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Jack Whittingham (2 August 1910 - 3 July 1972) was a British playwright and screenwriter.
|Born||8 August 1910|
Heaton, England, UK
|Died||3 July 1972 (aged 61)|
|Years active||1939 - 1970|
|Spouse(s)||Margot Isobel Gough (1942 - his death)|
Whittingham was born in Heaton, West Yorkshire, England and educated at Charterhouse between 1924 and 1929. He then went up Lincoln College, Oxford to read law. During the early 1930s he was briefly engaged to the Wrigley heiress, Ada Elizabeth Offield. Between 1932 and 1937, Whittingham worked for a number of newspapers and in 1937 joined Alexander Korda as a contract screenwriter. During the Second World War, he was based on Iceland with an artillery regiment.
In 1942 he married Margot Isobel Gough and they had a daughter, Suilven (Sylvan) born 2 December 1943, and boy, Jonathan, born 5 June 1946.
Beginning with the film Q Planes in 1938, Whittingham was a prolific screenwriter. Between 1937 and 1948, he wrote 14 screenplays for companies including RKO, Associated British Picture Corporation, British National and Ealing Studios.
In 1948 he was a contracted screenwriter for Ealing Studios. He wrote the original story and screenplay for Cage of Gold (1950), Pool of London (1951), Hunted (1952), The Divided Heart (1954) and the screenplay for I Believe in You (1954), Mandy (1952) and West of Zanzibar (1954).
Whittingham collaborated with Ian Fleming and producer, Kevin McClory on a James Bond screenplay for a film. However, when Fleming developed cold feet about Kevin McClory as producer of this very first James Bond screenplay, he novelised the work into his ninth official novel, Thunderball; however, the novel only credited Fleming.
McClory and Whittingham then sued Fleming, which led to a settlement in 1963 that gave McClory the film rights to the novel. During the lawsuit, Whittingham stepped down as 'co-plaintiff' and stood by Kevin as 'principal witness', having previously signed away all his rights "of whatsoever nature" entirely when the screenplay was presumed finished. As a result of the settlement, future versions of the novel were forced to credit, based on the screen treatment by Kevin McClory, Jack Whittingham, and Ian Fleming (in that order). Two adaptations of Thunderball were subsequently made, the first being Thunderball in 1965 as part of the series of films from Eon Productions. The second adaptation was the film Never Say Never Again in 1983. Further adaptations had been planned at one point or another by McClory, but were scrapped due to lawsuits from MGM and United Artists.
In the actual film Thunderball, credits are somewhat complex. Like a good number of James Bond films, it was promoted as "Ian Fleming's Thunderball." The screenplay was credited to Richard Maibaum and John Hopkins, but was credited as having been "Based on an original screenplay by Jack Whittingham," which also was credited as being "Based on the original story by Kevin McClory, Jack Whittingham, and Ian Fleming". Jack's sole original screenplay credit has been omitted from posters and other promotional materials.
Whittingham died of a heart attack in Valletta, Malta on 3 July 1972.
- Q Planes (1939)
- Escape to Danger (1943)
- Welcome, Mr. Washington (1944)
- Twilight Hour (1945)
- Waltz Time (1945)
- Kiss the Bride Goodbye (1945)
- The Laughing Lady (1946)
- The Lisbon Story (1946)
- Green Fingers (1947)
- Counterblast (1948)
- The Dancing Years (1950)
- Cage of Gold (1950)
- Pool of London (1951)
- Mandy (1952)
- Hunted (1952)
- West of Zanzibar (1954)
- The Divided Heart (1954)
- I Believe in You (1954)
- The Birthday Present (1957)
- Never Say Never Again (1983) - used Whittingham's original treatment
- Danger Man (1964)