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Hubert Prior "Rudy" Vallée (July 28, 1901 – July 3, 1986) was an American singer, actor, bandleader, and radio host. He was one of the first modern pop stars of the teen idol type.

Rudy Vallée
Rudyvallee.jpg
Background information
Birth nameHubert Prior Vallée
Born(1901-07-28)July 28, 1901
Island Pond, Vermont, United States
DiedJuly 3, 1986(1986-07-03) (aged 84)
Los Angeles, California
GenresTraditional pop
Occupation(s)Singer, actor, bandleader, entertainer
InstrumentsSaxophone, vocals
Years active1924–1984
LabelsHarmony, RCA Victor, Bluebird, Columbia, Hit of the Week, Melotone
Websiterudyvallee.com

Contents

Early lifeEdit

The son of Charles Alphonse Vallée and Catherine Lynch, Rudy Vallée was born Hubert Prior Vallée in Island Pond, Vermont. His parents were born and raised in Vermont, but his grandparents were immigrants. The Vallées were Francophone Canadians from Quebec, while the Lynches were from Ireland. Vallée grew up in Westbrook, Maine.

In 1917, he enlisted for World War I but was discharged when United States Navy authorities discovered he was only 15 years old. He enlisted in Portland, Maine, on March 29, 1917, under the false birthdate of July 28, 1899. He was discharged at the Naval Training Station, Newport, Rhode Island, on May 17, 1917, with 41 days of active service.

CareerEdit

MusicEdit

 
Rudy Vallée, c. 1929

After playing drums in his high school band, Vallée played clarinet and saxophone in bands around New England as a teenager. From 1924 through 1925, he played with the Savoy Havana Band at the Savoy Hotel in London, where band members discouraged his attempts to become a vocalist.[1] He returned to the United States, briefly attending the University of Maine. He received a degree in philosophy from Yale University, where he played in the Yale Collegians with Peter Arno, who became a cartoonist for The New Yorker magazine.[2]

After graduation, he formed Rudy Vallée and the Connecticut Yankees, having named himself after saxophonist Rudy Wiedoeft.[3] With this band, which included two violins, two saxophones, a piano, a banjo, and drums, he started singing. He had a thin, wavering tenor voice and seemed more at home singing sweet ballads than jazz songs. But his singing, suave manner, and boyish good looks attracted attention, especially from young women.[4] Vallée was given a recording contract, and in 1928 he started performing on the radio.

 
Vallée megaphone crafted in between shows at the New York Palace in May 1929

He became one of the first crooners.[4] Singers needed strong voices to fill theaters in the days before microphones. Crooners had soft voices that were suited to the intimacy of radio. Vallée's trombone-like vocal phrasing on "Deep Night" would inspire Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, and Perry Como to model their voices on jazz instruments.

Vallée was one of the first celebrity pop stars.[4] Flappers pursued him wherever he went.[4] His live appearances were usually sold out. Among screaming female fans, his voice failed to project in venues without microphones and amplification, so he often sang through a megaphone. A caricature of him singing this way was depicted in the Betty Boop cartoon Poor Cinderella (1934).[5] Another caricature is in Crosby, Columbo, and Vallee, which parodies him, Bing Crosby, and Russ Columbo.

In the words of a magazine writer in 1929,

At the microphone he is truly a romantic figure. Faultlessly attired in evening dress, he pours softly into the radio's delicate ear a stream of mellifluous melody. He appears to be coaxing, pleading and at the same time adoring the invisible one to whom his song is attuned.[6]

Vallée had his share of detractors as well as fans when his popularity was at its height. Radio Revue, a radio fan magazine, held a contest in which people wrote letters explaining his success. The winning letter, written by a man who disliked Vallee's music, said, "Rudy Vallee is reaping the harvest of a seed that is seldom sown this day and age: LOVE. The good-looking little son-of-a-gun really and honestly LOVES his audience and his art. He LOVES to please listeners—LOVES it more than he does his name in the big lights, his mug in the papers. He loved all those unseen women as passionately as a voice can love, long before they began to purr and to caress him with two-cent stamps."[7]

Vallée made his first records in 1928 for Columbia's low-priced labels Harmony, Velvet Tone, and Diva. He signed to RCA Victor in February 1929 and remained with the company through 1931, leaving after a heated dispute with executives over title selections. He then recorded for the short-lived Hit of the Week label which sold records laminated onto cardboard. In August 1932, he signed with Columbia and stayed with the label through 1933; he returned to RCA Victor in June 1933. His records were initially issued on Victor's low-priced Bluebird label until November 1933, when he was back on the Victor label. He remained with Victor until signing with ARC in 1936. ARC issued his records on the Perfect, Melotone, Conqueror and Romeo labels until 1937, when he again returned to Victor.

With his group the Connecticut Yankees, Vallée's best-known recordings include "The Stein Song" (a.k.a University of Maine school song) in 1929[8] and "Vieni, Vieni" in the latter 1930s.

His last hit record was a reissue of "As Time Goes By", popularized in the 1942 film Casablanca. Due to the mid-1940s recording ban, RCA Victor reissued the version he had recorded in 1931.[9] During World War II, he enlisted in the United States Coast Guard to help direct the 11th district Coast Guard band as a Chief Petty Officer. He was promoted to Lieutenant and led the 40 piece band to great success. In 1944 he was placed on the inactive list and returned to radio.[10]

According to George P. Oslin, Vallée on July 28, 1933 was the recipient of the first singing telegram. A fan telegraphed birthday greeting, and Oslin had the operator sing "Happy Birthday to You".[11][12][13] In 1995, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him.[14]

Radio and filmEdit

 
Rudy Vallée on The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour in 1933. He always signed on saying, "Heigh-ho, everybody!"

In 1929, Vallée began hosting The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour, a popular radio show with guests such as Fay Wray and Richard Cromwell in dramatic skits. Vallée continued hosting radio shows such as the Royal Gelatin Hour, Vallee Varieties, and The Rudy Vallee Show through the 1930s and 1940s.

 
Vallée as bandleader Skip Houston in Sweet Music

When Vallée took his contractual vacations from his national radio show in 1937, he insisted his sponsor hire Louis Armstrong as his substitute[15] This was the first instance of an African-American hosting a national radio program. Vallée wrote the introduction for Armstrong's 1936 book Swing That Music. For his work in radio, Vallee was inducted into the Vermont Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame in 2011.

In 1929, Vallée made his first feature film, The Vagabond Lover for RKO Radio. His first films were made to cash in on his singing popularity. While his initial performances were rather wooden, his acting greatly improved in the late 1930s and 1940s, and by the time he began working with Preston Sturges in the 1940s, he had become a successful comedic supporting player. He appeared opposite Claudette Colbert in Sturges's 1942 screwball comedy The Palm Beach Story. Other films in which he appeared include I Remember Mama, Unfaithfully Yours and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer.

In 1955, Vallée was featured in Gentlemen Marry Brunettes, co-starring Jane Russell, Alan Young, and Jeanne Crain. The production was filmed on location in Paris. The film was based on the Anita Loos novel that was a sequel to her acclaimed Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Gentlemen Marry Brunettes was popular throughout Europe at the time and was released in France as A Paris Pour les Quatre ("Paris for the Four"), and in Belgium as Tevieren Te Parijs.

Vallée performed on Broadway as J.B. Biggley in the 1961 musical How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying and reprised the role in the 1967 film version. He appeared in the 1960s Batman television show as the villain Lord Marmaduke Ffogg and in 1971 as a vindictive surgeon in the Night Gallery episode "Marmalade Wine".[16]

Personal lifeEdit

His wife Eleanor wrote a memoir, My Vagabond Lover. Always loyal to Yale University, he never forgot his Maine roots, and maintained an estate at Kezar Lake in Maine.[17]

NBC announcer George Ansbro wrote in his memoir that Vallée "had quite a temper and a very foul mouth...Almost always the butt of his nastiness was the orchestra...his outbursts were mean-spirited, and he didn't care who overheard".[18] Alton Cook, however, wrote, "Rudy Vallee may be fuming at his orchestra, but a Vallee hour rehearsal never quite loses its air of being a gathering of old friends...Rudy is grimly serious about rehearsal. He sometimes has his band spend a quarter-hour going over one short passage that doesn't satisfy him. On those occasions his temper wears thin..."[19]

During his divorce from Fay Webb, she alleged "Vallee is possessed of a violent, vicious and ungovernable temper, and given to the use of blasphemy and the use of intemperate, vile and vituperative language, particularly when applied to [her]". She accused him of committing adultery with three women, including actress Alice Faye. Vallée denied the allegations, and the judge found Vallée "not guilty of any misconduct or maltreatment of [Webb] which detrimentally affected [her] health, physical or medical condition".[20]

Vallée got into a fist fight with producer George White on the set of George White's Scandals. Dorothy Brooks wrote in 1936, "Other stars on the air have their troubles, their disagreements, and yet you don't read about their ending in black eyes. Only Rudy Vallee seems to figure in endings of this kind." In an interview with Brooks, Vallée claimed he found fighting "savage and stupid" and "the wrong way to try to solve problems, because it never solves them." When asked why he got into fights, he replied, "I just lost my temper. I'll admit I have a too-quick temper."[21]

DeathEdit

Vallée died of cancer at his home on July 3, 1986, while watching the televised centennial ceremonies of the restored Statue of Liberty. His wife, Eleanor, said his last words were: "I wish we could be there; you know how I love a party."[22]

DiscographyEdit

Selected filmographyEdit

Films
Year Title Role Notes
1929 Rudy Vallee and His Connecticut Yankees Himself Vitaphone Varieties #771;[23]
Lost film (soundtrack survives, containing the songs "Deep Night" and "Outside")[24]
1929 Radio Rhythm Himself
1929 The Vagabond Lover Rudy Bronson
1929 Glorifying the American Girl Himself
1930 College Sweethearts
1931 Kitty from Kansas City Himself
1931 Musical Justice Judge
1932 The Musical Doctor Dr. Vallee
1932 Rudy Vallee Melodies Himself
1933 International House Himself
1934 George White's Scandals Jimmy Martin
1934 Hollywood on Parade # B-9 Himself
1935 Sweet Music Skip Houston
1938 Gold Diggers in Paris Terry Moore Alternative title: The Gay Impostors
1939 Second Fiddle Roger Maxwell
1941 Time Out for Rhythm Daniel "Danny" Collins
1942 The Palm Beach Story John D. Hackensacker III
1943 Happy Go Lucky Alfred Monroe
1945 Man Alive Gordon Tolliver
1946 People Are Funny Ormsby Jamison
1946 The Fabulous Suzanne Hendrick Courtney, Jr.
1947 The Sin of Harold Diddlebock Lynn Sargent Alternative title: Mad Wednesday
1947 The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Tommy Alternative title: Bachelor Knight
1948 I Remember Mama Dr. Johnson
1948 Unfaithfully Yours August Henshler
1948 My Dear Secretary
1949 Mother Is a Freshman John Heaslip Alternative title: Mother Knows Best
1949 The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend Charles Hingleman
1949 Father Was a Fullback Mr. Roger "Jess" Jessup
1949 My Dear Secretary Charles Harris
1950 The Admiral Was a Lady Peter Pedigrew (Jukebox king)
1954 Ricochet Romance Worthington Higgenmacher
1955 Gentlemen Marry Brunettes Himself
1957 The Helen Morgan Story Himself Alternative titles: Both Ends of the Candle
Why Was I Born?
1967 How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying J.B. Biggley
1968 Live a Little, Love a Little Louis Penlow
1968 The Night They Raided Minsky's Narrator
1970 The Phynx Himself
1975 Sunburst Proprietor Alternative title: Slashed Dreams
1976 Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood Autograph Hound
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1956–1957 December Bride Himself 2 episodes
1957 The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour Himself 1 episode
1967 Batman Lord Marmaduke Ffogg 3 episodes
1969 Petticoat Junction Herbert A. Smith Episode: "But I've Never Been In Erie, Pa"
1970 Here's Lucy Himself 1 episode
1971 Night Gallery Dr. Francis Deeking 1 episode
1971–1972 Alias Smith and Jones Winford Fletcher 2 episodes
1976 Ellery Queen Alvin Winer Episode: "The Adventure of the Tyrant of Tin Pan Alley"
1979 CHiPs Arthur Forbinger Episode: "Pressure Point"
1984 Santa Barbara Elderly Con 1 episode

GalleryEdit

IllustrationsEdit

Magazine coversEdit

VideosEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rust, Brian, "The Savoy Havana at the Savoy Hotel, London", sleeve notes to disc 2 of World Record Club LP set SH165/6, issued 1971
  2. ^ "Cartoonist Peter Arno of the New Yorker Dies". The Milwaukee Journal. February 23, 1968. Part 1, p. 20.
  3. ^ How Rudy Wiedoeft's Saxophobia Launched the Saxual Revolution
  4. ^ a b c d Whitcomb, Ian. "The Coming of the Crooners". Sam Houston University. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  5. ^ Vallée's cameo in Poor Cinderella is at 7:10–7:24, viewable at https://archive.org/details/Betty_Boop_Poor_Cinderella_1934
  6. ^ "What is the Secret of Rudy Vallee's Success?". Radio Revue. New York: Radio Revue. December 1929. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  7. ^ Hansen, Martin (January 1930). "Mere Man Wins First Prize in Rudy Vallee Contest". Radio Revue. New York: Radio Revue. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  8. ^ "The Maine Stein Song by Rudy Vallée Songfacts".
  9. ^ Gilliland, John (1994). Pop Chronicles the 40s: The Lively Story of Pop Music in the 40s (audiobook). ISBN 978-1-55935-147-8. OCLC 31611854. Tape 1, side A.
  10. ^ USCG: Frequently Asked Questions. Uscg.mil. Retrieved on 2012-01-30.
  11. ^ "The Singing Telegram At 50". The New York Times. 1983. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  12. ^ Liz Sadler. "Special delivery: The singing telegram endures". Columbia News Service. Columbia School of Journalism. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "The First Singing Telegram". Sound Beat. Syracuse University Libraries. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  14. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated Archived October 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Features Archives. onhifi.com (March 1, 2002). Retrieved on 2012-01-30.
  16. ^ C. Stewart Doty, "Rudy Vallee: Franco-American and Man from Maine", Maine Historical Society Quarterly 1993 33(1): 2–19
  17. ^ Ansbro, George (1 February 2000). I Have a Lady in the Balcony: Memoirs of a Broadcaster in Radio and Television. McFarland. pp. 89–. ISBN 978-0-7864-4318-5. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  18. ^ Cook, Alton (April 18, 1937). "Rudy Acts Like Real Tough Guy". The Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  19. ^ Fay Webb Vallee v. Hubert Prior Vallee. pp. 56–. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  20. ^ Brooks, Dorothy (August 1936). "Why I Always Have to Fight". Radio Mirror. Broadway, New York: Macfadden Publications, Inc. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  21. ^ Obituary, Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1986.
  22. ^ Picking, Patrick (2007). "Vitaphone Thrills the World During Event-Filled Year". The Vitaphone Project. Patrick J. Picking. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
  23. ^ "Rudy Vallee & His Connecticut Yankees Vitaphone". SoundCloud. Vitaphone. 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2016.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

MediaEdit