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National service is a system of either compulsory or voluntary government service, usually military service. Conscription is mandatory national service. The term national service comes from the National Service (Armed Forces) Act 1939. Voluntary enrollments at the US Peace Corps and AmeriCorps are also known as national service. Many young people spent one or more years in such programmes. Compulsory military service typically requires all male citizens to enroll for one or two years, usually at age 18 (later for university-level students), while Voluntary national service requires only three months of basic military training. The US equivalent is Selective Service.
- "National Service (Armed Forces) Act 1939". hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Davenport-Hines, Richard (20 August 2014). "National Service: Conscription in Britain 1945-1963 by Richard Vinen – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2018.