Canada Water station
Canada Water is a London Underground and London Overground station located in Rotherhithe, in south London, England. It takes its name from Canada Water, a lake which was created from a former dock in the Port of London.
Cylindrical main station entrance
|Local authority||London Borough of Southwark|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Owner||Transport for London|
|Number of platforms||4|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London Regional Transport|
|19 August 1999||East London Line opened|
|17 September 1999||Jubilee Line opened|
|23 December 2007||East London Line services withdrawn as part of London Underground|
|27 April 2010||East London Line Services as part of London Overground begin|
|London transport portal|
The station is located on the Jubilee line between Bermondsey and Canary Wharf stations and on the London Overground between Rotherhithe and Surrey Quays stations, and provides an interchange point between the two lines. It is in Travelcard Zone 2.
Canada Water was originally intended to be a stop on the aborted Fleet Line Extension to Thamesmead. The extension was never built, but Canada Water became the only projected Fleet Line Extension station to be realised on the Jubilee Line Extension.
The station is a wholly new building on a derelict site formerly occupied by Albion Dock, part of the old Surrey Commercial Docks. The station was one of the first designed for the Jubilee Line Extension. The contract for the station's construction was initially awarded to Wimpey in 1993 for the sum of £21.3 million and was later taken over by Tarmac. Construction began in 1995. It proved extremely challenging, requiring the excavation (by cut-and-cover) of a void 150 m (490 ft) long, 23 m (75 ft) wide and 22 m (72 ft) deep. The building of the East London Line station required a separate slot at right angles, 130 m (430 ft) long, 13 m (43 ft) deep and tapering in width, incorporating a Victorian railway tunnel. Construction was complicated by the high water table on the site, which is located on the Thames flood plain; extensive deep-well dewatering was required to lower the water table before the enclosure to the excavations could be built. A total of 120,000 m³ (4,237,760 ft³) of spoil had to be excavated. An additional complication was the location of the excavation site, near the foundations of two existing 22-storey tower blocks and the northern end of the former Canada Dock, now the ornamental lake Canada Water. The section of East London line running through the station was completely reconstructed, with the 19th-century brick railway tunnel being dismantled and the track relaid over a new structure bridging the Jubilee line tracks below. As the East London line had to be closed for this work, London Underground took the opportunity to carry out other remedial works such as repairs to the Thames Tunnel, a short distance to the north.
It was opened on 19 August 1999, served initially by East London line trains. The Jubilee line passenger service from the station began on 17 September 1999.
Canada Water was the first station to receive external sponsorship; Nestlé sponsored the station on the day of the 2015 London Marathon, and roundels in the station were edited to advertise Nestlé's Buxton Water. The one-day sponsorship was part of a plan to increase Transport for London's non-fare revenue, costing Nestlé £110,000.
The station, which was the first to be designed in the Jubilee Line Extension project, has been described by the Hong Kong MTR's chief architect Roland Paoletti as "the only station on the JLE that has been built to the strict engineering economies of the specification of a Hong Kong interchange station." Above ground, its most salient feature is a striking glass "drum" 25 m (82 ft) across, which covers a deep opening descending almost to the Jubilee line platforms, 22 m (72 ft) below the surface. This feature was designed to allow natural light to reach deep into the station, a design principle common to many of the stations on the Jubilee Line Extension. The drum was designed and constructed by Buro Happold. It is notably similar to the brick drum designed by Charles Holden for Arnos Grove station on the Piccadilly line in the 1930s, but is much more oriented towards the entry of daylight.
The drum is accompanied by a glass-roofed bus station designed by Eva Jiřičná which serves as a hub for services in the Rotherhithe and Bermondsey areas. The bus station was designed to fit in a relatively small site between the station drum, the railway's ventilation openings, a high wall and the adjoining tower blocks. Its most distinctive feature is a row of 16 m (52 ft)-long roof spans cantilevered from a row of central columns supporting a 100 m (330 ft)-long glass and aluminium canopy. This provides acoustic protection to the residential blocks and shelters passengers waiting below.
Below ground, the station is dominated by a huge concrete box, large enough to accommodate one of the Canary Wharf skyscrapers on its side. It is lined by a series of huge concrete pillars designed to take the weight of a planned nine-storey building on the surface as well as the roadway and bus station. The station has four lifts and eight escalators with an average rise of about 6.5 m (21 ft) to connect the lower parts of the station with street level. It is built on three levels: the ticket office and shops lie immediately below ground, the two north-south East London line platforms are situated on the second level 11 m (36 ft) below the ground, and the two east-west Jubilee line platforms are on the lowest level 22 m (72 ft) down.
Canada Water is the busiest two-platform National Rail station, with 25 million entries and exits to the NR platforms in 2016-17.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|East London Line|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|East London line|
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- BBC London:The new East London Line opens to the public Accessed 27 April 2010
- Kenneth Powell. The Jubilee Line Extension: A Celebration, p. 84. Laurence King, 2000. ISBN 1-85669-184-5
- Bob Mitchell. Jubilee Line Extension: From Concept to Completion, pp. 169-172. Thomas Telford, 2003
- David Bennett, Dennis Gilbert, Roland Paoletti. Architecture of the Jubilee Line Extension, p. 64-71. Thomas Telford, 2004. ISBN 0-7277-3088-6
- Horne, M: The Jubilee Line, page 80. Capital Transport Publishing, 2000.
- Ben Tufft (23 April 2015). "Canada Water underground to be renamed Buxton Water for London Marathon day". The Independent. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- Derek Phillips, Carl Gardner. Daylighting: Natural Light in Architecture. Elsevier, 2004. ISBN 0-7506-6323-5
- Mitchell, p. 356.
- ORR statistics as per infobox