Euston Square tube station

Euston Square is a London Underground station at the corner of Euston Road and Gower Street, just north of University College London – its main entrance faces the tower of University College Hospital. Multi-interchange Euston station is beyond Euston Square Gardens, which is one street east. Next stations are Great Portland Street and King's Cross St. Pancras on the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines, all in Travelcard Zone 1.

Euston Square London Underground
Euston Square tube station, Westbound platform - - 977128.jpg
Euston Square is located in Central London
Euston Square
Euston Square
Location of Euston Square in Central London
LocationEuston Road
Local authorityLondon Borough of Camden
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes (Westbound only)[1]
Fare zone1
OSIEuston National Rail London Overground
Euston London Underground
Warren Street London Underground[2]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2015Increase 14.88 million[3]
2016Decrease 14.40 million[3]
2017Decrease 14.13 million[3]
2018Decrease 10.57 million[4]
2019Increase 14.12 million[5]
Key dates
10 January 1863 (1863-01-10)Opened as Gower Street
1 November 1909Renamed Euston Square
Other information
External links
WGS8451°31′33″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5258°N 0.1358°W / 51.5258; -0.1358Coordinates: 51°31′33″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5258°N 0.1358°W / 51.5258; -0.1358
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal


This station as Gower Street Station about 1875.[6] Click for broader map and to enable varied magnification.

A short-lived, small, circular demonstration railway at this site had the Richard Trevithick-designed, Hazeldine and Rastrick-built, single cylinder locomotive Catch Me Who Can of 1808. It pulled a converted road carriage round for two shillings (equivalent to £8.05 in 2019).[7]

The station was opened as "Gower Street" on 10 January 1863 by the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the world's first underground railway.[8] It runs on an east–west axis at this point.

The station was given its present name on 1 November 1909.[8] Since late 2006 its entrance has been on the south side of Euston Road as the street-level, transparent, west (Gower Street) side of the headquarters of the Wellcome Trust. A linking subway (footway) runs to platform gates and to subway steps on the other side of the road. Since 2011, two lifts augment Baker Street-bound platform to the entrance.

Side noteEdit

In 1864, Parliament authorised the North Western and Charing Cross Railway's unfulfilled line between Euston and Charing Cross, to link those northwest and southeast British mainlines.[9] Renamed the London Central Railway (LCR) in 1870, the company was authorised the next year to build a station slightly closer to Euston Station forecourt north of the Metropolitan (Railway, now Line) tunnel. The line would have linked directly the two railways; however the LCR was lent and invested with too little funds so the scheme was abandoned in 1874.[10]


In December 2005, Network Rail announced plans[11] to create a subway link between the station and Euston station as part of the re-development of Euston station. This will create a direct link for users of main line rail services which depart from Euston. These plans would also be pursued during a rebuilding for High Speed 2.[12]


The station is served by the Metropolitan, Hammersmith & City and Circle lines, between King's Cross St. Pancras to the east and Great Portland Street to the west. All three lines share the same pair of tracks from Baker Street Junction to Aldgate Junction making this section of track one of the most intensely used on the London Underground network.

Circle lineEdit

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[13]

  • 6 tph clockwise via Liverpool Street and Tower Hill
  • 6 tph anti-clockwise to Hammersmith via Paddington

Hammersmith & City lineEdit

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[13]

  • 6 tph Eastbound to Barking
  • 6 tph Westbound to Hammersmith via Paddington

Metropolitan lineEdit

The Metropolitan Line is the only line to operate express services, though currently this is only during peak times (Westbound 06:30-09:30 / Eastbound 16:00-19:00). Fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park, Harrow-On-The-Hill and Moor Park, while semi-fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park and Harrow-On-The-Hill.[14]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[15]

  • 12 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (all stations)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (all stations)
  • 8 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)

Off-peak services to/from Watford terminate at Baker Street

The typical peak time service in trains per hour (tph) is:[15]

  • 14 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 4 tph Westbound to Watford (semi-fast in the evening peak only)
  • 6 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)


London Buses routes 18, 24, 27, 29, 30, 73, 134, 205 and 390 and night routes N5, N18, N20, N29, N73, N205, N253 and N279 serve the station.


  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Out-of-station interchanges". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  6. ^ Map of City of London and its Environs, sheet 25
  7. ^ Lowe 2014, p. 317.
  8. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  9. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 10.
  10. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 13.
  11. ^ "Euston redevelopment". Always Touch Out. 25 January 2006. Archived from the original on 13 February 2006.
  12. ^ "High speed rail". Transport Select Committee. House of Commons. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Circle and Hammersmith & City line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2016.
  14. ^ "CULG - Metropolitan Line". Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Metropolitan line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2016.


  • Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. ISBN 185414-293-3.
  • Lowe, James W. (2014) [1975]. British Steam Locomotives Builders. Pen & Sword Transport. pp. 245–259. ISBN 978-1-47382-289-4. OCLC 889509628.
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.

External linksEdit

Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
  Former services  
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Hammersmith branch (1864-1990)
towards Barking