Dick Tracy (serial)
|Directed by||Alan James|
|Produced by||Nat Levine|
J. Laurence Wickland (Associate)
|Written by||Morgan B. Cox|
Chester Gould (comic strip)
Lee Van Atta
Francis X. Bushman
|Music by||Harry Grey|
|Edited by||Helene Turner|
|Distributed by||Republic Pictures|
|15 chapters / 290 minutes (serial)|
73 minutes (feature)
|Budget||$112,334 (negative cost: $127,640)|
Dick Tracy's foe for this serial is the crime boss and masked mystery villain the Spider/the Lame One (both names are used) and his Spider Ring. In the process of various crimes, including using his flying wing and sound weapon to destroy the Bay Bridge in San Francisco and stealing an experimental "speed plane", The Spider captures Dick Tracy's brother, Gordon. The Spider's minion, Dr. Moloch, performs a brain operation on Gordon Tracy to turn him evil, making him secretly part of the Spider Ring and so turning brother against brother.
- Ralph Byrd as Dick Tracy
- Kay Hughes as Gwen Andrews
- Smiley Burnette as Mike McGurk
- Lee Van Atta as Junior
- John Picorri as Dr Moloch
- Richard Beach as Gordon Tracy (pre-operation in Chapter 1)
- Carleton Young as Gordon Tracy (post-operation in Chapter 1)
- Fred Hamilton as Steve Lockwood
- Francis X. Bushman as Clive Anderson
The above cast members appear in the opening credits in "cameo" display — sequential pictures of each actor with his/her name (and sometimes character name) superimposed at the bottom of the screen — for the first episode, followed by a listing of supporting players. Subsequent chapters simply listed the stars on one screen and the same supporting cast a second. This approach to cast display was used by Republic from its first serial through Haunted Harbor in 1944. Universal serials presented a similar approach to cast display until 1940, only in their case, the star-cameos appeared with the first 3-4 episodes, and subsequent episodes listed these names usually followed, on a scrolling cast list, by part, but not often all, of the supporting players who had been named on the episodes with the cameos. Occasionally, a new player or two might be added. Columbia only a few times adopted this approach to displaying the cast of its serials. Republic, Universal, Warner Bros. Pictures, and some independents also used star "cameos" in numbers of their B pictures during the 1930s.
- John Dilson as Ellery Brewster
- Wedgwood Nowell as H. T. Clayton
- Theodore Lorch as Paterno
- Edwin Stanley as Walter Odette (The Spider/ The Lame One)
- Harrison Greene as Cloggerstein
- Herbert Weber as Tony Martino
- Buddy Roosevelt as Burke
- George DeNormand as Flynn
- Byron K. Foulger as Kovitch
The above cast members appear in the opening credits as simply a list of the actor's names.
Dick Tracy was budgeted at $112,334 although the final negative cost was $127,640 (a $15,306, or 13.6%, overspend). It was the most expensive Republic serial until S O S Coast Guard was released later in the year.
In this serial, Dick Tracy is a G-Man (FBI) in San Francisco rather than a Midwestern city police detective as in the comic strip. Most of the Dick Tracy supporting cast and rogues gallery were also dropped and new, original characters used instead (for instance the characters of Tracy's girlfriend Gwen Andrews and his detective partner Mike McGurk were stand-ins for Tess Trueheart and Pat Patton respectively). Dick Tracy creator Chester Gould approved the script despite these changes.
There were three sequels to this serial: Dick Tracy Returns (1938), Dick Tracy's G-Men (1939), and Dick Tracy vs. Crime, Inc. (1941). They were all permitted by an interpretation of the original contract, which allowed a "series or serial". That meant that Dick Tracy's creator, Chester Gould, was only paid for the rights to produce this serial but not for any of the sequels.
- George DeNormand as Dick Tracy (doubling Ralph Byrd)
- Loren Riebe (doubling Jack Gardner)
Alpha Video released the serial on two DVDs in 2003. Volume 1 contains Chapters 1 through 7, and Volume 2 contains Chapters 8 through 15. VCI released all four Dick Tracy serials on DVD in 2008 separately, then put them all out together in one boxed set in 2012.
A 73-minute feature film version, created by editing the serial footage together, was reported by Jack Mathis to have been released on 27 December 1937, based on a single memo in the Republic Pictures corporate papers files; however, no evidence of any showing of this film, at least within the United States, has ever been located, nor any other evidence that such a feature version was even made. The only known feature version of this serial is a direct-to-TV movie edited and syndicated in the late 1980s, and subsequently made available on videotape and DVD (most recently, under the altered title Dick Tracy and the Spider Gang).
Cline states that the Dick Tracy serials were "unexcelled in the action field," adding that "in any listing of serials released after 1930, the four Dick Tracy adventures from Republic must stand out as classics of the suspense detective thrillers, and the models for many others to follow." He goes on to write that Ralph Byrd "played the part [of Dick Tracy] to the hilt, giving his portrayal such unbridled, exuberant enthusiasm that the resulting excitement was contagious." Byrd become identified with the character following the release of this serial. The final chapter reunion between Dick and Gordon Tracy, as Gordon lies dying and his memory returns, is "one of the few moments of real emotional drama ever attempted in serials". This added to the human quality of Dick Tracy, which was present in both this serial and Chester Gould's original strip.
- The Spider Strikes (29 min 31s)
- The Bridge of Terror (19 min 11s)
- The Fur Pirates (20 min 25s)
- Death Rides the Sky (20 min 49s)
- Brother Against Brother (19 min 14s)
- Dangerous Waters (16 min 52s)
- The Ghost Town Mystery (20 min 11s)
- Battle in the Clouds (18 min 40s)
- The Stratosphere Adventure (18 min 00s)
- The Gold Ship (18 min 28s)
- Harbor Pursuit (16 min 35s)
- The Trail of the Spider (17 min 39s) — re-cap chapter
- The Fire Trap (16 min 45s)
- The Devil in White (20 min 35s)
- Brothers United (16 min 59s)
Dick Tracy was the only 15-chapter serial released by Republic in 1937.
- The Spider Strikes: The Bay Bridge, under attack from the Spider's sonic weapon, begins to collapse on top of Dick Tracy.
- The Bridge of Terror: Dick Tracy's plane is damaged by gunfire and crashes into a rail bridge.
- The Fur Pirates: Chasing his brother and the Spider Ring by motorboat, Dick Tracy is crushed between two moored ships moving closer together.
- Death Rides the Sky: Dick Tracy transfers to an unmanned, remote plane to save Junior but it is shot down by the Spider Ring.
- Brother Against Brother: In a roof-top chase, Gordon shoots his brother Dick, sending him into a multi-story fall.
- Dangerous Waters: Dick Tracy's leg is caught in submarine's mooring line, pulling him under the waves.
- The Ghost Town Mystery: Dick Tracy falls into a pit in a mine tunnel. Spider Ring thugs take aim.
- Battle in the Clouds: Gordon shoots down his brother's plane.
- The Stratosphere Adventure: Dick Tracy is knocked unconscious aboard a burning, crashing Zeppelin.
- The Gold Ship: A steel plate from a ship's hull falls on top of Dick Tracy.
- Harbour Pursuit: Dick Tracy's motorboat has its controls shot out by thugs, crashing into an oncoming ship.
- The Trail of the Spider: The lights go out, the Spider mark shines on Dick Tracy's forehead, several shots are fired.
- The Fire Trap: Dick Tracy falls while escaping a burning ship.
- The Devil in White: Dick Tracy is strapped to an operating table to undergo the same brain operation as his brother Gordon.
References in other filmsEdit
- Mathis, Jack (1995). Valley of the Cliffhangers Supplement. Jack Mathis Advertising. pp. 3, 10, 20–21. ISBN 0-9632878-1-8.
- Kinnard, Roy (1998). Science Fiction Serials: A Critical Filmography of the 31 Hard SF Cliffhangers. McFarland & Co. p. 48. ISBN 978-0786437450.
- Rovin, Jeff (1987). The Encyclopedia of Supervillains. New York: Facts on File. p. 185. ISBN 0-8160-1356-X.
- Dick Tracy article at Images Journal, last checked 19/03/07
- Cline, William C. (1984). "2. In Search of Ammunition". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 20. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X.
- Cline, William C. (1984). "5. A Cheer for the Champions (The Heroes and Heroines)". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 80. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X.
- Cline, William C. (1984). "Filmography". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 218. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X.
- Cline, William C. (1984). "3. The Six Faces of Adventure". In the Nick of Time. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 52. ISBN 0-7864-0471-X.
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- Dick Tracy on IMDb
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- Dick Tracy at the TCM Movie Database
- Dick Tracy at Todd Gault's Movie Serial Experience
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