List of cycle routes in London
The routes include Cycle Superhighways, Quietways and the older London Cycle Network Plus, all designated by local government body Transport for London (TfL), and National Cycle Network routes designated by sustainable transport charity Sustrans.
Note: not all these routes are dedicated 'traffic free' cycle tracks: most of them also include ordinary roads shared with motor traffic and footpaths shared with pedestrians.
London's Cycle Superhighways are a set of Bike freeways, aimed principally at commuters and more experienced cyclists, providing faster and more direct radial routes between outer and central London. In addition to dedicated route signage they are indicated on the ground by distinctive sky blue painted lanes.
London's Cycle Superhighways were first announced in 2008 by Mayor Ken Livingstone. The original proposal consisted of 12 radial routes, with route numbers in 'clock face' fashion. Although the scheme is coordinated centrally by TfL, it is implemented on the ground by London boroughs. This has led to several changes as the roll out continues, including cancellation of the original CS6 and CS12 routes and addition of two 'North-South' and 'East-West' routes through central London, the latter dubbed the "Crossrail for Bikes".
Cycle Superhighway RoutesEdit
As of June 2018, TfL's website lists eight Cycle Superhighway routes.
|CS1||Tottenham - Seven Sisters - Stamford Hill - Stoke Newington - Dalston - De Beauvoir - Hoxton - The City
|Was completed in April 2016. Unlike the other Superhighways, this route is primarily non-segregated on quieter streets and is thus more similar to the Quietways.||map|
|CS2||Stratford - Stratford High Street - Bow Church - Bow Road - Mile End - Stepney Green - Whitechapel - Aldgate East - City
(A118 - A11)
|Upgrade between Bow and Aldgate was completed in April 2016, with separated cycle tracks replacing cycle lanes along the majority of the route.||map|
|CS3||Barking - North Beckton - Prince Regent Lane - Canning Town - East India - Blackwall - Poplar - Canning Town - Westferry - Shadwell - Tower Gateway
(A13 - A1202 - A3211 - Hyde Park - A402 - A4209)
|CS3 East-West||Tower Hill - Blackfriars - Embankment - Westminster - Hyde Park - Lancaster Gate||Connects with CS3 at Tower Hill.||map|
|CS5||Oval - Vauxhall - Vauxhall Bridge - Pimlico
|To be extended later to eventually run from Lewisham to Victoria
(A20 - A202).
|North-South (CS6)||Elephant & Castle - St. George's Circus - Southwark - Blackfriars - Ludgate Circus - Farringdon - Kings Cross||First section of the route opened in spring 2016 between Elephant and Castle and Stonecutter Street; an extension to Kings Cross was opened in September 2018. The originally proposed CS6 route was to have run from Penge to the City.||map|
|CS7||Colliers Wood - Tooting Broadway - Tooting Bec - Balham - Clapham South - Clapham Common - Clapham High Street - Clapham North - Stockwell - Oval - Kennington - Elephant & Castle - Southwark Bridge - City
(A24 - A3)
|CS8||Wandsworth High Street - Wandsworth Town - Battersea High Street - Battersea Park - Chelsea Bridge - Vauxhall Bridge - Lambeth Bridge
(A3 - A3205 - Vauxhall Cross)
As of April 2019, the TfL website lists two more proposed new Cycle Superhighway routes that are progressing through public consultation and implementation by local borough councils.
Work on a proposed CS11 route (Swiss Cottage to the West End) was abandoned following court action by Westminster City Council in September 2018.
The initial implementation of the cycle superhighways drew criticism on safety grounds, with poor design at some junctions and insufficient segregation of cyclists from motor traffic. For instance in 2009 the London Cycling Campaign proposed a manifesto concerning safety, cycle priority and junction design along the Superhighways. The former Mayor Boris Johnson declined to sign it, but said that TfL would take stakeholders' views into account.
An unofficial 2012 photo journey with commentary along the super highways is available.
In 2013, fatalities continued to draw criticism in the press, for instance urbanist and author Charles Montgomery, writing in The Guardian, described them as "inherently dangerous pieces of infrastructure... [that lead] cyclists directly into confrontation with other vehicles". The junction at Bow roundabout (CS2) saw three cyclists killed in 2013 and the Mayor of Newham Sir Robin Wales made the decision to block the route from entering Newham on the grounds of cyclists' safety.
In 2015, noting that "around 85% of cyclist accidents happen at junctions", TfL announced several new junction design features that aimed to improve safety.
In 2018 the mayor of London's Walking and Cycling Commissioner announced that the Cycle Superhighway brand would be replaced. From Summer 2019 the routes will be branded simply as 'Cycleways'.
Unlike Cycle Superhighways which are intended to give cyclists a quicker way around London, Quietways, also promoted by Transport for London, target less confident cyclists who want to use lower traffic routes, whilst also providing for existing cyclists who want to travel at a more gentle pace.
Routes are generally along back-streets, through parks, along waterways or tree-lined streets, and are designed to overcome barriers to cycling such as high volumes of traffic and unsafe crossings. The route numbers are shown in purple on signs and maps.
The first Quietway (Q1 from Waterloo to Greenwich) opened in June 2016; the second (Q2 from Bloomsbury to Walthamstow) opened in August 2018. As of Summer 2019, TfL's website provided schematic maps for twelve Quietway routes that were at least partially complete, with several more shown on its cycling map of London
|Q1||North section: (Gospel Oak - Kentish Town) - Bloomsbury - Holborn - Covent Garden;
South section: South Bank - Waterloo - Borough - Bermondsey Spa - South Bermondsey - Deptford - Greenwich - (Falconwood - Bexleyheath)
|Camden, City of Westminster, Lambeth, Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich, Bexley||North section: Covent Garden to Bloomsbury.
South section: South Bank to Greenwich; route is diverted around The Den on Millwall match days.
|Q2||West section: East Acton - Wormwood Scrubs - North Kensington - Notting Hill - Bayswater - Edgware Road - (Fitzrovia);
East section: Bloomsbury - Clerkenwell - Angel - Canonbury - De Beauvoir Town - London Fields - Clapton - Lea Bridge - Walthamstow Wetlands - Walthamstow Central
|Hammersmith & Fulham, Kensington & Chelsea, City of Westminster, Camden, Islington, Hackney, Waltham Forest||West section: East Acton to Lancaster Gate
East section: Bloomsbury to Walthamstow.
|Q3||(Regent's Park) - Kilburn - Gladstone Park (Dollis Hill)||City of Westminster, Camden, Brent||Q3 map|
|Q4||Clapham Common to Wimbledon||Lambeth, Wandsworth, Merton||Will share the route of Sustrans NCN20 between Earlsfield and the Wandle Meadow Nature Park||Q4 map|
|Q5||(Waterloo) - Oval - Clapham Common - (Tooting Bec Common - Streatham Common station - Norbury - Thornton Heath - Croydon)||Lambeth, Wandsworth, Croydon||The initial planned route between Norbury and Croydon has had to be redesigned due to issues along Norbury Avenue.||Q5 map|
|Q6||(Mile End - Old Ford - Victoria Park - Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park - Temple Mills - Forest Gate) - Manor Park - Aldersbrook - Valentines Park - Barkingside||Tower Hamlets, Hackney, London Legacy Development Corporation, Newham, Redbridge||Valentines Park is closed at night. Plans for Tower Hamlets section were considered substandard and remain unfunded unless improved. Route will later be extended west to Aldgate and east to Hainault||Q6 map|
|Q7||Elephant & Castle - Walworth - Burgess Park - Camberwell - Dulwich - Crystal Palace||Lambeth, Southwark||Q7 map|
|Q11||City of London (CS3/CS7) - Old Street - Angel|| Islington,||Connects Q2 to CS3 and CS7||Q11 map|
|Q13||Old Street - Shoreditch - Broadway Market||Islington, Hackney||Connects Q2 to Q11||Q13 map|
|Q14||(Waterloo) - Blackfriars Road - Borough - London Bridge - Tower Bridge Road - (Bermondsey - Canada Water - Greenwich) - Thamesmead||Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich||Route has previously been referred to as Jubilee Quietway. A new riverfront section from the Thames Barrier to Woolwich opened in June 2018.||Q14 map|
|Q15||Brompton Cemetery - Earl's Court - South Kensington - Chelsea - (Belgravia)||Kensington & Chelsea, City of Westminster||Q15 map|
|Q16||West Drayton - Stockley Park - North Circular Road - Old Oak Lane - Regent's Canal||Canal & River Trust||Majority of route will be along Grand Union Canal towpath. Improvements along the towpath are scheduled to be completed in 2020.||OSM map|
|Q19||Palmerston Road - Kingston High Street||Kingston upon Thames||An upgrade to part of the old LCN3 route||OSM map|
|Q22||(Victoria Park -) Stratford High Street (CS2) - West Ham - Plaistow - North Beckton (CS3)||Tower Hamlets, London Legacy Development Corporation,Newham||Initial section connects CS2 to CS3 via The Greenway||Q22 map|
|Woolwich to Lee Green Quietway||Woolwich - Queen Elizabeth Hospital - Kidbrooke - Lee Green||Greenwich, Lewisham||Currently signed between Woolwich town centre and Queen Elizabeth Hospital||OSM map|
In 2018 the Mayor of London's Walking and Cycling Commissioner announced that Quietways would also be rebranded. TfL's website states they will be rebranded as 'Cycleways' from Summer 2019.
London Cycle Network PlusEdit
The London Cycle Network Plus (LCN+) aimed to provide a 900 kilometre network of cycle routes throughout Greater London. It was funded by Transport for London and managed by the LCN+ Project Team at the London Borough of Camden. It was launched in 2001, replacing the earlier London Cycle Network (LCN) project, and wound up in 2010.
Although some LCN routes have been upgraded to TfL's new Quietways and Cycle Superhighways, the majority throughout Greater London still exist and are signposted and/or indicated by carriageway markings (although not all the signage uses route numbers). Where route numbers are used in signs, this is usually the LCN route number, but on some route sections the 'LCN+ link' number has been used on signs. (LCN+ link numbers were usually internal reference numbers used for project management.)
London Cycle Network routesEdit
The LCN route numbering used a radial and orbital scheme, as shown by the groupings in the table below. Some routes were also part of the Sustrans National Cycle Network - these are signposted with route numbers on a red background.
The last edition of the LCN route map to be published was the 5th edition (2004).
|Orbital routes in Central zone:|
|0 (Seven Stations Circular)||City - (Waterloo) - Westminster - (Paddington) - (Kings Cross)||Three sections are now part of new TfL routes:
south side of Green Park: East-West CS
Elephant and Castle to the north end of Southwark bridge: CS7
Southwark Bridge to Old Street: Q11
|Radial routes in Central zone:|
|1 (NCN)||Dartford - Greenwich - (Lea Valley) – Waltham Abbey||Greater London portion of Sustrans NCN1||see NCN1 map below|
|2 (A2)||Bexleyheath Eltham Greenwich - Central London / Westminster||Some sections are now Sustrans NCN425 and Quietway Q1 (see above)||map|
|3 (old A3)||(Esher) - Kingston - (Wandsworth) – Battersea - Central London||Some sections will become TfL Quietways Q4, Q5 and Q19 (see above)||map|
|4 (NCN)||Greenwich - Westminster / Central London – (Barnes) - Kingston - Windsor||Greater London portion of Sustrans NCN4||see NCN4 map below|
|5 (old A5)||(Elstree) - Edgware – Kilburn – Westminster – Battersea - Croydon||Portions in South London will become TfL Quietway Q5. Section across Chelsea Bridge/alongside Battersea Park is now Cycle Superhighway CS8||map|
|6||Barnet - Alexandra Palace - Hornsey - Camden – (West End) – (Waterloo) - Elephant and Castle||map|
|7||Elephant and Castle - City - (Finsbury Park) - Wood Green – (Southgate)||Section past Finsbury Park is NCN162. Section from St George's Circus, across Blackfriar's Bridge along Farringdon Road is now Cycle Superhighway CS6||map|
|8||Hammersmith - (Paddington) - (Angel) - Hackney – (Wanstead)||Includes Market Porters & 7 Stations. The portion between King's Cross Road and London Fields is now TfL Quietway Q2||map|
|9||Epping – (Chingford) - Walthamstow - Hackney - City||The portion between London Fields and Millfields Park South is now Quietway Q2; between Virginia Road and the Regent's Canal is now Quietway Q13.||map|
|Radial routes in North East London:|
|10 (A10)||Cheshunt - Enfield - Tottenham - City||The majority of this route between the City and Tottenham has been upgraded to form Cycle Superhighway CS1||map|
|11 (A11)||Epping - (Woodford) - (Leytonstone) - Stratford - City||This route has been updated to form Cycle Superhighway CS2 between Aldgate and Stratford||map|
|12 (A12)||Romford - Ilford - Stratford - City||map|
|13 (A13)||Tilbury - Rainham - (Canning Town) – City||Part of this route has now been upgraded to form part of Cycle Superhighway CS3.||see map for CS3 above|
|14 (A104)||Clapton - Lea Bridge - Whipps Cross - Woodford||map|
|15||(Upminster) - Barking - (Canning Town) - City||The section between Tower Bridge and Canning Town has been upgraded to form Cycle Superhighway CS3||map|
|16||Newham Greenway, Beckton – Stratford – (Cambridge Heath)||The section along The Greenway is now Quietway Q22||map|
|Radial routes in South East London:|
|17||Greenwich Park – Lewisham – Catford – Beckenham, West Wickham||Shares route of Sustrans NCN21 (Waterlink Way) between Elverson Road DLR station and Loampit Vale, Lewisham||map|
|18||Dartford - Erith - Woolwich - Greenwich||map|
|19||Dartford - Bexleyheath - Greenwich||map|
|20 (A20)||Swanley - (Chislehurst) – Lewisham – (Deptford) – (Surrey Docks)||Includes a short section in central Lewisham that follows the route of NCN21||map|
|21 (Waterlink Way)||Greenwich – Lewisham - Catford – (Elmers End) – (New Addington) - Crawley||Greater London portion of Sustrans NCN21||see NCN21 map, below|
|22||Orpington - Bromley – Catford - Peckham - Central London||One section in Bermondsey (Willow Walk/Lynton Road) is now part of Quietway Q1||map , map (alt. quieter route via Surrey Canal Walk) & map (Jubillee Park detour)|
|23 (A23)||Purley - Croydon - Crystal Palace - (Camberwell) - Central London||Northern section (Elephant and Castle to Southwark Bridge) is now TfL Cycle Superhighway CS7. The proposed Quietway Q7 follows some of LCN 23 too.||map|
|24||Carshalton – (Wandsworth)||map|
|25 South Circular||Woolwich - Catford - (Clapham) – (Barnes)||map & map (25a)|
|26||Eltham - Crystal Palace – Streatham – (Wandsworth) – Hammersmith – (Willesden)||map|
|27 (Part A21)||Sevenoaks - Bromley - Crystal Palace – Battersea||map|
|28||Bromley – Lee - Greenwich||map|
|Radial routes in South West London:|
|29||Sutton – Wimbledon – Wandsworth||map|
|30||A30, Staines - (Osterley)||map|
|31||A3 Kingston by-pass parallel, Leatherhead - (Hook) – (New Malden) - Hammersmith||map|
|32||(Ewell) – Kingston – (Whitton)? - Hounslow - Hayes||map|
|33||Leatherhead - (Chessington) - Kingston - Richmond||map & map (spur)|
|Radial routes in North West London:|
|34||(Sunbury) – Hounslow – (Southall)||map|
|35||A315 - Staines - Hounslow - (Chiswick) - Hammersmith||map|
|36||A316 - (Sunbury) - Twickenham - Hammersmith||map|
|37||A316 parallel, (Feltham) - Twickenham - Richmond – (Wandsworth) - Central London||map|
|38||Wimbledon – Putney - Westminster||Short section past Victoria will be part of Quietway Q15||map|
|39||A4020 Uxbridge Road - Uxbridge - Ealing - (Shepherd's Bush) - Central London||map|
|40||A40 (Hillingdon) - (Greenford) – (Hanger Lane) - Central London||map|
|41||Uxbridge Road parallel, (Acton) – Ealing – (Hayes)||map & map (spur)|
|42||Grand Union Canal, Westminster - (Hayes)|
|43||(Grand Union Canal, West Drayton) - (Hayes) - (Brentford)|
|44||A4 - Slough - (Osterley) – Hammersmith – (Hyde Park Corner)||map|
|45||Harrow - Wembley - Kensington – Battersea||map|
|46||(Fulham) – (Willesden)||map|
|47||(Queen's Park) – Wembley – (Kenton)||map|
|48||Kilburn – Wembley – (Kingsbury) - (Stanmore)||map|
|49||(Hendon) - Harrow - (Pinner) – (Northwood)||map|
|50||(Marylebone) – (Hendon) - Potters Bar||map|
|51||(Friern Barnet) - (Golders Green)||map|
|Orbital routes in North East London:|
|54||(Alexandra Palace) - Wood Green – Tottenham - Walthamstow||map|
|55||Barking - Ilford – (Wanstead)||map|
|56||Wood Green - Northumberland Park||The section between Bruce Castle Park and White Hart Lane stadium is now Cycle Superhighway CS1||map|
|57||Dagenham - Chigwell Row - Epping||map|
|58||(Rainham) – Romford - Epping||map|
|59||(Rainham) – (Harold Hill)||Proposed route, never implemented (?)||map|
|61||Romford – (Bedfords Park)||map|
|Orbital routes in South East London:|
|62||Greenwich – (Forest Hill) - Sydenham - Penge||Route signage does not use the route number||map|
|63||Greenwich - Bromley||map|
|64||The O2 – (Mottingham)||map|
|65||Kennington - Peckham Rye - Ladywell - Eltham||Shares route through Ladywell Fields with NCN21||map|
|66||Thamesmead - Plumstead - Falconwood - New Eltham - Chislehurst - Petts Wood||map, map (66a) & map (66b)|
|67||Bromley (Chislehurst) - Woolwich||map|
|68||Bexley – (Abbey Wood)||map & map (68a)|
|69||Orpington – (Bexley) - Dartford||map|
|Orbital routes in South West London:|
|71||East Sheen Common - Roehampton - Wimbledon Park||map|
|73||Croydon – Wimbledon - Richmond||map|
|74||Streatham - Wimbledon - Kingston – Feltham - Heathrow||map|
|75||Woolwich - Eltham - Bromley - Croydon - Sutton - Kingston - Twickenham - Ealing||map|
|76||Orpington - Croydon – Sutton - (Ewell)||map|
|77||(New Beckenham) - (South Croydon) - (Ewell)||map|
|78||Forestdale - Sanderstead||map|
|Orbital routes in North West London:|
|84||(Park Royal) – (Hendon)|
|85||Barnet - Hendon – (Hanger Lane) - Ealing||map|
|86||(Brentford) - Ealing - (Perivale) - (Sudbury)||map|
|87||(Brentford) - (Hanwell) - (Greenford) – (Rayners Lane)||map & map (detour)|
|88||A312, Feltham - (Hayes by pass), - (South Ruislip) - (Rayners Lane) - Edgware||map & map (88a)|
|89||(Heathrow) - (West Drayton) - Uxbridge - (Hatch End) - (Stanmore) - Barnet||map|
|99||A30 - Feltham||Signposted as 99, but is really a completed section of Hounslow's LCN link +99||map|
National and international routesEdit
National Cycle Network routesEdit
The sustainable transport charity Sustrans describe their National Cycle Network (NCN) as "a network of safe traffic-free paths and quiet on-road cycling" that "criss-cross the country, linking up villages, towns and cities". Several of these NCN routes pass through London. NCN routes are signed with white lettering on a blue background, with route numbers having a red background.
|Route Number||National Route Description||Route through London||Notes||OpenStreetMap reference|
|NCN1||Shetland to Dover||Waltham Abbey (town) along the River Lea via Tottenham to the Isle of Dogs, through Greenwich Foot Tunnel, Thames Path from Greenwich to Dartford||Also serves as part of international route EV2 (see below), and was London Cycle Network + route LCN1.|| |
|NCN12||Enfield Lock to Spalding, Lincolnshire||Enfield Lock to Hadley Wood||Currently under development as the "Enfield Island Village to Hadley Wood Greenway"|||
|NCN125||-||Dartford: River Thames to Brooklands Lake along the River Darent||Opened in 2012.||map|
|NCN13||London to Norwich||Tower Bridge - Barking (Royal Docks) – Rainham - Purfleet||shares part of its route with TfL Cycle Superhighway 3|||
|NCN136||—||Rainham to Noak Hill via Upminster|||
|NCN162||—||North London: Finsbury Park to Highbury Fields||Shares most of its route with the old LCN7|||
|NCN177||—||River Thames to South Coast in Kent||Currently open between Northfleet and Rochester, and between Downswood and the western edge of Mote Park.||map|
|NCN20||London to Brighton||Wandle Trail from Wandsworth - Carshalton, then on to Coulsdon||The international Avenue Verte from London to Paris follows NCN20; TfL Quietway Q4 shares the route of NCN20 between Earlsfield and the Wandle Meadow Nature Park|||
|NCN208||—||Raynes Park to Morden|||
|NCN21||London to Eastbourne||Waterlink Way from Greenwich - Lewisham - Catford – (Elmers End) – (New Addington) - Crawley|||
|NCN212||—||Wandle Park to Ashburton Park through central Croydon||Croydon Parks Link, sections opened 2016, 2017||map map|
|NCN232||—||Wandle Park to Lloyd Park through central Croydon||Croydon Parks Link, sections opened 2016, 2017||map|
|NCN4||Fishguard to London||Thames Path between Greenwich and Windsor||Also serves as part of international route EV2 (see below), and was London Cycle Network + route LCN4.|||
|NCN425||—||Burgess Park in Camberwell to Durand's Wharf in Rotherhithe||8.1 km route built with a grant from the National Lottery|||
International Cycle Network routesEdit
London Greenway NetworkEdit
The London Greenways programme ran between 2009 to 2014. It was developed and funded by Transport for London, in partnership with Sustrans (part of their Connect2 and National Cycle Network schemes), the Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) (the 2012 Games Walking and Cycling Routes programme), the London boroughs, the Canal and River Trust, the Mayor’s London’s Great Outdoors initiative and other partners. It developed a number of shared-used cycle and walking routes through and/or providing access to green spaces throughout Greater London. The Greenways initiative closed in March 2014  and became part of the Transport for London's Quietways programme.
London Greenway Network RoutesEdit
No separate numbering system is used for the Greenway Network. Routes include:
- the [Ravensbourne Greenway https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/9633939]
TfL's Cycle mapsEdit
Transport for London used to publish several printed cycling maps, 'Local Cycling Guides', with the final versions of these maps being published in 2017. The ability to order these maps online from the TfL website was removed in 2018.
- open cycle routes
- proposed cycle routes (either under construction or at an advanced stage of planning)
- cycle docking stations
- stations, docks and piers
- Greater London Authority (GLA) boundary
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