Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Sir Roger George Moore, KBE (/mɔər/; 14 October 1927 – 23 May 2017) was an English actor. He is best known for having played secret agent James Bond in seven feature films from 1973 to 1985. He also played Simon Templar in the television series The Saint from 1962 to 1969.

Sir Roger Moore
KBE
Sir Roger Moore 3 (cropped).jpg
Moore in 1973
Born Roger George Moore
(1927-10-14)14 October 1927
Stockwell, London, England
Died 23 May 2017(2017-05-23) (aged 89)
Crans-Montana, Switzerland[1]
Cause of death Cancer
Resting place Cremated; ashes scattered in Monaco
Occupation Actor
Years active 1945–2017
Spouse(s) Doorn van Steyn
(m. 1946; div. 1953)

Dorothy Squires
(m. 1953; div. 1968)

Luisa Mattioli
(m. 1969; div. 1996)

Kristina Tholstrup
(m. 2002; his death 2017)
Children 3 (2 sons, 1 daughter)
Parent(s) George Alfred Moore
Lillian "Lily" Pope
Website roger-moore.com
Signature
Roger Moore signature.png

Moore took over the role of Bond from Sean Connery in 1972, and made his first appearance as 007 in Live and Let Die (1973). The longest serving Bond, he went on to portray the spy in six more films.[2][3] Appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1991, Moore was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2003 for "services to charity". In 2007 he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work on television and in film. In 2008, the French government appointed Moore a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Roger Moore was born on 14 October 1927 in Stockwell, London.[4] He was the only child of George Alfred Moore, a policeman, and Lillian "Lily" Pope.[5][6] His mother was born in Calcutta, India, but was English.[7] He attended Battersea Grammar School, but was evacuated to Holsworthy, Devon, during the Second World War, and attended Launceston College in Cornwall. He was further educated at Dr Challoner's Grammar School in Amersham, Buckinghamshire.[8]

Moore apprenticed at an animation studio but was fired after he made a mistake with some animation cells.[6] His father investigated a robbery at the home of film director Brian Desmond Hurst, which led to Moore being introduced to the director and hired as an extra for the 1945 film Caesar and Cleopatra.[9] While there, Moore attracted an off-camera female fan following, and Hurst decided to pay Moore's fees at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Moore spent three terms at RADA, where he was a classmate of his future Bond co-star Lois Maxwell, the original Miss Moneypenny. During this time there, he developed the Mid-Atlantic accent and relaxed demeanour that would become his screen persona.[6]

At 18, shortly after the end of the Second World War, Moore was conscripted for national service. On 21 September 1946, he was commissioned into the Royal Army Service Corps as a second lieutenant. He was given the service number 372394.[10] He was an officer in the Combined Services Entertainment Section and eventually became a captain,[9] commanding a small depot in West Germany. He later looked after entertainers for the armed forces passing through Hamburg.[11]

CareerEdit

Early work (1945–1959)Edit

In the early 1950s, Moore worked as a model,[9] appearing in print advertisements for knitwear (earning him the nickname "The Big Knit"),[4] and a wide range of other products such as toothpaste, an element that many critics have used as typifying his lightweight credentials as an actor. In his book Last Man Standing: Tales from Tinseltown, Moore states that his first television appearance was on 27 March 1949 in The Governess by Patrick Hamilton, a live broadcast (as usual in that era), and he played the minor part of Bob Drew.[12] Other actors in the show included Clive Morton and Betty Ann Davies.

MGMEdit

Although Moore signed a seven-year contract with MGM in 1954, the films that followed were not successes and, in his own words, "At MGM, RGM [Roger George Moore] was NBG [no bloody good]."[4] He appeared in Interrupted Melody, a biographical movie about opera singer Marjorie Lawrence's recovery from polio, in which he was billed third under Glenn Ford and Eleanor Parker as Lawrence's brother Cyril.[13] That same year, he played a supporting role in The King's Thief starring Ann Blyth, Edmund Purdom, David Niven and George Sanders.[14]

In the 1956 film Diane, Moore was billed third again, this time under Lana Turner and Pedro Armendariz, in a 16th-century period piece set in France with Moore playing Prince Henri, the future king. Moore was released from his MGM contract after two years following the film's critical and commercial failure.

Warner BrosEdit

After that, he spent a few years mainly doing one-shot parts in television series, including an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1959 titled "The Avon Emeralds". He signed another long-term contract to a studio, this time to Warner Bros.[15]

In 1959 he took the lead role in The Miracle,[15] a version of the play Das Mirakel for Warner Bros. showcasing Carroll Baker as a nun. The part had been turned down by Dirk Bogarde. That same year, Moore was directed by Arthur Hiller in "The Angry Young Man", an episode of the television series The Third Man starring Michael Rennie as criminal mastermind Harry Lime, the role portrayed by Orson Welles in the film version.

Television series (1958–1972)Edit

Ivanhoe (1958–1959)Edit

Moore was the eponymous hero, Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe, in the 1958–59 series Ivanhoe, a loose adaptation of the 1819 romantic novel by Sir Walter Scott set in the 12th century during the era of Richard the Lionheart, delving into Ivanhoe's conflict with Prince John. Shot mainly in England at Elstree Studios and Buckinghamshire, some of the show was also filmed in California due to a partnership with Columbia Studios' Screen Gems. Aimed at younger audiences, the pilot was filmed in colour, a reflection of its comparatively high budget for a British children's adventure series of the period, but subsequent episodes were shot in black and white.[16] Christopher Lee and John Schlesinger were among the show's guest stars and series regulars included Robert Brown (who in the 1980s would play M in several James Bond films) as the squire Gurth, Peter Gilmore as Waldo Ivanhoe, Andrew Keir as villainous Prince John, and Bruce Seton as noble King Richard. Moore suffered broken ribs and a battle-axe blow to his helmet while performing some of his own stunts filming a season of 39 half-hour episodes and later reminisced, "I felt a complete Charlie riding around in all that armour and damned stupid plumed helmet. I felt like a medieval fireman."[17]

The Alaskans (1959–1960)Edit

Moore's next television series involved playing the lead as "Silky" Harris for the ABC/Warner Brothers 1959–60 western The Alaskans, with co-stars Dorothy Provine as Rocky, Jeff York as Reno and Ray Danton as Nifty. The show ran for a single season of 37 hour-long episodes on Sunday nights. Though set in Skagway, Alaska, with a focus on the Klondike Gold Rush in around 1896, the series was filmed in the hot studio lot at Warner Brothers in Hollywood with the cast costumed in fur coats and hats. Moore found the work highly taxing and his off-camera affair with Provine complicated matters even more. He subsequently appeared as the questionable character "14 Karat John" in the two-part episode "Right Off the Boat" of the ABC/WB crime drama The Roaring 20s, with Rex Reason, John Dehner, Gary Vinson and Dorothy Provine, appearing in a similar role but with a different character name.[18]

Maverick (1960–1961)Edit

 
Moore as Beau Maverick, 1960

In the wake of The Alaskans, Moore was cast as Beau Maverick, an English-accented cousin of frontier gamblers Bret Maverick (James Garner), Bart Maverick (Jack Kelly) and Brent Maverick (Robert Colbert) in the much more successful ABC/WB western series Maverick. Sean Connery was flown over from Britain to test for the part but turned it down.[19] Moore appeared as the character in 14 episodes after Garner had left the series at the end of the previous season, wearing some of Garner's costumes; while filming The Alaskans, he had already recited much of Garner's dialogue since the Klondike series frequently recycled Maverick scripts, changing only the names and locales.[20] He had also filmed a Maverick episode with Garner two seasons earlier in which Moore played a different character in a retooling of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's 1775 comedy of manners play entitled "The Rivals".[21] In the course of the story, Moore's and Garner's characters switched names on a bet, with Moore consequently identifying himself as "Bret Maverick" through most of the episode.[21]

Moore's debut as Beau Maverick occurred in the first episode of the 1960–61 fourth season, "The Bundle From Britain", one of four episodes in which he shared screen time with cousin Bart (Jack Kelly). Robert Altman wrote and directed "Bolt from the Blue", an episode featuring Will Hutchins as a frontier lawyer similar to his character in the series Sugarfoot, and "Red Dog" found Beau mixed up with vicious bank robbers Lee Van Cleef and John Carradine. Kathleen Crowley was Moore's leading lady in two episodes ("Bullet For the Teacher" and "Kiz"), and others included Mala Powers, Roxane Berard, Fay Spain, Merry Anders, Andra Martin and Jeanne Cooper. Upon leaving the series, Moore cited a decline in script quality since the Garner era as the key factor in his decision to depart, ratings for the show were also down.[22]

The Saint (1962–1969)Edit

 
With Earl Green in The Saint

Lew Grade cast Moore as Simon Templar in a new adaptation of The Saint, based on the novels by Leslie Charteris. Moore said in an interview in 1963, that he wanted to buy the rights to Leslie Charteris's character and the trademarks. He also joked that the role was supposed to have been meant for Sean Connery who was unavailable. The television series was made in the UK with an eye to the American market, and its success there (and in other countries) made Moore a household name. By early 1967 he had achieved international stardom. The series also established his suave, quipping style which he carried forward to James Bond. Moore went on to direct several episodes of the later series, which moved into colour in 1967.

The Saint ran from 1962 for six seasons and 118 episodes,[4] tying The Avengers as the longest-running series of its kind on British television.[15] Moore grew increasingly tired of the role, and was keen to branch out. He made two films immediately after the series ended: Crossplot, a lightweight 'spy caper' movie, and the more challenging The Man Who Haunted Himself (1970). Directed by Basil Dearden, it gave Moore the opportunity to demonstrate a wider versatility than the role of Simon Templar had allowed.[4] In 2004 Moore said of The Man Who Haunted Himself: "It was one of the few times I was allowed to act... Many say my best role was in The Man Who Haunted Himself. Being a modest actor, I won't disagree."[4]

The Persuaders! (1971–1972)Edit

Television lured Moore back to star alongside Tony Curtis in The Persuaders!. The show featured the adventures of two millionaire playboys across Europe. Moore was paid the then-unheard-of sum of £1 million for a single series, making him the highest paid television actor in the world.[15] Lew Grade claimed in his autobiography Still Dancing, that Moore and Curtis "didn't hit it off all that well".[23] Curtis refused to spend more time on set than was strictly necessary, while Moore was always willing to work overtime.[23]

According to the DVD commentary, neither Roger Moore, an uncredited co-producer, nor Robert S. Baker, the credited producer, ever had a contract other than a handshake with Lew Grade.[23] They produced the entire 24 episodes without a single written word guaranteeing that they would ever be paid.[24]

The series failed in the United States, where it had been pre-sold to ABC, which Curtis put down to its showing at the Saturday 10 PM slot, but it was successful in Europe and Australia.[23] In Germany, where the series was aired under the name Die Zwei ("The Two"), it became a hit through especially amusing dubbing which only barely used translations of the original dialogue. In Britain it was also popular, although on its premiere on the ITV network, it was beaten in the ratings by repeats of Monty Python's Flying Circus on BBC One. Channel 4 repeated both The Avengers and The Persuaders! in 1995. Since then, The Persuaders! has been issued on DVD, while in France, where the series (entitled Amicalement Vôtre) had always been popular, the DVD releases accompanied a monthly magazine of the same name.

James Bond era (1973–1985)Edit

James Bond filmsEdit

 
Moore in 1973

Due to his commitment to several television shows, in particular The Saint, Roger Moore was unavailable for the James Bond films for a considerable time. His participation in The Saint was as actor, producer and director, and he also became involved in developing the series The Persuaders!. In 1964, he made a guest appearance as James Bond in the comedy series Mainly Millicent,[25] Moore stated in his autobiography My Word Is My Bond (2008) that he had neither been approached to play the character in Dr. No, nor did he feel that he had ever been considered. It was only after Sean Connery had declared in 1966 that he would not play Bond any longer that Moore became aware that he might be a contender for the role. After George Lazenby was cast in 1969's On Her Majesty's Secret Service and Connery played Bond again in Diamonds Are Forever (1971), Moore did not consider the possibility until it seemed clear that Connery had stepped down as Bond for good. At that point Moore was approached, and he accepted producer Albert Broccoli's offer in August 1972. In his autobiography Moore writes that he had to cut his hair and lose weight for the role. Although he resented having to make those changes, he was finally cast as James Bond in Live and Let Die (1973).

After Live and Let Die, Moore continued to portray Bond in The Man with the Golden Gun (1974); The Spy Who Loved Me (1977); Moonraker (1979); For Your Eyes Only (1981); Octopussy (1983); and A View to a Kill (1985).

Moore was the longest-serving James Bond actor, having spent 12 years in the role (from his debut in 1973, to his retirement from the role in 1985), having made seven of the Eon Production Bond films in a row. Moore was the oldest actor to have played Bond – he was 45 in Live and Let Die (1973), and 58 when he announced his retirement on 3 December 1985. Moore is also tied with Sean Connery as the actor who played Bond in the most movies. They both appeared in 7 Bond movies.[26]

Moore's Bond was very different from the version created by Ian Fleming. Screenwriters like George MacDonald Fraser provided scenarios in which Moore was cast as a seasoned, debonair playboy who would always have a trick or gadget in stock when he needed it. This was designed to serve the contemporary taste of the 1970s. Moore's version of Bond was also known for his sense of humour and witty one liners, Moore himself said "My personality is different from previous Bonds. I’m not that cold-blooded killer type. Which is why I play it mostly for laughs.". [27]

In 1987 he hosted Happy Anniversary 007: 25 Years of James Bond.[28]

Other films during the Bond eraEdit

 
Roger Moore in 1979

During Moore's Bond period he starred in 13 other films, beginning with a thriller featuring Susannah York, entitled Gold (1974). He portrayed an adventurer in Africa opposite Lee Marvin in Shout at the Devil (1976), a commando with Richard Burton and Richard Harris in the unorthodox action film The Wild Geese (1978), a counter-terrorism expert opposite Anthony Perkins in the thriller North Sea Hijack (1979), In The Cannonball Run (1981) he spoofs his fame by playing a millionaire so obsessed with Roger Moore that he had had plastic surgery to look like him.[15] He even made a cameo as Chief Inspector Clouseau, posing as a famous movie star, in Curse of the Pink Panther[15]] (1983) (for which he was credited as "Turk Thrust II"). Moore was widely criticised for making three movies in South Africa under the apartheid regime during the 1970s (Gold, Shout at the Devil, and The Wild Geese).[15]

Moore also made two World War II films in this period, both with all-star casts of character actors, and both co-starring David Niven. One, an actioner called The Sea Wolves (1980), is based on the true story of a March 1943 event in British India and Portuguese Goa, in which a group of retired members of the Calcutta Light Horse, coloneled by David Niven's character, assist regular British Army operatives, played by Moore and Gregory Peck, in destroying German ships in neutral Mormugao harbor, all the time surrounded by German spies and Indian nationalist intrigue. Trevor Howard, Patrick Macnee, and Barbara Kellerman also co-star, with a Who's Who lineup of British character actors. The other film, Escape to Athena (1979) is a heist adventure set in war-time Greece, and stars Telly Savalas, David Niven, and features mostly American character actors, including Elliott Gould, Stefanie Powers, Richard Roundtree, Sonny Bono, and Italian bombshell Claudia Cardinale. Roger Moore (with top billing) plays a charming former Austrian antiquities dealer turned crooked camp commandant, tasked with guarding Greek antiquities desired by the Third Reich, and also guarding the collection of archaeologists who are being forced to work to find and recover these objects; but he has other plans for the treasure he guards and for the people under his watch.

Post-James Bond career (1986–2017)Edit

 
Moore in 2012

Moore did not act on screen for five years after he stopped playing Bond; in 1990 he appeared in several films and in the writer-director Michael Feeney Callan's television series My Riviera and starred in the film Bed & Breakfast which was shot in 1989;[29] and also had a large role in the 1996 film The Quest; in 1997 he starred as the Chief in Spice World.[30] At the age of 73, he played a flamboyant homosexual man in Boat Trip (2002) with Cuba Gooding Jr.[31]

The British comedy show Spitting Image once had a sketch in which their latex likeness of Moore, when asked to display emotions by an offscreen director, did nothing but raise an eyebrow; Moore himself stated that he thought the sketch was funny and took it in good humour. Indeed, he had always embraced the 'eyebrows' gag wholeheartedly, slyly claiming that he 'only had three expressions as Bond: right eyebrow raised, left eyebrow raised and eyebrows crossed when grabbed by "Jaws". Spitting Image continued the joke, featuring a Bond film spoof, The Man with the Wooden Delivery, with Moore's puppet receiving orders from Margaret Thatcher to kill Mikhail Gorbachev. Other comedy shows at that time ridiculed Moore's acting, with Rory Bremner once claiming to have had a death threat from one of his irate fans following one such routine.[32]

In 2009 Moore appeared in an advertisement for the Post Office, he also played the role of a secret agent in the Victoria Wood Christmas Special on BBC1 show over the festive period in the same year. Filming all his scenes in the London Eye, his mission was to eliminate another agent whose file photo looks like Pierce Brosnan. In 2010 Moore provided the voice of a talking cat called Lazenby in the film Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore which contained several references to, and parodies of, Bond films. In 2011 Moore co-starred in the film A Princess for Christmas with Katie McGrath and Sam Heughan and in 2012 he took to the stage for a series of seven 'Evenings with' in UK theatres and, in November, guest-hosted Have I Got News for You.[33] Moore's last on-screen performance was in 2013, a brief cameo as himself in Incompatibles, first feature-length film of the then 21-year-old French director Paolo Cedolin Petrini.

In 2015, Moore was named one of GQ's fifty best dressed British men.[34] In October 2015, Moore read Hans Christian Andersen's "Little Claus and Big Claus" for the children's fairy tales app GivingTales in aid of UNICEF, together with a number of other British celebrities, including Michael Caine, Ewan McGregor, Joan Collins, Stephen Fry, Joanna Lumley, David Walliams, Charlotte Rampling and Paul McKenna.[35]

Humanitarian workEdit

Moore's friend Audrey Hepburn had impressed him with her work for UNICEF, and consequently he became a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1991. He was the voice of Father Christmas or 'Santa' in the 2004 UNICEF cartoon The Fly Who Loved Me.[36]

Moore was involved in the production of a video for PETA that protests against the production and wholesale of foie gras. Moore narrates the video.[37] His assistance in this situation, and being a strong spokesman against foie gras, led to the department store Selfridges agreeing to remove foie gras from their shelves.[38]

Personal lifeEdit

Doorn Van SteynEdit

In 1946, aged 18, Moore married a fellow RADA student, the actress and ice skater Doorn Van Steyn (born Lucy Woodard) who was six years his senior;[39] Moore and Van Steyn lived in Streatham with her family, but tension over money matters and her lack of confidence in his acting ability took their toll on the relationship,[40] during which he allegedly suffered domestic abuse.[41]

Dorothy SquiresEdit

In 1952, Moore met the Welsh singer Dorothy Squires, who was 12 years his senior, and Van Steyn and Moore divorced the following year.[42] Squires and Moore were married in New York.[42] They lived in Bexley, Kent, after their marriage.[43]

They moved to the United States in 1954 to develop their careers; but tensions developed in their marriage due to their age differences and Moore's infatuation with starlet Dorothy Provine, and they moved back to the United Kingdom in 1961.[42] Squires suffered a series of miscarriages during their marriage and Moore later said the outcome of their marriage might have been different if they had been able to have children.[42]

In their tempestuous relationship Squires smashed a guitar over his head, and after learning of his affair with the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli, who became Moore's third wife, Moore said that "She threw a brick through my window. She reached through the glass and grabbed my shirt and she cut her arms doing it...The police came and they said, 'Madam, you're bleeding' and she said, 'It's my heart that's bleeding'"[39] Squires intercepted letters from Mattioli to Moore and planned to include them in her autobiography; but the couple won injunctions against the publication in 1977, which led Squires to unsuccessfully sue them for loss of earnings.[42] The numerous legal cases launched by Squires led her to be declared a vexatious litigant in 1987 [44]. Moore paid Squires's hospital bills after her cancer treatment in 1996, and upon her death in 1998.[45][46]

Luisa MattioliEdit

 
Roger Moore at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival with wife Luisa Mattioli

In 1961, while filming The Rape of the Sabine Women in Italy, Moore left Squires for the Italian actress Luisa Mattioli.[46] Squires refused to accept their separation, and sued Moore for loss of conjugal rights, but Moore refused the court's order to return to Squires in 28 days.[42][46] Squires also smashed windows at a house in France where Moore and Mattioli were living, and unsuccessfully sued actor Kenneth More for libel, as More had introduced Moore and Mattioli at a charity event as "Mr Roger Moore and his wife".[46] Moore and Mattioli lived together until 1969, when Squires finally granted him a divorce, after they had been separated for seven years.[45] At Moore and Mattioli's marriage in April 1969 at the Caxton Hall in Westminster, London, a crowd of 600 people were outside, with women screaming his name.[47]

Moore had three children with Mattioli: actress-daughter Deborah (born 1963); two sons, Geoffrey and Christian.[48] Geoffrey is also an actor,[49] and appeared alongside his father in the 1976 film Sherlock Holmes in New York. In later life he co-founded Hush Restaurant in Mayfair, London, with Jamie Barber.[50] Geoffrey and his wife Loulou have two daughters. Moore's younger son, Christian, is a film producer.[51]

Kristina "Kiki" TholstrupEdit

Moore and Mattioli separated in 1993 after Moore developed feelings for a Swedish born Danish socialite, Kristina "Kiki" Tholstrup.[46] Moore later described his prostate cancer diagnosis in 1993 as "life-changing", which led him to reassess his life and marriage.[48] Mattioli and Tholstrup had long been friends; but Mattioli was scathing of her in the book she subsequently wrote about her relationship with Moore, Nothing Lasts Forever, describing how she felt betrayed by Tholstrup and discarded by Moore.[46][48]

Moore remained silent on his divorce from Mattioli, later saying that he did not wish to hurt his children by "engaging in a war of words".[48] Moore's children refused to speak to him for a period after the divorce, but they were later reconciled with their father.[48] Mattioli refused to grant Moore a divorce until 2000, when a £10 million settlement was agreed.[52] Moore subsequently married Tholstrup in 2002.[48] Moore would later say that he loved Tholstrup as she was "organised", "serene", "loving" and "calm", saying that "I have a difficult life. I rely on Kristina totally. When we are travelling for my job she is the one who packs. Kristina takes care of all that".[48] Moore also said that his marriage to Tholstrop was "a tranquil relationship, there are no arguments".[53] Tholstrup had a daughter, Christina Knudsen, from a previous relationship; Knudsen described her stepfather as a positive influence, saying "I was in difficult relationships but that all changed" when her mother met Moore. Christina Knudsen died from cancer on 25 July 2016, at the age of 47; Moore posted on Twitter that "We are heartbroken" and "We were all with her, surrounding her with love, at the end".[54][55][56]

Political alignmentEdit

On politics Moore stated he was a Conservative and thought that Conservatism is the way to run a country.[57] The BBC listed Moore prior to the 2001 UK general election as a celebrity backer of the British Conservative Party.[58] In 2011, Moore gave his support to Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron regarding his policy on the European Union, stating:

Despite his Conservative politics, Moore retained membership of the Entertainment and Media trade union BECTU until his death, having joined as an apprentice animation technician before his acting career took off. At his death he was the union's longest-serving member [60]

Tax exileEdit

Moore became a tax exile from the United Kingdom in 1978, originally to Switzerland, and divided his year between his three homes: an apartment in Monte Carlo, Monaco; a chalet in Crans-Montana, Switzerland; and a home in the south of France.[53][61] Moore became a resident of Monaco, having been appointed a Goodwill Ambassador of Monaco by Prince Albert II for his efforts in internationally promoting and publicising the principality.[62] Moore was scathing of the Russian population in Monaco, saying that "I'm afraid we're overstuffed with Russians. All the restaurant menus are in Russian now."[61]

Moore was vocal in his defence of his tax exile status, saying that in the 1970s he had been urged by his "accountants, agents and lawyers" that moving abroad was essential because "you would never be able to save enough to ensure that you had any sort of livelihood if you didn't work" as a result of the punitive taxation rates imposed on unearned income.[39] Moore said in 2011 that his decision to live abroad was "not about tax. That's a serious part of it. I come back to England often enough not to miss it, to see the changes, to find some of the changes good...I paid my taxes at the time that I was earning a decent income, so I've paid my due".[63]

HealthEdit

Moore had a series of childhood diseases including chickenpox, measles, mumps,[64] double pneumonia[65] and jaundice.[66] He had an infection of his foreskin at the age of eight and underwent a circumcision, and had his appendix, tonsils, and adenoids removed.[67]

Moore was a long-term sufferer of kidney stones[68] and needed to be hospitalised during the making of Live and Let Die in 1973[69] and again while filming the 1979 film Moonraker.[70]

In 1993, Moore was diagnosed with prostate cancer and underwent successful treatment for the disease.[71]

In 2003, Moore collapsed on stage while appearing on Broadway,[72] and was fitted with a pacemaker to treat a potentially deadly slow heartbeat.[61] He was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2013.[61]

DeathEdit

Moore's family announced his death in Switzerland, on 23 May 2017, from a brief battle with cancer.[73][74] He died in Crans-Montana.[1].

Royal circlesEdit

Moore had friendships with some of Denmark's royal family; Prince Joachim and his then-wife Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg invited Moore and his wife Kiki to attend the christening of their youngest son, Prince Felix. On 24 May 2008, Moore and his wife attended the wedding of Prince Joachim to his French fiancée Marie Cavallier.

Moore also had a long-standing friendship with Princess Lilian of Sweden, whom he first met on a visit to Stockholm for UNICEF. Moore's wife Kristina, who was born in Sweden, was already a friend of Princess Lilian's through mutual friends. In his autobiography, Moore recalled meeting the princess for tea and dinners whenever he and his wife visited Stockholm. He spoke of his recollections at the princess' memorial service at the English Church in Stockholm, on 8 September 2013.[12][75]

On 1 and 2 July 2011, Moore and his wife attended the wedding of Prince Albert of Monaco and Charlene Wittstock.[76]

Honours and awardsEdit

On 9 March 1999, Moore was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE),[77] and promoted to Knight Commander of the same Order (KBE) on 14 June 2003.[78] The citation on the knighthood was for Moore's charity work,[78] which dominated his public life for more than a decade. Moore said that the citation "meant far more to me than if I had got it for acting... I was proud because I received it on behalf of UNICEF as a whole and for all it has achieved over the years".[79]

On 11 October 2007, three days before he turned 80, Moore was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work on television and in film. Attending the ceremony were family, friends, and Richard Kiel, with whom he had acted in The Spy Who Loved Me and Moonraker. Moore's star was the 2,350th star installed, and is appropriately located at 7007 Hollywood Boulevard.[80]

On 28 October 2008, the French government appointed Moore a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[81] On 21 November 2012, Moore was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Hertfordshire, for his outstanding contributions to the UK film and television industry for over 50 years, in particular film and television productions in Hertfordshire.[82]

For his charity work

  • 2007: Dag Hammarskjöld Inspiration Award (UNICEF)[83]
  • 2004: UNICEF's Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award[84]
  • 2003: German Federal Cross of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz) for his UNICEF work[40]:275[85]
  • 2003: Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
  • 1999: Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)

Lifetime achievements awards

  • 2008: Commander of the French National Order of Arts and Letters (Ordre national des Arts et des Lettres)
  • 2007: Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • 2004: TELEKAMERA ("Tele Tydzień" Lifetime Achievement Award, Poland)
  • 2002: Monte Carlo TV Festival (Lifetime Achievement Award)
  • 2001: Lifetime achievement award (Filmfestival, Jamaica)
  • 1997: Palm Springs film festival, USA, Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 1995: TELE GATTO (Italian TV; Lifetime Achievement Award)
  • 1991: GOLDEN CAMERA (German TV; lifetime achievement award)
  • 1990: BAMBI (Lifetime Achievement Award from the German magazine BUNTE)

For his acting

  • 1981: OTTO (Most popular Film Star; from German Magazine BRAVO)
  • 1980: SATURN Award (Most Popular International Performer)
  • 1980: GOLDEN GLOBE: World Film Favorite-Male
  • 1973: BAMBI (shared with Tony Curtis for "The Persuaders", from the German magazine BUNTE)
  • 1973: BEST ACTOR IN TV, award from the French magazine TELE-7-JOURS, shared with Tony Curtis for "The Persuaders"
  • 1967: ONDAS-AWARD (Spanish TV for "The Saint")
  • 1967: OTTO (Most popular TV-star for "The Saint"; from German magazine BRAVO)

PublicationsEdit

Moore's book about the filming of Live and Let Die, based on his diaries, titled Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die, was published in London in 1973, by Pan Books.[86] The book includes an acknowledgment to Sean Connery, with whom Moore was friends for many years: "I would also like to thank Sean Connery – with whom it would not have been possible."

Moore's autobiography My Word is My Bond (ISBN 0061673889) was published by Collins in the US, in November 2008 and by Michael O'Mara Books Ltd in the UK, on 2 October 2008 (ISBN 9781843173182).[87]

On 16 October 2012, Bond On Bond was published to tie in with the 50th anniversary of the James Bond films. The book, with many pictures, is based on Moore's own memories, thoughts, and anecdotes about all things 007 with some of the profits of the book going to UNICEF.[88]

BibliographyEdit

  • Roger Moore as James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming Live and Let Die. 1973. ISBN 9780330236539. 
  • My Word is My Bond: The Autobiography. 2008. ISBN 9781843173878. 
  • Bond on Bond: The Ultimate Book on 50 Years of Bond Movies. 2012. ISBN 9781843178613. 
  • Last Man Standing. 2014. ISBN 9781782432074. (published as One Lucky Bastard in the United States) 

FilmographyEdit

 
With Kathleen Crowley in Maverick (1961)
 
Moore, c. 1960
Year Title Role Notes
1954 The Last Time I Saw Paris[28] Paul
1955 Interrupted Melody Cyril Lawrence
The King's Thief [28] Jack
1956 Diane[28] Prince Henri
1958 Ivanhoe[28] Ivanhoe TV series
1959 The Miracle[28] Capt. Michael Stuart
The Alaskans Silky Harris
Maverick Beau Maverick TV series
1961 The Sins of Rachel Cade[28] Paul Wilton
Gold of the Seven Saints[28] Shaun Garrett
1962 Romulus and the Sabines[28] Romulus
No Man's Land Enzo Prati
1962–
1969
The Saint[28] Simon Templar TV series
1968 The Fiction Makers Simon Templar
1969 Vendetta for the Saint[28]
Crossplot[28] Gary Fenn
1970 The Man Who Haunted Himself[28] Harold Pelham
1971 The Persuaders![28] Brett Sinclair
1973 Live and Let Die[28] James Bond
1974 Gold[28] Rod Slater
The Man with the Golden Gun[28] James Bond
1975 That Lucky Touch[28] Michael Scott
1976 Street People[28] Ulysses
Shout at the Devil[28] Sebastian Oldsmith
1977 Sherlock Holmes in New York[28] Sherlock Holmes
The Spy Who Loved Me[28] James Bond
1978 The Wild Geese[28] Lieutenant Shaun Fynn
1979 Escape to Athena [28] Major Otto Hecht
Moonraker[28] James Bond
North Sea Hijack[28] Rufus Excalibur ffolkes
1980 The Sea Wolves[28] Captain Gavin Stewart
Sunday Lovers[28] Harry Lindon
1981 The Cannonball Run[28] Seymour
For Your Eyes Only[28] James Bond
1983 Octopussy[28]
Curse of the Pink Panther[28] Chief Insp. Jacques Clouseau
1984 The Naked Face[28] Dr. Judd Stevens
1985 A View to a Kill[28] James Bond
1990 Fire, Ice and Dynamite[28] Sir George Windsor
Bullseye![28] Sir John Bevistock
1992 Bed & Breakfast[28] Adam
1995 The Man Who Wouldn't Die[28] Thomas Grace
1996 The Quest[28] Lord Edgar Dobbs
1997 Spice World[28] The Chief
2001 The Enemy[28] Supt. Robert Ogilvie
2002 Boat Trip[28] Lloyd Faversham
2010 Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore [28] Tab Lazenby
2011 A Princess for Christmas[89] Edward, Duke of Castlebury
2013 Incompatibles[30] Himself

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Roger Moore: Ein Schweizer Werbestar". 
  2. ^ "Roger Moore, the longest-serving Bond". CNN. Retrieved 23 May 2017
  3. ^ "Sir Roger Moore: 'Sir Sean Connery is the best Bond'. BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2017
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Roger Moore obituary: the star who gave James Bond a martini-dry wit". BFI. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Roger Moore Biography (1927–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c Sellers, Robert (23 May 2017). "Sir Roger Moore: Remembering the quintessential English actor forever linked with James Bond and The Saint". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "Genealogy Reviews: Families of the Famous: James Bond". 
  8. ^ "At war again". Dr Challoner's Grammar School. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c "Obituary: Sir Roger Moore". BBC News. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "No. 37793". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 November 1946. p. 5719. 
  11. ^ "How it all began...". Combined Services Entertainment. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Moore, Roger (2014). Last Man Standing: Tales from Tinseltown. London: Michael O'Mara Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-78243-207-4. 
  13. ^ "Interrupted Melody". American Film Institute. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Maltin, Leonard (2005). Leonard Maltin's Classic Movie Guide. Penguin. ISBN 9780698197299. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Roger Moore: 1927-2017". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Ivanhoe (1958)". 
  17. ^ "Ivanhoe at Television Heaven". 
  18. ^ "'Right off the Boat', Part 2, The Roaring 20s". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  19. ^ p.111 Callan, Michael Feeney Sean Connery 2002 Virgin Publishing
  20. ^ "Moore answer to a June 2007 question on his official website". 
  21. ^ a b "MAVERICK Mondays: "The Rivals" (1959)". Hornsection.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  22. ^ "8 Cancelled TV Shows That Got A ‘Twin Peaks’-Style Revival". indiewire.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d Malone, Aubrey. The Defiant One:A Biography of Tony Curtis. p. 149. ISBN 0786475951. 
  24. ^ "The Persuaders! (1971–1972) Trivia". 
  25. ^ Rozen, Leah (19 October 2012). "50 Years of James Bond: Roger Moore, Seven Times 007". www.bbcamerica.com. Retrieved 20 August 2015. [Moore] played James Bond in 1964 on TV opposite British actress Millicent Martin in a guest appearance on her BBC comedy show, Mainly Millicent. 
  26. ^ "James Bond: 12(!) actors, and 26 movies in 54 years". the web log of Evert. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  27. ^ "Roger Moore: debonair 007 played Bond role for laughs". The Australian. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Roger Moore". BFI. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  29. ^ Champlin, Charles (17 September 1989). "Roger Moore and Talia Shire Take Sequel Break". latimes.com. 
  30. ^ a b "6 memorable Roger Moore roles including James Bond 007". New York Daily News. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  31. ^ "Roger Moore in gay role". Daily Mail. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  32. ^ Bremner, Rory Beware of Imitations (1999)
  33. ^ "Episode 6 Have I Got News for You, Series 44 Episode 6 of 11". BBC. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  34. ^ "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain 2015". GQ. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. 
  35. ^ "Roger Moore backs children's fairy tales app in aid of Unicef". The Guardian. 18 June 2015. 
  36. ^ "The Fly Who Loved Me (directed by Dan Chambers)". Unicef.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 September 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  37. ^ "People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Foundation". Peta.org.uk. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  38. ^ "Roger Moore helps Selfridges to Drop Foie Gras". Peta.org.uk. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  39. ^ a b c McGrath, Nick (30 September 2012). "Roger Moore: 'I love cash. The sheer luxury of crispy £1 notes'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  40. ^ a b Roger Moore (10 October 2009). My Word is My Bond: The Autobiography. Michael OMara. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-1-84317-419-6. 
  41. ^ Sir Roger Moore: James Bond actor 'beaten up by first two wives' Daily Telegraph 12 Sept 2012
  42. ^ a b c d e f "Obituary: Dorothy Squires", The Times, London, 15 April 1998, pg. 21
  43. ^ May, Luke. "Sir Roger Moore, former James Bond actor, Bexley and Tunbridge Wells resident, dies aged 89 from cancer". Kentnews.co.uk. Archant. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  44. ^ Retrieved May 2017
  45. ^ a b "Moore pays for Squires operation." The Times, London, 31 May 1996, pg. 6
  46. ^ a b c d e f Davies, Hugh (10 October 2000). "Roger Moore pays wife £10m in divorce deal". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  47. ^ "News in Brief", The Times, London, 12 April 1969, pg. 3
  48. ^ a b c d e f g Cavendish, Lucy (17 November 2003). "Roger Moore Saint or Sinner?". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  49. ^ "Geoffrey Moore". IMDb. 
  50. ^ Anstead, Mark (10 August 2002). "Yes, the name's bonds". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  51. ^ "Christian Moore". IMDb. 
  52. ^ James Bone. "Roger Moore's £10m divorce." The Times, London, 10 October 2000
  53. ^ a b Lee, Veronica (26 October 2003). "Roger Moore interview: 'If I had 24 hours to live, I'd make a dry martini'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  54. ^ Roger Moore's Daughter, Christina Knudsen, Dies Aged 47 - Huffington Post UK
  55. ^ "Sir Roger Moore on Twitter". 
  56. ^ "Sir Roger Moore on Twitter". 
  57. ^ "'Sean played Bond as a killer - I played him as a lover': Roger Moore's best quotes". 
  58. ^ "Campaigning with the stars". BBC News. 14 May 2001. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  59. ^ "Sir Roger Moore: 'I've paid my dues in taxes'". NME. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  60. ^ "BECTU has expressed sadness at the death of Sir Roger Moore, aged 89". 
  61. ^ a b c d Julia Llewelyn Smith (30 April 2014). "Sir Roger Moore: 'I can't drink martinis any more – but life is bliss'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  62. ^ "Monaco Ambassador's Club – News". Monaco Ambassadors Club. Prince's Palace of Monaco. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  63. ^ "Sir Roger Moore defends decision to live in Monaco and Switzerland". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  64. ^ Gordon, Bryony (24 September 2008). "Sir Roger Moore: I'm the worst James Bond, they say". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  65. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/sep/29/roger-moore-my-family-values
  66. ^ Chase, Chris (26 June 1981). "At the Movies: Roger Moore is anybody's replacement". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  67. ^ "Roger Moore: 'It's all a bit of a joke'". Sunday Star Times. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  68. ^ McKay, Sinclair (11 October 2008). "Review: Roger Moore: My Word Is My Bond by Roger Moore". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2017 ; "Bond star Sir Roger Moore gets asked strange stuff". BBC. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  69. ^ Moore, Roger (1973). Roger Moore As James Bond: Roger Moore's Own Account of Filming 'Live and Let Die'. London: Pan Books. pp. 15, 46. ISBN 9780330236539. 
  70. ^ Moore, Roger (2012). Bond on Bond: Reflections on 50 Years of James Bond Movies. Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press. p. 141. ISBN 9780762782819. 
  71. ^ France, Lisa (23 May 2017). "Roger Moore, '007' actor, dies at 89". CNN. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  72. ^ "Roger Moore collapses on stage". The Guardian. 9 May 2003. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  73. ^ "Sir Roger Moore, James Bond actor, dies at age 89". BBC News. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  74. ^ "Family tweet re death of Sir Roger Moore". Twitter.com. 23 May 2017. 
  75. ^ "Six Royals and 007: Memorial Service for Princess Lilian". The Diplomatic Dispatch. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  76. ^ Barchfield, Jenny (30 June 2011). "Monaco palace releases wedding guest list". Forbes. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  77. ^ "No. 55354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1998. p. 23. 
  78. ^ a b "No. 56963". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2003. p. 24. 
  79. ^ "Sir Roger Moore, James Bond actor, dies of cancer aged 89". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 May 2017
  80. ^ "Roger Moore Official Site". Roger-moore.com. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  81. ^ "Roger Moore, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres". leparisien.fr. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  82. ^ "University of Hertfordshire News". University of Hertfordshire. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  83. ^ "Sir Roger Moore receives Dag Hammarskjöld Inspiration Award for his work with UNICEF". UNICEF. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  84. ^ "Katy Perry gets charity award for her work with children from Hillary Clinton". BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  85. ^ Actor Roger Moore Receives the Federal Service Fotografia de Noticias. Getty Images. 
  86. ^ "Roger Moore’s 1973 Book About The Making Of LIVE AND LET DIE Is Straight-Up Bonkers". birthmoviesdeath.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  87. ^ "Roger Moore's official website". Roger-moore.com. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  88. ^ "Bond on Bond Review". mi6-hq.com. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  89. ^ "Roger Moore is shooting “Christmas at Castlebury Hall” in Romania". nineoclock.ro. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 

External linksEdit