Willesden Junction station

Willesden Junction is a National Rail station in Harlesden, north-west London, UK. It is served by both London Overground and London Underground services.

Willesden Junction London Underground London Overground
Willesden Junction ('New') Station geograph-4071406-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Willesden Junction is located in Greater London
Willesden Junction
Willesden Junction
Location of Willesden Junction in Greater London
LocationHarlesden
Local authorityLondon Borough of Brent
Managed byLondon Overground
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeWIJ
DfT categoryC2
Number of platforms5
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone2 and 3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2014Increase 4.50 million[2]
2015Increase 4.60 million[2]
2016Increase 4.73 million[2]
2017Decrease 4.68 million[2]
2018Increase 5.16 million[3]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2014–15Increase 4.802 million[4]
– interchange Increase 2.712 million[4]
2015–16Increase 6.243 million[4]
– interchange Decrease 2.600 million[4]
2016–17Decrease 6.197 million[4]
– interchange Decrease 2.513 million[4]
2017–18Decrease 6.070 million[4]
– interchange Decrease 2.340 million[4]
2018–19Decrease 5.944 million[4]
– interchange Decrease 2.093 million[4]
Railway companies
Original companyLondon & North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon Midland & Scottish Railway
Key dates
1837Tracks laid
1 September 1866Opened
10 May 1915Started (Watford DC line & BS&WR)
Other information
External links
WGS8451°31′58″N 0°14′44″W / 51.53266°N 0.24547°W / 51.53266; -0.24547Coordinates: 51°31′58″N 0°14′44″W / 51.53266°N 0.24547°W / 51.53266; -0.24547
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

HistoryEdit

 
Willesden Junction in 1903. The pre-1866 'Willesden' station (near the site of Harlesden station) was on the red line to the west, just beyond the green Midland Railway Dudding Hill Line
 
Willesden Junction main line station - end of platform view in 1962 looking towards Euston
 
A Class 501 awaits departure from the bay platforms, bound for Broad Street (which closed in 1986)

The station developed on three contiguous sites: the West Coast Main Line (WCML) station was opened by the London & North Western Railway on 1 September 1866 to replace the London and Birmingham Railway's Willesden station of 1841 which was 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the northwest. Passenger services ended in 1962 when the platforms were removed during electrification of the WCML to allow the curvature of the tracks to be eased. Later the bridges for the North London Line (NLL) were rebuilt.

The High-Level station on the NLL was opened by the North London Railway in 1869 for two Richmond tracks and later for two Shepherds Bush tracks, both crossing the WCML roughly at right angles. In 1894 a new, combined High-Level station was built, with an island platform plus a third shorter platform for Earls Court trains (which was later removed) together with a new station entrance building which still survives. By 1897 199 passenger and 47 goods trains passed through the High-Level station each day.[5] The 'Willesden New Station' or Low-Level station on the Watford DC Line was opened in 1910 to the north of the main line with two outer through platforms and two inner bay platforms at the London end. The bay platforms were originally long enough for four-coach Bakerloo trains when such trains ran outside peak times, but were shortened in the 1960s when a new toilet block was installed; in more recent times the platform buildings have been reconstructed and the bay length increased due to the addition of a fourth and then a fifth coach to class 378 trains.

In 1896 staff totalled 271, including 79 porters, 58 signalmen (in 14 signal boxes) and 58 shunters and yard foremen. They issued 1,006,886 tickets to passengers in 1896, up from 530,300 in 1886.[5] Many of them were housed in what is now the Old Oak Lane conservation area, built by the LNWR in 1889[6] and which included an Institute, reading room and church.[5]

The main-line platforms were numbered from the south side (including one or two on the Kensington route) followed by the high level platforms and then the DC line platforms which thus had the highest numbers. Later the surviving platforms were re-numbered.

A freight liner terminal was opened in August 1967. It was built on an 18-acre site of the steam locomotive depot along-side the main electrified rail-link. It was opened by John Morris, Parliamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Transport. The terminal had the capacity to handle 2,000 containers a week.[7]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • In July 1858, a train driver - William Pine - was killed when two trains collided at the station. The London to Rugby train was diverted onto the Kew line and struck the train that William Pine was driving. A point man employed at the station - Henry Lamb - subsequently absconded.[8][9] He was captured by the police a month later in Hereford and charged with manslaughter.[10] Lamb was tried at the Central Criminal Court in October 1858 and he was found not guilty.[11]
  • On 31 May 31 1873 a mutilated body of a man was found on the railway track near the station. The victim had been hit by the Irish Mail train as it traveled from London to Rugby.[12]
  • A fire broke out in the Kew and Richmond line ticket office during the morning of Saturday 4 April 1874. The fire gutted booking office and the adjoining rooms, and at one point threatened to engulf the entire station. Rail traffic was delayed by two hours.[13]
  • On 11 November 1879 a passenger train collided with a goods train. Nobody was hurt. A later investigation established that the accident was caused by a signaling error.[14]
  • In September 1880, a young child was killed when he tried to step onto a moving wagon, but fell onto the track and was crushed.[15]
  • In the evening of 6 April 1892, the body of a woman was discovered in the ladies bathroom. Station porters were closing up the station when the body was found in a locked closet. The victim died from razor wounds to the neck.[16] An inquest later established that she had committed suicide.
  • On 22 June 1895, the axle of the London to Scotland express broke as it was leaving the station, blocking the line. No one was injured in the incident.[17]
  • In August 1903, a Congregational minister – the Rev. W. Horn – died in the station waiting room. He collapsed after running to catch a train.[18]
  • On 11 November 1907, the London and North Western train from Mansion House ran into a stationary North London engine. Four railway men were injured.[19]
  • In March 1908, a young ticket collector working at the station stumbled while crossing the rail track. His leg was caught under a passing train and subsequently amputated.[20]
  • On 5 December 1910, a passenger train was in a rear-end collision with another at the station. Five people were killed and more than 40 were injured.[21] The accident was due to a signaling error.[22]
  • An elderly woman suffering from dementia and memory loss was discovered on an empty train carriage. The train had arrived from Liverpool on midnight, 6 August 1913. The woman gave a false address, did not have money and was not in possession of a ticket. The woman was transferred to Willesden Workhouse Infirmary. While in the Infirmary, the woman had difficulty communicating.[23]
  • On 20 March 1920, the Manchester express was forced to stop at the station when a young man was found to be lying on the buffer of the last carriage. The man was later identified as a soldier - Henry Marshall, age 16 - who was absent without leave. Marshall was later handed over to a military escort.[24]
  • In August 1923, a vehicle carrying 50 children overturned as it approached the station. The children were about to board a train for a trip to the country. Seven children and their teacher was subsequently admitted to Park Royal Hospital.[25]
  • A young man - William Webb - was found guilty of loitering at the station in December 1928. When arrested he was in possession of 29 betting slips. and 41 football betting coupons. He was previously observed by railway staff taking bets at the railway station.[26]
  • In June 1936, one first-class passenger was killed and four other passengers were injured on the main line track just north of the station. An LMS passenger train heading to Watford was struck by a piece of equipment sticking out of the milk train heading to Euston.[27]
  • On 16 March 1940, passengers were forced to walk 150 yards to the station, when their LMS line train from Clapham Junction derailed near the station.[28]
  • Two shunters working at Willesden Junction were fined in April 1941 for stealing goods while in transit on the railway.[29]
  • On 22 April 1949 two thieves attempted to rob the wages of the station railway workers. The thieves, who were armed with cudgels, attacked railway cashier Nigel Woolsley and John White, a labourer who accompanied him, as they walked along the lines. The thieves hit Woolsley and grabbed the wage bag containing £1,250. Woolsley tackled one bandit and got the bag back while White fought off the other man. Both thieves fled. Then, when Woolsley had been given first aid, he paid out the wages.[30]
  • Over six hundred passengers were trapped on a Bakerloo line train held at a cutting near the station. On the evening of August 6, 1952, a violent storm created a flood that prevented the train from moving. Passengers were trapped for four hours and were eventually rescued by the local fire brigade.[31]
  • In August 1956, Willesden Junction was one of seven stations where British Rail banned the activities of train spotters. British Rail expressed concern about the unruly behavior of train spotters and the disruption they caused to regular passengers. The ban proved to be extremely unpopular and it was quickly lifted.[32]
  • On 11 December 1967 a major security alert was launched at the station. Two wagons containing £20 million in cash became detached from its engine, leaving the cash stranded at the station. Police and railway officials put a cordon around the wagons for two hours while a new engine arrived to transport the cash northwards.[33]
  • In July 1969, an empty train, travelling to Euston to be cleaned, ran into the back of the Bletchley train. It brought down and electricity pylon near the station. Trains between London and the midlands were severely delayed.[34] No passengers were hurt but the two driver and a guard were slightly injured and taken to hospital. Three carriages of the Bletchley train were derailed.[35]
  • In March 1971, a petrol tanker containing 75 tons of paraffin derailed just outside the station. It jumped the track as it crossed the bridge on the high level part of the station. The derailment caused long delays on the Broad Street to Richmond line.[36]
  • On 6 October 1986 at 17:00 a class 313 train collided with the rear of a stationary Bakerloo line train on the up line to the east of the station between the Scrubbs Lane overbridge and Kensal Green tunnel (the location was officially described as "Kensal Green"). 23 of 25 passengers were injured, all but one were discharged from hospital during the same evening.[37]

The station todayEdit

There are no platforms on the West Coast Main Line, which is separated from the low-level station by the approach road to Willesden Depot which lies immediately south-east of the station.

The high-level (HL) station consists of an island platform rebuilt in 1956, with faces as platforms 4 and 5, which are roughly at the level of Old Oak Lane to the west of the station, serving the NLL and the West London Line; some trains on the latter reverse in a central turnback siding on the NLL to the east of the station, this opened in 2011. Both platforms have been extended across the DC line to accommodate 4-coach class 378 trains. The HL station previously had a third platform on the eastern side which was used by services to/from Earls Court.[38] There is another turnback siding further east which was previously used; it was laid in the late 1990s to allow Royal Mail trains to reach the Royal Mail depot at Stonebridge Park.

The low-level station, at the level of the area to the south, is an Edwardian island platform, with outer faces as platforms 1 and 3 and northern bay platform bay as platform 2, the southern bay now has no track. In October 2014 the DC line was closed temporarily between Wembley Central and Queens Park reportedly by Network Rail (London Overground) to allow platform 2 to be extended further west as a through platform.[39] Most of the original and later platform buildings were demolished when platform 2 was extended in preparation for longer Class 378 trains and provision of a new footbridge and lift in 1999.

Platforms 1 and 3 are used by the Bakerloo line services, which began on 10 May 1915,[40] and London Overground services between Euston and Watford Junction. Until May 2008 north-bound Bakerloo line trains which were to reverse at Stonebridge Park depot (two stations further north) ran empty from Willesden Junction although the southbound service began at Stonebridge Park. This imbalance arose as there were no London Underground staff beyond Willesden Junction to oversee passenger detrainment, but this changed after London Underground took over the staffing of stations on the line, including Stonebridge Park, from Silverlink in November 2007,[41] and trains bound for Stonebridge Park depot now terminate at Stonebridge Park station.[42] Normally only the first and last NLL trains of the day, which start or terminate here, use the bay platform, though it is used for empty stock transfers between the depot and the North London and Gospel Oak to Barking lines.

The station signs on the platforms say, below the Overground roundel, "Alight for Harlesden town centre".

Motive power depotEdit

 
The original motive power depot in 1962

The LNWR opened a large locomotive depot on a site on the south side of the main line to the west of the station, in 1873. This was enlarged in 1898. The London Midland and Scottish Railway opened an additional roundhouse on the site in 1929. Both buildings were demolished when the depot was closed in 1965 by British Railways and replaced by a Freightliner depot.[43] (The servicing of locomotives and multiple units was then undertaken by the present Willesden TMD on the other side of the line.)

The steam depot had the shed code 1A and was a major depot for predominantly freight locomotives used on the West Coast Main Line and for suburban passenger services from Euston.

ServicesEdit

 
A London Overground Watford DC Line service departs Willesden for Watford Junction. There are three trains per hour in each direction on this line, all operated using Class 378 electric multiple units.

Arriva Rail London branded London Overground services are normally operated by Class 378 Capitalstar units. The typical off-peak North London Line, West London Line and Watford DC Line services at the station in trains per hour are:

London Underground is classed as an open access operator between the Queens Park Junction and Harrow & Wealdstone with LU purchasing individual slots on the Watford DC line from Network Rail. The typical off-peak service at Willesden Junction is six Bakerloo line trains per hour (tph) between Elephant & Castle and Harrow & Wealdstone and three Bakerloo line trains per hour (tph) between Elephant & Castle and Stonebridge Park.

Southern Railway services travelling between Milton Keynes Central/Watford Junction and the South Croydon/East Croydon, and slow London Northwestern Railway services travelling between London Euston and Tring, currently do not stop at this station, as there are currently no platforms provided on the lines which previously passed through the southernmost platforms of the main line station, and which now form the up and down Willesden relief lines. However, in the future there is a proposed plan for these services to stop here, which will involve building new platforms on the WCML.[46] A study in 2017 suggests there would be two new platforms for slow main line services to stop (the existing London Northwestern Railway and Southern services).

Preceding station       London Overground   Following station
towards Richmond
North London Line
towards Stratford
West London Line
towards Stratford
Terminus
Watford DC Line
towards Euston
  London Underground
Bakerloo line
  Future services  
  London Underground
Bakerloo line
  Historical railways  
London and North Western Railway

Bus connectionsEdit

The station area is served by London Buses routes 18, 220, 228, 266, 487 and night route N18.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. May 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007-2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  5. ^ a b c Whitechurch, V L (September 1897). "Twenty-four hours at a railway junction". Railway Magazine. pp. 263–271. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Old Oak Lane Conservation Area Character Appraisal". ealing.cmis.uk.com. Ealing Council. 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  7. ^ "New Liner Terminal Opened". Birmingham Daily Post -. 5 August 1967.
  8. ^ "The Collision at the Willesden Junction". London Daily News. 4 August 1858.
  9. ^ "The Late Fatal Collision at Willesden Junction". Western Daily Press. 4 August 1858.
  10. ^ "Epitome of News". Illustrated London News. 4 September 1858.
  11. ^ "Central Criminal Court". London Evening Standard. 28 October 1858.
  12. ^ "Shocking death". Downpatrick Recorder. 31 May 1873.
  13. ^ "Fire at Willesden Junction". Belfast Newsletter. 6 April 1874.
  14. ^ "Accident at Willesden Junction". Hull Packet. 24 December 1879.
  15. ^ "Inquests". London Evening Standard. 10 September 1880.
  16. ^ "Shocking discovery at Willesden Junction". Buckingham advertiser and free press. 16 April 1892.
  17. ^ "Accident to the Scotch Express". Dundee Courier. 23 June 1893.
  18. ^ "Fatal Haste To Catch a Train". Luton Times and Advertiser. 28 August 1903.
  19. ^ "Collision at Willesden Junction - Four railway men injured". The Scotsman. 12 November 1907.
  20. ^ "Accident at Willesden Junction". Willesden Chronicle. 6 March 1908.
  21. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1991). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 7. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 13. ISBN 0-906899-50-8.
  22. ^ "Willesden Junction Collision". The Scotsman. 20 December 1910.
  23. ^ "OLD WOMAN'S LOST MEMORY MYSTERIOUS INMATE OF EMPTY RAILWAY CARRIAGE". Daily Citizen (Manchester). 9 August 1913.
  24. ^ "SOLDIER ON EXPRESS BUFFERS". Lancashire Evening Post. 31 March 1920.
  25. ^ "Accidents to pleasure parties". Coventry evening Telegraph. 7 August 1923.
  26. ^ "Street Betting". Daily Herald. 24 December 1928.
  27. ^ "Fatal accident at Willesden Junction". Kensington Post. 5 June 1936.
  28. ^ "They had to walk". Manchester Evening News -. 16 March 1940.
  29. ^ "Railway shunters fined". Marylebone Mercury. 5 April 1941.
  30. ^ "Grabs cash back from bandits". Daily mirror. 22 April 1949.
  31. ^ "Floods trap 600 on tube train". Belfast Telegraph. 7 August 1952.
  32. ^ "TRAIN SPOTTING BAN LIFTED". Coventry Evening Telegraph. 24 August 1956.
  33. ^ "Wagon goes adrift with £20 million". Birmingham Post. 12 December 1967.
  34. ^ "Rail crash delays trains". Coventry Evening Telegraph. 5 July 1969.
  35. ^ "Three hurt after derailment". Birmingham Post. 5 July 1969.
  36. ^ "Passengers pack the platform as tanker truck blocks line". Acton Gazette. 25 March 1971.
  37. ^ Report on the Collision that occurred on 16 October 1986 at Kensal Green in the London Midland Region British Railways, at The Railways Archive (pub. Department of Transport 1988)
  38. ^ Disused Stations - Willesden Junction
  39. ^ London Overground Capacity Improvement
  40. ^ "Bakerloo Line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
  41. ^ "Safety boost as London Underground takes full control of 14 Silverlink stations". Transport for London. 22 November 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  42. ^ "Bakerloo line changes benefit over 7,000 passengers". Transport for London. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  43. ^ Griffiths, Roger; Smith, Paul (1999). The directory of British engine Sheds and Principal Locomotive Servicing Points: 1. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. p. 93. ISBN 0-86093-542-6.
  44. ^ Watford DC Line timetable from 22 May 2011.
  45. ^ North London Line timetable from 22 May 2011.
  46. ^ Willesden Junction station feasibility study, Greater London Authority

External linksEdit