Down Argentine Way
Down Argentine Way is a 1940 American musical film made in Technicolor by Twentieth Century Fox. It made a star of Betty Grable in her first leading role for the studio, and introduced American audiences to Carmen Miranda. The film also starred Don Ameche, The Nicholas Brothers, Charlotte Greenwood, and J. Carrol Naish.
|Down Argentine Way|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Irving Cummings|
|Produced by||Darryl F. Zanuck|
|Written by||Rian James|
|Music by||Harry Warren (music)|
Mack Gordon (lyrics)
|Edited by||Barbara McLean|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|October 11, 1940|
|Box office||$2 million|
The film was directed by Irving Cummings and produced by Darryl F. Zanuck from a screenplay by Karl Tunberg and Darrell Ware, based on a story by Rian James and Ralph Spence. The cinematography was by Leon Shamroy and Ray Rennahan and the costume design by Travis Banton. The American-composed music was by Harry Warren and Jimmy McHugh, lyrics by Mack Gordon and Al Dubin.
In a shooting period which lasted for 10 months, members of the film's crew traveled about 35,000 miles. A second unit was sent to Buenos Aires for location establishing shots, returning with about 20,000 feet of film, while another group flew to New York City filming Carmen Miranda for over a month. Miranda was performing South American songs in the Broadway production The Streets of Paris, and thus was a prominent participant in this film without spending any time in Hollywood.
Young Ricardo Quintano (Don Ameche) voyages from Argentina to New York to sell some of his father's prize horses. Before leaving, Don Diego (Henry Stephenson) instructs his son that no steeds are to be sold to Binnie Crawford (Charlotte Greenwood) or any member of her family because her brother Willis cheated him years earlier. Upon arriving in New York, Ricardo falls in love with Glenda Crawford (Betty Grable), but when he learns that she is Binnie's niece, he refuses to sell her the horse she wants to buy. He hurriedly returns to Argentina. Perturbed, Glenda follows him, accompanied by Binnie.
The couple meet again in Argentina, where they confess their love for each other. Ricardo introduces Glenda to his father as "Miss Cunningham." Glenda encourages Ricardo to enter his father's prize jumper, Furioso, in a race, against Don Diego's wishes. Soon after, while attending a horse show, Don Diego discovers Glenda's true identity and disowns his son. His bad mood is compounded when Furioso refuses to jump and runs off the field. To make up for the humiliating defeat of his father's jumper, Ricardo enters Furioso in the big race, and when the horse wins, Don Diego changes his mind about racing horses and about Glenda.
- Don Ameche as Ricardo Quintana
- Betty Grable as Glenda Crawford
- Carmen Miranda as Herself
- Charlotte Greenwood as Binnie Crawford
- J. Carrol Naish as Casiano
- Henry Stephenson as Don Diego Quintana
- Kay Aldridge as Helen Carson
- Leonid Kinskey as Tito Acuna
- Chris-Pin Martin as Esteban
- Robert Conway as Jimmy Blake
- Gregory Gaye as Sebastian, the Headwaiter
- Bobby Stone as Panchito
- Charles Judels as Dr. Arturo Padilla, the Ambassador
- Fayard Nicholas as Specialty Dancer (as The Nicholas Brothers)
- Harold Nicholas as Specialty Dancer (as The Nicholas Brothers)
The working title of this film was The South American Way. Down Argentine Way is considered the first of many Fox films made to implement industry-wide approach to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Good Neighbor Policy" toward Latin America. During World War II, the U.S. government developed an administrative agency to encourage good relations with Latin America, as there was growing German influence there. The Office of Inter-American Affairs was established to promote this. It specifically encouraged the production of "Good Neighbor" films.
Production of Down Argentine Way preceded the establishment of the Office of Inter-American Affairs, but was likely influenced by Roosevelt administration policy. The film was a box-office success, earning $2 million in domestic rentals in 1940. Fox continued to support government policy and its own self-interest by making films such as That Night in Rio and Week-End in Havana (both 1941). The films were very popular in the United States, but not successful as propaganda aimed at Latin America because they lacked regional authenticity.
A big star in her adopted country Brazil, Carmen Miranda was a singer and dancer known for sex appeal. She signed a film contract with Fox in 1940 while she was appearing at a New York club, and Down Argentine Way was her first appearance in an American film. Since Miranda could not break her nightclub contract, her numbers for this film were shot in New York, while all other actors were working with director Irving Cummings in Los Angeles. Fox, with its revue approach to musicals, cut and pasted Miranda into the film. Miranda made several more films for 20th Century Fox, but the studio never was able to take advantage of the Brazilian star's special qualities to fit with American productions.
The film made Betty Grable, and began the period of her highest profile. Grable was cast in the film as a replacement for Alice Faye, who was originally intended for the female lead but became ill. Faye appeared in the follow-up films That Night in Rio and Week-End in Havana, which again feature Carmen Miranda.
The Hollywood Reporter noted that J. Carroll Naish's success in a comedy role in this film prompted Fox to feature him again in That Night in Rio. More recent sources, such as film historian W. Lee Cozad, cited the inclusion of actress Elena Verdugo (at age 14) among the cast in a bit part and note that this may have been her first film.
- "Bambú, Bambú" — Carmen Miranda
- "Down Argentina Way" — Betty Grable and Don Ameche
- "Mamãe Eu Quero" — Carmen Miranda
- "Nenita" — Bando da Lua (Sung by Leonid Kinskey at the nightclub)
- "Sing to Your Señorita" — Charlotte Greenwood
- "Two Dreams Met" — Betty Grable and Don Ameche
- "South American Way" — Carmen Miranda
“Down Argentine Way” was considered a box office success in America, grossing $2 million in domestic sales. This paved the way for further ‘Good Neighbor’ films to be made and for Betty Grable and Carmen Miranda to become international sensations throughout the war years. “Down Argentine Way” was 20th Century Fox’s number one musical hit of 1940.
In his review for the newspaper Chicago Reader, Dave Kehr said "Betty Grable as an American heiress, Don Ameche as an Argentine horse breeder, and Carmen Miranda as something from another planet, all shot in delirious 40s Technicolor. The result is a classic example of the 20th Century-Fox approach to musicals: loud, vulgar, ridiculous, and irresistibly entertaining."
The New York Times critic Bosley Crowther, reviewing the film, found Grable irresistible. At one point he referenced what he saw as her lack of ability: "We see plenty of [Grable] -- singing, dancing and wearing clothes of surprising magnificence. We even see her trying to act, which is something less of a pleasure." But then, after referring to the film's play for profits and part in "Good Neighbor Policy", he backtracks: "But, hold -- what sort of good neighbor would make a remark like that! Pardon us, Miss Grable. Consider it unmade."
Down Argentine Way marked the American film debut of Carmen Miranda (as she already had appeared in Brazilian films), already known as "the Brazilian Bombshell." Turner Classic Movies described her musical numbers in the movie as "a gaudy delight—and the Nicholas Brothers serve up a characteristically joyous, effervescent routine."
However, the film was banned in Argentina after being "hissed off the screens" by audiences there for misrepresenting the real culture of the country, wrongly including many Mexican and Caribbean mannerisms and costumes, as if they were part of the Argentine landscape. In 1941, an attache at the American Embassy in Buenos Aires reported that the film had ceased being shown in Argentina because of its "ridiculous and disturbing images":
Henry Stephenson is cast as a rich race-horse owner with an atrocious adopted dialect. Don Ameche does a rumba in Spanish with castanets and talks about orchids, as rare in Argentina as they are in New York. Betty Grable does a conga with bumps...The Nicholas Brothers do a tap dance in awful Spanish and add to the Argentine impression that all Yanquis think they [Argentines] are Indians or Africans...There are jokes like—"Whenever ten Argentines get together there is a horse race."
The same criticism has been leveled against the legacy of Carmen Miranda. She has been accused by contemporary cultural writers of collaborating in the "Latino" stereotype creation for Hollywood, characterized by homogenizing all the diversity and differences between the Latin American nations into one identity, heavily influenced by Mexico and the Caribbean, and ignoring most of the other cultures within the continent. As author Karen Backstein observed, "Hollywood musicals went Down Argentine Way with 'Brazilian bombshell' Carmen Miranda and not a tango step visible anywhere."
Awards and honorsEdit
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- "Location Outfits Covered 35,000 Miles In Filming 'Argentine Way'". November 17, 1940. p. Herald-Journal. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "American Film Institute Catalog: Down Argentine Way". p. American Film Institute Catalog. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- "Brazilian cinema, Hollywood and the Good Neighbourhood Policy in the 1930s: a background for Carmen Miranda" (PDF). Káritha Bernardo de Macedo. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935–1965". Peter Lev. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- Cozad, W. Lee. More Magnificent Mountain Movies. Lake Arrowhead, CA: Rim of the World Historical Society, 2006. p. 167.
- Schneider, Jerry L. (2015). Western Filming Locations Book 1. CP Entertainment Books. Page 135. ISBN 9780692561348.
- "Soundtracks: Down Argentine Way". Dave Kehr. p. IMDb. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck-Skouras Years, 1935–1965". Peter Lev. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Down Argentine Way" (PDF). Carla Arton. p. Library of Congress. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Film Search: Down Argentine Way". Dave Kehr. p. Chicago Reader. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Crowther, Bosley. "The Screen: 'Down Argentine Way,' With Betty Grable at Roxy; J. Barrymore in 'The Great Profile' at the Palace." New York Times. (October 18, 1940).
- "Read TCM's article on Down Argentine Way". p. TCM Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Metzinger, Constance. "'Down Argentine Way' is a Delightful Experience." Movies Unlimited. (March 15, 2019).
- Film review of "Springtime in the Rockies". Los Angeles Examiner (Sept. 21, 1942), as cited in From Tejano to Tango: Latin American Popular Music. ed. Walter Aaron Clark. New York: Routledge, 2002. p. 267.
- Walstrom, Joe D., 'Argentine Motion Picture Notes’, 21 May 1941, Embassy Files (Argentina), Box 98, as cited in Sadlier, Darlene J. Americans All: Good Neighbor Cultural Diplomacy in World War II. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2012. pp. 37-38.
- Clark, Walter Aaron. "Doing the Samba on Sunset Boulevard: Carmen Miranda and the Hollywoodization of Latin American Music." The Tide Was Always High: The Music of Latin America in Los Angeles. Ed. Josh Kun. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2017. pp. 84-104.
- Backstein, Karen. "Taking 'Class' Into Account: Dance, the Studio, and Latino Culture." Mambo Montage: The Latinization of New York. Eds. Agustín Laó-Montes and Arlene Dávila. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. p. 452.
- "NY Times: Down Argentine Way!". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-13.