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London Buses route 18

London Buses route 18 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Sudbury and Euston bus station, it is operated by London United. In 2018/19 it was the busiest route in London.

18
London Bus route 18.jpg
Overview
OperatorLondon United
GaragePark Royal
Peak vehicle requirement44 (November 2018)
Former operator(s)Metroline
First London
Night-timeN18
Route
StartSudbury
ViaWembley
Stonebridge
Harlesden
Kensal Green
Paddington
EndEuston bus station
Service
LevelDaily
Annual patronage16.7 million (2018/19)

HistoryEdit

In 1934 there were four routes, 18, 18A, 18B and 18C. The 18 and 18A, plus 18B on weekdays, ran from London Bridge station, via Southwark Bridge, St Paul's station and Gray's Inn Road to King's Cross station. From here the 18 and 18B ran daily, the 18A on Mondays to Saturdays and the 18C on Sundays, via Paddington and Harrow Road to Harlesden, where the 18A continued to Park Royal. The other three routes ran to Stonebridge Park; the 18B ran on via the North Circular Road to Brent Cross. The 18C peeled off here to serve Wembley Empire Pool, while the 18 and 18C served Wembley and Sudbury. The 18C then headed south to Greenford and Hanwell, while the 18 continued north to Harrow and Harrow Weald.[1]

Route 18 was withdrawn between Central London and Harlesden except on Saturday afternoons and Sundays, times at which route 18A no longer ran. The 18A, having run every four minutes, was withdrawn without replacement on 17 October 1939. The 18C Sunday extension into the centre was also withdrawn; the 18 was cut back to Wembley Empire Pool on Mondays to Saturdays, but was diverted at Wealdstone to serve Canons Park and Edgware, with a peak hours and Sundays extension to provide a service to Aldenham Works. The 18C was renumbered to 92 on 14 June 1944, with a 92A variant running to Wembley Trading Estate at certain times of the week.[1]

Trolleybus replacement in the 1960s saw the 18 extended back to Paddington Green to replace route 662. The 18B was withdrawn, and the 18 extended except on Monday to Saturday evenings to London Bridge. The former 18A was reintroduced at peak hours, running between Acton and Paddington Green via a slightly different route. This was extended to Baker Street in 1978, but withdrawn in September.[1]

In 1970, the 18 was cut back to run only as far out as Sudbury, with new route 182 covering the section between Wembley and Harrow Weald (and on to Watford), and the 186 the section between Harrow and Edgware, both routes later being extended to new shopping centre at Brent Cross. In 1985 the 18 was curtailed at King's Cross, apart from a peak hours service as far as Farringdon Street. The section between King's Cross and London Bridge was covered by new route 17.[1]

In 1992 the Countdown real-time information system was installed at stops on route 18. The system proved popular with passengers and has been extended across London.[2]

In November 2003, route 18 Mercedes-Benz O530G articulated buses replaced Plaxton President bodied Dennis Tridents with the route transferred from Westbourne Park garage to Willesden Junction.[3]

In 2008 the route was named as the most problematic for crime in London.[4] On 13 November 2010, route 18 was converted back to double deck operation as part of the Mayor of London's policy to replace the O530Gs.[5] New Wright Eclipse Gemini 2 bodied Volvo B9TLs were introduced, and the frequency was increased to every 4 minutes Monday to Saturday daytimes and to 6-7 Sunday daytimes.[6]

On 22 June 2013, route 18 was included in the sale of First London's Willesden Junction garage to Metroline.[7][8][9] Upon being re-tendered it was awarded to London United's Park Royal garage from 11 November 2018.[10][11][12]

In 2018/19 it was the busiest TfL bus route, carrying 16.7 million passengers.[13]

Current routeEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Warren, Kenneth (1986). The Motorbus in Central London. Shepperton: Ian Allan Publishing. pp. 103–105. ISBN 0 7110 1568 6.
  2. ^ Real-Time Bus Arrival Information Systems (PDF). Transit Cooperative Research Program. 2003. ISBN 0309069653.
  3. ^ Wharmby, Matthew (2016). The London Bendy Bus. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books. ISBN 978 1 78383 172 2.
  4. ^ Crerar, Pippa (12 April 2012). "CCTV, more police but crime on the buses gets worse". Evening Standard. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  5. ^ Next set of bendy buses to leave London Transport for London 28 August 2009
  6. ^ Route 18 is fifth in London to banish bendy buses Transport for London 12 November 2010
  7. ^ FirstGroup Announces Sale of Eight London Bus Depots FirstGroup 9 April 2013 Archived 5 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Aberdeen firm FirstGroup sells off depots for £80m BBC News 9 April 2013
  9. ^ First quits London bus business Bus & Coach Professional 9 April 2013 Archived 7 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Stagecoach loses out to Go-Ahead Buses issue 746 May 2017 page 22
  11. ^ Tender News Bus Talk issue 46 June 2017 page 10
  12. ^ Our Services RATP Dev London
  13. ^ Bus service usage: passengers and kilometres operated by route 2018/19 Transport for London
  14. ^ Route 18 Map Transport for London

External linksEdit