It is situated 2.4 miles (3.9 km) south of Charing Cross. Battersea, Brixton, Clapham, South Lambeth and Kennington all border Stockwell. Once one of London's poorest neighbourhoods, it is now[when?] an up-and-coming area, owing to its close proximity to Central London and excellent transport links.
Stockwell probably got the second half of its name from a local well; the other half is from "stoc", which was Old English for a tree trunk or post. From the thirteenth to the start of the nineteenth century, Stockwell was a rural manor at the edge of London. It included market gardens and John Tradescant's botanical garden – commemorated in Tradescant Road, which was built over it in 1880, and in a memorial outside St Stephen's church. In the nineteenth century it developed as an elegant middle-class suburb. Residents included the artist Arthur Rackham, who was born in South Lambeth Road in 1867, moving with his family to Albert Square when he was 15. Another famed cultural figure who was born in Stockwell in October 1914, was theatre director Joan Littlewood, who has been called the mother of modern theatre.
Its social and architectural fortunes in the twentieth century were more mixed. The area immediately around Stockwell tube station was extensively rebuilt following the Second World War, and the original domed tube station was replaced first in the 1920s, then again with the opening of the Victoria line in 1971.
The area also has much social housing; the main estates are Lansdowne Green, Stockwell Park, Studley, Spurgeon, Mursell and Stockwell Gardens. However, many remnants of the area's nineteenth-century grandeur can be found in the side and back streets of Stockwell, notably in the Stockwell Park Conservation Area, mostly built between 1825 and 1840 and centred on Stockwell Park Road, Stockwell Park Crescent, Durand Gardens, and Albert Square. The only twentieth-century building of significant architectural interest in the area is Stockwell Bus Garage. Before the creation of the County of London in 1889, Stockwell was part of Surrey.
Stockwell is a ward in the London Borough of Lambeth. Since the elections on 22 May 2014, it has been represented by three Labour councillors: Alex Bigham, Guilherme Rosa and Imogen Walker. From 1979 to 1982, future Labour MP and New Labour 'spin doctor' Peter Mandelson was a ward councillor.
Places of interestEdit
There are three schools in Stockwell ward - St Stephen's, Allen Edwards and Stockwell Primary School - and also a campus of Lambeth College. In the Stockwell area (on Clapham Road) there is also Platanos College, a secondary school, Lansdowne School and numerous primary schools.
In addition to Anglican and Catholic churches, Afro-Caribbean communities have influenced the expression of Christianity in the area, with a variety of congregations, some sharing churches with more long established Anglican and Catholic congregations. One of the many Afro-Caribbean churches is C.A.C. Stockwell.
Population of StockwellEdit
Stockwell and neighbouring South Lambeth are home to one of the UK's biggest Portuguese communities, known as 'Little Portugal'. Most of the local Portuguese people originate from Madeira and Lisbon and have established many cafes, restaurants, bakeries, neighbourhood associations and delicatessens. Stockwell is also home to many people of Caribbean and West African origin. They are also well represented in the local population, and cafes, grocers, barbers' shops and salons run by people from these communities are scattered around Stockwell.
Famous former and current residents of Stockwell include David Bowie, Gary Raymond, Lilian Bayliss, Edward Thomas, Vincent van Gogh (briefly), Violette Szabo, Joanna Lumley, Jerry Dammers, Roger Moore, Roots Manuva, Adam Buxton, Joe Cornish, Nathaniel Clyne, Dot Rotten, Will Self, former Scottish Labour Party leader Jim Murphy, and footballer Paul Davis, who played for Arsenal..
On 22 July 2005, following the 21 July 2005 London bombings, Stockwell gained notoriety as the scene of the shooting by police of an innocent Brazilian electrician, Jean Charles de Menezes, on a tube train.
Stockwell is well served by buses, with a number of routes either terminating there or passing through the area. The buses are routes 88, 2, 155, 196, 333, P5, 345 and 50. The night buses and 24-hour buses are routes 88, 345, N2 and N155.
Transport and localeEdit
Nearest tube stationsEdit
Nearest railway stationsEdit
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- "Stockwell Park Road". Stockwell Park Residents' Association. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- "Stockwell Park Crescent". Stockwell Park Residents' Association. Archived from the original on 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
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- "Councillor details - Councillor Imogen Walker". Moderngov.lambeth.gov.uk. Lambeth Council. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
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- UK, The Hideout. "Home Page". Archived from the original on 3 November 2008.
- "Platanos College - Home".
- Shoard, Catherine (14 March 2011). "SXSW 2011: Joe Cornish on aliens, hoodies and Attack the Block". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Stockwell bus map" (PDF). tfl.gov.uk. Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2017.