Wedding of Albert II, Prince of Monaco, and Charlene Wittstock
The wedding between Albert II, Prince of Monaco, and Charlene Wittstock took place on 1 and 2 July 2011 at the Prince's Palace of Monaco. It has been described as Monaco's "biggest party in 55 years", in other words, the biggest since the wedding of Albert's parents, Rainier III and Grace Kelly. Prince Albert and Wittstock first met in 2000 at a swimming competition in Monaco in which she was participating. They announced their engagement on 23 June 2010.
Albert II, Prince of Monaco, and Charlene Wittstock on their wedding day.
1 July 2011 (civil ceremony) |
2 July 2011 (religious ceremony)
|Location||Prince's Palace of Monaco|
Albert II, Prince of Monaco|
Prince Albert II is the current Sovereign Prince of Monaco, having succeeded his father Rainier III in April 2005. Charlene Wittstock was born in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) but moved to South Africa with her family when she was 12. She has represented South Africa in swimming, and participated in the 2000 Sydney Olympics. She met Prince Albert at the 2000 Marenostrum International Swimming Meet in Monaco, which he presided over. She retired from swimming in 2007. Prince Albert was also an athlete, competing in bobsleigh in five Olympics.
During the week before the wedding, the palace was forced to deny reports that Wittstock had been getting cold feet. French weekly L'Express reported that Wittstock tried to leave Monaco on Tuesday, 28 June, after rumours surfaced that Albert had fathered a third illegitimate child. The report claimed Monaco police intercepted her at Nice Côte d'Azur Airport and confiscated her passport, and that it took "intense convincing" by Albert and palace officials for her to stay. The palace called the stories "ugly rumours" born out of jealousy.
A two-day public holiday for the celebrations was declared.
Best man and maid of honourEdit
Stamp of MonacoEdit
On the occasion of Prince Albert II of Monaco’ marriage to Miss Charlene Wittstock, on 1 July 2011 the Stamp Issuing Office of Monaco issue the postage stamp (Block), created by Georgy Shishkin (laureate of competition).
The wedding dress of Wittstock was designed by Giorgio Armani. Lexus was the official car supplier for the wedding. The bride and groom traveled in a Lexus hybrid car to Sainte-Dévote Chapel, where Princess Charlene laid her bridal bouquet to Saint Devota, the patron saint of Monaco, in accordance with Monegasque tradition.
The civil ceremony took place on Friday 1 July 2011 in the Throne Room of the Prince's Palace. The ceremony was conducted by Philippe Narmino, Director of Judicial Services and president of the Council of State. Wittstock wore a silken blue jacket with ankle-length pants by Chanel. After the confirmation by Narmino, the newlywed couple signed the marriage register with a specially created pen made by Montblanc in gold and precious stones and adorned with their monogram . In connection with the civil ceremony, Wittstock received the formal style Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco. The 20-minute ceremony was also attended by Prince Albert's sisters Caroline, Princess of Hanover, and Princess Stéphanie of Monaco.
After the ceremony, the couple appeared on the balcony of the Salon des Glaces to salute the crowds. They waved and kissed each other shyly, prompting another round of cheers from the crowd. The couple were also joined by Princesses Caroline and Stéphanie with their children as well as Charlene's parents and brothers.
They joined other Monegasques in the Palace Square for a specially prepared buffet with Mediterranean and South African dishes by Chefs from South Africa and Monaco, headlined by multiple Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse.
A free concert was performed by French composer Jean-Michel Jarre and his group at 22:00 hours on the Port Hercules, with an attendance of 100,000. It included a display of lights, lasers and fireworks. The new couple appeared on stage with the Princess adorned in a bespoke necklace made of 18K rose gold set with diamonds and pearls designed by the jewelery house Tabbah.
The religious ceremony took place the following day in the courtyard of the palace. Unlike other recent royal weddings and the wedding of Rainier and Grace, the religious ceremony was not held in a cathedral. The ceremony was conducted by the Archbishop of Monaco, Bernard Barsi. The palace gates were open so that up to 3,500 visitors could follow the ceremony on giant screens in the palace square. Screens were also set up throughout the tiny principality. The couple then left for Sainte-Dévote Chapel to place the bride's bouquet, during which voyage they were greeted by the public along the procession route. Part of the ceremony was in Afrikaans, a language of Dutch origin, which is spoken in Charlene's home country of South Africa.
The bridesmaids were children dressed in the national dress of Monaco. The dresses were designed by Princess Caroline and Jean-Christophe Maillot, the director of the Les Ballets de Monte Carlo The dresses featured personal touches, such as silk stockings embroidered with the couple's monogram, and aprons that featured both the couple's monogram and the name of the area of Monaco that each girl is from. Each outfit took more than 120 hours to create. The girls were also wearing necklaces of black velvet ribbon with gold crosses given to them by Prince Albert.
The dinner reception took place on the terraces of the Opéra de Monte-Carlo, followed by fireworks and the opening of the Opéra Ball. The Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra and the Opéra Choir performed under the direction of Lawrence Foster. Other performers included Andrea Bocelli, Renée Fleming, Pumeza Matshikiza accompanied by French guitarist Eric Sempe and percussionist Patrick Mendez, Juan Diego Flórez, Lisa Larsson, Wiebke Lehmkuhl, Kenneth Tarver, and Alexander Vinogradov.
The guest list consists of reigning and non-reigning royalty, other heads of state and government, ambassadors to Monaco from various countries, businessmen, entertainers, fashion designers, models, and sportspersons. The following is a list of notable guests who attended the religious ceremony:
- The Princess and Prince of Hanover, the groom's elder sister and her husband
- Princess Stéphanie of Monaco, the groom's younger sister
- Christian Louis de Massy and Cecile de Massy, the groom's first cousin and his wife
- Baroness Elisabeth-Anne de Massy, the groom's first cousin
- Baron Jean-Léonard Taubert-Natta de Massy
- Baroness Susanna Taubert-Natta de Massy
- Mélanie-Antoinette Costello de Massy
- Keith Sébastien de Massy and Donatella Knecht de Massy
- Christine Knecht of Massy
- Alexia Knecht of Massy
- Vittoria Knecht of Massy
- Baron Jean-Léonard Taubert-Natta de Massy
- Michael Wittstock and Lynette Wittstock, the bride's parents
- Gareth Wittstock, the bride's younger brother
- Sean Wittstock, the bride's younger brother
- The King and Queen of Sweden
- The King and Queen of the Belgians
- The King of Lesotho
- The Grand Duke and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
- The King of Bafokeng
- The Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Denmark
- Prince Joachim and Princess Marie of Denmark
- The Prince of Orange and Princess Máxima of the Netherlands
- The Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway
- The Hereditary Prince and Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
- The Crown Prince of Bahrain
- The Earl and Countess of Wessex
- Prince and Princess Michael of Kent
- Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein and Princess Sara Faisal of Jordan
- Princess Lalla Meryem of Morocco
- Sharifa Lalla Soukaïna Filali
- Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana of Thailand
Royalty from non-reigning dynastiesEdit
- Empress Farah of Iran
- The Grand Duchess of Russia
- The Prince and Princess of Prussia
- The Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Serbia
- The Prince and Princess of Naples
- The Crown Princess and Prince Radu of Romania
- The Duke and Duchess of Anjou
- The Count and Countess of Paris
- The Duke and Duchess of Braganza
- The Duke and Duchess of Castro
- The Margrave and Margravine of Baden
- The Hereditary Prince and Hereditary Princess of Baden
- The Landgrave of Hesse
- The Aga Khan
- Prince Leopold and Princess Ursula of Bavaria
- Prince Christian of Hanover
- Princess Virginia of Fürstenberg
- Donna Beatrice Borromeo
Government and diplomacyEdit
- George Abela (President of Malta)
- Maria Luisa Berti and Filippo Tamagnini (Captains Regent of San Marino)
- Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (President of Iceland)
- Mary McAleese (President of Ireland)
- Nicolas Sarkozy (President of France)
- Pál Schmitt (President of Hungary)
- Michel Suleiman (President of Lebanon)
- Christian Wulff (Federal President of Germany)
- Marthinus Van Schalkwyk (Minister of Tourism of South Africa)
- Jeff Radebe (Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development of South Africa)
- Angelino Alfano (Minister of Justice of Italy)
- Karlheinz Töchterle (Minister for Science and Research of Austria)
- Salma Ahmed (Ambassador of Kenya to Monaco and France)
- Constantin Chalastanis (Ambassador of Greece to Monaco and France)
- Mirko Galic (Ambassador of Croatia to Monaco and France)
- Kornelios Korneliou (Ambassador of Cyprus to Monaco and France)
- Ulrich Lehner (Ambassador of Switzerland to Monaco and France)
- Marc Lortie (Ambassador of Canada to Monaco and France)
- Lejeune Mbella Mbella (Ambassador of Cameroon to Monaco and France)
- Tomasz Orlowski (Ambassador of Poland to Monaco and France)
- Charles Rivkin (Ambassador of the United States to Monaco and France)
- Missoum Sbih (Ambassador of Algeria to Monaco and France)
- Veronika Stabej (Ambassador of Slovenia to Monaco and France)
- Viraphand Vacharathit (Ambassador of Thailand to Monaco and France)
- Gerhard Berger (former Formula One racing driver)
- Jonas Björkman (former World Number 4 professional tennis player)
- Sergey Bubka (retired pole vaulter)
- Nadia Comăneci (gymnast)
- Charmaine Crooks (athlete)
- Bob Ctvrtlik (volleyball player)
- Sophie Edington (backstroke and freestyle swimmer)
- Patrice Evra (international footballer)
- Mark Foster (butterfly and freestyle swimmer)
- Frankie Fredericks (former track athlete)
- Graham Hill (swimming coach and former competitive swimmer)
- Jacky Ickx (former racing driver) and Khadja Nin
- Branislav Ivkovic (swimming coach, who trained Charlene Wittstock ahead of the 2008 Beijing Olympics)
- Byron Kelleher (rugby union half-back)
- Henri Leconte (former professional tennis player)
- Axel Lund Svindal (World Cup alpine ski racer)
- Julia Mancuso (alpine ski racer)
- Ian McIntosh (rugby union coach)
- Elana Meyer (former long-distance runner)
- Ilie Năstase (former professional tennis player)
- Ryk Neethling (swimmer)
- Terence Parkin (deaf swimmer)
- François Pienaar (former rugby player)
- Nicola Pietrangeli (former tennis player)
- Sarah Poewe (professional swimmer)
- Wayne Riddin (swimming coach and former competitive swimmer)
- Count Jacques Rogge (President of the International Olympic Committee)
- Roland Schoeman (swimmer)
- Sir Jackie Stewart (former racing driver and team owner)
- Jean Todt (President of the FIA) and Michelle Yeoh
- Franziska van Almsick (swimmer)
- Pernilla Wiberg (alpine ski racer, IOC member)
- Giorgio Armani
- Roberta Armani
- Terrence Bray
- Naomi Campbell
- Roberto Cavalli
- Inès de La Fressange
- Sébastien Jondeau
- Karolína Kurková
- Tereza Maxová
- Karl Lagerfeld
Celebrities and othersEdit
- Bernard Arnault and Hélène Mercier-Arnault
- Dame Shirley Bassey
- Andrea Bocelli (tenor, multi-instrumentalist and classical crossover artist)
- Bernadette Chirac (former First Lady of France)
- Bernice Coppieters (ballet artist and member of the Les Ballets de Monte Carlo)
- Donna D’Cruz (DJ and model)
- Renée Fleming
- Francisco Flores Pérez (President of El Salvador between 1999 and 2004)
- Juan Diego Flórez (opera tenor)
- Jean-Christophe Maillot (dancer and choreographer)
- Jean-Michel Jarre (musician)
- Pumeza Matshikiza (lyric soprano)
- Sir Roger Moore and Lady Moore
- Guy Laliberté (Canadian entrepreneur, philanthropist, poker player, space tourist and CEO of Cirque du Soleil)
- Yves Piaget (Swiss watch-maker and President of Piaget SA)
- Eric Peugeot (French marketing engineer)
- Bertrand Piccard
- Johann Rupert (South African businessman and chairman of Richemont, VenFin and Remgro)
- Eric Sempe (French guitarist)
- Sonu Shivdasani (Founder and former CEO of the Six Senses group)
- Victoria Silvstedt (celebrity, model, actress, singer, and television personality)
- Sir Michael Smurfit
- Umberto Tozzi (pop/rock singer and composer)
Their honeymoon started out at the International Olympic Committee meeting, in Durban, South Africa, where they stayed in the £4600 a night Presidential Suite of the five star The Oyster Box hotel in Umhlanga, just north of Durban, South Africa. After the meeting was over, they flew to a paparazzi-free honeymoon in Mozambique.
- "The other royal wedding – Prince Albert and Charlene". Deutsche Presse-Agentur. The Times (South Africa). 5 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Monaco Prince Albert to wed Olympian Charlene Wittstock". BBC News. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Biographical details for Ms. Charlene Lynette Wittstock". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Charlene Wittstock". YourMonaco. 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Prince Albert of Monaco engaged to Charlene Wittstock". BBC News. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Monaco's three-day royal wedding kicks off". Nine News. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Prince Albert of Monaco weds Charlene Wittstock". Associated Press. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Prince Albert Reportedly Had Charlene Wittstock's Passport Confiscated: Monaco's Runaway Bride Going Nowhere Fast". International Business Times. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Monaco prince marries South African swimmer". Reuters. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Bart, Katharina (2011-04-27). "Monaco Hopes for Tourism Boost From 'Other' Royal Wedding". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
- "Prince Albert's wedding festivities begin". CBS News. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Monaco royal wedding: Will Caroline's husband make an appearance?". Hello!. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Heads of State and official personalities". Princely Wedding Monaco 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Livingstone, Natalie. "Fit For a Princess: Charlene Wittstock". Variety. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- The Stamp Issuing Office of Monaco, Block of H.S.H. Prince Albert II of Monaco' marriage to Miss Charlene Wittstock
- "Lexus receives royal appointment from Monaco". Carmony. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Additional information". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- AFP (1 July 2011). "Monaco toasts royal couple as Albert finally ties the knot". Vancouver Sun. Canada. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Information on the civil and religious wedding of HSH Prince Albert II and Ms Charlene Wittstock". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Biography". Prince's Palace of Monaco. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Prince Albert and Charlene Wittstock Are Married". People. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Monaco royal wedding: Prince Albert II marries Charlene Wittstock". Los Angeles Times. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "The program". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Grace Kelly Remembered, Prince Albert II of Monaco and Charlene Wittstock Wed". ABC News. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Monaco's royal wedding". MSNBC. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Celeb Chef Alain Ducasse Prepares to Cook for Monaco's Royal Wedding. 11 June 2011. Foxnews.com
- "Monaco celebrates a royal wedding". CNN. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "HSH Princess Charlene Wears Tabbah's Infinite Cascade Necklace". Haute Living. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Monaco royal weddings: Prince Albert II and Princess Charlene". Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "The Religious ceremony and The Musical Programme". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Barchfield, Jenny (30 June 2011). "Monaco palace releases wedding guest list". Forbes. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Biographical Information of Heads of State and Other Official Personalities Present at the Religious Wedding Ceremony" (PDF). Princely Wedding Monaco 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Find out the personalities present at the Royal wedding". Official website of the Royal Wedding. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- www.palais.mc/. Missing or empty
- "Monaco palace releases guest list for royal wedding". today.msnbc.com. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Field, Catherine (30 June 2011). "Royal wedding aims to revive glamour days". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Photograph of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent during the wedding
- Royal guests present – Glittering Royal Events Message Board
- MCO: Monaco Royal Wedding – Guest Sightings – website gettyimages.nl
- "Matrimonio Alberto di Monaco". Oggi TV. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Ritz, Carly (29 June 2011). "Who's who at the do". The New Age. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Allen, Peter (5 July 2011). "The £4,600-a-night hotel where Prince Albert is 'trying to persuade Charlene to stay in marriage'". Daily Mail. Retrieved 5 July 2011.