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Alice Jeanne Faye (/ˈf/; née Leppert; May 5, 1915 – May 9, 1998) was an American actress and singer. She sang "You'll Never Know", which won its composers the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 1944 Oscars ceremony. Faye introduced the song in the musical film Hello, Frisco, Hello (1943).

Alice Faye
Alice Faye - 1944.jpg
Alice Faye in a 1944 studio publicity photo shot
Born
Alice Jeanne Leppert

(1915-05-05)May 5, 1915
DiedMay 9, 1998(1998-05-09) (aged 83)
Resting placeForest Lawn Cemetery, Cathedral City, California, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
  • Actress
  • singer
Years active1934–1995
Spouse(s)
Tony Martin
(m. 1937; div. 1940)

Phil Harris
(m. 1941; died 1995)
Children2
Websitealicefaye.com

Faye was married twice and had two daughters. She married actor and singer Tony Martin in 1937, and they divorced in 1940. She married actor Phil Harris in 1941, a union which lasted until his death in 1995.

Early lifeEdit

Alice Jeanne Leppert was born on May 5, 1915, in Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan,[1] the daughter of Alice (née Moffit; 1886–1959), who worked for the Mirror Chocolate Company, and Charles Leppert (1886–1935), a police officer. She had an older brother, Charles (1909–1977). Faye was raised an Episcopalian. Faye's entertainment career began in vaudeville as a chorus girl. She failed an audition for the Earl Carroll Vanities when it was revealed she was too young, before she moved to Broadway and a featured role in the 1931 edition of George White's Scandals. By this time, she had adopted her stage name and first reached a radio audience on Rudy Vallée's The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour.[2]

CareerEdit

 
Alice Faye (center), Jack Haley (left), Don Ameche, and Tyrone Power (right), in a trailer for Alexander's Ragtime Band (1938)
 
Alice Faye, Phil Baker, and Carmen Miranda in The Gang's All Here (1943)

Faye got her first major film break in 1934, when Lilian Harvey abandoned the lead role in a film version of George White's 1935 Scandals, in which Vallee was also to appear. Hired first to perform a musical number with Vallee, Faye ended up as the female lead. She became a hit with film audiences of the 1930s, particularly when Fox production head Darryl F. Zanuck made her his protégée. He softened Faye from a wisecracking show girl to a youthful, and yet somewhat motherly figure, such as her roles in a few Shirley Temple films.[3] Faye also received a physical makeover, going from a version of Jean Harlow to a wholesome appearance, in which her platinum hair and pencil-line eyebrows were swapped for a more natural look.

In 1938, Faye was cast as the female lead in In Old Chicago. Zanuck initially resisted casting Faye, as the role had been written for Jean Harlow. However, critics applauded Faye's performance. The film was extremely memorable for its 20-minute ending, a recreation of the Great Chicago Fire, a scene so dangerous that women, except for the main stars, were banned from the set. In the film, she appeared with two of her most frequent co-stars, Tyrone Power and Don Ameche, as it was customary for studios to pair their contract players together in more than one film.

Faye, Power, and Ameche were reunited for the 1938 release Alexander's Ragtime Band, which was designed to showcase more than 20 Irving Berlin songs; Faye again received strong reviews. One of the most expensive films of its time, it also became one of the most successful musicals of the 1930s.

By 1939, Faye was named one of the top 10 box office draws in Hollywood. That year, she made Rose of Washington Square with Tyrone Power. Although a big hit, the film was supposedly based on the real life of comedian Fanny Brice, who sued Fox for stealing her story.

Because of her bankable status, Fox occasionally placed Faye in films that were put together more for the sake of making money than showcasing Faye's talents. Films like Tail Spin and Barricade (both 1939) were more dramatic in nature than regular Faye films and often did not contain any songs. But, due to her immense popularity, none of the films that she made in the 1930s and 1940s lost money.[citation needed]

In 1940, Faye played one of her most memorable roles, the title role in the musical biopic Lillian Russell. Faye always named this film as one of her favorites, but it was also her most challenging role. The tight corsets Faye wore for this picture caused her to collapse on the set several times.

After declining the lead role in Down Argentine Way, because of an illness, Faye was replaced by the studio's newest musical star, Betty Grable. She was paired as a sister act opposite Grable in the film Tin Pan Alley later that same year. During the making of the picture, a rumor arose that there was a rivalry between Faye and Grable. In a Biography interview, Faye admitted that the Fox publicity department built up the rumor; in reality, the two actresses were close friends and got along famously during the making of the picture.

In 1941, Fox began to place Faye in musicals photographed in Technicolor, a trademark for the studio in the 1940s. She frequently played a performer, often one moving up in society, allowing for situations that ranged from the poignant to the comic. Films such as Week-End in Havana (1941) and That Night in Rio (1941), in which she played a Brazilian aristocrat, made good use of Faye's husky singing voice, solid comic timing, and flair for carrying off the era's starry-eyed romantic story lines.

In 1943, after taking a year off to have her first daughter, Faye starred in the Technicolor musical Hello, Frisco, Hello. Released at the height of World War II, the film became one of her highest-grossing pictures for Fox. It was in this film that Faye sang "You'll Never Know". The song won the Academy Award for Best Song for 1943, and the sheet music for the song sold over a million copies. However, since there was a clause in her contract (as was the case with most other Fox stars) stating that she could not officially record any of her movie songs, other singers, such as Dick Haymes (whose version hit #1 for four weeks), Frank Sinatra, and Rosemary Clooney have been more associated with the song than Faye. However, it is still often considered Faye's signature song. That year, Faye was once again named one of the top box office draws in the world.

End of motion picture careerEdit

 
Alice Faye in 1941

As Faye's star continued to ascend during the war years, family life became more important to her, especially with the arrival of a second daughter, Phyllis. After her birth, Faye signed a new contract with Fox to make only one picture a year, with the option of a second one, to give Faye a chance to spend more time with her family.[citation needed] Her second pregnancy resulted in a hospitalization, forcing her to surrender a plum dramatic role in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn to Joan Blondell, and she declined a musical role in The Dolly Sisters (her intended part went to June Haver).[4]

Faye finally accepted the lead role in Fallen Angel. Although designed ostensibly as Faye's vehicle, Zanuck tried to build his new protégé Linda Darnell, ordered many of Faye's scenes cut and Darnell emphasized. When Faye saw a screening of the final product—with her role reduced by 12 scenes and a song number—she wrote a scathing note to Zanuck, went straight to her car, gave her dressing room keys to the studio gate guard, and drove home, vowing never to return to Fox. Faye was still so popular that thousands of letters were sent to Faye's home and the Fox studios from around the world, begging her to return for another picture. In 1987, she told an interviewer, "When I stopped making pictures, it didn't bother me because there were so many things I hadn't done. I had never learned to run a house. I didn't know how to cook. I didn't know how to shop. So all these things filled all those gaps."[1]

After Fallen Angel, Faye's contract called for her to make two more movies. Zanuck hit back by having her blackballed for breach of contract, effectively ending her film career although Faye no longer cared to pursue it. Fallen Angel, released in 1945, was Faye's last starring film. Zanuck, under public pressure, tried to lure Faye back onto the screen; Faye returned all the scripts.

It wasn't until 1962 that Alice Faye returned to Fox, for a character role in a remake of an old Fox property, State Fair. While she received good reviews, the film was not a success, and she made only infrequent cameo appearances in films thereafter, most notably playing a secretary in Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood in 1976.[citation needed]

She was the subject of This Is Your Life for British television in 1984 when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Hollywood's Metromedia Studios.

Marriage and radio careerEdit

Faye's first marriage, to Tony Martin in 1937, ended in divorce in 1940; both had busy careers that monopolized most of their time, leaving few opportunities for togetherness. In May 1941, she married bandleader Phil Harris. Their marriage became a plotline in the hit radio comedy, The Jack Benny Program where, for 16 years, Harris was a regular cast member.

 
Alice Faye and Phil Harris with their two daughters, Alice and Phyllis, in 1948

The couple had two daughters, Alice (b. 1942) and Phyllis (b. 1944), along with Harris's adopted son from his first marriage, Phil Harris, Jr. (1935–2001). Faye and Harris began working in radio together as Faye's film career declined. First, they teamed to host a variety show on NBC, The Fitch Bandwagon, in 1946. The Harrises' gently tart comedy sketches made them the show's stars. By 1948, Fitch was replaced as sponsor by Rexall, the pharmaceutical company, and the show, now a strictly situation comedy with a music interlude each from husband and wife, was renamed The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show.

Harris's comic talent was already familiar through his tenure on Jack Benny's radio shows for Jell-o and Lucky Strike. From 1936 to 1952, he played Benny's wisecracking, jive-talking, hipster bandleader. With their own show revamped to a sitcom, bandleader-comedian Harris and singer-actress Faye played themselves, raising two precocious children in slightly zany situations, mostly involving Harris's band guitarist Frank Remley (Elliott Lewis), obnoxious delivery boy Julius Abruzzio (Walter Tetley, familiar as nephew Leroy on The Great Gildersleeve), Robert North as Faye's fictitious deadbeat brother, Willie, and sponsor's representative Mr. Scott (Gale Gordon), and usually involving bumbling, malapropping Harris needing to be rescued by Faye.

The Harrises' two daughters were played on radio by Jeanine Roos and Anne Whitfield; written mostly by Ray Singer and Dick Chevillat, the show stayed on NBC radio as a fixture until 1954.

Faye's singing ballads and swing numbers in her honeyed contralto voice was a regular highlight of the show as was her knack for tart one-liners equal to her husband's. The show's running gags also included references to Alice's wealth from her film career ("I'm only trying to protect the wife of the money I love" was a typical Harris drollery) and occasional barbs by Faye aimed at her rift with Zanuck, usually referencing Fallen Angel.

In its early years, the Harris-Faye radio show ranked among the top 10 radio programs in the country. The radio show also provided Faye with the perfect balance between show business and home life: since radio only required her to be present for a read-through and the live broadcast, Faye was still able to spend most of her time at home with her daughters.

Later life and deathEdit

A Democrat, she supported Adlai Stevenson's campaign during the 1952 presidential election.[5]

Faye and Harris continued various projects, individually and together, for the rest of their lives. In 1974, Faye made a return to Broadway after 43 years in a revival of Good News, with her old Fox partner John Payne (who was replaced by Gene Nelson). In later years, Faye became a spokeswoman for Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, promoting the virtues of an active senior lifestyle. The Faye-Harris marriage endured until Harris's death in 1995. Faye admitted in an interview that when she married Harris, most of the Hollywood elite had predicted the marriage would only last about six months.

Three years after Phil Harris' death, Alice Faye died of stomach cancer in Rancho Mirage, California, four days after her 83rd birthday. She was cremated and her ashes rest beside those of Phil Harris at the mausoleum of the Forest Lawn Cemetery (Cathedral City) near Palm Springs, California.[6] She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in recognition of her contribution to Motion Pictures at 6922 Hollywood Boulevard. In 1994, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[7] The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show remains a favorite of old-time radio collectors.

Popularity and legacyEdit

 
Alice Faye's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Her voice, The New York Times wrote in her obituary, was "inviting". Irving Berlin was once quoted as saying that he would choose Faye over any other singer to introduce his songs, and George Gershwin and Cole Porter called her the "best female singer in Hollywood in 1937".[1] During her years as a musical superstar, Alice Faye managed to introduce 23 songs to the hit parade, more than any equivalent to Bing Crosby.[citation needed]

Although Faye has always had many fans around the globe, she was never more popular anywhere else than she was in Great Britain. In The Alice Faye Movie Book,[citation needed] a particular article is devoted to Faye's popularity there. The author of the article, Arthur Nicholson, mentions that Faye was enormously popular there even in her Harlow days. As opposed to other films shown in England, which were usually shown for three days a week, all of Faye's films were given the rare privilege of being played for an entire week. The article goes on to mention that, even after Faye retired in 1945, her old films still made as much money (in some cases, even more) as current releases. When Faye returned to the screen for State Fair in 1962, the film broke records in England. In 1966, the BBC aired Alexander's Ragtime Band on television and soon other Faye films followed. As of the writing of the article, the BBC stated that there were more requests for Faye's pictures than any other star.[citation needed]

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1934 George White's Scandals Kitty Donnelly / Mona Vale Film debut
1934 Now I'll Tell Peggy Warren
1934 She Learned About Sailors Jean Legoi
1934 365 Nights in Hollywood Alice Perkins
1935 George White's 1935 Scandals Honey Walters
1935 Every Night at Eight Dixie Foley
1935 Music Is Magic Peggy Harper
1936 King of Burlesque Pat Doran
1936 Poor Little Rich Girl Jerry Dolan
1936 Sing, Baby, Sing Joan Warren
1936 Stowaway Susan Parker
1937 In Old Chicago Belle Fawcett
1937 On the Avenue Mona Merrick
1937 You Can't Have Everything Judith Poe Wells
1937 Wake Up and Live Alice Huntley
1937 You're a Sweetheart Betty Bradley
1938 Sally, Irene and Mary Sally Day
1938 Alexander's Ragtime Band Stella Kirby
1939 Tail Spin Trixie Lee
1939 Rose of Washington Square Rose Sargent
1939 Hollywood Cavalcade Molly Adair Hayden
1939 Barricade Emmy Jordan
1940 Little Old New York Pat O'Day
1940 Lillian Russell Lillian Russell
1940 Tin Pan Alley Katie Blane
1941 That Night in Rio Baroness Cecilia Duarte
1941 The Great American Broadcast Vicki Adams
1941 Week-End in Havana Ms. Nan Spencer
1943 Hello, Frisco, Hello Trudy Evans
1943 The Gang's All Here Edie Allen
1944 Four Jills in a Jeep Herself Cameo
1945 Fallen Angel June Mills
1962 State Fair Melissa Frake
1976 Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood Secretary at Gate Cameo
1978 Every Girl Should Have One Kathy
1978 The Magic of Lassie The Waitress (Alice) Final film role
1995 Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business Herself Documentary

Radio appearancesEdit

Year Program Episode/source
1950 Lux Radio Theatre Alexander's Ragtime Band[8]
1951 Suspense Death on My Hands[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Harmetz, Aljean (May 11, 1998). "Alice Faye, Hollywood Star Who Sang for Her Man, Di". NY Times. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Rudy Vallee (1901-1986)". Riverside Cemetery Journal. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  3. ^ Elder, Jane Lenz, Alice Faye: a life beyond the silver screen, (2002), p. 83.
  4. ^ Elder, Jane Lenz, Alice Faye: a life beyond the silver screen, (2002), p. 170-171.
  5. ^ Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 33, Ideal Publishers
  6. ^ Brooks, Patricia; Brooks, Jonathan (2006). "Chapter 8: East L.A. and the Desert". Laid to Rest in California: a guide to the cemeteries and grave sites of the rich and famous. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-7627-4101-4. OCLC 70284362.
  7. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
  8. ^ a b "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.

External linksEdit