London North Eastern Railway
London North Eastern Railway (LNER) is a British train operating company owned by the Department for Transport (DfT), unlike most UK train operating companies. LNER operates the InterCity East Coast franchise providing long-distance inter-city services on the East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross to North East England and Scotland. LNER manages 12 stations itself and its trains call at 53 stations in total.
|Franchise(s)||InterCity East Coast|
24 June 2018 – 2025
|Stations called at||53|
|National Rail abbreviation||GR|
|Parent company||DfT OLR Holding Limited|
The company is owned by the Department for Transport (DfT). LNER took over the InterCity East Coast franchise in June 2018, after the previous privately owned operator Virgin Trains East Coast returned it to the government following sustained financial difficulties. The DfT intended for the company to provide services until a new public-private partnership could be established in 2020. In July 2019, it was announced that LNER had been given a direct-award to run services beyond 28 June 2020 until 2025 making it the longest franchisee since GNER. 
In November 2017, the Secretary of State for Transport, Chris Grayling, announced the early termination of the InterCity East Coast franchise in 2020, three years ahead of schedule, following losses on the route by operator Virgin Trains East Coast (VTEC), who had been due to pay more than £2 billion in franchise premiums to the government over the last four years of its contract.
This was brought forward in February 2018 to mid-2018. The Department for Transport (DfT) decided to either negotiate a deal with VTEC to continue to run the franchise on a temporary non-profit basis while a new franchise competition was conducted, or to arrange for VTEC be taken over by the DfT's operator of last resort. On 16 May 2018 it was announced that the latter had been decided and that LNER would take over from VTEC on 24 June 2018. The DfT also announced that LNER would be the long-term brand applied to the InterCity East Coast franchise. As part of the overall strategy for the East Coast franchise, the Secretary of State for Transport stated that Great Northern services could potentially be integrated into the operation when the Thameslink Southern & Great Northern franchise expires in 2021.
LNER is the second time that a government appointed operator of last resort has taken control of the InterCity East Coast franchise; between 2009 and 2015 the franchise was operated by East Coast following National Express East Coast defaulting.
LNER has taken over the following services from VTEC:
|Leeds & West Yorkshire|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Leeds||1||Peterborough, Doncaster and Wakefield Westgate||1tpd to Skipton via Keighley|
1tpd to Bradford Forster Square via Shipley
1tpd to Harrogate via Horsforth
|1||Stevenage, Grantham, Doncaster and Wakefield Westgate|
|Lincoln, and Hull & East Yorkshire|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Newark North Gate or York||1||Stevenage, Peterborough and Grantham
1tp2h extended to York calling at Retford and Doncaster
|1tpd to Lincoln|
1tpd to Hull
|North East & Scotland|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Edinburgh Waverley||1||York, Darlington, Newcastle, Berwick-upon-Tweed||1tpd to Inverness|
1tpd to Stirling
4tpd to Aberdeen (3 from London King's Cross, 1 from Leeds)
|1||Peterborough, Newark North Gate, Doncaster, York, Northallerton (1tp2h), Darlington, Durham, Newcastle, Alnmouth (1tp2h)
Northallerton and Alnmouth are usually served by alternate trains
|1tpd to Glasgow Central|
1tpd to Sunderland
An expanded service to Lincoln begins on 21 October 2019 when four terminating services at Newark Northgate are extended into Lincoln. This is in addition to the sole one train per day service, which in all, will provide five out and back workings to and from London King's Cross. LNER also plans for December 2019 timetable change that a sixth return service to London from Lincoln will be introduced and 5 extra services on a Saturday will begin from 7 December 2019.  From December 2019, LNER will introduce a Harrogate to London service 6 times a day. LNER expects to introduce two-hourly services to Bradford and a daily service to Huddersfield in May 2020 when more Azuma trains have been introduced. The Middlesbrough service is expected to begin in December 2021 after infrastructure work required to run the service is completed.
Future destinations include a proposed service to Middlesbrough, though the Rail Minister, Jo Johnson, told Parliament that it was dependent on the Azuma's being brought into service on the ECML and other schemes in progress that would provide sufficient capacity to enable the service to run. An additional constraint is the lack of a suitably long enough platform at Middlesbrough, which would necessitate a new build at an estimated cost of £20 million.
London North Eastern Railway operates a number of named passenger trains:
|Flying Scotsman||Edinburgh Waverley||London King's Cross||Service began 1862 in both directions; named by LNER in 1924. Now Edinburgh to London and only stops at Newcastle railway station for a driver/crew swap.|
|Highland Chieftain||London King's Cross||Inverness||The longest LNER route
There are no power sockets in the First Class coach J.
|Northern Lights||London King's Cross||Aberdeen||There are no power sockets in the First Class coach J|
|West Riding Limited||Bradford Forster Square||London King's Cross||Operates from Bradford to London only.|
LNER inherited a fleet of InterCity 125 and InterCity 225s from Virgin Trains East Coast. Since September 2016, Virgin Trains East Coast had hired three Class 90s from DB Cargo for use on services to Newark, York and Leeds. LNER has inherited these locomotives and is expected to retain them for the foreseeable future to cover for the current shortage of Class 91 locomotives.
|Set||Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number of Units/Sets||Carriages||Notes|
|InterCity 125||Class 43||Diesel locomotive||125||200||32|
|Mark 3 carriage||Passenger carriage||130||14 9-car carriage sets|
|InterCity 225||Class 90||Electric locomotive||110||177||6||A short term hire-in from DB Cargo to cover for a shortfall in Class 91s.
Usually 1 or 2 supplied from a pool of 6.
|Class 91||Electric locomotive||140||225||31|
|Mark 4 carriage||Passenger carriage||302||Seating Map|
|Driving Van Trailer||Driving Van Trailer||31|
|Intercity Express||Class 800 Azuma||Bi-Mode Multiple Unit||10||5||Seating Map|
The current fleet is scheduled to be replaced by Class 800/Class 801 high-speed trains from May 2019. From 16 September 2019, LNER will begin introducing the Class 801. These will operate in 9-carriage and 5-carriage sets.
In August 2019, LNER revealed its intentions of purchasing more new trains for a planned limited-stop London Kings Cross to Edinburgh service starting in 2021. Originally, LNER and previous franchise holder Virgin Trains East Coast had planned to retain between 6 and 8 InterCity 225 sets but due to the significant amount of rebuilding and refurbishment required to meet modern standards, they have abandoned this idea in favour of new trains.
|Set||Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number of Units/Sets||Carriages||Routes|
|Intercity Express||Class 801 Azuma||Electric Multiple Unit||140||225||12||5||All electrified routes|
London North Eastern Railway has four main depots:
- "LNER Timetable" (PDF). liner.co.uk. Notes C and D. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Companies House extract company no 4659712 London North Eastern Railway Limited
- Nationalisation of East Coast mainline extended until 2025 The Parliamentary Review; 7 July 2019
- Elder, Bryce (29 November 2017). "Stagecoach soars after government intervenes on contract". Financial Times. London: Nikkei. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Topham, Gwyn (29 November 2017). "East Coast rail 'bailout' could cost taxpayers hundreds of millions". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- "Stagecoach to lose East Coast Mainline rail franchise". BBC News. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- "Stagecoach East Coast deal to end early". 6 February 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Virgin Trains East Coast franchise to end within months Railway Gazette International 6 February 2018
- "East coast main line trains back in public hands again next month". Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "LNER". www.lnerailway.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Short-term Intercity East Coast train operator 2018 options report" (PDF). May 2018. p. 20 (numbered 16).
- East Coast rail update Secretary of State for Transport 16 May 2018
- "East Coast rail change confirmed". BBC News Online. 5 November 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Stagecoach and Virgin win East Coast mainline rail franchise". BBC News. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
-  lner website: 30 August 2019
- Pritchard, Robert, ed. (June 2019). "Expanded Lincoln-London service in September". Today's Railways. No. 210. Sheffield: Platform 5. p. 17. ISSN 1475-9713.
- New Harrogate-London rail times revealed Harrogate Advertiser; 17 May 2019
- LNER begins rollout of azuma trains
- Promised improvements to Leeds train services delayed by up to TWO YEARS LeedsLive; 24 April 2019
- Modern Railways September 2019 edition p.11
- Harris, Nigel, ed. (26 September 2018). "Plan for Azuma's to Middlesbrough". Rail Magazine. No. 862. Peterborough: Bauer Media. p. 21. ISSN 0953-4563.
- Johnston, Howard (24 October 2018). "Regional News". Rail Magazine. No. 864. Peterborough: Bauer Media. p. 26. ISSN 0953-4563.
- September 16 launch for Class 801 Azumas on London-Leeds route Rail 1 August 2019
- Intercity Rail Travel Presentation Department for Transport 27 June 2011
- Britain's Intercity Express Programme reaches financial close International Railway Journal 25 July 2012
- More new trains on LNER wish list Rail 8 August 2019