East Croydon station
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East Croydon is a railway station and tram stop in the town of Croydon, Greater London, England, and is located in Travelcard Zone 5. At 10 miles 28 chains (10.35 mi; 16.66 km) from London Bridge, it is one of the busiest non-terminal stations in London, and in the United Kingdom as a whole. It is one of three railway stations in the London Borough of Croydon with Croydon in their name, the others being West Croydon and South Croydon. A Tramlink tram stop is located immediately outside the main station entrance.
East Croydon station and Tramlink stop
|Local authority||London Borough of Croydon|
|Managed by||GTR Southern|
Transport for London (tram platforms)
Transport for London
|Number of platforms||6 plus 3 Tramlink platforms|
|Tramlink annual boardings and alightings|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||6.906 million|
|– interchange||7.516 million|
|– interchange||7.055 million|
|– interchange||6.521 million|
|– interchange||6.755 million|
|Original company||London & Brighton Railway|
|Pre-grouping||London, Brighton & South Coast Railway|
|12 July 1841||Opened as "Croydon"|
|July 1846||Renamed "Croydon East"|
|1 May 1862||Renamed "East Croydon"|
|1898||Expanded to 6 platforms|
|1 June 1909||Renamed "East Croydon Main"|
|July 1924||Amalgamated with "East Croydon Local" to form "East Croydon"|
|19 August 1992||New station building opened|
|14 May 2000||Tramlink stop opened|
|London transport portal|
The present station building opened on 19 August 1992. It consists of a large steel and glass frame suspended from a lightweight steel structure that straddles the track and platforms to a much greater extent than was possible with its Victorian predecessor. Four steel ladder masts anchor the glass box and the whole gives the impression of a suspension bridge that stretches into the distance. External canopies cover the entrances, a café's open-air seating area and the approaches to the tram stop. 440 m² of glass were used in the roof and 800 m² for the wall glazing.
It was announced in 2010 that Network Rail had proposed a £20m project to revamp the station with an additional entrance and a shortcut into the town centre. The new bridge was officially opened in December 2013. Disabled-accessible slopes to all platforms are provided and there is a footbridge connecting all platforms. There are refreshment stalls and vending machines in the seating areas on the platforms, and trolleys are available along with step-free access to buffets. There are electronic information displays showing departures to 80 stations.
- 1 History
- 2 Services
- 3 Facilities
- 4 Future
- 5 Selhurst Depot
- 6 Transport connections
- 7 Crime
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The population of Croydon increased 14-fold (from 16,700 to 233,000) between the opening of the station in 1841 and 1921. As a result, the station has been enlarged and rebuilt on several occasions.
On 12 July 1841, the London & Brighton Railway (L&BR) began passenger services through Croydon station (now East Croydon) on the Brighton Line from London Bridge to Haywards Heath. The station was designed by the architect David Mocatta, the second station in the town since the London and Croydon Railway (L&CR) had opened its Croydon station (now West Croydon) in June 1839.
The station became jointly administered by the L&BR and the South Eastern Railway (SER) in 1842, who shared the Brighton main line as far as Redhill. Fares from Croydon to London were common to two railways. In 1846, the L&BR and the L&CR amalgamated to form the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), and the two stations were shortly renamed East Croydon and West Croydon to avoid confusion.
With the completion of the line to Victoria between 1860 and 1862, extra platforms were needed to provide a terminal for LB&SCR suburban services to and from the West End of London whilst London Bridge trains continued to use the existing lines. The new platforms adjoined East Croydon but were treated by the LB&SCR as a separate station named New Croydon, with its own ticket office, and which ran exclusively LBSCR services. This device enabled the railway to avoid breaking an agreement with the SER, whilst offering cheaper fares than the SER from the original station.
The terminal platforms at New Croydon proved difficult to operate, as there was limited space for locomotives to run around their trains. As a result, in 1863 the LB&SCR obtained Parliamentary authority to build a one-mile (1.6 km) extension to a new terminus at South Croydon, which provided the additional operating room.
In 1864, the LB&SCR obtained authorisation to construct a 0.5 miles (0.8 km) long branch line into the town centre near Katharine Street, where Central Croydon station was built. The line opened in 1868 but enjoyed little success and closed in 1871, only to reopen in 1886 under pressure from the council before finally closing in 1890. It was demolished and replaced by the town hall.
By the late 1880s the station was again congested due to the growth of traffic on the main lines, the expansion of the suburban network in South London and the new line from Croydon to Oxted. As a result, the station was rebuilt and the tracks remodelled during 1894/5. At the same time the suburban lines were extended from South Croydon to Coulsdon North, where they joined the new Quarry line. In 1897–98, East Croydon and New Croydon were merged into a single station with the three island platforms that remain. The two stations kept separate booking accounts until the formation of the Southern Railway.
On 4 July 1958, a passenger fell onto the running lines after attempting to leave his train on the wrong side. Station foreman Thomas Ashby saw that he was reaching for the live rail as he attempted to stand, and that an express train was approaching, and so jumped down onto the track and held the man down, safely, as the express passed. For his actions, Ashby was awarded the Order of Industrial Heroism, which was presented to him in the S.R.A. Club Hall at the station, on 7 October the same year.
The present station building opened on 19 August 1992. It consists of a large steel and glass frame suspended from a lightweight steel structure that straddles the track and platforms to a much greater extent than was possible with its Victorian predecessor.
Four steel ladder masts anchor the glass box and the whole gives the impression of a suspension bridge that stretches into the distance. External canopies cover the entrances, a café's open-air seating area and the approaches to the tram stop. 440 m² of glass were used in the roof and 800 m² for the wall glazing. The architects were Alan Brookes Associates and the structural engineers YRM Anthony Hunt Associates.
2010 revamp plansEdit
It was announced in 2010 that Network Rail had proposed a £20m project to revamp the station with an additional entrance and a shortcut into the town centre. In September 2010, Croydon Council pledged £6m towards the revamp, ensuring that a bridge was included in the plans. The new bridge was officially opened in December 2013, providing pedestrian transfer between platforms as well as a new entrance at the northern end of the platforms and a more direct link to the town centre. The new walkway may be accessed from the town centre on the west via Lansdowne Walk, but access from the Cherry Orchard Road on the east has not been built.
The station has frequent services on the London – Gatwick Airport – Brighton line, the Thameslink route from Brighton via London Bridge and St Pancras International to Bedford, and the London Bridge – Uckfield branch. East Croydon serves destinations mainly in East Sussex, West Sussex, Surrey and Brighton & Hove, including Gatwick Airport, Horsham, Caterham, Tattenham Corner, Brighton, Reigate, Hastings, Eastbourne, Bognor Regis, Portsmouth, Tonbridge and many suburban stations in South London and Hertfordshire via the West London Route to Milton Keynes Central.
Trains include Thameslink services to Brighton, Redhill, Bedford, Luton and London Luton Airport, which means that the station has direct services to two airports. They also serve stations in or near the City of London, including St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink and London Blackfriars.
Southern services to London Charing Cross were withdrawn in December 2009.
Platform 1 serves northbound trains to Victoria. Fast services to Bedford use platform 2. Fast and stopping services to London Bridge and some to Victoria use platform 4 (platform 2 for Thameslink). Platform 5 serves both directions, with trains to Milton Keynes and services north to London Bridge mainly from Uckfield (most use Platform 4).
- 10tph to London Victoria
- 7tph to London Bridge of which 3 run non-stop, 2 run via Peckham Rye and 2 run via Forest Hill
- 1tph to Milton Keynes Central, via Kensington Olympia and Watford Junction
Platforms 2 and 3 are used for the southbound services, to Brighton and the Sussex Coast. Stopping services use platform 5 (both directions, normally used off-peak for trains terminating). Platform 6 is served by stopping services to Caterham and Tattenham Corner, and by services to Oxted, East Grinstead and Uckfield. (Gatwick Express services pass through platforms 2 and 3 going southwards).
- 2tph to Brighton
- 2tph to Caterham
- 2tph to Caterham and Tattenham Corner dividing and attaching at Purley
- 2tph to Coulsdon Town
- 2tph to East Grinstead
- 1tph to Uckfield
- 1tph to Portsmouth Harbour and Bognor Regis dividing and attaching at Horsham
- 1tph to Southampton Central and Bognor Regis dividing and attaching at Horsham
- 1tph to Ore and Littlehampton dividing and attaching at Haywards Heath
- 1tph to Littlehampton and Eastbourne dividing and attaching at Haywards Heath
- 2tph to Reigate
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|London Bridge or
Norwood Junction or Tulse Hill
or Gatwick Airport
Brighton Main Line
(Brighton Fast and Semi Fast)
|Gatwick Airport or|
|Purley or Redhill|
West London Route
London Victoria - East Grinstead
|South Croydon or|
London Bridge - Uckfield
Mondays to Saturdays only
Wimbledon to Beckenham Junction
towards Beckenham Junction
Wimbledon to Elmers End
towards Elmers End
New Addington to Croydon town centre
towards New Addington
towards West Croydon
The main entrance is from George Street. Another entrance is next to the taxi rank on Billinton Hill just off Cherry Orchard Road, on the east side. There are several shops within the main building.
After the new bridge was opened in 2013 (see 2010 revamp plans, above) a further entrance became available with a walkway leading to the junction of Lansdowne Road and Dingwall Road.
The ticket office and the ticket machines usually become busy during peak hours. Disabled-accessible slopes to all platforms are provided and there is a footbridge connecting all platforms. There are three waiting rooms on the platforms with standard metal seats. There are refreshment stalls and vending machines in the seating areas on the platforms. Trolleys are available along with step-free access to buffets.
There are electronic information displays showing departures to 80 stations.
Several plans for station expansion have been put forward; none of which were confirmed to be happening by January 2015.
As part of the Croydon Vision 2020 regeneration scheme, East Croydon is expected be expanded to both the west and the east. Work has been planned on the west side for some time to increase station capacity, made more urgent by likely additional traffic from the planned Croydon Gateway nearby. A proposal by Arrowcroft, which included the 12,500-seat Croydon Arena, was rejected in August 2008. Arrowcroft had proposed a £24 million expansion of the station with a new 'airport style' concourse above the tracks to the north of the station. Arrowcroft had agreed to contribute £500,000 to the build costs to offset the impact of their proposed Arena. The source of the remaining £23.5 million was not identified, and Network Rail had not committed this expenditure in its capital plans.
The alternative scheme called Ruskin Square, by the owners of the site Stanhope Schroders, includes a planned contribution of £1.1 million for station capacity improvements that could be quickly implemented and integrated into their planned scheme for a new urban park, a rebuilt Warehouse Theatre, a doctors' surgery, housing (50% "affordable") and modern offices on the Croydon Gateway site.
To the east, towards Cherry Orchard Road, the proposed towers result in an extension to the station. The architect is Make with the client Menta, engineer Knight Frank and GL Hearn. Originally this project was planned to start in 2009, but this has been put back to 2019 with the planned completion date in 2023. The mixed-use scheme is for approximately 93,000 sq m (1 million sq ft) of accommodation in a series of crystalline towers. Some 70% of the area is planned to be residential accommodation, with the remaining 30% mixed commercial use, including offices and retail. Critical to all proposals are improvements to transport interchange. No project has yet delivered the necessary funds for significant enhancements.
In late 2014 plans were made to rename the station "Croydon Central".
East Croydon station is currently located in Travelcard Zone 5, but there is an ongoing campaign for East Croydon and the smaller West Croydon station (also located in Zone 5) to be rezoned to Travelcard Zone 4. It has been argued that the stations should be in Zone 4 because some stations currently in Zone 4 are further away from Central London, and that rezoning the stations will save commuters living in Croydon large amounts of money, attract investment to Croydon, create jobs in the town and make living in the area more attractive. It is expected that those commuting to Croydon would be largely unaffected by such a change. The issue has been debated in the House of Commons, but current train operator Southern has not formally submitted a proposal for such a change to Transport for London, which is required for a station to be rezoned.
The Thameslink Programme (formerly Thameslink 2000) is a £5 billion major project to expand the Thameslink network from 51 to 172 stations spreading northwards to Bedford, Peterborough, Cambridge and King's Lynn. The project includes the lengthening of platforms, station remodelling, new railway infrastructure (e.g. viaducts) and additional rolling stock.
East Croydon is well served by both tram and bus, with a tram stop outside and a bus station close by. London Bus services reach Central London, Purley Way, Bromley, Lewisham and places to the south. Route X26, the longest London bus route, runs to Heathrow Airport via Sutton and Kingston.
Immediately outside the station is the Tramlink stop, with services to Elmers End, Beckenham Junction, New Addington and Wimbledon. A major interchange, East Croydon has three tram platforms, two on an island, the other backing on to the station entrance. Following problems with the points in this area, in August 2006 they were fixed to route all eastbound trams into Platform 1, the concourse-side platform. The island platform can be used only by westbound trams and by trams terminating from the east.
In January 2006 the London Assembly issued statistics of crime in main-line railway stations outside Zone 1. East Croydon, Clapham Junction and Walthamstow Central were the worst affected. Both councils and railway companies were blamed.
- "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "Network Map". Southern. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Tram Stop Usage 2009-10 (FOI)" (XLS). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2009-2010. Transport for London. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Tramlink numbers 2010-2011" (PDF). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2010-2011. Transport for London. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995): The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 87
- Yonge, John (November 2008) . Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 14C. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
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- "East Croydon Station Redevelopment". Railway Technology. Verdict Media Limited. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- White, H. P. (1992). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Southern England V. 2. Regional Railway History Series. Nairn, Scotland: David St John Thomas. p. 79. ISBN 0-946537-77-1.
- d'Enno, Douglas (2017). Surrey Railway Stations Through Time. Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445655697.
- Treby, Edward (March 1974). "The Central Croydon Branch". Railway World. 35 (407): 106.
- Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2 Establishment and Growth. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8. p. 240-1
- Turner (1978) p. 242
- Treby, E., op. cit. p. 106
- Turner, John Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity. Batsford. p. 94. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1.
- White, H.P., op. cit. p. 79
- Fevyer, W. H.; Wilson, J. W.; Cribb, J. E. (2000). The Order of Industrial Heroism. The Orders & Medals Research Society. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-9539207-0-9.
- "List of Persons Awarded the Order of Industrial Heroism".
- "£6m plan to refurbish station". Croydon Guardian. Newsquest Media Group. 15 September 2010. p. 2. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
- Austen, Ian (6 December 2013). "PICTURES: Opening of new £20 million bridge at East Croydon station". croydonadvertiser.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- "A Study In Sussex Part 8: If You Bridge It They Will Come". London Connections. 27 April 2015.
- GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Tables 52, 170, 173 & 182
- GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Tables 176, 180, 181, 184, 188 & 189
- GB National Railway Timetable May 2007 & 2008 Editions, Table 186
- "Train services from Brighton withdrawn" Elliot, Emily-Ann; The Argus news article 12 October 2008; Retrieved 26 May 2016
- Transport for London map of local bus stops in East Croydon published by TfL, 2007
- "National Rail information on the station facilities" (Press release). Retrieved 8 December 2007.
- Public inquiry website Archived 23 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine Persona Associates
- Local Guardian Newspaper
- "Good news for South London as £3.5BN Thameslink project clears major hurdle" (Press release). 18 October 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
- Crime statistics East Croydon, Clapham Junction, Walthamstow BBC News