Canary Wharf tube station
Canary Wharf is a London Underground station in the Canary Wharf commercial estate on the Isle of Dogs; it is on the Jubilee line, between Canada Water and North Greenwich. The station, located in Travelcard Zone 2 and was opened on 17 September 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. Over 40 million people pass through the station each year, making it second busiest on the London Underground outside Central London after Stratford, and also the busiest that serves only a single line.[note 1]
|Location||Canary Wharf, Isle of Dogs|
|Local authority||London Borough of Tower Hamlets|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Owner||Transport for London|
|Number of platforms||2|
|OSI||Canary Wharf |
Heron Quays 
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London Regional Transport|
|London transport portal|
Before the arrival of the Jubilee line, London's Docklands had suffered from relatively poor public transport. Although the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf had been operating since 1987, by 1990 it was obvious that the DLR's capacity would soon be reached. The Jubilee line's routing through Canary Wharf was intended to relieve some of this pressure.
The tube station was intended from the start to be the showpiece of the Jubilee Line Extension, and the contract for its design was awarded in 1990 to the architect Sir Norman Foster. It was constructed, by a Tarmac Construction / Bachy UK Joint Venture, in a drained arm of the former dock, using a simple "cut and cover" method to excavate an enormous pit 24 metres (78 ft) deep and 265 metres (869 ft) long. The size of the interior has led to it being compared to a cathedral, and it has even been used to celebrate a wedding. Foster based the design upon previous work done for Bilbao Metro, colloquially named "Fosteritos". However, the main reason for the station's enormous dimensions was the great number of passengers predicted; as many as 50,000 daily. It remains the only tube station to accommodate rush hour demand. These predictions have been outgrown, with as many as 69,759 on weekdays recorded in 2006  and within a decade it had become the only station, outside of Zone 1 to be ranked within the top-ten most used station.
Canary Wharf station and the Jubilee line Extension itself were partly funded by the owners of the Canary Wharf complex, with the intention of making it more accessible to commuters. The Canary Wharf group had committed to £500 million of funding for the capital costs, over a period of 24 years. They were, however, underwhelmed by the proposed service frequency. Only five years after the construction of the extension, capacity issues started becoming apparent and upgrades were required. The first step was the lengthening of the trains from 6 to 7 cars. This was done at the end of 2005. The second step was to replace the conventional Jubilee line signalling with the Thales S40 moving-block system. This was eventually introduced into service during 2011 after many delays and teething problems and allows a more intensive timetable to operate with 30 trains per hour running in the peaks.
In a 2013 poll conducted by YouGov, it was voted as the "Most Loved" tube station in London  and "despite its immense volume [it is] comfortable and inviting". Five years after opening, a study concluded that the new station had increased land values by £2 billion.
In January 2019, a person died after falling from an escalator; this led to the station being temporarily being closed.
The station todayEdit
Above ground there is little sign of the vast interior: two curved glass canopies at the east and west ends of the station cover the entrances and allow daylight into the ticket hall below. The Jubilee Park, a public park is situated between the two canopies, above the station concourse. It had originally been intended that the infilled section of the dock would be reinstated above the station, but this proved impractical because of technical difficulties and the park was created instead.
Canary Wharf station has become one of the busiest stations on the network, serving the ever-expanding Canary Wharf business district. Although it shares its name with the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf, the two are not directly integrated (in fact, Heron Quays DLR station is nearer at street level). Initially a direct interchange between the DLR had been hoped for, but development in the intervening years had prevented this goal. All three stations are connected underground via shopping malls. Out-of-station interchange within twenty minutes between any two of the stations entails no additional charge.
Canary Wharf can be used to reverse trains from both the east and the west. A scissors crossover west of the station allows trains from Stanmore to enter either the east- or west-bound platform at the station, and trains from Stratford enter the normal westbound platform and can use this scissors crossover to reverse back towards Stratford.
Services and connectionsEdit
- 6 tph Stanmore – Stratford
Canary Wharf Group (CWG) has called for the Bakerloo line extension to Lewisham to be diverted to Surrey Quays and Canary Wharf from Old Kent Road, before running to Charlton, CWG suggest the current Jubilee Line not being able to cope with demand from the yet to be approved new Canada Water scheme. CWG has also proposed a new underground line between Euston and Canary Wharf which is being considered by the government.
In popular cultureEdit
On 9 January 2013, the station appeared on a £1.28 British postage stamp as part of a set commemorating the 150th anniversary of the first London underground train journey. The stamp's captions read "Jubilee Line at Canary Wharf" and "1999". The Canary Wharf stamp represented the most modern phase of the Underground in the set of six stamps.
The station was used as a location for some scenes of Danny Boyle's 2002 film 28 Days Later. In April 2016, Star Wars fans using Twitter commented that the station had apparently been used in a scene of the trailer for the film Rogue One.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canary Wharf tube station.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- The DLR station is a completely separate station itself.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- "Out-of-Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. May 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. p. 80. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- "The DLR at 30: The trains that brought the Docklands back to life". I News. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Schmidlin website Archived 6 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Green, Oliver (2012). The Tube:Station to Station on the London Underground. Botley, Oxford: Shire Publications Ltd. pp. 57, 114. ISBN 978-0-74781-227-2.
- TfL statistics
- Glover, John (2010). London's Underground (11th ed.). Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd. pp. 127–131. ISBN 978-0-7110-3429-7.
- Now for the Northern – Another Underground upgrade gets into its stride Archived 30 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Londoners say Bank Tube station is capital's worst BBC, 23 April 2013
- Kevin Rawlinson. "Commuter dies after falling from escalator at Canary Wharf tube station | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- "Jubilee Park, Canary Wharf". Garden Visit. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "Out of Station Interchange (OSI)". Oyster and National Rail (independent guide). 24 March 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Mitchell, Bob (2003). Jubilee Line Extension: From Concept to Completion. ICE Publishing. p. 145. ISBN 978-0727730282.
- Feather, Clive (6 June 2016). "Jubilee Line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "The Night Tube". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Jubilee line joins London's busier than expected night tube | UK news | The Guardian
- "Buses from Canary Wharf" (PDF). Transport for London. August 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Darryl Chamberlain (30 August 2018). "Extend Bakerloo Line to Charlton, Canary Wharf's owners demand – The Charlton Champion". Charltonchampion.co.uk. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Smale, Katherine (11 April 2019). "Canary Wharf Group in talks about rail link to Euston". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Royal Mail celebrates 150 years of the London Underground" (Press release). Royal Mail. 8 January 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Stolworthy, Jacob (7 April 2016). "Rogue One trailer: fans spot Canary Wharf tube station in Star Wars prequel teaser". Independent. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
- Gani, Aisha (7 April 2016). "Star Wars: Rogue One clip apparently filmed at London tube station". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canary Wharf tube station.|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Out of system interchange|
|Preceding station||DLR||Following station|
|Docklands Light Railway|
Transfer at: Canary Wharf
(eastbound West India Quay Bypass)
|Docklands Light Railway|
Transfer at: Heron Quays
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
towards Abbey Wood