West Brompton station
West Brompton is a Tube and National Rail station on the District line and West London Line (WLL) in west London, on Old Brompton Road (A3218) immediately south of the demolished Earls Court Exhibition Centre and west of Brompton Cemetery in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
|Local authority||Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||4|
|Accessible||Yes (except District westbound platform)|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|1 September 1866||Opened (WLEJR)|
|12 April 1869||Started (Terminus) (DR)|
|1 March 1880||Started (Through Service) (DR)|
|21 October 1940||Ended (WLL)|
|1 June 1999||Restarted (WLL)|
|London transport portal|
The station is on the Wimbledon branch of the District line between Earl's Court and Fulham Broadway stations. On the WLL, National Rail services are provided by Southern and London Overground, in between Kensington (Olympia) and Imperial Wharf stations.
The station's location on the WLL forms a borough boundary and its tracks are shared between Kensington & Chelsea and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. Since 2000 it has been a Grade II (starting category) Listed Building.
The West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR) was opened in the early 1860s. It joined the southern end of the West London Joint Railway at Kensington (Olympia) station with Clapham Junction station and ran through West Brompton although a station was not opened until 1866. The original station was designed by the chief engineer of the Metropolitan and District Railway, Sir John Fowler and thus has local railway associations that go back to 1838. The current Lillie (road) bridge dates from 1860 and is the work of Fowler. The soon to disappear Lillie Bridge Railway and Engineering Depot, opened in 1872, is close by. Other historic associations are with the Lillie Bridge Grounds, a noted 19th c. athletics, cricket, ballooning and cycling venue adjacent to the West of the station and Brompton Cemetery adjacent to the East. From 1887, the station gave access to John Robinson Whitley's Earl's Court exhibition grounds and from 1937 to 2014 it was the alternative access to Earls Court Exhibition Centre, now demolished.
On 12 April 1869, the District Railway (DR, now the District line) opened its own station adjacent to the WLEJR station as the terminus and only station on its extension from Gloucester Road station (Earl's Court station did not open until 1871). The original plan was to connect the DR to the WLEJR but this did not take place.
On 1 March 1880, the DR opened an extension south from West Brompton to Putney Bridge. In 1906 a heat wave affected the railway such that one of the Underground's electric rails was warped at the station; trains coasted over the affected track until it was repaired.
In 1940, during World War II, several WLL stations sustained bomb damage. Passenger services on the WLL between Willesden Junction and Clapham Junction were withdrawn on 21 October 1940. The Underground station remained in use and the WLL continued in use for freight traffic. The WLL station buildings and platforms were subsequently demolished.
Full passenger services resumed on the WLL in 1994, but it was not until 1 June 1999 that new Network Rail platforms were opened at West Brompton by the then Minister of Transport, Glenda Jackson. There is a commemorative plaque to this effect on the Western lift tower. The station design was by Robinson Kenning and Gallagher of Croydon. The lift tower design is an echo of the decorative brickwork by the 19th c. City of London architect and surveyor, John Young designer of the nearby Empress Place and Lillie Road terrace in Fulham. The works were funded by the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham on whose border the station lies.
The WLL platforms do not have a separate entrance and access is from the Underground station. The District line serves platforms 1 and 2 and the WLL serves platforms 3 and 4. There is a fence between platforms 2 and 3, but they are on the same level and it is possible to pass directly between them.
There are lifts to both overground platforms for wheelchair access, and this means there is also step-free access to the eastbound District line platform, but not the westbound one. The station is in a cutting that is covered at one end.
Typical off-peak services per hour:
London Underground District line
- 3 eastbound to Tower Hill
- 3 eastbound to Barking via Tower Hill
- 6 eastbound to Edgware Road
- 12 westbound to Wimbledon
- 4 northbound to Willesden Junction, of which 2 continue to Stratford.
- 4 southbound to Clapham Junction.
- 1 northbound to Milton Keynes Central via Watford Junction.
- 1 southbound to South Croydon via Clapham Junction and East Croydon.
Additional District line services operate at peak times, with many trains continuing to Barking, Dagenham East or Upminster, while all 4 London Overground services per hour continue to Stratford. Some additional Southern services also operate between Shepherd's Bush and Clapham Junction.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Brompton station.|
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. May 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 August 2020.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007-2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1385365)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Hobhouse (1986), footnote 55.
- Walford, Edward (1878). Underground London: Its railways, subways and sewers. London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin. pp. 224–242 – via British History Online (transcription).
- Hobhouse (1986).
- "Extension of the District Line to Fulham". Daily News. London. 28 February 1880. p. 6 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Effect of Heat on Rails - Mishap on the Metropolitan Line". The Guardian. 14 April 1906. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.
- "(unspecified)".[dead link]
- "West Brompton Station". RKG. 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.
- Blower's Architect's, Surveyor's, Engineer's and Builder's Directory. T. Blower. 1860 – via Archive.org.
- "London Underground Timetables". Transport for London.
- "North London Line/West London Line timetable" (PDF). 22 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2013.
- GB eNRT (May 2016 ed.). Tables 66 & 176.
- Hobhouse, Hermione, ed. (1986). "The Kensington Canal, railways and related developments". Survey of London: Volume 42, Kensington Square To Earl's Court. London. pp. 322–338. Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via British History Online (transcription).
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- London's Abandoned Tube stations – West London Line
- West Brompton, SubBrit disused stations project
- www.Old-maps.co.uk – West Brompton station, 1874
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|West London Line||
towards Clapham Junction
West London Route
|Chelsea and Fulham||West London Line||Kensington (Olympia)|