Jerome Irving Wald
September 16, 1911
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||July 13, 1962 (aged 50)|
|Occupation||Screenwriter; motion picture/radio program producer|
|Spouse(s)||Constance M. Polan (1941–1962; his death; 2 children)|
Life and careerEdit
He began writing a radio column for the New York Evening Graphic, while studying journalism at New York University. This led to him producing several Rambling 'Round Radio Row featurettes for Vitaphone, Warner Brothers' short subject division (1932–33).
Krasna's first feature credit was for the Warners movie Twenty Million Sweethearts (1934); he provided the story along with Paul Finder Moss at Warners. Wald provided the story (along with Philip Epstein) for Universal's Gift of Gab (1934).
Wald worked on a series of scripts with Julius J. Epstein: the drama Living on Velvet (1935); In Caliente (1935); Broadway Gondolier (1935) (both uncredited); Little Big Shot (1935); Stars Over Broadway (1935); I Live for Love (1935); and Sons o' Guns (1936) with Joe E. Brown.
Wald and Macaulay collaborated on scripts for Hollywood Hotel (1937); The Gay Impostors (1938) for Valee; Garden of the Moon (1938); Brother Rat (1938), based on the hit play; and Hard to Get (1938) with Dick Powell.
Wald and Herig were among the writers on Going Places (1938) with Powell. He and Macaulay worked on The Kid from Kokomo (1939), from a story by Dalton Trumbo; Naughty But Nice (1939) for Powell; and On Your Toes (1939).
They worked on Brother Rat and a Baby (1939) (uncredited); 3 Cheers for the Irish (1940), a comedy; Torrid Zone (1940), with Cagney and Ann Sheridan; Flight Angels (1940); Brother Orchid (1940); They Drive by Night (1940) with George Raft and Bogart; Million Dollar Baby (1941), a comedy co written with Casey Robinson; Out of the Fog (1941) with Lupino, working with Rossen; Manpower (1941) with Raft, Edward G Robinson and Marlene Dietrich.
Wald was associate producer on The Man Who Came to Dinner (1941), adapted by the Epsteins; All Through the Night (1942), with Bogart; Larceny, Inc. (1942) with Robinson; and Juke Girl (1942) with Sheridan and Ronald Reagan.
Wald was promoted to full producer, and soon established himself as one of the leading filmmakers on the lot: Across the Pacific (1942), with Bogart and director John Huston, written by Macaulay; George Washington Slept Here (1942) and The Hard Way (1943); he also contributed to the story of the latter, but had effectively given up writing.
Wald went on to produce Action in the North Atlantic (1943) with Bogart; Background to Danger (1943) with Raft; Destination Tokyo (1943) with Cary Grant and directed by Delmer Daves; In Our Time (1944) with Lupino; The Very Thought of You (1944) with Dennis Morgan and Eleanor Parker; Objective, Burma! (1945) with Errol Flynn; and Pride of the Marines (1945) with John Garfield.
Wald produced Joan Crawford's first film at Warners, Mildred Pierce (1945) which won her an Oscar and earned Wald an Oscar Nomination for Best Picture. He did her next film, Humoresque (1946), written by Clifford Odets and directed by Jean Negulesco.
Wald produced The Unfaithful (1947) with Ann Sheridan and director Vincent Sherman; Possessed (1947) with Crawford; Dark Passage (1947) with Bogart and Lauren Bacall for Daves; and To the Victor (1948) with Morgan and Dves.
He produced a series of classic films: Key Largo (1948) with Bogart, Bacall and Edward G. Robinson; Johnny Belinda (1948), which won an Oscar for star Jane Wyman; and The Adventures of Don Juan (1948) with Flynn.
Wald's credits then included One Sunday Afternoon (1949), with Morgan; John Loves Mary (1949) with Ronald Reagan; Flamingo Road (1949) with Crawford; Daves' Task Force (1949) with Gary Cooper; Always Leave Them Laughing (1949) with Milton Berle; and The Inspector General (1949) with Danny Kaye.
Wald produced Young Man with a Horn (1950) with Kirk Douglas; Perfect Strangers (1950) with Morgan and Ginger Rogers; Sherman's The Damned Don't Cry (1950) with Crawford; Caged (1950), with Eleanor Parker; the first adaptation of The Glass Menagerie (1950); The Breaking Point (1950), from a Hemingway novel, with Garfield; and Storm Warning (1951), an anti-Ku Klux Klan film with Rogers, Reagan and Doris Day.
Wald and Norman Krasna formed Wald/Krasna Productions to release films through RKO Radio Pictures. Howard Hughes reportedly paid Warners $150,000 to release Wald from his contract with them. They were to make 12 films a year for five years with a budget of $50 million.
Their movies together included Two Tickets to Broadway (1951), a musical; The Blue Veil (1951), with Jane Wyman; Behave Yourself! (1952), a comedy with Shelley Winters; The Lusty Men (1952), a rodeo drama with Robert Mitchum; and Clash by Night (1953), from a play by Clifford Odets. Wald did some uncredited producing on Macao (1952) with Robert Mitchum.
Krasna and Wald dissolved their partnership because of interference from Howard Hughes, then head of RKO, in their productions.
Wald went over to Columbia in 1952 as vice president in charge of production.
At Columbia he produced Miss Sadie Thompson (1953) starring Rita Hayworth; Queen Bee (1955) with Crawford, directed by Ranald MacDougall; The Harder They Fall (1956), Bogart's last movie; and The Eddy Duchin Story (1957), a biopic with Tyrone Power and Kim Novak.
Jerry Wald Productions at 20th Century FoxEdit
Wald signed a contract with 20th Century Fox where he established Jerry Wald Productions. He had a solid hit with An Affair to Remember (1957) starring Grant and Deborah Kerr, and some minor ones with No Down Payment (1957) directed by Martin Ritt, and Kiss Them for Me (1957) with Grant. Wald had one of the biggest successes of his career with Peyton Place (1957), directed by Mark Robson.
Wald also produced The Long, Hot Summer (1958) with Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward from the novel by William Faulkner for Ritt; In Love and War (1958), a war film with Robert Wagner and Jeffrey Hunter directed by Philip Dunne; Mardi Gras (1958) a musical with Pat Boone; and The Sound and the Fury (1959), more Faulkner from Ritt with Woodward and Yul Brynner.
During this time Wald told the press that a filmmaker's motto should be "Don't offend the innocent but don't frustrate the intelligent."
Wald produced The Best of Everything (1959) with Crawford, directed by Negulesco; Hound-Dog Man (1959), an attempt to make a film star of Fabian Forte; Beloved Infidel (1959) with Kerr and Gregory Peck; The Story on Page One (1959), written and directed by Odets, starring Hayworth.
Wald spent a period in England to make Sons and Lovers (1960). Back in Hollywood he produced Let's Make Love (also 1960), Marilyn Monroe's penultimate film; Return to Peyton Place (1961); Wild in the Country (1961), an Elvis Presley film written by Odets and directed by Dunne; Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation (1962) starring James Stewart and Fabian; Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962) for Ritt with Richard Beymer; The Stripper (1963) with Woodward and Beymer.
He received four Academy Award nominations as producer of the following nominees for Best Picture: Mildred Pierce, Johnny Belinda, Peyton Place and Sons and Lovers. Although he never won a competitive Academy Award, he was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award in 1949.
Jerry Wald, was a close friend of Joan Crawford in the forties, offering her many parts including the title role in Mildred Pierce, which he produced. He convinced director Michael Curtiz that she would succeed in the role, which brought her the Oscar for Best Actress in 1946. Jerry Wald not only produced Mildred Pierce, but also Humoresque (1946), considered one of the best performances of Crawford's career, Across the Pacific (1942), The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942), Possessed (1947), Flamingo Road (1949), The Damned Don't Cry (1950). After her career at Warner's fizzled out slowly even though she wished to remain with Warner's, after years of reinventing herself, she bought out her contract. Afterwards, she bought the rights to a screenplay called Sudden Fear which brought her a third Academy Award nomination for Best Actress in 1953.
Wald married his wife Constance Emily "Connie" Polan (née Polan, August 13, 1916 – November 10, 2012) on Christmas Day 1941; the couple had two sons. She became a California socialite and hostess whose dinner parties continued after her husband died.
Wald had been ill for the last few years of his life. He died, aged 50, at his home in Beverly Hills, California from a heart attack.
Films as writerEdit
- Twenty Million Sweethearts (1934)
- Gift of Gab (1934)
- Living on Velvet (1935)
- I Live for Love (1935)
- Maybe It's Love (1935)
- Sweet Music (1935)
- In Caliente (1935)
- Broadway Gondolier (1935) - Additional Dialogue.
- Stars Over Broadway (1935)
- Little Big Shot (1935)
- Sweet Music (1935)
- Sons o' Guns (1936)
- Ever Since Eve (1937)
- Sing Me a Love Song (1937)
- Ready, Willing and Able (1937)
- Varsity Show (1937)
- Hard to Get (1938)
- Hollywood Hotel (1938)
- Gold Diggers in Paris (1938)
- Going Places (1938)
- Garden of the Moon (1938)
- Brother Rat (1938)
- The Kid from Kokomo (1939)
- The Roaring Twenties (1939)
- On Your Toes (1939)
- Naughty But Nice (1939)
- Three Cheers for the Irish (1940)
- Brother Rat and a Baby (1940)
- Brother Orchid (1940)
- Torrid Zone (1940)
- They Drive by Night (1940)
- Flight Angels (1940)
- Out of the Fog (1941)
- Navy Blues (1941)
- Million Dollar Baby (1941)
- Manpower (1941)
- The Hard Way (1943)
- Humoresque (1946)
- Possessed (1947)
- My Dream Is Yours (1949)
- The Damned Don't Cry! (1950)
- Peyton Place (1956)
Select Filmography as ProducerEdit
- Navy Blues (1941)
- George Washington Slept Here (1942)
- The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942)
- All Through the Night (1942)
- Across the Pacific (1942)
- Larceny, Inc. (1942)
- Juke Girl (1942)
- Background to Danger (1943)
- The Hard Way (1943)
- Action in the North Atlantic (1943)
- Destination Tokyo (1944)
- The Very Thought of You (1944)
- In Our Time (1944)
- Objective, Burma! (1945)
- Mildred Pierce (1945)
- Pride of the Marines (1945)
- The Unfaithful (1947)
- Dark Passage (1947)
- Humoresque (1947)
- Possessed (1947)
- Key Largo (1948)
- Johnny Belinda (1948)
- To the Victor (1948)
- Flamingo Road (1949)
- Task Force (1949)
- Always Leave Them Laughing (1949)
- The Inspector General (1949)
- One Sunday Afternoon (1949)
- The Adventures of Don Juan (1949)
- John Loves Mary (1949)
- The Damned Don't Cry (1950)
- Caged (1950)
- The Breaking Point (1950)
- Perfect Strangers (1950)
- Young Man with a Horn (1950)
- The Glass Menagerie (1950)
- Storm Warning (1951)
- The Blue Veil (1951)
- Behave Yourself! (1951)
- Clash by Night (1952)
- The Lusty Men (1952)
- Macao (1952)
- Miss Sadie Thompson (1954)
- Queen Bee (1955)
- The Eddy Duchin Story (1956)
- The Harder They Fall (1956)
- Kiss Them for Me (1957)
- Peyton Place (1957)
- An Affair to Remember (1957)
- No Down Payment (1957)
- Mardi Gras (1958)
- The Long, Hot Summer (1958)
- 'In Love and War (1958)
- The Story on Page One (1959)
- Beloved Infidel (1959)
- The Sound and the Fury (1959)
- The Best of Everything (1959)
- Hound-Dog Man (1959)
- Let's Make Love (1960)
- Sons and Lovers (1960)
- Return to Peyton Place (1961)
- Wild in the Country (1961)
- Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation (1962)
- Hemingway's Adventures of a Young Man (1962)
- The Stripper (1963)
- Special to The New York Times. (1962, Jul 14). Jerry wald is dead; movie producer, 49. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/116133967?accountid=13902
- Film producer jerry wald dies at his home after heart attack. (1962, Jul 14). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/168141532?accountid=13902
- Cones, John. Motion Picture Biographies: The Hollywood Spin on Historical Figures. p. 42. ISBN 9781628941166.
- By, N. E. (1958, May 07). Wald to make film in boston. The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/509746979?accountid=13902
- Jerry Wald credits at IMDb
- Osborne, Robert (1994). 65 Years of the Oscar: The Official History of the Academy Awards. London: Abbeville Press. pp. 88, 110, 147, and 164. ISBN 1-55859-715-8.
- Osborne, p. 131
- Yardley, William (November 17, 2012). "Connie Wald, Whose Meals Became a Hollywood Tradition, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- Barnes, Mike (November 17, 2012). "Connie Wald, Who Loved Having Hollywood Over for Dinner, Dies at 96". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 13, 2019.