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Newbury Park tube station is a London Underground station in Newbury Park, Ilford, east London. It is on the Hainault loop of the Central line, in Zone 4.

Newbury Park London Underground
Newbury Park stn bus shelter2.JPG
Grade II listed bus shelter
Newbury Park is located in Greater London
Newbury Park
Newbury Park
Location of Newbury Park in Greater London
Location Newbury Park
Local authority London Borough of Redbridge
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 4.40 million[1]
2014 Increase 4.62 million[1]
2015 Decrease 4.33 million[1]
2016 Increase 5.43 million[1]
2017 Increase 5.53 million[1]
Key dates
1903 Opened (GER)
1947 Closed (LNER)
1947 Opened as terminus (Central line)
1948 Became through station
4 October 1965 Goods yard closed[2]
Listed status
Listed feature Bus shelter
Listing grade II
Entry number 1081019[3]
Added to list 19 March 1981
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°34′30″N 0°05′22″E / 51.5749°N 0.0895°E / 51.5749; 0.0895Coordinates: 51°34′30″N 0°05′22″E / 51.5749°N 0.0895°E / 51.5749; 0.0895
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Contents

HistoryEdit

Newbury Park originally opened on 1 May 1903, as part of a Great Eastern Railway (GER) branch line from Woodford to Ilford via Hainault, known as the Fairlop Loop. This line, designed to stimulate suburban growth, had a chequered career. As a consequence of the Railways Act 1921, the GER was merged with other railway companies in 1923 to become part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER).

As part of the 1935–1940 "New Works Programme" of the London Passenger Transport Board the majority of the loop was to be transferred to form the eastern extensions of the Central line. Although work commenced in 1938 it was suspended upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and work only recommenced in 1945. This involved the construction of a new tube tunnel from Leytonstone via Redbridge which surfaced at Newbury Park to connect with the lines of the existing Ilford – Woodford branch. Part of the existing tunnel system was used as an underground factory from 1942 to 1945 (Plessey) for essential aircraft production, the tunnels being protection from possible air raids.

Steam train services serving Newbury Park were suspended on 29 November 1947 and electrified Central line passenger services, to Central London via Gants Hill, finally commenced on 14 December 1947. On the same day the line beyond, to the new Hainault depot, was electrified for empty train movements. The station ceased to be the temporary terminus of the Central line on 31 May 1948 with the extension of passenger services to Hainault station. The surface tracks from Newbury Park to Ilford were severed by expansion of Ilford Carriage Sheds in 1947, whilst those to Seven Kings were severed in 1956. The former alignment was in a cutting which was filled in and subsequently provided land for allotment gardens and (more recently) housing. Three road bridges apparently spanning a missing alignment are the only clues to the old railway. The last vestige of the former line was a turn-back siding south of the station, used by main-line freight trains travelling around the loop from Woodford until 1965, and by Underground engineering trains until 1992 when it was finally abandoned.

North of the station, the tracks were rearranged upon transfer to London Underground such that the former through eastbound road became a reversing siding, though retaining the connection towards Barkingside, whilst through trains use a road formerly part of the sidings and freight-yard built to the west of the running lines. The northern end of the platforms were truncated to facilitate insertion of the points-work for the re-arrangement. The sidings were abandoned when Hainault depot fully opened in 1948, whilst the freight yard closed in 1965. Today some eastbound trains still terminate at Newbury Park before reversing back to central London.

The station's most prominent feature is the adjacent bus station, designed by Oliver Hill, and opened on 6 July 1949. Distinguished by a copper-covered barrel-vaulted roof, the structure is a Grade II listed building and won a Festival of Britain architectural award in 1951. The rest of the station's proposed reconstruction was not completed due to post-war economies. The original station building, which was very similar to Chigwell (further north on the Loop), was demolished in 1956 to facilitate widening of the adjacent A12 Eastern Avenue. Another similar building existed at Grange Hill (the next station south from Chigwell) but this was destroyed by a German V1 flying bomb in 1944.

In 2009, because of financial constraints, TfL decided to stop work on a project to provide step-free access at Newbury Park and five other stations, on the grounds that these are relatively quiet stations and some are already one or two stops away from an existing step-free station.[4] Hainault station which has step-free access is three stops to the north. £4.6 million was spent on Newbury Park before the project was halted.[5]. In 2017, as part of the Mayor of London's plan to increase the number of step free stations, work recommenced on the project to install a lift to each platform, with the project scheduled for completion in 2019.

Services and connectionsEdit

ServicesEdit

Newbury Park is served by the Central Line on the Hainault loop. The next station westbound is Gants Hill and the next station eastbound is Barkingside. [6]Train frequencies vary during the day but generally run every 3-4 minutes westbound between 05:20 and 23:54 and eastbound between 06:28 and 01:05. [7][8]

Trains generally run between Hainault and Ealing Broadway, although during disruption of trains to Ealing Broadway, Trains can also run to West Ruislip. The typical off-peak service, in trains per hour as of 2018 is:[7][8]

  • 9tph westbound to Ealing Broadway
  • 3tph westbound to White City
  • 9tph eastbound to Hainault, 3 of which continue to Woodford

Trains also terminate here from White City 3 times an hour and use the crossover and siding to re-enter service westbound to White City.

Night Tube operates from this station on Friday and Saturday nights. The typical Night tube service as in trains per hour as of 2018 is:[9]

  • 3tph eastbound to Hainault
  • 3tph westbound to White City

ConnectionsEdit

London Buses routes 66, 296 and 396 serve the station directly. London bus route 296 operates 24 hours on Friday and Saturday nights since the introduction of the night tube on the Central line in August 2016.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be – freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News. London Underground Railway Society (591): 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1081019)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Disability and Deaf Equality Scheme (DES) 2009–2012". TfL. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "TfL wastes £64million abandoning disabled access plans on the Tube". Evening Standard. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Transport for London (December 2017). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2018. 
  7. ^ a b +Underground+Station&ToId=940GZZLURBG&SelectedTime=5 "Central line timetable : From Gants Hill Underground station to Redbridge Underground station" Check |url= value (help). Transport for London. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  8. ^ a b "Central line timetable : From Gants Hill Underground station to Newbury Park Underground station". Transport for London. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  9. ^ "The Night Tube". Improving the Tube - What We're Doing. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 

External linksEdit

Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
Central line
towards Hainault or
Woodford (via Hainault)
Disused railways
Ilford   LNER
Fairlop Loop
  Barkingside