Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: [ʒan mɔʁo]; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter, director, and socialite. She made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française. Moreau began playing small roles in films in 1949, later achieving prominence with starring roles in Louis Malle's Elevator to the Gallows (1958), Michelangelo Antonioni's La Notte (1961), and François Truffaut's Jules et Jim (1962). Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her 80s. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world".
|Born||23 January 1928|
|Died||31 July 2017 (aged 89)|
|Resting place||Montmartre Cemetery, Paris|
|Alma mater||Conservatoire de Paris|
She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime achievement awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996, a Cannes Golden Palm in 2003, and another César Award in 2008.
Early life and education Edit
Moreau was born in Paris, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975). Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham, Lancashire, England and of part Irish descent. Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage. When Jeanne was a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy, spending vacations at the paternal ancestral village of Mazirat, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During World War II, the family was split, and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school and, at age 16, after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh's Antigone, found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England with Jeanne's sister, Michelle."
In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival. She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev's A Month in the Country and, by her 20s, was already one of the leading actresses in the theatre's troupe. After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years — a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe and Robert Hirsch, then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw's Pygmalion. From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959).
Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors. François Truffaut's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centered on her magnetic starring role. She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni (La notte and Beyond the Clouds), Orson Welles (The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid), Elia Kazan (The Last Tycoon), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Querelle), Wim Wenders (Until the End of the World), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l'Ombre).
Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall in 1984. In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera as a writer, director and producer. Her accomplishments were the subject of the film Calling the Shots (1988) by Janis Cole and Holly Dale. She appeared in Rosa von Praunheim's film Fassbinder's Women (2000).
Personal life Edit
Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau, Jean Genet, Henry Miller, and Marguerite Duras (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She formerly was married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964, separated in 1951), and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). She and Richard had a son, Jérôme. Director Tony Richardson left his wife Vanessa Redgrave for her in 1967, but they never married. She also had relationships with directors Louis Malle and François Truffaut, fashion designer Pierre Cardin, and the Greek actor/playboy Theodoros Roubanis.
Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, academy headquarters, in Beverly Hills. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world", and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.
In 2009, Moreau signed a petition in support of director Roman Polanski, who had been detained while traveling to a film festival in relation to his 1977 sexual abuse charges, which the petition argued would undermine the tradition of film festivals as a place for works to be shown "freely and safely", and that arresting filmmakers traveling to neutral countries could open the door "for actions of which no-one can know the effects."
Moreau died on 31 July 2017 at her home in Paris at the age of 89. Her body was discovered by her cleaning maid and shortly before her death, she said she felt "abandoned" because she could not act anymore.
|1949||Last Love||Michèle||Jean Stelli|
|1950||Meurtres ?||Martine Annequin||Richard Pottier|
|Pigalle-Saint-Germain-des-Prés||La môme Pâquerette||André Berthomieu|
|1952||The Man in My Life||Suzanne Dubreuil||Guy Lefranc|
|Il est minuit, docteur Schweitzer||Marie Winter||André Haguet|
|1953||Dortoir des grandes||Julie||Henri Decoin|
|Julietta||Rosie Facibey||Marc Allégret|
|1954||Touchez pas au grisbi||Josy||Jacques Becker|
|Les Intrigantes||Mona Rémi||Henri Decoin|
|Secrets d'alcôve||Jeanne Plisson||Various directors||(segment "Billet de logement, Le")|
|Queen Margot||Margaret of Valois||Jean Dréville|
|1955||The DoctorsLes Hommes en blanc||Marianne Déjazet||Ralph Habib|
|M'sieur la Caille||Fernande||André Pergament|
|1956||The Wages of Sin||Angèle Ribot||Denys de la Patellière|
|1957||Until the Last One||Gina||Pierre Billon|
|Les Louves||Agnès Vanaux||Luis Saslavsky|
|L'étrange Monsieur Steve||Florence||Raymond Bailly|
|Three Days to Live||Jeanne Fortin||Gilles Grangier|
|1958||Échec au porteur||Jacqueline Tourieu|
|Ascenseur pour l'échafaud||Florence Carala||Louis Malle|
|Le dos au mur||Gloria Decrey||Édouard Molinaro|
|Les amants||Jeanne Tournier||Louis Malle|
|1959||The 400 Blows||Woman with Dog||François Truffaut||cameo appearance|
|Les liaisons dangereuses||Juliette de Merteuil||Roger Vadim|
|1960||Five Branded Women||Ljuba||Martin Ritt|
|Moderato Cantabile||Anne Desbarèdes||Peter Brook|
|Dialogue with the Carmelites||Mère Marie de l'Incarnation||Philippe Agostini|
|1961||La Notte||Lidia Pontano||Michelangelo Antonioni|
|A Woman Is a Woman||Woman in Bar||Jean-Luc Godard||Uncredited, discussing Jules et Jim|
|1962||Jules et Jim||Catherine||François Truffaut|
|Eva||Eva Olivier||Joseph Losey|
|The Trial||Miss Burstner||Orson Welles|
|1963||Bay of Angels||Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre||Jacques Demy|
|The Fire Within (Le feu follet)||Eva||Louis Malle|
|Banana Peel (Peau de banane)||Cathy||Marcel Ophüls|
|The Victors||the French lady||Carl Foreman|
|1964||Diary of a Chambermaid||Célestine||Luis Buñuel|
|The Train||Christine||John Frankenheimer|
|The Yellow Rolls-Royce||Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton||Anthony Asquith|
|Mata Hari, Agent H21||Mata Hari||Jean-Louis Richard|
|1965||Viva Maria!||Maria I||Louis Malle|
|Chimes at Midnight||Doll Tearsheet||Orson Welles|
|1967||The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi")||Mimi Guillotine||Philippe de Broca||(segment "Mademoiselle Mimi")|
|The Sailor from Gibraltar||Anna||Tony Richardson|
|1968||The Bride Wore Black||Julie Kohler||François Truffaut|
|The Immortal Story||Virginie Ducrot||Orson Welles||TV movie|
|Great Catherine||Catherine||Gordon Flemyng|
|1969||Le Corps de Diane||Diane Vallier||Jean-Louis Richard|
|1970||Monte Walsh||Martine Bernard||William A. Fraker|
|The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir||the singer||Jean Renoir||TV movie, (segment "Quand l'amour meurt")|
|The Deep||Ruth Warriner||Orson Welles||Filming was unfinished|
|Alex in Wonderland||Herself||Paul Mazursky|
|1971||Comptes à rebours||Madeleine St Rose||Roger Pigaut|
|1972||Chère Louise||Louise||Philippe de Broca|
|L'humeur vagabonde||Myriam Bingeot||Édouard Luntz|
|Nathalie Granger||"the other woman"||Marguerite Duras|
|Repeated Absences||nostalgie||Guy Gilles||Voice|
|1973||Joanna Francesa||Joana||Cacá Diegues|
|1974||Je t'aime||Elisa Boussac||Pierre Duceppe|
|Les Valseuses||Jeanne Pirolle||Bertrand Blier|
|Creezy||Renee Vibert||Pierre Granier-Deferre|
|1975||The Garden That Tilts||Maria||Guy Gilles|
|1976||Lumière||Sarah Dedieu||Jeanne Moreau|
|Monsieur Klein||Florence||Joseph Losey|
|The Last Tycoon||Didi||Elia Kazan|
|1979||The Adolescent||La narratrice||Jeanne Moreau||Voice, Uncredited|
|1981||Plein sud||Hélène, la mère de Caroline||Luc Béraud|
|Your Ticket Is No Longer Valid||Lili Marlene||George Kaczender|
|1982||A Thousand Billion Dollars||Mme Benoît-Lambert||Henri Verneuil|
|Querelle||Lysiane||Rainer Werner Fassbinder|
|La Truite||Lou Rambert||Joseph Losey|
|1985||Vicious Circle||Ines||TV play|
|1986||Le paltoquet||The Brothel-Keeper||Michel Deville|
|Sauve-toi, Lola||Marie-Aude Schneider||Michel Drach|
|1986–1987||Le Tiroir secret||Vivi||(different directors)||2 episodes|
|1987||The Miracle||Sabine||Jean-Pierre Mocky|
|1989||Jour après jour||Janine Weisman||Alain Attal|
|1990||La Femme Nikita||Amande||Luc Besson|
|Alberto Express||the Baroness||Arthur Joffé|
|La Femme fardée||Le Doria||José Pinheiro|
|1991||Anna Karamazoff||the Lady||Rustam Khamdamov|
|To meteoro vima tou pelargou||the Lady||Theo Angelopoulos|
|The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea||Lady M||Laurent Heynemann|
|Until the End of the World||Edith Farber||Wim Wenders|
|1992||The Lover||Narrator||Jean-Jacques Annaud||Voice|
|Map of the Human Heart||Sister Banville||Vincent Ward|
|La nuit de l'océan||Hélène Sauveterre||Antoine Perset|
|The Absence||the writer's wife||Peter Handke|
|À demain||Tete||Didier Martiny|
|1993||Screen Two||Lili||Waris Hussein||Episode: "The Clothes in the Wardrobe"|
|Je m'appelle Victor||Rose||Guy Jacques|
|Screen One||Angelique||Charles Sturridge||Episode: "A Foreign Field"|
|1995||One Hundred and One Nights||La première ex-épouse de M. Cinéma||Agnès Varda|
|Catherine the Great||Empress Elizabeth Petrovna||Marvin J. Chomsky|
|Beyond the Clouds||a Lady||Michelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders|
|1996||I Love You, I Love You Not||Nana||Billy Hopkins|
|The Proprietor||Adrienne Mark||Ismail Merchant|
|1997||Amour et confusions||Libra||Patrick Braoudé|
|Witch Way Love||Eglantine||René Manzor|
|1998||Ever After||Grande Dame||Andy Tennant|
|1999||Balzac||Charlotte-Laure de Balzac||Josée Dayan||TV movie|
|2000||The Prince's Manuscript||Alessandra Wolf (Licy)||Roberto Andò|
|Les Misérables||Mere Innocente||Josée Dayan||4 episodes|
|2001||Lisa||Lisa (old)||Pierre Grimblat|
|Cet amour-là||Marguerite Duras||Josée Dayan|
|2003||Love Actually||Lady at Marseilles Airport||Richard Curtis||Uncredited|
|Les Parents terribles||Tante Leo||Josée Dayan|
|2005||Akoibon||Madame Paule||Édouard Baer|
|Time to Leave||Laura||François Ozon|
|Go West||Novinar||Ahmed Imamović|
|Les Rois maudits||Mahaut, Countess of Artois||Josée Dayan||5 episodes|
|2006||Roméo et Juliette||Laurence||Yves Desgagnés|
|2007||Chacun son cinéma||The old woman / Herself||Various directors||(segment "Trois Minutes")|
|2008||One Day You'll Understand||Rivka||Amos Gitai|
|Everywhere at Once||Narrator||Holly Fisher|
|La guerre des fils de la lumière contre les fils des ténèbres||Amos Gitai|
|Kérity, la maison des contes||Aunt Eleanor||Dominique Monfery||Voice|
|2012||Une estonienne à Paris||Frida||Ilmar Raag|
|Gebo et l'Ombre||Candidinha||Manoel de Oliveira|
|2015||Le talent de mes amis||La grand-mère de Thibault||Alex Lutz||(final film role)|
Awards and nominations Edit
|2008||César Awards||Honorary César||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2005||Moscow International Film Festival||Stanislavsky Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2003||Cannes Film Festival||Honorary Golden Palm||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2003||Taormina International Film Festival||Taormina Arte Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2001||Pusan International Film Festival||Hand Printing (tribute)||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|2000||Berlin International Film Festival||Honorary Golden Bear||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1999||Hamptons International Film Festival||Distinguished Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1999||Créteil International Women's Film Festival||Homage||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1998||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences||Tribute||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1997||European Film Awards||Life Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1997||San Sebastián International Film Festival||Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1996||BAFTA Awards||Academy Fellowship||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1995||César Awards||Honorary César||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1994||Women in Film Crystal Award||International Award||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1992||Venice Film Festival||Career Golden Lion||Lifetime achievement||Won|
|1992||César Awards||Best Actress||The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea||Won|
|1988||César Awards||Best Actress||Le Miraculé||Nominated|
|1987||César Awards||Best Supporting Actress||Le Paltoquet||Nominated|
|1984||Razzie Awards||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song||Querelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit"||Nominated|
|1979||Berlin International Film Festival||Golden Bear||L'adolescente||Nominated|
|1979||Chicago International Film Festival||Gold Hugo||L'adolescente||Nominated|
|1976||Chicago International Film Festival||Gold Hugo||Lumière||Nominated|
|1976||Taormina International Film Festival||Golden Charybdis||Lumière||Nominated|
|1967||BAFTA Awards||Best Foreign Actress||Viva Maria!||Won|
|1964||Karlovy Vary International Film Festival||Best Actress||Diary of a Chambermaid||Won|
|1963||BAFTA Awards||Best Foreign Actress||Jules et Jim||Nominated|
|1962||Jussi Awards||Diploma of Merit – Foreign Actress||La notte||Won|
|1961||Fotogramas de Plata||Best Foreign Performer||Le dialogue des Carmélites||Won|
|1960||Cannes Film Festival||Best Actress||Moderato cantabile||Won|
|1958||Venice Film Festival||Best Actress||Les amants||Won|
|1988||Molière Awards||Best Actress||Le Récit de la servante Zerline||Won|
- "People | Jeanne Moreau". Salon. Archived from the original on 24 May 2007.
- "Jeanne Moreau: French screen icon and star of Jules et Jim, dies at 89". BBC. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- Gates, Anita (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, Femme Fatale of French New Wave, Is Dead at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- "Jeanne Moreau Biography (1928–)". Filmreference.com.
- Stated in interview at Inside the Actors Studio
- Famous French people of immigrant origin, Eupedia: France Guide
- "Jeanne Moreau Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011.
- Farrell, Barry, "Actresses: Making the Most of Love", Time cover story pp. 4–5, 5 March 1965. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- Chapman, Peter (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, actress, 1928–2017". Financial Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
- "27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Desta, Yohana (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, an Icon of French Cinema, Dies at 89". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
- needs substantiation
- "Jeanne Moreau : bio de Jeanne Moreau". Gala.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
- Roubanis was previously the companion of Henry Plumer McIlhenny. The relationship with McIlhenny was cited in Welsh and Tibbett's The Cinema of Tony Richardson (SUNY Press, 1999). Roubanis later married Lady Sarah Churchill. Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill obituary, The Telegraph, 19 October 2000.
- "manifeste des 343". 23 April 2001. Archived from the original on 23 April 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Le cinéma soutient Roman Polanski / Petition for Roman Polanski – SACD". archive.ph. 4 June 2012. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
- Shoard, Catherine; Agencies (29 September 2009). "Release Polanski, demands petition by film industry luminaries". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
- "Jeanne Moreau est morte à l'âge de 89 ans". Le Monde.fr (in French). lemonde.fr. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017..
- "Avant sa mort, Jeanne Moreau "se sentait abandonnée"" (in French). Closermag.fr. 31 July 2017.