London North Eastern Railway
London North Eastern Railway (LNER) is a British train operating company owned by the Department for Transport (DfT), unlike most UK train operating companies. LNER operates the InterCity East Coast franchise providing long-distance inter-city services on the East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross to North East England and Scotland. LNER manages 12 stations itself and its trains call at 55 stations in total.
|Franchise(s)||InterCity East Coast|
24 June 2018 – 2025
|Fleet size||Class 801 Azuma sets (40 in service)|
|Stations called at||55|
|Parent company||HM Government|
(Department for Transport)
The company is owned by the Department for Transport (DfT). LNER took over the InterCity East Coast franchise in June 2018, after the previous privately owned operator Virgin Trains East Coast returned it to the government following sustained financial difficulties. The DfT intended for the company to provide services until a new public–private partnership could be established in 2020. In July 2019, it was announced that LNER had been given a direct-award to run services beyond 28 June 2020 until 2025, making it the longest franchise on the East Coast Main Line since GNER.
In November 2017, the Secretary of State for Transport, Chris Grayling, announced the early termination of the InterCity East Coast franchise in 2020, three years ahead of schedule, following losses on the route by operator Virgin Trains East Coast (VTEC), who had been due to pay more than £2 billion in franchise premiums to the government over the last four years of its contract.
This was brought forward in February 2018 to mid-2018. The Department for Transport (DfT) decided to either negotiate a deal with VTEC to continue to run the franchise on a temporary non-profit basis while a new franchise competition was conducted, or to arrange for VTEC be taken over by the DfT's operator of last resort. On 16 May 2018 it was announced that the latter had been decided and that LNER would take over from VTEC on 24 June 2018. The DfT also announced that LNER would be the long-term brand applied to the InterCity East Coast franchise. As part of the overall strategy for the East Coast franchise, the Secretary of State for Transport stated that Great Northern services could potentially be integrated into the operation when the Thameslink Southern & Great Northern franchise expires in 2021.
LNER is the second time that a government appointed operator of last resort has taken control of the InterCity East Coast franchise; between 2009 and 2015 the franchise was operated by East Coast following National Express East Coast defaulting.
As of May 2020, the current off-peak service pattern is:
|Leeds & West Yorkshire|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Leeds, Harrogate or Bradford Forster Square||1||Peterborough, Doncaster and Wakefield Westgate||1tpd to Skipton via Keighley|
1tpd to Huddersfield via Dewsbury
|1||Stevenage, Grantham, Doncaster and Wakefield Westgate |
1tp2h extended to Harrogate with 2tpd calling at Horsforth;
1tp2h extends to Bradford Forster Square, calling at Shipley
|Lincoln & East Yorkshire|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Lincoln or York||1||Stevenage, Peterborough, Grantham and Newark North Gate
1tp2h extended to Lincoln
1tp2h extended to York calling at Retford and Doncaster
|1tpd to Hull|
|North East & Scotland|
|Route||tph||Calling at||Peak-time extensions|
|London King's Cross to Edinburgh Waverley||1||York, Darlington, Newcastle, Berwick-upon-Tweed||1tpd to Inverness|
1tpd to Stirling
4tpd to Aberdeen (3 from London King's Cross, 1 from Leeds)
|1||Peterborough, Newark North Gate, Doncaster, York, Northallerton (1tp2h), Darlington, Durham, Newcastle, Alnmouth (1tp2h)
Northallerton and Alnmouth are usually served by alternate trains
|1tpd to Glasgow Central|
1tpd to Sunderland
An expanded service to Lincoln began on 21 October 2019 when four terminating services at Newark Northgate were extended into Lincoln. This is in addition to the sole one train per day service, which in all, now provides five out and back workings to and from London King's Cross. LNER also plans for December 2019 timetable change that a sixth return service to London from Lincoln will be introduced and 5 extra services on a Saturday will begin from 7 December 2019. From December 2019, LNER introduced a Harrogate to London service 6 times a day. LNER expects to introduce two-hourly services to Bradford and a daily service to Huddersfield in May 2020 when more Azuma trains have been introduced. The Middlesbrough service is expected to begin in December 2021 after infrastructure work required to run the service is completed.
Future destinations include a proposed service to Middlesbrough, though the Rail Minister, Jo Johnson, told Parliament that it was dependent on the Azumas being brought into service on the ECML and other schemes in progress that would provide sufficient capacity to enable the service to run. An additional constraint is the lack of a suitably long enough platform at Middlesbrough, which would necessitate a new build at an estimated cost of £20 million.
London North Eastern Railway operates a number of named passenger trains:
|Flying Scotsman||Edinburgh Waverley||London King's Cross||Service began 1862 in both directions; named by LNER in 1924. Now Edinburgh to London and only stops at Newcastle railway station for a driver/crew swap.|
|Highland Chieftain||London King's Cross||Inverness||The longest LNER route|
|Northern Lights||London King's Cross||Aberdeen|
|West Riding Limited||Bradford Forster Square||London King's Cross||Operates from Bradford to London only.|
LNER inherited a fleet of InterCity 125 and InterCity 225s from Virgin Trains East Coast (VTEC). Since September 2016, VTEC had hired three Class 90s from DB Cargo for use on services to Newark, York and Leeds. LNER inherited these locomotives and retained them until June 2019 to cover for the shortage of Class 91 locomotives.
In May 2019, the first lot of Class 800 trains began entering service with the Class 801 trains also following on in September. These units are based on the Hitachi A-train design and LNER retained the Azuma brand for the units which was originally designated by VTEC. The initial operation of these units allowed the InterCity 125 and InterCity 225 fleets to be replaced gradually. The first Azuma train to enter service was a 9-carriage 800/1 on 15 May on the Leeds route from King's Cross. Other subclasses of the 800 and 801 variants entered service afterwards, with the first two 5-carriage 801/1 sets entering service on 16 September operating as a 10-carriage train, the first lot of 5-carriage 800/2 sets entering service to coincide with the launch of the new King's Cross - Lincoln services on 21 October and the first two 9-carriage 801/2 sets entering service on 18 November. This means the whole Azuma class has entered service, but not all units are ready for service yet.
Following the withdrawal of the InterCity 125 fleet in December 2019, it was previously thought that the InterCity 225 fleet would be fully withdrawn by June 2020. However, LNER announced on 29 January 2020 that they would be retaining a limited number of the InterCity 225 fleet to deliver all of the benefits of their December 2021 timetable. LNER later confirmed that they would be keeping 10 sets in service.
|Locomotive hauled sets|
|InterCity 225||91||Electric locomotive||140||225||14||14 sets formed of 9 carriages each||Seating Map|
|Mark 4||Passenger carriage||135|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||14|
|Hitachi AT300||800/1 Azuma||Bi-mode multiple unit||140||225||13 (12 in service)||9||Seating Map|
|801/1 Azuma||Electric multiple unit||12||5|
|801/2 Azuma||30 (28 in service)||9|
The takeover from the Azuma fleet has allowed all fourteen of LNER's HST sets to be withdrawn from service. The last three sets with LNER worked their last services on 15 December 2019. Nine of the fourteen HST sets transferred to East Midlands Railway.
|Set||Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Transferred to|
|InterCity 125||43||Diesel locomotive||125||200||32||14 sets formed of 9 carriages each||East Midlands Railway (9 sets)
Storage (5 sets)
|Mark 3||Passenger carriage||130|
|InterCity 225||91||Electric locomotive||140||225||17||17 sets formed of 9 carriages each||Europhoenix (2)
Stored (12) D.A.T.S. LTD (3)
|Mark 4||Passenger carriage||158||Grand Central (0)
Transport for Wales (12)
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||17||Grand Central (0)
London North Eastern Railway has only one depot. The rest of its fleet maintenance is bought in.
- Aberdeen Clayhills Carriage Maintenance Depot, managed by LNER
- Bounds Green TMD, London – for heavy duty maintenance of IC225 sets, managed by Hitachi
- Doncaster Carr Rail Depot, managed by Hitachi
- Neville Hill TMD, Leeds – managed by East Midlands Railway and Northern
- Heaton TMD, Newcastle – managed by Northern
- Craigentinny TMD, Edinburgh – managed by Hitachi
- "LNER Timetable" (PDF). lner.co.uk. Notes C and D. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Companies House extract company no 4659712 London North Eastern Railway Limited
- Nationalisation of East Coast mainline extended until 2025 The Parliamentary Review, 7 July 2019
- Elder, Bryce (29 November 2017). "Stagecoach soars after government intervenes on contract". Financial Times. London: Nikkei. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Topham, Gwyn (29 November 2017). "East Coast rail 'bailout' could cost taxpayers hundreds of millions". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- "Stagecoach to lose East Coast Mainline rail franchise". BBC News. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- "Stagecoach East Coast deal to end early". 6 February 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Virgin Trains East Coast franchise to end within months Railway Gazette International 6 February 2018
- "East coast main line trains back in public hands again next month". Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "LNER". www.lnerailway.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Short-term Intercity East Coast train operator 2018 options report" (PDF). May 2018. p. 20 (numbered 16).
- East Coast rail update Secretary of State for Transport 16 May 2018
- "East Coast rail change confirmed". BBC News Online. 5 November 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Stagecoach and Virgin win East Coast mainline rail franchise". BBC News. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "London North Eastern Railway timetables". Retrieved 18 December 2019.
-  lner website: 30 August 2019
- Pritchard, Robert, ed. (June 2019). "Expanded Lincoln-London service in September". Today's Railways. No. 210. Sheffield: Platform 5. p. 17. ISSN 1475-9713.
- New Harrogate-London rail times revealed Harrogate Advertiser; 17 May 2019
- LNER begins rollout of azuma trains
- Promised improvements to Leeds train services delayed by up to TWO YEARS LeedsLive; 24 April 2019
- Modern Railways September 2019 edition p.11
- Harris, Nigel, ed. (26 September 2018). "Plan for Azuma's to Middlesbrough". Rail Magazine. No. 862. Peterborough: Bauer Media. p. 21. ISSN 0953-4563.
- Johnston, Howard (24 October 2018). "Regional News". Rail Magazine. No. 864. Peterborough: Bauer Media. p. 26. ISSN 0953-4563.
- "LNER". Brand Cooke. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- "Hitachi Azuma Enters Service for LNER". Railway-News. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- September 16 launch for Class 801 Azumas on London-Leeds route Rail 1 August 2019
- 2019-10-21T10:53:00+01:00. "LNER launches Azumas to Lincoln". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- Intercity Rail Travel Presentation Department for Transport 27 June 2011
- Britain's Intercity Express Programme reaches financial close International Railway Journal 25 July 2012
- "FROM THE ARCHIVES: Traction transition: HST to Azuma". www.railmagazine.com. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
- Railway, London North Eastern (29 January 2020). "If you're a fan of our IC225 trains, you can continue to enjoy them for a bit longer. We are retaining a number of them in order to deliver all of the benefits of our Dec 2021 timetable plans. Here is our favourite, For the Fallen, at York Station.pic.twitter.com/ry89sQ45JE". @LNER. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Railway, London North Eastern (5 February 2020). "18 currently and we are keeping 10 till the end of 2021. ^SM". @LNER. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "VIDEO - Fans bid farewell to the iconic InterCity 125 at York". Minster FM. 15 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "East Midlands Railway to acquire HS diesel trains from LNER". Business Traveller. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
Media related to London North Eastern Railway at Wikimedia Commons
Virgin Trains East Coast
| Operator of InterCity East Coast franchise