melina Mercouri and directed by Jules Dassin; Five Miles to Midnight (1962) with Sophia Loren; Orson Welles' 1962 adaptation of Kafka's The Trial (1962), shot in Yugoslavia; Le glaive et la balance (1963), shot in France; Une ravissante idiote (1964) with Brigitte Bardot.

He made a film in Mexico, The Fool Killer (1965) then returned to France to make a cameo in Is Paris Burning? (1966).

Return to the USEdit

For American TV he appeared in Evening Primrose (1966). He then went to Broadway to appear in a play by Neil Simon, The Star Spangled Girl (1966-67).

Perkins starred in another French film, The Champagne Murders (1967) for Claude Chabrol, then made his first Hollywood movie since Psycho, Pretty Poison (1968) with Tuesday Weld. The film was not a box office success but has become a notable cult favorite.[6]

Supporting ActorEdit

Perkins moved into supporting roles in Hollywood feature films playing Chaplain Tappman in Catch-22 (1970) and appearing in WUSA (1970). Off Broadway he appeared in and directed Steambath (1970).

He had the lead in a TV movie, How Awful About Allan (1970) and supported Charles Bronson in the French movie, Someone Behind the Door (1971). He starred in Chabrol's Ten Days' Wonder (1971).

Perkins was reunited with Weld when he supported her in Play It as It Lays (1972). He was also in The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972).

Perkins co-wrote, with composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim, the screenplay for the 1973 film The Last of Sheila, for which they received a 1974 Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Motion Picture Screenplay.

Perkins was one of the many stars featured in the 1974 hit Murder on the Orient Express. He co-starred with Beau Bridges in Lovin' Molly (1974). He enjoyed success on Broadway in Peter Shaffer's 1974 play Equus (where he was a replacement in the leading role originally played by Anthony Hopkins). Off Broadway he directed The Wager (1974).

Perkins supported Diana Ross in Mahogany (1975) and hosted television's Saturday Night Live in 1976.

He co-starred with Geraldine Chaplin in Remember My Name (1978) and had some good roles on TV, playing Mary Tyler Moore's husband in First, You Cry (1978) and as Javert in Les Misérables (1978). He was featured in Walt Disney's The Black Hole, in 1979. He had another Broadway success with Bernard Slade's 1979 play Romantic Comedy, which ran for 396 performances.[citation needed]

Perkins was a villain in North Sea Hijack (1980) and one of many names in Winter Kills (1980). He starred in a Canadian film Deadly Companion (1980).

Psycho IIEdit

 
Perkins in 1983

Perkins reprised the role of Norman Bates in three sequels to Psycho. The first, Psycho II (1983), was a box office success 23 years after the original film. He went to Australia to appear in For the Term of His Natural Life (1983).

After The Glory Boys (1984) for British TV Perkins made Crimes of Passion (1984) for Ken Russell.

He then starred in and directed Psycho III (for which he was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Actor) in 1986, but refused to reprise his role as Bates in a 1987 failed television pilot Bates Motel, famously boycotting that project in a very ardent, and well-received, oppositional public campaign.

Perkins had support roles in Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story (1987), and Destroyer (1988). He directed but did not appear in Lucky Stiff (1988).

Perkins starred in some horror films, Edge of Sanity (1989), Daughter of Darkness (1990), and I'm Dangerous Tonight (1990). He played Norman Bates again in the made-for-cable film Psycho IV: The Beginning in 1990, over which he had much creative control, although he was turned down for director.

Perkins has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, an honor he received for his influential and exceptional contributions to the motion picture industry. It is located at 6801 Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles.

In 1991, Perkins was honored with the Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival.

Although he was fighting AIDS, he appeared in eight television productions between 1990 and 1992, including Daughter of Darkness (1990) and The Naked Target (1992). He made his final appearance in In the Deep Woods (1992) with Rosanna Arquette. He had agreed to provide the voice for the role of the dentist, Dr. Wolfe, in The Simpsons episode "Last Exit to Springfield" but died before the part could be recorded. In the end, the character was voiced by Simpsons regular Hank Azaria.[7]

Perkins was portrayed by British actor James D'Arcy in the 2012 biographical drama Hitchcock, which starred Anthony Hopkins as Alfred Hitchcock and Helen Mirren as Alma Reville.

Personal lifeEdit

Perkins was an extremely shy person, especially in the company of women.[8] According to the posthumous biography Split Image by Charles Winecoff, he had exclusively same-sex relationships until his late 30s, including with actors Rock Hudson and Tab Hunter; artist Christopher Makos; dancer Rudolf Nureyev; composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim; and dancer-choreographer Grover Dale.[9] Perkins has been described as one of the two great men in the life of French songwriter Patrick Loiseau.[10]

Perkins reportedly had his first heterosexual experience at age 39 with actress Victoria Principal[11][12] on location filming The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean in 1971.[8] He met photographer Berinthia "Berry" Berenson, the younger sister of actress and model Marisa Berenson, at a party in New York City in 1972.[8] They married when he was age 41, on August 9, 1973 and had two sons: actor Oz Perkins (b. February 2, 1974), and musician Elvis Perkins (b. February 9, 1976).[13]

DeathEdit

Diagnosed with HIV during the filming of Psycho IV, Perkins died at his Los Angeles home on September 12, 1992, from AIDS-related[14][15][16] pneumonia at age 60.[17] His urn, inscribed "Don’t Fence Me In," is in an altar by a bench on the terrace of his former home in the Hollywood Hills.[18] His wife died nine years later, in the September 11 attacks.[13]

FilmographyEdit

Film/TV
Year Title Role Notes
1953 The Actress Fred Whitmarsh
1956 Friendly Persuasion Josh Birdwell Nomination – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1957 Fear Strikes Out Jim Piersall
1957 The Lonely Man Riley Wade
1957 The Tin Star Sheriff Ben Owens
1958 This Angry Age Joseph Dufresne Alternate title: The Sea Wall
1958 Desire Under the Elms Eben Cabot
1958 The Matchmaker Cornelius Hackl
1959 Green Mansions Abel
1959 On the Beach Lt. Peter Holmes – Royal Australian Navy
1960 Tall Story Ray Blent
1960 Psycho Norman Bates Best Actor International board of motion picture reviewers
1961 Goodbye Again Philip Van der Besh Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Award
1962 Phaedra Alexis
1962 Five Miles to Midnight Robert Macklin French title: Le couteau dans la plaie
1962 The Trial Josef K
1963 Le glaive et la balance Johnny Parsons English title: The Sword and the Balance
1964 Une ravissante idiote Harry Compton / Nicholas Maukouline English title: The Ravishing Idiot
1965 The Fool Killer Milo Bogardus
1966 Is Paris Burning? Sgt. Warren Original French title: Paris brûle-t-il ?
1966 Evening Primrose Charles Snell TV movie
1967 The Champagne Murders Christopher Original French title: Le Scandale
1968 Pretty Poison Dennis Pitt
1970 Catch-22 Chaplain Capt. A. T. Tappman
1970 WUSA Rainey
1970 How Awful About Allan Allan TV movie
1971 Someone Behind the Door Laurence Jeffries Original French title: Quelqu'un derrière la porte
1971 Ten Days' Wonder Charles Van Horn Original French title: La Décade prodigieuse
1972 Play It as It Lays B.Z. Mendenhall
1972 The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean Reverend LaSalle
1974 Lovin' Molly Gid
1974 Murder on the Orient Express Hector McQueen
1975 Mahogany Sean McAvoy
1978 Remember My Name Neil Curry
1978 First, You Cry Arthur Heroz TV movie
1978 Les Misérables Javert TV movie
1979 North Sea Hijack Lou Kramer Alternate titles: Ffolkes and Assault Force
1979 Winter Kills John Cerruti
1979 Twice a Woman Alfred Boeken
1979 The Black Hole Dr. Alex Durant
1980 Deadly Companion Lawrence Miles Alternate title: Double Negative
1983 For the Term of His Natural Life Rev James North TV miniseries
1983 The Sins of Dorian Gray Henry Lord TV movie
1983 Psycho II Norman Bates
1984 The Glory Boys Jimmy TV miniseries
1984 Crimes of Passion Rev. Peter Shayne
1986 Psycho III Norman Bates Also director
Nomination – Saturn Award for Best Actor
1987 Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story Talleyrand TV miniseries
1988 Destroyer Robert Edwards Alternate title: Shadow of Death
1988 Lucky Stiff N/A Director
1989 Edge of Sanity Dr. Henry Jekyll / Jack 'The Ripper' Hyde
1990 Daughter of Darkness Anton / Prince Constantine TV movie
1990 Mistress of Suspense Himself (Host) TV series (12 episodes)
1990 I'm Dangerous Tonight Prof. Buchanan TV movie
1990 The Ghost Writer Anthony Strack TV pilot episode
1990 Psycho IV: The Beginning Norman Bates TV movie
1991 A Demon in My View Arthur Johnson Original title: Der Mann nebenan
1992 The Naked Target El Mecano Original Spanish title: Los gusanos no llevan bufanda
1992 In the Deep Woods Paul Miller, P.I. TV movie, (final film role)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Architecture of 196 Beacon Street, Back Bay, Boston". BOSarchitecture. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  2. ^ "OSGOOD PERKINS, STAGE STAR, DIES; Stricken After Premiere of 'Susan and God,' in Which He Was Leading Man". The New York Times. September 22, 1937. Retrieved April 1, 2008. (Subscription required.)
  3. ^ "Anthony Perkins Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on February 14, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "Tony Perkins". AllMusic. Retrieved January 9, 2008. 
  5. ^ Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 279. ISBN 0-02-542650-8. 
  6. ^ A PERSONAL REVOLUTION: Anthony Perkins Trying to Mature Boyish Image ANTHONY PERKINS Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 Dec 1967: c1.
  7. ^ Jean, Al (2004). The Simpsons season 4 DVD commentary for the episode "Last Exit to Springfield" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 
  8. ^ a b c Darrach, Brad (June 13, 1983). "Return of Psycho". Vol. 19, No. 23. People. Retrieved January 3, 2009. 
  9. ^ Winecoff, Charles (1996). Split Image: The Life of Anthony Perkins. New York: Dutton. ISBN 0-525-94064-2. 
  10. ^ "La MST de Dave: son compagnon raconte…" (in French). Closer. May 2, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  11. ^ March 6, 1989. "Great Factoids". Vol. 19, No. 23. People. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2016. 
  12. ^ Kennedy, Dana (September 20, 1996). "Split Image: The Life of Anthony Perkins". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Hopkinson, Amanda (September 14, 2001). "Berry Berenson". The Guardian. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  14. ^ Goodman, Mark (September 28, 1992). "One Final Mystery". Vol. 38, No. 13. People. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  15. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (September 16, 1992). "Anthony Perkins's Wife Tells of 2 Years of Secrecy". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ Ferrell, David (September 13, 1992). "Anthony Perkins, 60, Dies; Star of 'Psycho' Had AIDS". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Anthony Perkins". TV Guide. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 36782-36783). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.

Further readingEdit

  • Bergan, Ronald: Anthony Perkins: A Haunted Life. London: Little, Brown and Company, 1995; ISBN 0-316-90697-2.
  • Hilton, Johan: Monster i garderoben: En bok om Anthony Perkins och tiden som skapade Norm Bates. Stockholm: Natur & Kultur, 2015; ISBN 978-91-271-3430-0. (in Swedish)
  • Capua, Michelangelo "Anthony Perkins. Prigioniero della Paura." Torino, Lindau, 2003; ISBN 978-8867082759

External linksEdit