Open main menu

Fred McFeely Rogers (March 20, 1928 – February 27, 2003) was an American television personality, musician, puppeteer, writer, producer, and Presbyterian minister. He was known as the creator, showrunner and host of the preschool television series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, which ran from 1968 to 2001.


Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers, late 1960s.jpg
Rogers on the set of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood in the late 1960s
Born
Fred McFeely Rogers

(1928-03-20)March 20, 1928
DiedFebruary 27, 2003(2003-02-27) (aged 74)
Other namesMister Rogers
EducationDartmouth College
Rollins College (BA)
Pittsburgh Theological Seminary (MDiv)
University of Pittsburgh
OccupationChildren's television presenter, actor, puppeteer, singer, composer, television producer, author, educator, Presbyterian minister
Years active1951–2001
Spouse(s)
Joanne Byrd (m. 1952)
Children2
Official nameFred McFeely Rogers (1928–2003)
TypeRoadside
DesignatedJune 25, 2016
Signature
FredRogersSignature.svg

Born in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh, Rogers earned a bachelor's degree in music from Rollins College in 1951. He began his television career in 1951 at NBC in New York. He returned to Pittsburgh in 1953 to work for children's programming at NET (later PBS) television station WQED. After graduating from Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, he became a Presbyterian minister in 1963 and attended the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Child Development, where he began his 30-year long collaboration with child psychologist Margaret McFarland. He also helped develop the children's shows The Children's Corner (1955) and Misterogers (1963). In 1968 he created Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, which ran for 33 years. The program was critically acclaimed for focusing on children's emotional and physical concerns, such as death, sibling rivalry, school enrollment, and divorce.

Rogers died of stomach cancer on February 27, 2003. His work in children's television has been widely lauded, and he received over 40 honorary degrees and several awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2002 and a Lifetime Achievement Emmy in 1997. He was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1999. Rogers influenced many writers and producers of children's television shows, and his broadcasts, with their gentle nature, have served as a source of comfort during tragic events, even after his death.

Early life

 
Main Street, Latrobe, Pennsylvania, Rogers' birthplace

Rogers was born on March 20, 1928, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, about 40 miles (64 km) outside of Pittsburgh, at 705 Main Street[1] to James and Nancy Rogers. James was "a very successful businessman"[2] who was president of the McFeely Brick Company, one of Latrobe's largest businesses. Nancy's father, Fred Brooks McFeely, after whom Rogers was named, was an entrepreneur.[3] Nancy knitted sweaters for American soldiers from western Pennsylvania who were fighting in Europe and regularly volunteered at the Latrobe Hospital. Initially dreaming of becoming a doctor, she settled for a life of hospital volunteer work. Rogers grew up in a three-story brick mansion at 737 Weldon Street in Latrobe.[4][1] He had a sister, Elaine, whom the Rogerses adopted when he was 11 years old.[4] Rogers spent much of his childhood alone, playing with puppets, and also spent time with his grandfather. He began to play the piano when he was five years old.[5] Through an ancestor from Schöneck, Hesse, Germany, Johannes Meffert (1732–1795), later Johannes Mefford, Rogers is the sixth cousin of American actor Tom Hanks, who portrays him in the film A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood (2019).[6]

Rogers had a difficult childhood. He was shy, introverted, and overweight, and was frequently homebound after suffering bouts of asthma.[2] He was bullied and taunted as a child for his weight, and called "Fat Freddy".[7] According to Morgan Neville, director of the 2018 documentary Won't You Be My Neighbor?, Rogers had a "lonely childhood ... I think he made friends with himself as much as he could. He had a ventriloquist dummy, he had [stuffed] animals, and he would create his own worlds in his childhood bedroom".[7]

 
Rogers as a senior in high school

Rogers attended Latrobe High School, where he overcame his shyness.[8] "It was tough for me at the beginning," Rogers told NPR's Terry Gross in 1984. "And then I made a couple friends who found out that the core of me was okay. And one of them was ... the head of the football team".[9] Rogers served as president of the student council, was a member of the National Honor Society and was editor-in-chief of the school yearbook.[8] He attended Dartmouth College for one year before transferring to Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida; he graduated magna cum laude[3] in 1951 with a degree in music composition.[5]

Rogers graduated from Pittsburgh Theological Seminary and was ordained a minister of the United Presbyterian Church in 1963.[10]

Career

External audio
  Terry Gross and Fred Rogers, Fresh Air with Terry Gross[11]

Early work

Rogers wanted to enter seminary after college, but instead chose to go into television after encountering a TV at his parents' home in 1951. In a CNN interview, he said, "I went into television because I hated it so, and I thought there's some way of using this fabulous instrument to nurture those who would watch and listen".[12][note 1] After graduating in 1951, he worked at NBC in New York City as floor director of Your Hit Parade, The Kate Smith Hour, and Gabby Hayes's children's show, and as an assistant producer of The Voice of Firestone.[15][16][17]

 
WQED headquarters in Pittsburgh

In 1953 Rogers returned to Pittsburgh to work as a program developer at public television station WQED. Josie Carey worked with him to develop the children's show The Children's Corner, which Carey hosted. Rogers worked off-camera to develop puppets, characters, and music for the show. He used many of the puppet characters developed during this time, such as Daniel the Striped Tiger (named after WQED's station manager, Dorothy Daniel, who gave Rogers a tiger puppet before the show's premiere),[18] King Friday XIII, Queen Sara Saturday (named after Rogers' wife),[19] X the Owl, Henrietta, and Lady Elaine, in his later work.[20][21] Children's television entertainer Ernie Coombs was an assistant puppeteer.[22] The Children's Corner won a Sylvania Award for best locally produced children's programming in 1955 and was broadcast nationally on NBC.[23][24][25] While working on The Children's Corner, Rogers attended Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, and was ordained as a Presbyterian minister in 1963. He also attended the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Child Development,[26][25] where he began working with child psychologist Margaret McFarland, who according to Rogers biographer Maxwell King became his "key advisor and collaborator" and "child-education guru".[27] Much of Rogers' "thinking about and appreciation for children was shaped and informed" by McFarland.[26] She was his consultant for most of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood's scripts and songs for 30 years.[27]

In 1963, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in Toronto contracted Rogers to develop and host the 15-minute black-and-white children's program Misterogers; it lasted from 1963 to 1967.[22][28] It was the first time Rogers appeared on camera. CBC's children programming head Fred Rainsberry insisted on it, telling Rogers, "Fred, I've seen you talk with kids. Let's put you yourself on the air".[29] Coombs joined Rogers in Toronto as an assistant puppeteer.[22] Rogers also worked with Coombs on the children's show Butternut Square from 1964 to 1967. He acquired the rights to Misterogers in 1967 and returned to Pittsburgh with his wife, two young sons, and the sets he developed, despite a potentially promising career with CBC and no job prospects in Pittsburgh.[30][31] Coombs remained in Toronto, creating the long-running children's program Mr. Dressup, which ran from 1967 to 1996.[32] Rogers' work for CBC "helped shape and develop the concept and style of his later program for the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the U.S."[33]

Mister Rogers' Neighborhood

 
Rogers screens the tape replay with Betty Aberlin and Johnny Costa in 1969.

Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (also called the Neighborhood), a half-hour educational children's program starring Rogers, began airing nationally in 1968 and ran for 895 episodes.[34] The program was filmed at WQED in Pittsburgh and was broadcast by National Educational Television (NET), which later became the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).[35][36] Its first season had 180 black-and-white episodes. Each subsequent season, filmed in color and funded by PBS, the Sears-Roebuck Foundation, and other charities, consisted of 65 episodes.[37][38] By the time the program ended production in December 2000, its average rating was about .7 percent of television households, or 680,000 homes, and it aired on 384 PBS stations. At its peak in 1985–1986, its ratings were at 2.1 percent, or 1.8 million homes.[39][40] Production of the Neighborhood ended in December 2000, and the last original episode aired in 2001, but PBS continued to air reruns; by 2016 it was the third-longest running program in PBS history.[38][41]

Many of the sets and props in Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, like the trolley, the sneakers, and the castle, were created for Rogers' show in Toronto by CBC designers and producers. The program also "incorporated most of the highly imaginative elements that later became famous",[42] such as its slow pace and its host's quiet manner.[43][42] The format of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood "remained virtually unchanged" for the entire run of the program.[44] Every episode begins with a camera's-eye view of a model of a neighborhood, then panning in closer to a representation of a house while a piano instrumental of the theme song, "Won't You be My Neighbor?", by music director Johnny Costa and inspired by a Beethoven sonata, is played.[45] The camera zooms in to a model representing Mr. Rogers' house, then cuts to the house's interior and pans across the room to the front door, which Rogers opens as he sings the theme song to greet his visitors while changing his suit jacket to a cardigan (knitted by his mother)[46] and his dress shoes to sneakers, "complete with a shoe tossed from one hand to another".[47]

 
Neighborhood Trolley from Mister Rogers' Neighborhood set at WQED studios in Pittsburgh.

The episode's theme is introduced, and Mr. Rogers leaves his home to visit another location, the camera panning back to the neighborhood model and zooming in to the new location as he enters it. Once this segment ends, Mr. Rogers leaves and returns to his home, indicating that it is time to visit the Neighborhood of Make-Believe. Mr. Rogers proceeds to the window seat by the trolley track and sets up the action there as the Trolley comes out. The camera follows it down a tunnel in the back wall of the house as it enters the Neighborhood of Make-Believe. The stories and lessons told take place over a series of a week's worth of episodes and involve puppet and human characters. The end of the visit occurs when the Trolley returns to the same tunnel from which it emerged, reappearing in Mr. Rogers' home. He then talks to the viewers before concluding the episode. He often feeds his fish, cleans up any props he has used, and returns to the front room, where he sings the closing song while changing back into his dress shoes and jacket. He exits the front door as he ends the song, and the camera zooms out of his home and pans across the neighborhood model as the episode ends.[note 2]

 
A sweater worn by Rogers, on display in the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of American History.

Mister Rogers' Neighborhood emphasized young children's social and emotional needs, and unlike another PBS show, Sesame Street, which premiered in 1969, did not focus on cognitive learning.[48] Writer Kathy Merlock Jackson said, "While both shows target the same preschool audience and prepare children for kindergarten, Sesame Street concentrates on school-readiness skills while Mister Rogers Neighborhood focuses on the child's developing psyche and feelings and sense of moral and ethical reasoning".[49] The Neighborhood also spent fewer resources on research than Sesame Street, but Rogers used early childhood education concepts taught by his mentor Margaret McFarland, Benjamin Spock, Erik Erikson, and T. Berry Brazelton in his lessons.[50] As the Washington Post noted, Rogers taught young children about civility, tolerance, sharing, and self-worth "in a reassuring tone and leisurely cadence".[51] He tackled difficult topics such as the death of a family pet, sibling rivalry, the addition of a newborn into a family, moving and enrolling in a new school, and divorce.[51] For example, he wrote a special segment that dealt with the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy that aired on June 7, 1968, days after it occurred.[52]

According to King, the process of putting each episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood together was "painstaking"[53] and Rogers' contribution to the program was "astounding".[54] Rogers wrote and edited all the episodes, played the piano and sang for most of the songs, wrote 200 songs and 13 operas, created all the characters (both puppet and human), played most of the major puppet roles, hosted every episode, and produced and approved every detail of the program.[54] The puppets created for the Neighborhood of Make-Believe "included an extraordinary variety of personalities".[55] They were simple puppets but "complex, complicated, and utterly honest beings".[56] In 1971 Rogers formed Family Communications, Inc. (FCI, now The Fred Rogers Company), to produce The Neighborhood, other programs, and non-broadcast materials.[57][58]

 
Rogers and François Clemmons reprising their famous foot bath in 1993. The 1969 scene was a message of inclusion during an era of racial segregation.[59]

In 1975 Rogers stopped producing Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood to focus on adult programming. Reruns of the Neighborhood continued to air on PBS.[60] King reports that the decision caught many of his coworkers and supporters "off guard".[61] Rogers continued to confer with McFarland about child development and early childhood education, however.[62] In 1979, after an almost five-year hiatus, Rogers returned to producing The Neighborhood; King calls the new version "stronger and more sophisticated than ever".[63] King writes that by the program's second run in the 1980s, it was "such a cultural touchstone that it had inspired numerous parodies",[13] most notably Eddie Murphy's parody on Saturday Night Live in the early 1980s.[13]

Rogers retired from producing the Neighborhood in 2001, at the age of 73, although reruns continued to air. He and FCI had been making about two or three weeks of new programs per year for many years, "filling the rest of his time slots from a library of about 300 shows made since 1979".[40] The final original episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood aired on August 31, 2001.[64]

Other work and appearances

In 1978, while on hiatus from Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Rogers wrote, produced, and hosted a 30-minute interview program for adults on PBS called Old Friends ... New Friends.[65][66] It lasted 20 episodes. Rogers' guests included Hoagy Carmichael, Helen Hayes, Milton Berle, Lorin Hollander, poet Robert Frost's daughter Lesley, and Willie Stargell.[65][67]

Rogers appeared as the first guest on the long-running Soviet children's TV show Good Night, Little Ones!, on December 7, 1988, which coincided with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's summit with American president Ronald Reagan in Washington, D.C. The Soviet program's host, Tatyana Vedeneyeva, also appeared on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, in a series of episodes about Rogers' visit to the Soviet Union.[68]

In 1994 Rogers wrote, produced, and hosted a special for PBS called Fred Rogers' Heroes, which featured interviews and portraits of four people from across the country who were having a positive impact on children and education.[69][70] The first time Rogers appeared on television as an actor, and not himself, was in a 1996 episode of Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, playing a preacher.[5]

Rogers testified before the Senate Subcommittee on Communications, chaired by John Pastore, on May 1, 1969. As part of his testimony, he recites the lyrics to "What Do You Do with the Mad that You Feel?".

In 1969, Rogers testified before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Communications, which was chaired by Democratic Senator John Pastore of Rhode Island. President Lyndon Johnson had proposed a $20 million bill for the creation of PBS before he left office, but his successor, Richard Nixon, wanted to cut the funding to $10 million.[71] Even though Rogers was not yet nationally known, he was chosen to testify because of his ability to make persuasive arguments and to connect emotionally with his audience. The clip of Rogers' testimony, which was televised and viewed by millions of people on the internet for over forty years, helped to secure funding for PBS for many years afterwards.[72][73] According to King, Rogers' testimony was "considered one of the most powerful pieces of testimony ever offered before Congress, and one of the most powerful pieces of video presentation ever filmed".[74] It brought Pastore to tears and also according to King, has been studied by public relations experts and academics.[74] Congressional funding for PBS increased from $9 million to $22 million.[71] In 1970, Nixon appointed Rogers as chair of the White House Conference on Children and Youth.[75][note 3]

Rogers gave "scores of interviews".[77] Though reluctant to appear on television talk shows, he would usually "charm the host with his quick wit and ability to ad-lib on a moment's notice".[78] Rogers was "one of the country's most sought-after commencement speakers",[79] making over 150 speeches.[77] His friend and colleague David Newell reported that Rogers would "agonize over a speech",[80] and King reported that Rogers was at his least guarded during his speeches, which were about children, television, education, his view of the world, how to make the world a better place, and his quest for self-knowledge. His tone was quiet and informal but "commanded attention".[77] In many speeches, including the ones he made accepting a Lifetime Achievement Emmy in 1997,[79] for his induction into the Television Hall of Fame in 1999,[81] and his final commencement speech at Dartmouth College in 2002, he instructed his audiences to remain silent and think for 10 seconds about someone who had a good influence on them.[82]

Personal life

Rogers met Sara Joanne Byrd (called "Joanne") from Jacksonville, Florida, while attending Rollins College. They were married in 1952 and remained so for 50 years, until his death in 2003. They had two sons, James and John.[83][84] Joanne was "an accomplished pianist",[85] who like Fred earned a bachelor's from Rollins, and went on to earn a master's degree in music from Florida State University. She performed publicly with her college classmate, Jeannine Morrison, from 1976 to 2008.[85][86] According to biographer Maxwell King, Rogers' close associates said he was "absolutely faithful to his marriage vows".[87]

Rogers was red-green color-blind.[81][88] He became a vegetarian in the 1970s, saying he "couldn't eat anything that had a mother".[89] He became a co-owner of Vegetarian Times in the mid-1980s[89] and said in one issue, "I love tofu burgers and beets".[90] He told Vegetarian Times that he had become a vegetarian for both ethical and health reasons.[90] According to King, Rogers also signed his name to a statement protesting wearing animal furs.[89]

Rogers studied Catholic mysticism, Judaism, Buddhism, and other faiths and cultures.[89][91] King called him "that unique television star with a real spiritual life",[91] emphasizing the values of patience, reflection, and "silence in a noisy world".[89] King reported that despite Rogers' family's wealth, he cared little about making money, and lived frugally, especially as he and his wife grew older.[92][93] King reported that Rogers' relationship with his young audience was important to him. For example, since hosting Misterogers in Canada, he answered every letter sent to him by hand. After Mister Rogers' Neighborhood began airing in the U.S., the letters increased in volume and he hired staff member and producer Hedda Sharapan to answer them, but he read, edited, and signed each one. King wrote that Rogers saw responding to his viewers' letters as "a pastoral duty of sorts".[94]

The New York Times called Rogers "a dedicated lap-swimmer",[79] and Tom Junod, author of "Can You Say ... Hero?", the 1998 Esquire profile of Rogers, said, "Nearly every morning of his life, Mister Rogers has gone swimming".[81] Rogers began swimming when he was a child, at his family's vacation home outside Latrobe, where they owned a pool, and during their winter trips to Florida. King wrote that swimming and playing the piano were "lifelong passions" and that "both gave him a chance to feel capable and in charge of his destiny,[95] and that swimming became "an important part of the strong sense of self-discipline he cultivated".[96] Rogers swam daily at the Pittsburgh Athletic Association, after waking every morning between 4:30 and 5:30 A.M. to pray and to "read the Bible and prepare himself for the day".[96] He did not smoke or drink.[79] According to Junod, he did nothing to change his weight from the 143 pounds he weighed for most of his adult life; by 1998, this also included napping daily, going to bed at 9:30 P.M., and sleeping eight hours per night without interruption. Junod said Rogers saw his weight "as a destiny fulfilled",[81] telling Junod, "the number 143 means 'I love you.' It takes one letter to say 'I' and four letters to say 'love' and three letters to say 'you'".[81]

Death and memorials

After Rogers' retirement in 2001, he remained busy working with FCI, studying religion and spirituality, making public appearances, traveling, and working on a children's media center named after him at Saint Vincent College in Latrobe with Archabbot Douglas Nowicki, chancellor of the college.[97] By the summer of 2002 his chronic stomach pain had become severe enough for him to see a doctor about it, and in October 2002 he was diagnosed with stomach cancer.[98] He delayed treatment until after he served as Grand Marshal of the 2003 Rose Parade, with Art Linkletter and Bill Cosby in January.[99] On January 6, Rogers underwent stomach surgery. He died less than two months later, on February 27, 2003,[100][101] one month before he was to turn 75 years old, at his home in Pittsburgh, with his wife of 50 years, Joanne, at his side. While comatose shortly before his death, he received the last rites of the Catholic Church from Archabbot Nowicki.[102][101] He was survived by his wife, two sons, and three grandsons.[5]

The following day, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette covered Rogers' death on the front page and dedicated an entire section to his death and impact.[101] The newspaper also reported that by noon, the internet "was already full of appreciative pieces" by parents, viewers, producers, and writers.[103] Rogers' death was widely lamented. Most U.S. metropolitan newspapers ran his obituary on their front page, and some dedicated entire sections to coverage of his death.[104] WQED aired programs about Rogers the evening he died; the Post-Gazette reported that the ratings for their coverage were three times higher than their normal ratings.[104] That same evening, Nightline on ABC broadcast a rerun of a recent interview with Rogers; the program got the highest ratings of the day, beating the February average ratings of Late Show with David Letterman and The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.[104] On March 4, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously passed a resolution honoring Rogers sponsored by Representative Mike Doyle from Pennsylvania.[105]

On March 1, 2003, a private funeral was held for Rogers in Unity Chapel, which was restored by Rogers' father, at Unity Cemetery in Latrobe. About 80 relatives, co-workers, and close friends attended the service, which "was planned in great secrecy so that those closest to him could grieve in private".[106] Reverend John McCall, pastor of the Rogers family's church, Sixth Presbyterian Church in Latrobe, gave the homily, and Reverend William Barker, a retired Presbyterian minister who was a "close friend of Mr. Rogers and the voice of Mr. Platypus on his show",[106] read Rogers' favorite Bible passages. Rogers was interred at Unity Cemetery in Latrobe, Pennsylvania in a mausoleum owned by his mother's family.[106][107]

On May 3, 2003, a public memorial was held at Heinz Hall in Pittsburgh. According to the Post-Gazette, 2,700 people attended. Violinist Itzhak Perlman, cellist Yo-Yo Ma (via video), and organist Alan Morrison performed in honor of Rogers. Barker officiated the service; also in attendance were Pittsburgh philanthropist Elsie Hillman, former Good Morning America host David Hartman, The Very Hungry Caterpillar author Eric Carle and Arthur creator Marc Brown. Businesswoman and philanthropist Teresa Heinz, PBS President Pat Mitchell, and executive director of The Pittsburgh Project Saleem Ghubril gave remarks.[108] Jeff Erlanger, who at the age of 10 appeared on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood in 1981 to explain his electric wheelchair, also spoke.[109] The memorial was broadcast several times on Pittsburgh television stations and websites throughout the day.[110]

Legacy

When I was a boy and I would see scary things in the news, my mother would say to me, "Look for the helpers. You will always find people who are helping." To this day, especially in times of "disaster", I remember my mother's words and I am always comforted by realizing that there are still so many helpers—so many caring people in this world.
—Fred Rogers[111]
Whenever a great tragedy strikes—war, famine, mass shootings, or even an outbreak of populist rage—millions of people turn to Fred's messages about life. Then the web is filled with his words and images. With fascinating frequency, his written messages and video clips surge across the internet, reaching hundreds of thousands of people who, confronted with a tough issue or ominous development, open themselves to Rogers' messages of quiet contemplation, of simplicity, of active listening and the practice of human kindness.
—Rogers biographer Maxwell King[112]

Marc Brown, creator of another PBS children's show, Arthur, considered Rogers both a friend and "a terrific role model for how to use television and the media to be helpful to kids and families".[113] Josh Selig, creator of Wonder Pets, credits Rogers with influencing his use of structure and predictability, and his use of music, opera, and originality.[114]

Rogers inspired Angela Santomero, co-creator of the children's television show Blue's Clues, to earn a degree in developmental psychology and go into educational television.[115] She and the other producers of Blue's Clues used many of Rogers' techniques, such as using child developmental and educational research, and having the host speak directly to the camera and transition to a make-believe world.[116] In 2006, three years after Rogers' death and after the end of production of Blue's Clues, the Fred Rogers Company contacted Santomero to create a show that would promote Rogers' legacy.[115] In 2012, Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood, with characters from and based upon Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, premiered on PBS.[117]

Rogers' style and approach to children's television and early childhood education also "begged to be parodied".[118] Comedian Eddie Murphy parodied Mister Rogers Neighborhood on Saturday Night Live during the 1980s.[119][13] Rogers told interviewer David Letterman in 1982 that he believed parodies like Murphy's were done "with kindness in their hearts".[120]

Video of Rogers' 1969 testimony in defense of public programming has experienced a resurgence since 2012, going viral at least twice. It first resurfaced after then presidential candidate Mitt Romney suggested cutting funding for PBS.[121][122] In 2017, video of the testimony again went viral after President Donald Trump proposed defunding several arts-related government programs including PBS and the National Endowment for the Arts.[121][123]

In 2018, Won't You Be My Neighbor?, director Morgan Neville's documentary about Rogers' life, grossed over $22 million and became the top-grossing biographical documentary ever produced, was the highest-grossing documentary in five years, and became the 12th largest-grossing documentary ever produced.[124][125] The 2019 drama film A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood portrays Rogers and his television series, with Tom Hanks as Rogers.

According to Caitlin Gibson of the Washington Post, Rogers became a source for parenting advice, calling him "a timeless oracle against a backdrop of ever-shifting parenting philosophies and cultural trends".[124] Robert Thompson of Syracuse University noted that Rogers "took American childhood—and I think Americans in general—through some very turbulent and trying times",[119] from the Vietnam War and the assassination of Robert Kennedy in 1968, to the 9/11 attacks in 2001. In the years since Mister Rogers' Neighborhood ceased production in 2001 and his death in 2003, Rogers has, according to Asia Simone Burns of National Public Radio, "been a source of comfort, sometimes in the wake of tragedy".[119] Burns has said Rogers' words of comfort "began circulating on social media"[119] following tragedies such as the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in 2012, the Manchester Arena bombing in Manchester, England in 2017, and the shooting at Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida in 2018.

Awards and honors

Year Honor Notes Ref.
1975 Ralph Lowell Award Given by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in recognition of "outstanding contributions and achievements to public television". [126]
1987 Honorary member, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity for male musicians who have adopted music as a career. [127]
1991 Pittsburgh Penguins Celebrity Captain Part of the National Hockey League (NHL)'s 75th anniversary. Rogers was one of 12 celebrity captains to be selected for the 1992 Pro Set Platinum collection. [128][129]
1992 Peabody Award Awarded "in recognition of 25 years of beautiful days in the neighborhood".[130] [131]
1995 National Patron, Delta Omicron Awarded by the international professional music fraternity, to musicians who have attained "a national reputation in his or her field".[132] [133]
1999 Television Hall of Fame inductee Jeff Erlanger appeared during ceremony as a surprise guest. [134]
2002 Presidential Medal of Freedom The highest American civilian honor; awarded by President George W. Bush. [135]

[136]

2002 Commonwealth Award Given by PNC Financial Services, "celebrating the best of human achievement". [137]
2003 International Astronomical Union asteroid designation Asteroid 26858 Misterrogers named in Rogers' honor, discovered by Eleanor Helin in 1993. [138][139]
2008 "Sweater Day" Tribute to Rogers on what would have been his 80th birthday (March 20), by FCI. People all over the word were encouraged to wear a sweater honoring Rogers' legacy and the final event in a six-day celebration in Pittsburgh. [140][141]
2015 "Sweater drive" Rogers honored by the Altoona Curve, a Double-A affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates. The team wore commemorative jerseys that featured a printed facsimile of Rogers' cardigan and tie ensemble, and then were auctioned off, with the proceeds going to the local PBS station, WPSU-TV. [142]
2018 Stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service Dedicated on March 23 at WQED. [143][144]
2018 Google Doodle In honor of the 51st anniversary of the premiere of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (September 21). Created in collaboration with Fred Rogers Productions, The Fred Rogers Center, and BixPix Entertainment. [145][146]
 
Memorial statue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, created by Robert Berks, opened to the public on November 5, 2009
 
Rogers being presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush in the East Room of the White House on July 9, 2002

Museum exhibits

  • Smithsonian Institution permanent collection. In 1984 Rogers donated one of his sweaters to the Smithsonian.[17][147]
  • Children's Museum of Pittsburgh. Exhibit created by Rogers and FCI in 1998. It attracted hundreds of thousand of visitors over 10 years, and included, from Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, one of his sweaters, a pair of his sneakers, original puppets from the program, and photographs of Rogers. The exhibit traveled to children's museums throughout the country for eight years until it was given to the Louisiana Children's Museum in New Orleans as a permanent exhibit, to help them recover from Hurricane Katrina in 2005. In 2007 the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh created a traveling exhibit based on the factory tours featured in episodes of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.[148][149][150]
  • Heinz History Center permanent collection (2018). In honor of the 50th anniversary of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood and what would have been Rogers' 90th birthday.[151]

Art pieces

There are several pieces of art dedicated to Rogers throughout Pittsburgh, including a 7,000-pound, 11-foot high bronze statue of him in the North Shore neighborhood. In the Oakland neighborhood, his portrait is included in the Martin Luther King, Jr. and "Interpretations of Oakland" murals. A statue of a dinosaur titled "Fredasaurus Rex Friday XIII" originally stood in front of the WQED building and as of 2014 stands in front of the building that contains the Fred Rogers Company offices. There is a "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood of Make-Believe" in Idlewild Park and a kiosk of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood artifacts at Pittsburgh International Airport.[152]

Honorary degrees

Rogers has received honorary degrees from over 43 colleges and universities. After 1973, two commemorative quilts, created by two of Rogers' friends and archived at the Fred Rogers Center at St. Vincent College in Latrobe, were made out of the academic hoods he received during the graduation ceremonies.[153][154]

Note: Much of the below list is taken from "Honorary Degrees Awarded to Fred Rogers",[155] unless otherwise stated.

Filmography

Television

Year Title
1954–1961 The Children's Corner[172]
1963–1966 Misterogers[30]
1964–1967 Butternut Square[30]
1968–2001 Mister Rogers' Neighborhood[30]
1977–1982 Christmastime with Mister Rogers[173]
1978–1981 Old Friends ... New Friends[174]
1981 Sesame Street[175]
1988 Good Night, Little Ones![176]
1991 Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
1994 Mr. Dressup's 25th Anniversary
1994 Fred Rogers' Heroes[177]
1996 Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman[178]
1997 Arthur[179]
1998 Wheel of Fortune[180]
2003 114th Annual Tournament of Roses Parade[181]

Published works

Children's books

  • Our Small World (with Josie Carey, illustrated by Norb Nathanson), 1954, Reed and Witting, OCLC 236163646
  • The Elves, the Shoemaker, & the Shoemaker's Wife (illustrated by Richard Hefter), 1973, Small World Enterprises, OCLC 969517
  • The Matter of the Mittens, 1973, Small World Enterprises, OCLC 983991
  • Speedy Delivery (illustrated by Richard Hefter), 1973, Hubbard, OCLC 11464480
  • Henrietta Meets Someone New (illustrated by Jason Art Studios), 1974, Golden Press, OCLC 950967676
  • Mister Rogers Talks About, 1974, Platt & Munk, OCLC 1093164
  • Time to Be Friends, 1974, Hallmark Cards, OCLC 1694547
  • Everyone is Special (illustrated by Jason Art Studios), 1975, Western Publishing, OCLC 61280957
  • Tell Me, Mister Rogers, 1975, Platt & Munk, OCLC 1525780
  • The Costume Party (illustrated by Jason Art Studios), 1976, Golden Press, OCLC 3357187
  • Planet Purple (illustrated by Dennis Hockerman), 1986, Texas Instruments, ISBN 978-0-89512-092-2
  • If We Were All the Same (illustrated by Pat Sustendal), 1987, Random House, OCLC 15083194
  • A Trolley Visit to Make-Believe (illustrated by Pat Sustendal), 1987, Random House, OCLC 17237650
  • Wishes Don't Make Things Come True (illustrated Pat Sustendal), 1987, Random House, OCLC 15196769
  • No One Can Ever Take Your Place (illustrated by Pat Sustendal), 1988, Random House, OCLC 990550735
  • When Monsters Seem Real (illustrated by Pat Sustendal), 1988, Random House, OCLC 762290817
  • You Can Never Go Down the Drain (illustrated by Pat Sustendal), 1988, Random House, ISBN 978-0-394-80430-9
  • The Giving Box (illustrated by Jennifer Herbert), 2000, Running Press, OCLC 45616325
  • Good Weather or Not (with Hedda Bluestone Sharapan, illustrated by James Mellet), 2005, Family Communications, OCLC 31597516
  • Josephine the Short Neck-Giraffe, 2006, Family Communications, OCLC 1048459379
  • A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood: The Poetry of Mister Rogers Neighborhood (illustrated by Luke Flowers), 2009, Quirk Books, OCLC 1042097615
First Experiences series illustrated by Jim Judkis
Let's Talk About It series

Songbooks

  • Tomorrow on the Children's Corner (with Josie Carey, illustrated by Mal Wittman), 1960, Vernon Music Corporation, OCLC 12316162
  • Mister Rogers' Songbook (with Johnny Costa, illustrated by Steven Kellogg), 1970, Random House, OCLC 34224058

Books for adults

Discography

  • Around the Children's Corner (with Josey Carey), 1958, Vernon Music Corporation, OCLC 12310040
  • Tomorrow on the Children's Corner (with Josie Carey), 1959[182]
  • King Friday XIII Celebrates, 1964[183]
  • Won't You Be My Neighbor?, 1967[184]
  • Let's Be Together Today, 1968[184]
  • Josephine the Short-Neck Giraffe, 1969[184]
  • You Are Special, 1969[184]
  • A Place of Our Own, 1970[184]
  • Come On and Wake Up, 1972[185]
  • Growing, 1992[177]
  • Bedtime, 1992[185]
  • Won't You Be My Neighbor? (cassette and book), 1994, Hal Leonard, OCLC 36965578
  • Coming and Going, 1997[186]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ According to Mister Rogers' Neighborhood producer Hedda Sharapan, Rogers used television to communicate his message;[13] David Newell, who played Mr. McFeely on the Neighborhood, said, "Television was a vehicle for Fred, to reach children and families; it was sort of a necessary evil".[14]
  2. ^ See Wolfe, pp. 9–16 for a complete description of the structure of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.
  3. ^ See American Rhetoric.com for the transcript of Rogers' testimony.[76]

References

  1. ^ a b Harpaz, Beth J. (July 18, 2018). "Mister Rogers: 'Won't you be my neighbor?' fans can check out Fred Rogers Trail". Burlington Free Press. Associated Press. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Early Life". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Woo, Elaine (February 28, 2003). "It's a Sad Day in This Neighborhood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  4. ^ a b King (2018), p. 19
  5. ^ a b c d DeFranceso, Joyce (April 2003). "Remembering Fred Rogers: A Life Well-Lived: A look back at Fred Rogers' life". Pittsburgh Magazine. Archived from the original on January 3, 2005. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  6. ^ CNN, Maddie Capron and Christina Zdanowicz. "Tom Hanks just found out he's related to Mister Rogers". CNN. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Breznican, Anthony (June 9, 2018). "The relics of Mister Rogers: 7 emotional items from the new film Won't You Be My Neighbor?". EW.com. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Comm, Joseph A. (2015). Legendary Locals of Latrobe. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-4671-0184-4.
  9. ^ Gross (1984), event occurs at 4.27.
  10. ^ Jacobson, Lisa (February 11, 2013). "Remembering Mr. Rogers". Presbyterian Historical Society. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  11. ^ "Terry Gross and Fred Rogers". Fresh Air with Terry Gross. NPR. February 28, 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2019. Show originally aired 1985
  12. ^ Schuster, Henry (February 27, 2003). "Fred and me: An appreciation". CNN.com. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d King, p. 266
  14. ^ King, p. 265
  15. ^ Hendrickson, Paul (November 18, 1982). "In the Land of Make Believe, The Real Mister Rogers". Washington Post. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  16. ^ Gross (1984), event occurs at 6.38.
  17. ^ a b "Highlights in the life and career of Fred Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 27, 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  18. ^ Tiech, p. 10
  19. ^ "Fred Rogers". Pioneers of Television. PBS.org. 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  20. ^ "Early Years in Television". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  21. ^ Tiech, p. 9
  22. ^ a b c Broughton, Irv (1986). Producers on Producing: The Making of Film and Television. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-7864-1207-5.
  23. ^ "Sunday on the Children's Corner, Revisited". Presbyterian Historical Society. February 15, 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  24. ^ Schultz, Mike. "Sylvania Award". uv201.com. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  25. ^ a b "Fred Rogers Biography". Fred Rogers Productions. 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  26. ^ a b Flecker, Sally Ann (Winter 2014). "When Fred Met Margaret: Fred Rogers' Mentor". Pitt Med. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  27. ^ a b King, p. 126
  28. ^ King (2018), p. 145
  29. ^ Roberts, Soraya (June 26, 2018). "The Fred Rogers We Know". Hazlitt Magazine. Penguin Random House. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  30. ^ a b c d Matheson, Sue (2016). "Good Neighbors, Moral Philosophy and the Masculine Ideal". In Merlock Jackson, Sandra; Emmanuel, Steven M. (eds.). Revisiting Mister Rogers' Neighborhood: Essays on Lessons about Self and Community. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-4766-2341-2.
  31. ^ King, p. 150
  32. ^ "How Mr. Rogers and Mr. Dressup's road trip from Pittsburgh to Toronto changed children's television forever". National Post. July 11, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  33. ^ "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood and Beyond". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  34. ^ Bahr, Lindsey (September 27, 2013). "Mister Rogers pic in development with 'Little Miss Sunshine' directors". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  35. ^ "Children's TV Host Fred Rogers Dies At 74". PBS News Hour. February 27, 2003. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  36. ^ Burns, Asia Simone (February 7, 2018). "Mister Rogers Is Coming Back To Your Neighborhood, On A Stamp". NPR.org. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  37. ^ King, p. 164
  38. ^ a b Estrada, Louie (February 28, 2003). "Children's TV Icon Fred Rogers Dies at 74". Washington Post. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  39. ^ DeFranceso, Joyce (April 2003). "A Life Well-Lived". Pittsburgh Magazine. Archived from the original on January 3, 2005. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  40. ^ a b Montgomery, David (September 1, 2001). "For Mister Rogers, a Final Day in the Neighborhood". Washington Post. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  41. ^ Jackson, Kathy Merlock; Emmanuel, Steven M (2016). "Introduction". Revisiting Mister Rogers' Neighborhood: Essays on Lessons about Self and Community. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4766-2341-2.
  42. ^ a b King, p. 158
  43. ^ King, p. 146
  44. ^ Wolfe, Mark J.P. (2017). The World of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. New York: Routledge Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-315-11008-0.
  45. ^ Woo, Elaine (February 28, 2003). "From the Archives: It's a Sad Day in This Neighborhood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  46. ^ Jackson, Christine (March 20, 2017). "The Importance of Sweaters and Sneakers in Mister Rogers' Neighborhood". Rewire.org. PBS. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  47. ^ Wolfe, p. 11
  48. ^ King, p. 145
  49. ^ Jackson, Kathy Merlock (February 17, 2016). "Social Activism for the Small Set". In Jackson, Kathy Merlock; Emmanuel, Steven M. (eds.). Revisiting Mister Rogers' Neighborhood: Essays on Lessons about Self and Community. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Publishers. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4766-2341-2.
  50. ^ King, p. 134
  51. ^ a b Estrada, Louie (February 28, 2003). "Children's TV Icon Fred Rogers Dies at 74". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  52. ^ King, p. 192
  53. ^ King, p. 184
  54. ^ a b King, p. 204
  55. ^ King, p. 216
  56. ^ King, p. 219
  57. ^ "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood and Beyond". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  58. ^ Jefferson, Robin Seaton (March 23, 2017). "Siefken Heads Up Fred Rogers Company, Keeping Mister Rogers' Message Relevant For Next Generation". Forbes. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  59. ^ Morris, Jasmyn Belcher (March 11, 2016). "Walking The Beat In Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, Where A New Day Began Together". NPR. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  60. ^ King, pp. 230–231
  61. ^ King, 231
  62. ^ King, p. 240
  63. ^ King, p. 243
  64. ^ King, p. 338
  65. ^ a b Neuhaus, Cable (May 15, 1978). "Fred Rogers Moves into a New Neighborhood—and So Does His Rebellious Son". People. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  66. ^ King, p. 230
  67. ^ King, p. 233
  68. ^ Ogintz, Eileen (March 6, 1988). "Neighborhood Hero". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  69. ^ King, p. 232
  70. ^ Williams, Scott (September 2, 1994). "'Mr. Rogers' Heroes' Looks at Who's Helping America's Children". AP News. Associated Press. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  71. ^ a b Frank, Steve (September 6, 2013). "Mr. Rogers offers timeless defense of PBS funding…in 1969". MSNBC.com. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  72. ^ King, pp. 170–171
  73. ^ King, p. 176
  74. ^ a b King, p. 172
  75. ^ King, p. 175
  76. ^ "Mr. Fred Rogers: Senate Statement on PBS Funding". American Rhetoric.com. May 1, 1969. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  77. ^ a b c King, p. 326
  78. ^ King (2018), p. 308
  79. ^ a b c d Lewis, Daniel (February 28, 2003). "Mister Rogers, TV's Friend For Children, Is Dead at 74". The New York Times. p. A00001. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  80. ^ King (2018), p. 326
  81. ^ a b c d e Junod, Tom (November 1998). "Can You Say ... Hero?". Esquire. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  82. ^ "About Fred Rogers". Mister Rogers.org. The Fred Rogers Company. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  83. ^ Dawn, Randee (June 12, 2018). "Fred Rogers' widow reveals the way he proposed marriage — and it's so sweet". Today.com. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  84. ^ King (2018), p. 54
  85. ^ a b Schlageter, Bill (February 3, 2016). "Children's Museum of Pittsburgh to honor Joanne Rogers with its 2016 Great Friend of Children Award". Children's Museum of Pittsburgh. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  86. ^ Owen, Rob (April 9, 2002). "Music plays key role in Mrs. Rogers' relationship with husband Fred". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  87. ^ King (2018), p. 208
  88. ^ King (2018), p. 87
  89. ^ a b c d e King (2018), p. 9
  90. ^ a b Obis, Paul (November 1983). "Fred Rogers: America's Favorite Neighbor". Vegetarian Times. p. 26. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  91. ^ a b King (2018), p. 313
  92. ^ King (2018), p. 10
  93. ^ King (2018), p. 336
  94. ^ King (2018), p. 328
  95. ^ King (2018), p. 318
  96. ^ a b King (2018), p. 317
  97. ^ King, pp. 338, 344
  98. ^ King, pp. 343–344
  99. ^ King, p. 344
  100. ^ De Vinck, Christopher (February 24, 2013). "My friend, Mr. Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  101. ^ a b c Owen, Rob; Vancheri, Barbara (February 28, 2003). "Fred Rogers dies at 74". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  102. ^ King, p. 348
  103. ^ Kalson, Sally (February 28, 2003). "Lasting connection his legacy: Children felt Mister Rogers was talking just to them". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  104. ^ a b c Simonich, Milan (March 2, 2003). "Rogers' death gets front-page headlines". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  105. ^ McFeatters, Ann (March 5, 2003). "It's a beautiful day in the U.S. House as Congress honors Fred Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  106. ^ a b c Rodgers-Melnick, Ann (March 2, 2003). "Friends, relatives mourn death of Mr. Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  107. ^ "The Grave of Mister Rogers". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  108. ^ Vancheri, Barbara; Owen, Rob (May 4, 2003). "Pittsburgh bids farewell to Fred Rogers with moving public tribute". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  109. ^ Vancheri, Barbara (May 4, 2003). "Memorable guest: It's you, Fred, that I like". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  110. ^ Owen, Rob (May 3, 2003). "Appreciation: Mister Rogers will always be part of our neighborhood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 6, 2019.
  111. ^ Rothman, Lily (April 16, 2013). "The Backstory: The Moving Mr. Rogers Clip Everyone Is Talking About". Time. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  112. ^ King, p. 357
  113. ^ Juul, Matt (October 10, 2016). "Creator Marc Brown on Mr. Rogers, Memes, and 20 Years of Arthur". Boston Magazine. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  114. ^ King, pp. 353–354
  115. ^ a b Santomero, Angela (September 21, 2012). "Mister Rogers Changed My Life". The New York Times. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  116. ^ King, p. 353
  117. ^ Owen, Rob (September 2, 2013). "A 'very Fred-ish' birthday for 'Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  118. ^ "Pioneers of Television: Fred Rogers". PBS.org. 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  119. ^ a b c d Burns, Asia Simone (February 18, 2018). "Mister Rogers Still Lives In Your Neighborhood". NPR.org. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  120. ^ King, p. 267
  121. ^ a b Eberson, Sharon (March 17, 2019). "Fred Rogers re-emerges as champion for PBS". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  122. ^ Harris, Aisha (October 5, 2012). "Watch Mister Rogers Defend PBS In Front of the U.S. Senate". Slate Magazine. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  123. ^ Strachan, Maxwell (March 16, 2017). "The Best Argument For Saving Public Media Was Made By Mr. Rogers In 1969". HuffPost. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  124. ^ a b Gibson, Caitlin (August 12, 2019). "How Mister Rogers became a timeless oracle of parenting wisdom". Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  125. ^ McNary, Dave (November 20, 2019). "'Won't You Be My Neighbor', 'RBG' Nab Producers Guild Documentary Nominations". Variety. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  126. ^ "Public Media Awards: Ralph Lowell Award". Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  127. ^ "Famous Sinfonians". Rock Hill, South Carolina: Nu Kappa Fraternity. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  128. ^ "Can you say ... captain?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 65 (58). October 7, 1991. p. 1. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  129. ^ Sal, Barry (March 21, 2016). "Mister Rogers' Hockey Card". Puck Junk. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  130. ^ "Personal Award: Fred Rogers". Peabody Awards. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  131. ^ Sciullo, Maria (April 19, 2018). "2018 Peabody Awards honor The Fred Rogers Company". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  132. ^ "National Patrons & Patronesses". Delta Omicron. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  133. ^ Fetters, Elizabeth Rusch, ed. (Spring 2018). "Mr. Rogers Golden Anniversary" (PDF). The Wheel: Educational Journal of Delta Omicron. 108 (1): 28. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  134. ^ Owen, Rob (June 14, 2017). "Obituary: Jeffrey Erlanger / Quadriplegic who endeared himself to Mister Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  135. ^ "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". United States Senate. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  136. ^ McFeatters, Ann (July 10, 2002). "Fred Rogers gets Presidential Medal of Freedom". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  137. ^ "PNC Honors Six Achievers Who Enrich The World" (Press release). Wilmington, Delaware: PNC Media Room. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  138. ^ "(26858) Misterrogers = 1952 SU = 1993 FR = 2000 EK107". IAU Minor Planet Center. International Astronomical Union. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  139. ^ "Asteroid is named after Mister Rogers". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. May 3, 2003. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  140. ^ "Wear a sweater, honor Mr. Rogers". Today.com. Associated Press. February 27, 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  141. ^ McCoy, Adrian (February 27, 2008). "Sweater day to honor Mister Rogers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  142. ^ Maloy, Brendan (June 11, 2015). "Minor league team honors Mr. Rogers with cardigan uniforms". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  143. ^ "Mister Rogers Forever Stamp dedicated today". United States Postal Service. March 23, 2018. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  144. ^ Hauser, Christine (February 13, 2018). "A Mister Rogers Postage Stamp, and a Legacy That's Anything but Make-Believe". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  145. ^ "Celebrating Mister Rogers". Google.com. September 21, 2018. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  146. ^ Elassar, Alaa; Muaddi, Nadeem (September 21, 2018). "Today's Google Doodle is a heartwarming tribute to Mr. Rogers". CNN. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  147. ^ "Mister Rogers' Sweater". Smithsonian National Museum of American History. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  148. ^ Lorando, Mark (June 19, 2017). "Mister Rogers to open a New Orleans neighborhood". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans, Louisiana. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  149. ^ "Kids explore exhibit featuring Mister Rogers". WCAX.com. August 12, 2018. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  150. ^ Hamill, Sean D. (March 16, 2010). "It's Still a Beautiful Day in His Neighborhood". The New York Times. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  151. ^ McMarlin, Shirley (March 19, 2018). "New Mister Rogers 50th anniversary display opens March 20 at Heinz History Center". Trib Total Media. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  152. ^ "Visual Legacy". Pittsburgh Magazine. December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  153. ^ a b Erdley, Debra (March 23, 2018). "Thiel College remembers Mister Rogers". Tribune-Review. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  154. ^ a b c "Academic Hood Quilt". Fred Rogers Center. Latrobe, Pennsylvania. 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  155. ^ Newell, David; Hamilton, Lisa Belcher. "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood Program Notes: Honorary Degrees Awarded to Fred Rogers". Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Family Communications, Inc. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  156. ^ Powers, Martine (February 21, 2008). "Music student pens Mister Rogers score". Yale Daily News. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  157. ^ a b Muschick, Paul (May 7, 2018). "What celebrities have honorary degrees from Lehigh Valley colleges?". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  158. ^ "Linfield College Honorary PhD Announcement". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. May 27, 1982. p. 58. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  159. ^ "World Premiere II: Even More Magical" (PDF). The Rock Magazine. Slippery Rock, Pennsylvania: 6. Spring 2004. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  160. ^ Obereigner, Dagmar (May 9, 1987). "Father Jenco, Mister Rogers Among Graduation Speakers". AP News. Associated Press. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  161. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients - 1990s". University of Connecticut. August 29, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  162. ^ "BU Yesterday". B.U. Bridge. 5 (5). Boston University Office of University Relations. September 14, 2001. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  163. ^ "W.V. University to Honor a Neighbor: Mr. Rogers". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, Utah. April 6, 1995. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  164. ^ "Pa. Physician General, nearly 800 EU students receive degrees". edinboro.edu. Edinboro University. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  165. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients". Lawrenceville, New Jersey: Rider University. August 27, 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  166. ^ "Commencement; Fordham Class Hears Magician and Peacemaker". The New York Times. May 23, 1999. p. 1001036. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  167. ^ "Mister Rogers of PBS Fame Gives Old Dominion Graduates Advice for Life". Norfolk, Virginia: Old Dominion University. July 3, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  168. ^ "Honorary Degrees:Fred Rogers". Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Marquette University. 2001. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  169. ^ Horgan, Denis (June 9, 2002). "Mr. Rogers Has Mean Neighbors at Dartmouth". The Hartford Courant. Hartford, Connecticut. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  170. ^ "Seton Hall Will Have Tribute to Rogers". Huron Daily Tribune. Bad Axe, Michigan. April 17, 2003. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  171. ^ "Joanne Rogers accepts husband's 41st honorary degree". Union College News Archives. Schenectady, New York. June 15, 2003. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  172. ^ Starr, Jerold M. (2001). Air Wars: The Fight to Reclaim Public Broadcasting. Temple University Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-56639-913-5.
  173. ^ Warner, Jennifer (August 8, 2013). Mister Rogers: A Biography of the Wonderful Life of Fred Rogers. BookCaps Study Guides. ISBN 978-1-62917-046-6.
  174. ^ Bourgoin, Suzanne Michele; Byers, Paula Kay, eds. (2001). Encyclopedia of World Biography: Supplement. Gale Research. p. 354. ISBN 978-0-7876-2945-8.
  175. ^ Hughes, William (June 14, 2019). "Why not punch yourself in the gut with this picture of Elmo looking sadly at Mr. Rogers' old sweater?". AV Club News. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  176. ^ Fred Rogers Productions; Lybarger, Tim; Wagner, Melissa; McGuiggan, Jenna (October 29, 2019). Mister Rogers' Neighborhood: A Visual History. Potter/Ten Speed/Harmony/Rodale. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-9848-2622-0.
  177. ^ a b Williams-Rautiolla, Suzanne (2014). Newcomb, Horace (ed.). Encyclopedia of Television. Routledge. p. 1949. ISBN 978-1-135-19479-6.
  178. ^ "Mister Rogers Pays a Visit to 'Dr. Quinn'". Los Angeles Times. February 2, 1996. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  179. ^ "Arthur". TV Guide. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  180. ^ @WheelofFortune (September 21, 2018). "In honor of Mister Rogers' 51st anniversary, here's one of our favorite memories – when he visited our neighborhood on #WheelOfFortune!" (Tweet). Retrieved November 16, 2019 – via Twitter.
  181. ^ "This Week's Picks". The Washington Post. December 29, 2002. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  182. ^ Savage, Letitia Stuart (November 18, 2019). Horne's: The Best Place to Shop After All. Arcadia Publishing. p. 131. ISBN 978-1-4671-3835-2.
  183. ^ "Misterogers' neighborhood of make-believe is on records". TV Weekly. The Ottawa Citizen. June 13, 1964. p. 22 – via Newspapers.com.
  184. ^ a b c d e Current Biography Yearbook. H. W. Wilson Company. 1972. p. 355.
  185. ^ a b Abbey, Cherie D.; Hillstrom, Kevin, eds. (February 1, 2004). Biography Today Performing Artists: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Omnigraphics Incorporated. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-7808-0709-9.
  186. ^ McCormick, Moira (January 31, 1998). "Almost 30, 'Neighborhood' Is Still Central To Kids' TV; Youngheart Eyes Mainstream". Billboard. p. 70. Retrieved November 17, 2019.

Works cited

External links