Joanne Woodward

Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward (born February 27, 1930) is an American actress, producer, and philanthropist. One of the last major stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood, having made her career breakthrough in the 1950s, Woodward is the earliest surviving Academy Award winner in a leading category. One of the best respected actresses of her generation, she became known for playing complex women with a characteristic nuance and depth of character.[1], and became one of the first film stars to have an equally major presence in television. Among her total accolades is an Academy Award, three Primetime Emmy Awards, a British Academy Film Award, three Golden Globe Awards, and a Screen Actors Guild Award.

Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward 1971.jpg
Woodward in 1971
Born
Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward

(1930-02-27) February 27, 1930 (age 91)
Other names
  • Joanne Newman
  • Joanne G. T. Woodward
Alma materSarah Lawrence College Louisiana State University
Occupation
  • Actress
  • producer
  • philanthropist
Years active1955–present
Spouse(s)
(m. 1958; died 2008)
Children3, including Nell and Melissa Newman

Woodward is perhaps best known for her performance as a woman with personality disorders in The Three Faces of Eve (1957), which earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. Upon the death of Olivia de Havilland in July 2020 she became the oldest living Best Actress Academy Award winner. In a career spanning more than six decades, Woodward starred or co-starred in many feature films, receiving four Oscar nominations (winning one), ten Golden Globe Award nominations (winning three), four BAFTA Film Award nominations (winning one), and nine Primetime Emmy Award nominations (winning three).

She is the widow of actor Paul Newman, with whom she often collaborated either as a co-star, or as an actor in films directed or produced by him. Woodward's career is notable not only for its unusual longevity, but for the range and depth of roles which she played. In 1960, the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame was laid, bearing Joanne Woodward's name.[2]

Early lifeEdit

Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward was born on February 27, 1930, in Thomasville, Georgia, the daughter of Elinor (née Trimmier) and Wade Woodward, Jr., who was vice president of publishing company Charles Scribner's Sons.[3] Her middle names, "Gignilliat Trimmier", are of Huguenot origin.[4] She was influenced to become an actress by her mother's love of movies.[4] Her mother named her after Joan Crawford.[4]

Attending the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta, 9-year-old Woodward rushed into the parade of stars and sat on the lap of Laurence Olivier, star Vivien Leigh's partner. She eventually worked with Olivier in 1977 in a television production of Come Back, Little Sheba. During rehearsals, she mentioned this incident to him, and he told her he remembered.[4]

Woodward lived in Thomasville until she was in the second grade, then lived in Blakely and Thomaston before her family relocated to Marietta, Georgia, where she attended Marietta High School. She remains a supporter of Marietta High School and of the city's Strand Theater.[5]

The family moved once again when she was a junior in high school, after her parents divorced.[4] She graduated from Greenville High School in Greenville, South Carolina, in 1947. Woodward won many beauty contests as a teenager.[citation needed]

Woodward majored in drama at Louisiana State University, where she was an initiate of Chi Omega sorority, then headed to New York City to perform on the stage.[4] There, she studied at the Actors Studio and also studied under Sanford Meisner in the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre.[6][7]

Woodward appeared in theatrical productions at Greenville High and in Greenville's Little Theatre, playing Laura Wingfield in the staging of The Glass Menagerie. She was to return to Greenville in the 60s to play the lead in the Little Theater production of "Camelot", and in 1976 to play Amanda Wingfield in another Little Theatre production of The Glass Menagerie. She also returned in 1955 for the première of Count Three And Pray, her debut movie, at the Paris Theatre on North Main Street.[citation needed]

CareerEdit

Early careerEdit

 
Woodward in The Three Faces of Eve (1957), displaying "Eve Black", the "bad girl" personality

In 1952, Woodward made her first television appearance on an episode of Robert Montgomery Presents entitled "Penny." She also tried out for roles on the stage, becoming an understudy during the run of the William Inge comedy Picnic in 1953–1954. It was here that she met her future husband Paul Newman,[4] though at this time he was still married to his first wife Jacqueline Witte.

Woodward appeared in many other TV drama shows such as Tales of Tomorrow, Goodyear Playhouse, Danger, The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse, You Are There, The Web, The Ford Television Theatre, The Elgin Hour, Robert Montgomery Presents, Armstrong Circle Theatre, The Star and the Story, Omnibus, Star Tonight, and Ponds Theater.

Woodward's first feature film was a post-Civil War Western, Count Three and Pray (1955). Woodward was billed second, and played a strong-willed orphan. She was signed to a long-term contract by 20th Century Fox in January 1956.[8]For her next role, she starred in A Kiss Before Dying (1956) as an heiress pursued by a college student (Robert Wagner) who will stop at nothing to win her over.

Woodward's career would continue to include TV, stage and feature film acting. In 1956 she returned to Broadway to star in The Lovers. It had only a brief run (but was later filmed as The War Lord (1965). She also appeared on television drama shows including Philco Playhouse, The 20th Century-Fox Hour, The United States Steel Hour, General Electric Theater, Four Star Playhouse, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Kraft Theatre, The Alcoa Hour, Studio One in Hollywood, and Climax.

Film stardomEdit

In 1957, Woodward astounded audiences and critics alike with her stellar performance as the lead in The Three Faces of Eve. Here she portrayed a woman with three distinct personalities — a southern housewife, a sexually voracious 'bad girl' and a normal young woman — and gave each their own unique voices and gestures. For her work on the film, Woodward won an Academy Award for Best Actress.[9]

With her credentials as a star attraction established, Fox gave her top billing in No Down Payment (1957), directed by Martin Ritt and produced by Jerry Wald. She was re-united with Ritt on another Faulkner adaptation, The Sound and the Fury (1959), with Yul Brynner. Sidney Lumet cast Woodward alongside Marlon Brando and Anna Magnani in The Fugitive Kind (1960), a box office disappointment. More popular was a third film with Newman, From the Terrace (1960), which Woodward later admitted to having "affection" for "because of the way I looked like Lana Turner".[10] The couple then made Paris Blues (1961) with Ritt. For her title role in The Stripper (1963), Joanne was coached in technique by burlesque performer Gipsy Rose Lee.[11] In 1966, she appeared as Mary in A Big Hand for the Little Lady, and starred alongside Sean Connery in A Fine Madness. In Rachel Rachel (1968), produced and directed by Newman, Woodward played a schoolteacher hoping for love. This film won her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.[12]

In 1972 Woodward starred in The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds. For this performance as a mother estranged from her daughters, (one of them played by her actual daughter, Nell) she won the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival. She then starred in the mid-life crisis drama Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams (1973), written by Stewart Stern, for which she received another Oscar nomination for Best Actress.[13]

Woodward was to have co-starred with Robert Shaw in Strindberg's Dance of Death at Lincoln Center in 1974, but withdrew from the production during rehearsals. "New York puts a pressure on you that I don't react well to, with the critics and all that", she later said. "I like to act in a relaxed atmosphere."[14]

Woodward supported Burt Reynolds in The End (1978), and as the 70s progressed did more television drama. She did A Christmas to Remember (1979) on TV. The decade ended with The Streets of L.A. (1979). Woodward also directed an episode of Family in 1979. For TV, she appeared in Come Back, Little Sheba (1977) with Laurence Olivier, and See How She Runs (1978). The latter won her an Emmy.[15]

Woodward's credits in the 1980s included The Shadow Box (1980), directed by Newman, and Crisis at Central High (1981) for TV. She also returned to Broadway for Candida (1981–1982), a production directed by Michael Cristofer that was filmed in 1982.[14] She starred in Harry & Son (1984), again directed by and co-starring Newman, and some TV movies, Passions (1984) and Do You Remember Love (1985). Woodward also did some screenwriting and direction at this time, for instance writing and directing a 1982 production of Shirley Jackson's story Come Along with Me; and starred in The Glass Menagerie (1987).

Woodward also found critical success on the small screen. She won Emmy Awards for her work as an actress on See How She Runs (1978) and Do You Remember Love? (1985). As a producer, she won another Emmy for Broadway's dreamers: The Legacy of the Group Theater in 1990. Woodward also returned to TV to do "The 80 Yard Run" for Playhouse 90.

Partnership with Paul NewmanEdit

Woodward met Paul Newman on the set of stage comedy Picnic in the early 1950s, and the two married on January 29, 1958 after his divorce from his first wife Jacqueline Witte was finalized.[16] Woodward was soon an Academy Award winner, winning her Oscar on March 28: though nominated many times, Newman would not follow until 1986.[17]

They appeared in many films together during the 1950s and 60s. The first was The Long Hot Summer (1958), followed by Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys! (1958), From the Terrace (1960), Paris Blues (1961), and A New Kind of Love (1963).[18] They returned to Broadway in Baby Want a Kiss (1964), which ran for over a hundred performances. Woodward was also directed by her husband in many projects. The first of these was Newman's directorial debut, Rachel, Rachel (1968). Husband and wife both earned Golden Globe Awards and Oscar nominations. They also acted together in Winning (1969) and WUSA (1970).

Only two months after their wedding, Woodward won her first Academy Award. Newman got his first nomination later that year, 1958, for Cat On a Hot Tin Roof. Both at the top of their game as movie stars, Woodward and Newman became a celebrity power couple and were featured in countless magazines and articles for the next fifty years. Woodward's family life, she felt, deepened at the expense of her film career. She later said:

Initially, I probably had a real movie-star dream. It faded somewhere in my mid-30s, when I realized I wasn't going to be that kind of actor. It was painful. Also, I curtailed my career because of my children. Quite a bit. I resented it at the time, which was not a good way to be around the children. Paul was away on location a lot. I wouldn't go on location because of the children. I did once, and felt overwhelmed with guilt.[14]

Nevertheless, her acting career was successful and busy by any standard, as can be seen from the summary above. Her final screen performance with Newman was in the cable miniseries Empire Falls in 2005.

Later yearsEdit

Woodward's film career had an unusual longevity. In 1990 she again appeared opposite Newman in Mr. and Mrs. Bridge (1990), directed by James Ivory. Woodward had read this, the first of Evan S. Connell's two novels when it was published in 1959, and hoped for many years to adapt it into a television production. Originally, she did not intend to play the character of Mrs. Bridge because she was too young. By the late 1980s, that was no longer the case.[19] One of her most acclaimed performances,[20][21] she garnered her fourth Academy Award nomination, and was selected as the year's Best Actress at the New York Film Critics Circle Awards.

In 1993 she appeared in Philadelphia (1993) with Tom Hanks and in the same year, narrated Martin Scorsese's The Age of Innocence.[22] Woodward did further TV movies, Foreign Affairs (1993) and Blind Spot (1993). Woodward was a co-producer of Blind Spot, a drama about drug addiction, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Mini-Series or a Movie.[23] She co-starred in the TV movie Breathing Lessons (1995). Also in 1995, Woodward directed off-Broadway revivals of Clifford Odets' Golden Boy and Waiting for Lefty at the Blue Light Theater Company in New York.[24]

In the twenty first century, Woodward moved more into production and directorial roles. She served as the artistic director of the Westport Country Playhouse from 2001 to 2005.[25] She was executive producer of the 2003 television production of Our Town, featuring Newman as the stage manager (for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award). She and Newman also appeared in Empire Falls (2005) for TV. Woodward also recorded a reading of singer John Mellencamp's song "The Real Life" for his box set On the Rural Route 7609.

She had the lead in Change in the Wind (2010). In 2011, she narrated the Scholastic/Weston Woods film All the World.

Personal lifeEdit

Woodward was reported to have been engaged to author Gore Vidal before she married Paul Newman.[26] However, there was no real engagement; Woodward claims that she was a beard for Vidal, who was homosexual.[27] Woodward shared a house with Vidal in Los Angeles for a short time, and they remained friends.[26]

Woodward first met Newman in 1953. They later reconnected on the set of The Long, Hot Summer in 1957. Newman divorced his wife Jackie Witte, with whom he already had three children, and married Woodward on January 29, 1958 in Las Vegas. On March 28 of the same year, Woodward won the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Three Faces of Eve. The couple remained married for 50 years until Newman's death from lung cancer on September 26, 2008.[28] Woodward has said: "He's very good looking and very sexy and all of those things, but all of that goes out the window and what is finally left is, if you can make somebody laugh... And he sure does keep me laughing." Newman attributed their relationship success to "some combination of lust and respect and patience. And determination."[29]

 
Woodward's Hollywood Walk of Fame star

It is Paul Newman who has been quoted as saying, in response to a question to him about marital cheating, “I don't like to discuss my marriage, but I will tell you something which may sound corny but which happens to be true. I have steak at home. Why should I go out for hamburger?”

Woodward has three daughters by Newman: Elinor Teresa "Nell" (1959), Melissa Stewart (1961) and Claire Olivia "Clea" (1965).[30]

Woodward and Newman also acted as mentors to Allison Janney, whom they had met when Janney, a Kenyon College freshman, was cast in a play that Newman directed.[31] Janney acknowledged this support in a 2018 speech.[32]

Woodward and Newman were politically active supporters of the Democratic party. They were conspicuous supporters of Senator Eugene McCarthy in his unsuccessful 1968 presidential campaign, attending a benefit for his campaign at Arthur's Restaurant on April 1, 1968.[33][34] Documents declassified in 2017 show that the National Security Agency had created a biographical file on Woodward as part of its monitoring of prominent US citizens whose names appeared in signals intelligence.[35]

In 1988, Newman and Woodward established the Hole in the Wall Gang Camp, a nonprofit residential summer camp, and year-round center named after the Wyoming mountain hideaway of the outlaws in Newman's film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. The camp, located in Ashford, Connecticut, provides free services to 20,000 children and their families coping with cancer and other serious illnesses.[36] In 2012, their daughter Clea Newman took charge of the camp's parent organization, the SeriousFun Children's Network.[37]

In 1990, after working toward her bachelor's degree for more than 10 years, Woodward graduated from Sarah Lawrence College along with her daughter Clea.[4] Paul Newman delivered the commencement address, during which he said he dreamed that a woman had asked, "How dare you accept this invitation to give the commencement address when you are merely hanging on to the coattails of the accomplishments of your wife?"[38] In 1992, along with Newman, Woodward was awarded the Kennedy Center honors for lifetime achievement.[39]

Woodward, widowed since 2008, lives in Westport, Connecticut, where she and Newman raised their daughters.

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

 
Drawing of Woodward upon winning an Oscar for The Three Faces of Eve in 1957 by artist Nicholas Volpe
Year Title Role Notes
1955 Count Three and Pray Lissy
1956 A Kiss Before Dying Dorothy "Dorie" Kingship
1957 The Three Faces of Eve Eve White / Eve Black / Jane Academy Award for Best Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
National Board of Review Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
No Down Payment Leola Boone National Board of Review Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1958 The Long, Hot Summer Clara Varner
Rally Round the Flag, Boys! Grace Oglethorpe Bannerman Nominated – Laurel Award for Top Female Comedic Performance
1959 The Sound and the Fury Quentin Compson / Narrator
1960 The Fugitive Kind Carol Cutrere San Sebastián International Film Festival Zulueta Prize for Best Actress
From the Terrace Mary St. John
1961 Paris Blues Lillian Corning
1963 The Stripper Lila Green Nominated – Laurel Award for Top Female Dramatic Performance
A New Kind of Love Samantha "Sam" Blake / Mimi Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1964 Signpost to Murder Molly Thomas
1966 A Big Hand for the Little Lady Mary Nominated – Laurel Award for Top Female Comedic Performance
A Fine Madness Rhoda Shillitoe
1968 Rachel, Rachel Rachel Cameron Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Laurel Award for Top Female Dramatic Performance
1969 Winning Elora Capua
1970 WUSA Geraldine
1971 They Might Be Giants Dr. Mildred Watson
1972 The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds Beatrice Hunsdorfer Cannes Film Festival Best Actress Award
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1973 Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams Rita Walden BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1975 The Drowning Pool Iris Devereaux
1978 The End Jessica Lawson
1984 Harry & Son Lilly
1987 The Glass Menagerie Amanda Wingfield Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Female
1990 Mr. and Mrs. Bridge India Bridge Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Female
Nominated – Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress
1993 The Age of Innocence Narrator Voice
Philadelphia Sarah Beckett
1996 Even If a Hundred Ogres... Narrator Voice
2010 Change in the Wind Margaret Mitchell Voice
2012 Gayby Jenn's Mother Voice, uncredited
2013 Lucky Them Doris Voice, also executive producer

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1952 Tales of Tomorrow Pat Episode: "The Bitter Storm"
1952–1953 Omnibus Ann Rutledge Episode: "Mr. Lincoln"
1953–1954 The Philco Television Playhouse Emily Episode: "The Dancers"
1954 The Ford Television Theatre June Ledbetter Episode: "Segment"
The Elgin Hour Nancy Episode: "High Man"
Lux Video Theatre Jenny Townsend Episode: "Five Star Final"
1952–1954 Robert Montgomery Presents Elsie / Penny Episodes:"Homecoming", "Penny"
1955 The Star and the Story Jill Andrews Episode: "Dark Stranger"
The 20th Century Fox Hour Eleanor Apley Episode: "The Late George Apley"
The United States Steel Hour Rocky Episode: "White Gloves"
1954–1956 Four Star Playhouse Ann Benton / Terry Thomas / Victoria Lee "Vicki" Hallock Episodes: "Watch the Sunset", "Full Circle", "Interlude"
1954–1956 Studio One Christiana / Daisy / Lisa Episodes: "A Man's World", "Family Protection", "Stir Mugs"
1956 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Beth Paine Episode: "Momentum"
GE True Ann Rutledge Episode: "Prologue to Glory"
The Alcoa Hour Margaret Spencer Episode: "The Girl in Chapter One"
Climax! Katherine Episode: "Savage Portrait"
1958 Playhouse 90 Louise Darling Episode: "The 80 Yard Run"
1971 All the Way Home Mary Follet TV movie
1976 The Carol Burnett Show Midge Gibson Episode: "The Family: Friend from the Past"
Sybil Dr. Cornelia B. Wilbur Miniseries
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
1977 Come Back, Little Sheba Lola Delaney TV movie
1978 See How She Runs Betty Quinn TV movie
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
A Christmas to Remember Mildred McCloud TV movie
1979 The Streets of L.A. Carol Schramm TV movie
1980 The Shadow Box Beverly TV movie
1981 Crisis at Central High Elizabeth Huckaby TV movie
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
1982 Candida Candida TV movie
1984 Passions Catherine Kennerly TV movie
1985 Do You Remember Love Barbara Wyatt-Hollis TV movie
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
1993 Foreign Affairs Vinnie Miner TV movie
Blind Spot Nell Harrington TV movie
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Also co-producer
The Roots of Woe Margaret Sanger Voice, TV movie
1994 Breathing Lessons Maggie Moran TV movie
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
2003 Our Town N/A TV movie, executive producer
2005 Empire Falls Francine Whiting Miniseries
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie

AwardsEdit

In 1958, Woodward won the Academy Award for Best Actress for The Three Faces of Eve.[4] In 1960, she won the Silver Shell for Best Actress at the San Sebastián International Film Festival for her work on The Fugitive Kind .[40] She was nominated for Best Actress in 1969 for Rachel, Rachel; in 1974 for Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams; and in 1991 for Mr. and Mrs. Bridge. She was named Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival in 1974 for her performance in The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds.

Woodward won two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Mini-Series or TV Movie: for See How She Runs (1978), as a divorced teacher who trains for a marathon; and in Do You Remember Love? (1985), as a professor who begins to suffer from Alzheimer's disease. She has been nominated an additional five times for her roles on television.

A popular (but untrue) bit of Hollywood lore is that Woodward was the first celebrity to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In fact, the original 1,550 stars were created and installed as a unit in 1960; no one star was officially "first".[41] The first star actually completed was director Stanley Kramer's.[42] The origin of this legend is not known with certainty, but according to Johnny Grant, the long-time Honorary Mayor of Hollywood, Woodward was the first celebrity to agree to pose with her star for photographers, and therefore was singled out in the collective public imagination as the first awardee.[43]

In 1994, Joanne Woodward and Paul Newman were jointly presented the Award for Outstanding Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards for Public Service.[44]

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Editors, History com. "Joanne Woodward earns first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". HISTORY. Retrieved September 6, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "Joanne Woodward". Yahoo Movies.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Joanne Woodward". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 9. Episode 15. May 11, 2003. Bravo.
  5. ^ "Joanne Woodward (b. 1930)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  6. ^ "Sanford Meisner (Published 1998)". The New York Times. January 25, 1998. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  7. ^ "Joanne Woodward". Biography. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  8. ^ Drama: Joanne Woodward's Pact Continued Los Angeles Times January 25, 1956: 20.
  9. ^ "The Three Faces of Eve", Wikipedia, August 10, 2021, retrieved September 6, 2021
  10. ^ The Newmans: 2 Lives in the Movies By MEL GUSSOW. New York Times April 28, 1975: 33.
  11. ^ "Woodward, Joanne (1930—) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  12. ^ Editors, Biography com. "Joanne Woodward". Biography. Retrieved September 6, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Joanne Woodward: What You See Is All You Get: A Portrait of Joanne Woodward What You See Is All You Get, Haun, Harry. Los Angeles Times, January 13, 1974: n1.
  14. ^ a b c JOANNE WOODWARD HAD 'A MOVIE-STAR DREAM' Lawson, Carol. New York Times September 17, 1981: C.19.
  15. ^ TV: Joanne Woodward, 40, 'Sweet' and Running By JOHN J. O'CONNOR. New York Times February 1, 1978: C23.
  16. ^ Editors, Biography com. "Paul Newman". Biography. Retrieved September 6, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  17. ^ "Paul Newman", Wikipedia, September 2, 2021, retrieved September 6, 2021
  18. ^ Editors, Biography com. "Joanne Woodward". Biography. Retrieved September 6, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  19. ^ Rohter, Larry (November 18, 1990). "Crossing the Bridges With the Newmans". nytimes.com. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  20. ^ Canby, Vincent (November 23, 1990). "A Placid Marriage, And Undercurrents". chicagoreader.com. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  21. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Mr. & Mrs. Bridge". chicagoreader.com. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  22. ^ "Joanne Woodward | Biography, Movies, Paul Newman, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  23. ^ Woodward Finds Her Forum THE ACTRESS SEES TV FILMS AS A `TEACHING TOOL' FOR TIMELY ISSUES: [Home Edition] Granville, Kari. Los Angeles Times May 2, 1993: 6.
  24. ^ Simonson, Robert (February 7, 2001). "Off-Broadway's Blue Light Theatre Suspends Operations After Six Years". Playbill.
  25. ^ Simonson, Robert. "Joanne Woodward to Step Down as Westport Playhouse Artistic Director." Retrieved July 21, 2015
  26. ^ a b "A First Draft of Gore Vidal's Illustrated Memoir." Archived May 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine December 23, 2011.
  27. ^ Kellogg, Carolyn (January 4, 2013). "Gore Vidal says nice things about women in the new Vanity Fair". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 23, 2019. In the piece, Joanne Woodward recalls pretending to have an affair with Vidal, who was gay, as a way of placating his family and perhaps as a cover for her relationship with the not-quite-divorced Paul Newman. "We got a kick out of it,” she told Balaban. "I couldn't see Gore and me getting married — oh, heavens — but we did have a great time together."
  28. ^ "Remembering Paul Newman." People. September 27, 2008.
  29. ^ Murtaugh, Taysha (August 22, 2017). "The Secret to Paul Newman & Joanne Woodward's 50-Year Marriage". Country Living. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  30. ^ Pukas, Anna (November 6, 2015). "Paul Newman's daughter Clea: 'Dad was so much more than a movie star'". Express. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  31. ^ "Why Allison Janney Never Cashed In Her Favor From Paul Newman". Forbes.
  32. ^ Nast, Condé (March 5, 2018). "Oscars 2018: Why Allison Janney Thanked Joanne Woodward". Vanity Fair. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  33. ^ "Joanne Woodward and Paul Newman". Getty Images. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  34. ^ "Joanne Woodward during Political Benefit for Eugene McCarthy at..." Getty Images. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  35. ^ "National Security Agency Tracking of U.S. Citizens – "Questionable Practices" from 1960s & 1970s". National Security Archive. September 25, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  36. ^ "Who We Are". HoleInTheWallGang.org. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  37. ^ Pukas, Anna (November 6, 2015). "Paul Newman's daughter Clea: 'Dad was so much more than a movie star'". Express.co.uk. Retrieved September 1, 2021.
  38. ^ People Magazine, June 11, 1990. People Archive. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
  39. ^ "Woodward, Joanne (1930—) | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  40. ^ "San Sebastian Film Festival". sansebastianfestival. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  41. ^ "History of WOF". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
  42. ^ "Kramer First Name Put in Walk of Fame". Los Angeles Times. March 29, 1960. p. 15. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
  43. ^ Thermos, Wendy (July 22, 2005). "Sidewalk Shrine to Celebrities Twinkles With Stars". Los Angeles Times. p. B2. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2010 – via ProQuest Archiver.
  44. ^ "Past Winners". Jefferson Awards Foundation. Retrieved January 25, 2021.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit