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Is Paris Burning? (film)

Is Paris Burning? (French: Paris brûle-t-il ?) is a 1966 French-American epic historical war film directed by René Clément, starring an ensemble cast, about the liberation of Paris in August 1944 by the French Resistance and the Free French Forces during World War II. The script was based on the book of the same title by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre.

Is Paris Burning?
Theatrical poster
Directed byRené Clément
Produced byPaul Graetz
Written byGore Vidal
Francis Ford Coppola
Jean Aurenche
Pierre Bost
Claude Brulé
StarringKirk Douglas
Glenn Ford
Gert Fröbe
Yves Montand
Jean-Paul Belmondo
Robert Stack
Alain Delon
Music byMaurice Jarre
CinematographyMarcel Grignon
Edited byRobert Lawrence
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • 26 October 1966 (1966-10-26) (France)
  • 10 November 1966 (1966-11-10) (United States)
Running time
173 minutes
Box office$37.1 million[1]


Shortly after the failed 20 July plot to assassinate him in 1944, Adolf Hitler (Billy Frick), appoints General Dietrich von Choltitz (Gert Fröbe) as military governor of occupied Paris. Hitler believes Choltitz will obey his order that the Allies should not be allowed to capture Paris without the Germans destroying it completely, similar to the planned destruction of Warsaw.

The French Resistance learn that the Allies are not planning to take Paris, but are heading straight to Germany instead. The two factions within the Resistance react to this news differently. The Gaullists under Jacques Chaban-Delmas (Alain Delon) want to wait and see, while the Communists under Colonel Rol-Tanguy (Bruno Cremer) want to take action. The Communists force the issue by calling for a general uprising by the citizens of Paris and by occupying important government buildings. The Gaullists go along with this plan of action once it is set in motion.

Initially, Choltitz is intent on following Hitler's order to level the city. After his troops fail to dislodge the Resistance from the Prefecture of Police, he orders the Luftwaffe to bomb the building but withdraws the order at the urging of the Swedish Consul, Raoul Nordling (Orson Welles), who points out that bombs that miss the Prefecture risk destroying nearby culturally invaluable buildings such as the Notre Dame Cathedral. Choltitz accepts a truce offer from the Resistance (conceived by the Gaullist faction), but the Communists want to keep on fighting, in spite of a lack of ammunition. The truce is, therefore, shortened to one day and the fighting resumes.

After learning that the Germans plan to destroy Paris (the Eiffel Tower and other landmarks are rigged with explosives), a messenger from the Resistance is sent across enemy lines to contact the Americans. He informs the Allies that the Resistance has already taken control of parts of the city and implores them to provide support to prevent the uprising being crushed as was then happening in Warsaw. He adds that France would never forgive the destruction of Paris. Afterwards General Omar Bradley (Glenn Ford) gives the 2nd Armored Division under General Philippe Leclerc (Claude Rich) the go-ahead to rush on Paris.

As the military situation deteriorates, Choltitz delays the order to destroy Paris, believing that Hitler is insane and that the war is lost, making the destruction of Paris a futile gesture. He chooses instead to surrender shortly after the Allies enter the city.

As the Free French Forces and De Gaulle parade down the streets of Paris, greeted by cheering crowds, a phone receiver off the hook is seen with a voice in German repeatedly asking "Is Paris burning?" From the air, Paris is seen, its buildings still intact and standing, followed by a sudden switch from black and white to color.



The film is based on the best-selling book by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre and was directed by René Clément, from a screenplay by Gore Vidal and Francis Ford Coppola.[2]

The music is by Maurice Jarre. Jarre's music for "The Paris Waltz" had words added later by Maurice Vidalin and became a patriotic anthem sung by Mireille Mathieu under the title Paris en colère.

Is Paris Burning? stars Kirk Douglas, Glenn Ford, Gert Fröbe, Orson Welles, Anthony Perkins, Robert Stack, Charles Boyer, Yves Montand, Leslie Caron, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Simone Signoret and Alain Delon. The production was filmed in 180 sites.[citation needed] Claude Rich plays two parts: General Leclerc, with a moustache, and Lt Pierre de la Fouchardière, without a moustache.[citation needed] He is credited at the end only with the part of Leclerc. His role as the young lieutenant is not by chance: Claude Rich, as a teenager, was watching soldiers in the street when the real-life Pierre de la Fouchardière called him into a building to protect him.[citation needed]

The film is almost entirely in black and white, presumably[according to whom?] to better blend the documentary stock footage that is included in the film. The film was shot in black and white mainly because, although the French authorities would allow Nazi swastika flags to be displayed on public buildings for key shots, they would not permit those flags to be in their original red color; as a result, green swastika flags were used, which photographed adequately in black and white but would have been entirely the wrong color.[citation needed] However, the closing credits feature aerial shots of Paris in color. The entire film was shot on location in Paris.[citation needed]

As the film had a predominately French cast, all sequences featuring French and German actors were filmed in their native French and German languages respectively, which was then dubbed into English, while all the sequences with the American actors (including Orson Welles) were filmed in English.[citation needed]


The film was the fourth most popular movie of the year in France in 1966.[3][4]

Awards and honorsEdit

In popular cultureEdit

The film was spoofed in Mad magazine, in the September 1967 issue (#113), under the title "Is Paris Boring?"[6]


  1. ^ JP. "Paris brûle-t-il ? (1966)- JPBox-Office".
  2. ^ Paris Officialdom Burning Over Rash of War Pictures Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 10 Oct 1965: b3.
  3. ^ Box office information for Alain Delon films at Box Office Story
  4. ^ "French Box Office 1966". Box Office Story.
  5. ^ "NY Times: Is Paris Burning?". New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
  6. ^ "Doug Gilford's Mad Cover Site - Mad #113".

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit