West Croydon station
West Croydon is a combined railway, bus station and tram stop in Croydon, south London. It is served by National Rail, London Overground, Tramlink and London Buses services and is in Travelcard Zone 5.
|Local authority||London Borough of Croydon|
|Managed by||London Overground|
|Number of platforms||3 (formerly 4)|
|Tramlink annual boardings and alightings|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.465 million|
|– interchange||0.472 million|
|– interchange||0.626 million|
|– interchange||0.607 million|
|– interchange||0.587 million|
|Original company||London and Croydon Railway|
|Pre-grouping||London Brighton and South Coast Railway|
|5 June 1839||Opened as Croydon|
|April 1851.||Renamed West Croydon|
|London transport portal|
The main entrance is on London Road, a short distance from the main shopping area. There are ticket barriers protecting the platforms. Trains run to London Victoria, London Bridge, Highbury & Islington, and Sutton and from there to west Surrey and West Sussex.
By December 2009 station remodelling and tracklaying were completed for the southern extension of the East London Line, of which West Croydon is a terminus. The space occupied by former bay platform 2, out of use since the Wimbledon service was withdrawn in 1997 and replaced by Tramlink in 2000, has been utilised to extend platform 3, the London-bound platform. Bay platform 1 has been retained.
In April 2012 a new entrance was constructed in Station Road, allowing direct access to the railway station from the adjacent bus and tram stops.
Bus station and tram stopEdit
A short distance from the main entrance is Station Road, where West Croydon bus station and tram stop are located. The tram stop is next to, but was for a long time physically separate from, the rail platforms, until the construction of the new entrance. All Tramlink routes use West Croydon, which is a single platform stop on the unidirectional loop around central Croydon.
From 1809 to 1836 the site was the terminal basin of the Croydon Canal. The canal was drained and became part of the route of the London & Croydon Railway, opening on 5 June 1839. In 1845 the L&C inaugurated the atmospheric system of propulsion; it worked for about a year but was not successful. On 23 September 1846, a fire broke out in a lamp room, severely damaging the station and destroying thirteen carriages. Damage was estimated at £10,000. The station was originally named Croydon; in April 1851 it became West Croydon.
The canal basin was served by a short private branch from the terminus of the Surrey Iron Railway (SIR) at Pitlake. From 1855 the station was the terminus of the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line, which followed much of the route of the SIR. This line closed on 31 May 1997, to be replaced by Tramlink. Platform 2, the terminal bay for the Wimbledon line, was trackless until 2008. Very little remains of this platform apart from a little section at the western end, as most of it was filled in to extend platform 3 to allow trains to stop closer to the stairs.
In 1912 the composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875–1912), who was a resident of Croydon, collapsed whilst on the station. This was due to overwork and pneumonia. He died at home a few days later.
During the 1930s the station saw major alterations and reconstruction. A new ticket office was built on London Road. The original station buildings, ticket office and entrance in Station Road were closed and are still standing, converted to a shop.
Trains are provided by Southern and London Overground. West Croydon is Croydon's second station, used mainly by suburban trains: the main station is East Croydon, served by express trains to London and the South Coast and suburban trains.
The typical off-peak service (Monday to Saturday) from the station is:
- 2tph (trains per hour) to London Bridge - semi-fast
- 6tph to London Victoria:
- 4tph to Highbury & Islington via New Cross Gate and Dalston Junction
- 6tph to Sutton
- 2tph to Epsom Downs
- 2tph to Epsom
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Sutton & Mole Valley Line
Sutton & Mole Valley Lines
London Victoria to West Croydon Via Crystal Palace
London Bridge to Epsom via Wallington
London Bridge to Sutton via Forest Hill stopper
Peak hour only
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
towards Highbury & Islington
|East London Line||Terminus|
|Preceding tram stop||Tramlink||Following tram stop|
Wimbledon to Beckenham Junction
towards Beckenham Junction
Wimbledon to Elmers End
towards Elmers End
New Addington to Croydon town centre
towards New Addington
|Waddon Marsh||Connex South Central
West Croydon to Wimbledon Line
- "Network Map". Southern. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Tram Stop Usage 2009-10 (FOI)" (XLS). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2009-2010. Transport for London. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Tramlink numbers 2010-2011" (PDF). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2010-2011. Transport for London. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 73, 245. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
- Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.Halford
- "New entrance to West Croydon station provides better access for all". Transport for London. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- ""Milestone" bus station opens as part of West Croydon's multimillion pound redevelopment". Your Croydon. Croydon Council. 14 October 2016.
- "Serious Fire at the Croydon Terminus". Hampshire Advertiser and Salisbury Guardian (1207). Southampton. 26 September 1846. p. 3.
- https://www.networkrail.co.uk/running-the-railway/timetabling/electronic-national-rail-timetable/ (Timetable Nos.171, 172, 177, and 178 May 2018)