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The London transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from St Pancras International which connects to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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London low emission zone sign (detail).png
The London low emission zone (LEZ) is a charging scheme that aims to reduce the pollution emissions of diesel-fuelled commercial vehicles in London. Vehicles whose emissions exceed pre-determined levels are charged to enter Greater London. Operation of the low emission zone started operating on 4 February 2008 followed by a phased introduction of an stricter emission standard up to 2012. The scheme is administered by Transport for London (TfL) for the Greater London Authority.

The scheme applies to diesel engine vehicles over 1.205 tonnes, which must be registered with TfL. The scheme does not affect cars or motorcycles. Owners of vehicles that do not meet these requirements must pay a fee of up to £200 with failure to pay resulting in a fine. A limited range of vehicles are exempted or able to obtain a discount from the charge. Payment of the LEZ charge is in addition to any congestion charge required.

Like the congestion charge, the zone is monitored using Automatic Number Plate Reading Cameras to record number plates. Vehicles entering or moving within the zone are checked against the records of the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency to enable TfL to pursue vehicles that have not paid.


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Sir John Fowler by John Everett Millais.jpg
Sir John Fowler (15 July 1817 – 20 November 1898) was a British civil engineer specialising in the construction of railways and railway infrastructure. Fowler's was a long and eminent career, spanning most of the 19th century's railway expansion, and he was engineer, adviser or consultant to many British and foreign railway companies and governments.

Fowler had a busy practice, working on many railway schemes across the country. In 1853, he became chief engineer of the Metropolitan Railway in London, the world's first underground railway. Constructed in shallow "cut-and-cover" trenches beneath city streets, the line opened between Paddington and Farringdon in 1863. Fowler was also engineer for the associated District Railway and the Hammersmith and City Railway.

Later in his career, he was also a consultant with his partner Benjamin Baker and with James Henry Greathead on two of London's first tube railways, the City and South London Railway and the Central London Railway. As part of his railway projects, Fowler designed numerous bridges, including the Grosvenor Bridge, the first railway bridge over the River Thames, the 13-arch Dollis Brook Viaduct for the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway and, most famously, the Forth Railway Bridge for which he was made a baronet.


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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayGreen Park tube stationHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMarchioness disasterMetropolitan RailwayMoorgate tube crashRAF NortholtFrank PickSinking of SS Princess AliceQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton railway station (Brill Tramway)

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of London Monopoly locationsList of works by Charles HoldenLondon station groupTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBecontree tube stationBlackfriars stationBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bond StreetBoston Manor tube stationBow Back RiversBow StreetInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysBritish Rail Class 700Broad Street railway station (England)Cannon Street stationCharing Cross railway stationChesham branchChiswick BridgeCity Thameslink railway stationCoventry StreetDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationEuston railway stationFenchurch Street railway stationFinchley Central tube stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGants Hill tube stationGloucester Road tube stationGreat Marlborough StreetHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationHolborn Viaduct railway stationKennington tube stationKing's Cross St Pancras tube stationLeicester SquareMurder of Deborah LinsleyLiverpool Street stationLondon Bridge stationLondon Country North EastLondon King's Cross railway stationLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Paddington stationLondon Underground departmental stockLondon Victoria stationLondon Waterloo stationM11 link road protestMarylebone stationMoorgate stationMorden tube stationNewbury Park tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOld Street stationOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPaddington tube station (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines)Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)Pall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillyRegent StreetSt Pancras railway stationSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyTrafalgar SquareUpminster Bridge tube stationVauxhall stationVictoria lineVine Street, LondonWaterloo East railway stationWestminster tube stationWhitechapel RoadWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry

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List of London Monopoly locations


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