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Clapham High Street railway station

Clapham High Street railway station is on the South London Line in Clapham, within the London Borough of Lambeth, Greater London. It is 6 miles 21 chains (10.1 km) measured from London Bridge (the former LC&DR platforms also being 2 miles 25 chains (3.7 km) measured from London Victoria).[3] It is served by London Overground services under the control of the London Rail division of Transport for London.

Clapham High Street London Overground National Rail
Unit 378150 at Clapham High Street Dec 2012.JPG
Clapham High Street is located in Greater London
Clapham High Street
Clapham High Street
Location of Clapham High Street in Greater London
LocationClapham
Local authorityLondon Borough of Lambeth
Managed byLondon Overground
Station codeCLP
DfT categoryF1
Number of platforms2
Fare zone2
OSIClapham North London Underground[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 1.089 million[2]
2014–15Increase 1.222 million[2]
2015–16Increase 2.300 million[2]
2016–17Decrease 2.112 million[2]
2017–18Decrease 1.982 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyLondon, Chatham and Dover Railway
Key dates
25 August 1862Opened
3 April 1916LCDR platforms closed
Other information
External links
WGS8451°27′57″N 0°07′58″W / 51.4658°N 0.1328°W / 51.4658; -0.1328Coordinates: 51°27′57″N 0°07′58″W / 51.4658°N 0.1328°W / 51.4658; -0.1328
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

It is close to Clapham North tube station, and interchange between the two is counted as an Out of Station Interchange on Oyster, so that users are charged for only one journey, rather than two separate journeys.[4]

HistoryEdit

The station was opened on 25 August 1862 by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) as Clapham, renamed Clapham & North Stockwell from May 1863. The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) route (current Atlantic Line, often referred to by its old name of South London Line) was authorized by an 1863 Act of Parliament and parallels the original 1862 LCDR route eastwards between Wandsworth Road and Brixton and beyond. Until the 1923 grouping all lines through the station were owned by the LCDR, with two leased to the LBSCR for their sole use.

 
A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines around Clapham High Street

The original 'south' 1862 line was leased to the LBSCR in 1867 and the LCDR used the new 'north' 1867 lines.

The existing platforms, together with the Grade II listed 1862 station building, form the original station. These platforms were used by the LCDR from 1862 to 1867, and the LBSCR until the 1923 grouping.[5][6]

The 1867 LCDR platforms were closed on 3 April 1916 and subsequently demolished.[7] The eastbound platform's station building was destroyed by a bomb in 1944.[7]

The LCDR 1866 station building (on the north side) was partially demolished in 1924 after the 1916 closure, finally being demolished in the late 1970s. In British Rail days, access to the platforms was via a subway on the north side.[8]

The original south 1862 building was sold, being initially used as a furniture warehouse before being redeveloped in 2003 as residential accommodation. It is now Grade II listed. The platform had a full-length canopy that was demolished in the late 1970s.[7]

The line between London Victoria and London Bridge was electrified at 6600 V AC on the overhead system on 1 December 1909. It was re-electrified in 1928 using third rail 660 V DC and the overhead was dismantled.

In 1937 it was renamed Clapham before receiving its current name in 1989 to avoid confusion with Clapham Junction[9]

 
The station in 1984 with fencing being erected between the platform and former station building

In 2012 Southern refurbished the eastbound platform, erecting a new fence and repaving the surface. In late 2012, London Overground erected new waiting shelters and station name signs.

ServicesEdit

Typical off-peak and peak service is four London Overground trains per hour in each direction.

Preceding station       London Overground   Following station
South London Line
  National Rail
Wandsworth Road   Southeastern
Victoria – Ashford International
1 train per day
  Bromley South
  Historical railways  
Wandsworth Road
Line and station open
  British Rail
Southern Region

South London Line
  East Brixton
Line open, station closed
Wandsworth Road
Line and station open
  London, Chatham & Dover Railway
Main Line
  Brixton
Line and station open

Until 8 December 2012, Clapham High Street was served by a twice-hourly Southern service between London Victoria and London Bridge.

From 9 December 2012, London Overground services began operating between Clapham Junction and Surrey Quays, completing the orbital route around London. As a result, all Southern services were withdrawn and replaced with London Overground services, with four trains calling per hour.[10]

Parliamentary servicesEdit

Since 9 December 2012, Southeastern has operated a limited service from London Victoria. In February 2017, this service was running with one early morning train a day in each direction from Monday to Friday only. Otherwise, Southeastern trains calling at Denmark Hill and Victoria in normal service can pass through the platform lines without stopping, but can be diverted (via Crofton Road Junction between Peckham Rye and Denmark Hill stations) over the non-platform lines when required. Until December 2012, Southern also ran a service from Kensington (Olympia) to Clapham High Street but this was later cut back to Wandsworth Road from Kensington Olympia before being withdrawn completely on 17 June 2013.

As a nominal replacement for the former Southern-operated South London line route to/from Battersea Park, a single train in each direction to/from Highbury & Islington was maintained after the December 2012 timetable change (leaving Battersea Park at 06.17 and returning as the 22.17 Highbury & Islington to Battersea Park). In December 2013 the out of service working between Battersea Park and Dalston Junction was converted to part passenger working running in service weeknights as the 23:09 Battersea Park-Clapham High Street via Wandsworth Road. The train terminated at Clapham High Street before running 'dead' to Dalston Junction and then Silwood Sidings. From May 2016 this service became the 23:03 Battersea Park-Dalston Junction, thereby providing a near complete service from Battersea Park weeknights.

ConnectionsEdit

London Buses routes 50, 88, 155, 322, 345 and P5 and night route N155 serve the station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. 19 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map2R. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
  4. ^ "Out of Station Interchange (OSI)". Oyster and National Rail (independent guide). 26 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  5. ^ London Railway Record July 2012
  6. ^ The London Brighton and South Coast Railway Vol 2 JT Howard Turner
  7. ^ a b c Clapham High Street Archived 23 April 2013 at Archive.today Transport Urban Design
  8. ^ London Railway Record July 2012 Page 103
  9. ^ Forgotten Stations of Greater London (page 121) by J.E.Connor and B.Halford
  10. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/london-overground-extension-to-clapham-junction-faq.pdf TfL London Overground Extension to Clapham Junction

External linksEdit