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Waterloo is a London Underground station located beneath Waterloo National Rail station. As of 2017, it is the second busiest station on the London Underground, with 91.27 million users.[3] It is served by four lines: the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and Waterloo & City lines.

Waterloo London Underground
Westbound Jubilee Line platform at Waterloo.jpg
Jubilee line platforms
Waterloo is located in Central London
Waterloo
Waterloo
Location of Waterloo in Central London
LocationSouth Bank
Local authorityLondon Borough of Lambeth
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerLondon Underground
Number of platforms8
AccessibleYes (Jubilee line and southbound Bakerloo line only)[1]
Fare zone1
OSIWaterloo National Rail
Waterloo East National Rail
London Eye Pier London River Services[2]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 89.40 million[3]
2014Increase 91.49 million[3]
2015Increase 95.14 million[3]
2016Increase 100.36 million[3]
2017Decrease 91.27 million[3]
Railway companies
Original companyWaterloo & City Railway
Key dates
1898 (1898)W&CR opened station
1906BS&WR started
1926CCH&R started
1999Jubilee line started
Other information
External links
WGS8451°30′09″N 0°06′47″W / 51.5025°N 0.1130°W / 51.5025; -0.1130Coordinates: 51°30′09″N 0°06′47″W / 51.5025°N 0.1130°W / 51.5025; -0.1130
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

The station is situated in fare zone 1 and is located near the South Bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is within walking distance of the London Eye.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first Underground Line at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).[4] The W&CR, nicknamed "The Drain",[5] achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (now the Bakerloo line) was opened.[4] On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City and South London Railway station at Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.[4]

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor, the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalisation of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail).

In March 1965, a British Rail and London Transport joint planning committee published "A Railway Plan for London" that included a recommendation to revive a plan from the 1900s for an extension of the Piccadilly line's Aldwych branch to Waterloo.[6][7] London Transport had already sought parliamentary approval to construct tunnels from Aldwych to Waterloo in November 1964,[8] and in August 1965, parliamentary powers were granted. Detailed planning took place, although public spending cuts led to postponement of the scheme in 1967 before tenders were invited.[9]

Following a period of closure during 1993 when the Waterloo & City line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of the line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.[10] Due to an Easter shut-down, the first Underground service on the line was on 5 April 1994.[4]

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line platforms were opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.[4] The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.[4] The Jubilee line platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre (460 ft) moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground; the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

ConnectionsEdit

The station is served by London Buses routes 1, 26, 59, 68, 76, 77, 139, 168, 172, 176, 188, 211, 243, 341, 381, 507, 521 and X68 and night routes N1, N68, N76, N171, N343 and N381.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
  5. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). "Deep Under London". The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.
  6. ^ Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. pp. 31–33. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
  7. ^ British Railways Board/London Transport Board (March 1965). A Railway Plan for London (PDF). p. 23.
  8. ^ "Parliamentary Notices". The Times (56185): 2. 3 December 1964. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012.
  9. ^ Connor, J.E. (2001) [1999]. London's Disused Underground Stations. Capital Transport. p. 99. ISBN 1-85414-250-X.
  10. ^ "Waterloo & City line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 20 July 2008.

External linksEdit