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Lincoln Central railway station

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Lincoln railway station (previously Lincoln Central) serves the city of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, England. The station is owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Railway (EMR) train operating company. East Midlands Railway provides the majority of services, supplemented by Northern and London North Eastern Railway.

Lincoln National Rail
LincolnCentral 2017.png
Location
PlaceLincoln
Local authorityLincoln
Coordinates53°13′34″N 0°32′20″W / 53.226°N 0.539°W / 53.226; -0.539Coordinates: 53°13′34″N 0°32′20″W / 53.226°N 0.539°W / 53.226; -0.539
Grid referenceSK976708
Operations
Station codeLCN
Managed byEast Midlands Railway
Number of platforms5
DfT categoryC1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Decrease 1.610 million
– Interchange Increase 25,767
2014/15Increase 1.650 million
– Interchange Increase 25,994
2015/16Increase 1.754 million
– Interchange Decrease 25,832
2016/17Increase 1.816 million
– Interchange Increase 27,618
2017/18Increase 1.865 million
History
Key datesOpened 17 October 1848 (17 October 1848)
Listed status
Listed featureLincoln Station and footbridge and platform building and yard walls
Listing gradeGrade II listed
Entry number1388752[1]
Added to list16 March 1990
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Lincoln from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

The station is part of the PlusBus scheme, where train and bus tickets can be bought together at a saving. Lincoln Central bus station, the city's main bus station, is within a couple of minutes' walk from the railway station, located to the north-east of the station, on the opposite side of St. Mary's Street and easily accessed via a pedestrian crossing and pedestrianised plaza.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The station buildings were designed by John Henry Taylor of London in 1848, for the Great Northern Railway company. It is built in a Tudor revival style of yellow brick, with stone dressings and slate roofs, with 6 ridge and 8 side wall stacks.[1]

Lincoln Central has been the only station in Lincoln since the closure of Lincoln St. Marks in 1985.[2] Like Rotherham Central, Lincoln Central retained its "Central" suffix for a period of time, before being shortened to simply "Lincoln".[when?]

In late 2010, East Midlands Trains (the operator of the time) announced that it intended to develop an improved customer service area and improve the café and toilets.[3]

Platform layout and servicesEdit

Train services run between Lincoln and

There is also a once-daily service (Monday to Saturday) to London St Pancras operated by East Midlands Railway, and another to London King's Cross operated by London North Eastern Railway.

Preceding station     National Rail   Following station
East Midlands Railway
Midland Main Line
(limited service)
Terminus
East Midlands Railway
Nottingham-Lincoln Line
East Midlands Railway
Doncaster-Lincoln Line
TerminusEast Midlands Railway
Peterborough-Lincoln Line
East Midlands Railway
Newark-Grimsby Line
Northern
Leeds-Lincoln
Terminus
Newark North Gate   London North Eastern Railway
London-Lincoln
  Terminus
Historical railways
Line and station closed
Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway
Line open, station closed
Line and station closed
Great Northern RailwayTerminus
TerminusGreat Northern Railway
Line and station closed
Line and station closed
Great Central RailwayTerminus

There are five platforms at the station, numbered 1–5:

  • Platforms 1 and 2 are bay platforms used for daytime stabling of trains and for terminating arrivals from the east which will return east (trains arriving from the east which will form westbound services will be routed into one of the through platforms).
  • Platforms 3, 4 and 5 are bidirectional through platforms used for services on all routes. All three through platforms are used in whichever way is most operationally advantageous.
  • Platform 3 is the platform face adjacent the main station building and is nearest to the station entrance. The ticket barriers, buffet/shop, a waiting room, accessible toilet and staff facilities are all sited on platform 3.
  • Platforms 4 and 5 are the two faces of the island platform. Passenger waiting rooms and toilets are on the island platform, as is the staff conference room.

Lincoln station is also home to an East Midlands Railway train crew depot; trains are stabled overnight in any or all of the platforms as operationally convenient.

Types of trainsEdit

East Midlands Railway operates Class 153, Class 156 and Class 158 DMUs on the local services, with Class 222 DEMUs operating the daily service to London St Pancras. Occasionally 222 DEMUs are also used on the Leicester to Lincoln services when a DMU is not available. Northern services are usually operated by Class 158 DMUs however other units can occasionally appear, such as 142s, 144s or 150s. The daily London North Eastern Railway service is operated by a HST.

From 2019, Northern will be introducing new Class 195 Civity trains to replace the 142s and 144s.

Lincoln also annually sees multiple charter trains throughout the year, particularly for the Lincoln Christmas Market

 
Charter service in Lincoln Central

Development WorkEdit

ResignallingEdit

 
The old layout and signalling, seen in 1977
 
View of the station in August 2007 showing then recently relaid track

Network Rail instituted a major resignalling scheme for Lincoln during the years 2007–2008 which saw:

  • the replacement of the semaphore signals with colour light signals,
  • the concentration of all signalling control into one signal box rather than the previous four,
  • track relaying, and ballasting
  • new points and crossovers which allow all three through platforms at Lincoln to be used in both directions and allows trains from the east to enter the two bay platforms (1 & 2) directly.[4]

As a direct result, terminating trains no longer need to shunt from one side of the station to the other to take up their return workings, reducing turnaround times for terminating trains and improve train service punctuality and reliability.

As part of the overall scheme, Lincoln's platforms have been renumbered from 3–7 to 1–5: (the current platform 1 was previously platform 3, 2 was 4 etc.)

 
The ornate main entrance at Lincoln station.

All four existing signal boxes - High Street, East Holmes, West Holmes and Pelham Street Junction - were closed and replaced by a new state of the art signalling centre near the West Holmes box. Pelham Street and West Holmes boxes were demolished, but the High Street and East Holmes boxes are listed buildings and are preserved.

Current and future developmentEdit

Lincoln is included in the Lincoln Transport Hub redevelopment scheme, with aims to improve connectivity between bus and rail services in Lincoln by the construction of a new bus station adjacent to the railway station, alongside improvements to the railway station itself, including a new pedestrianised plaza outside the main entrance on St Mary's Street. Construction of the Transport Hub commenced in August 2016 and was completed in January 2018.[5]

There are also plans for improvements to the railway station itself, alongside the construction of a new footbridge over the railway line from Tentercroft Street into the city centre to increase the connectivity of the city centre on foot and by cycle.[citation needed]

In addition to this, there is currently construction of a coffee shop within the station premises.

Future servicesEdit

For many years, Lincoln had not been served with a direct rail service to London. However, the awarding of two new rail franchises saw this remedied.

On 14 August 2007, it was announced that National Express East Coast (NXEC) would take over the InterCity East Coast franchise in December 2007. As part of the commitment, NXEC planned to introduce a two-hourly service between Lincoln and London King's Cross, starting in 2009. This service would have alternated with a two-hourly service to York.[6][7] The InterCity East Coast Franchise was passed to East Coast in November 2009. In late 2009 East Coast along with NetworkRail published details of the ECML proposed new timetable, including the Lincoln-London services. In spring 2010 it was announced that this new service would be cut back. East Coast, citing financial restraints during the credit crunch, announced instead just one direct train in each direction per day, with extra services running only as far as Newark North Gate station, meaning Lincoln passengers will still have to change trains there.[8] On 22 May 2011 East Coast started direct Lincoln-London Kings Cross services, albeit in a much reduced number than they had originally planned. There is one train a day to London leaving Lincoln at 07:30 Monday-Friday and 07:33 on Saturday, there is no East Coast Service to London on a Sunday. The return service leaves London at 19:06 Monday-Friday, 18.08 on Saturday, and 19.08 on Sunday. The operation passed over to Virgin Trains East Coast in early 2015 and as of June 2018 the King's Cross service is now operated by London North Eastern Railway. LNER have vowed to start running two-hourly trains between Lincoln and King's Cross.[9]

In addition to the London North Eastern Railway service, East Midlands Railway operate one train per day Monday-Saturday from Lincoln to London St Pancras, and a return journey is made in the evening. Monday-Saturday, the East Midlands Railway service to London St Pancras leaves Lincoln at 07.05, and the return journey leaves London St Pancras at 18.05 Monday-Friday, and on a Saturday the service leaves at 17.08.

The new Northern franchise started in April 2016 had service improvements on the Lincoln line - the service frequency to Sheffield & Retford was increased to twice hourly (and to hourly on Sundays), whilst the Lincoln to Sheffield service was incorporated into Arriva Rail North's Northern Connect regional network and extended to Leeds via Barnsley.[10]

In 2006, Humber & City, an open-access operator owned by Renaissance Trains, proposed running services between Cleethorpes and Stratford via Lincoln.

Nottinghamshire County Council, the Department for Transport and Network Rail are in discussion about various improvements to the line towards Nottingham including a doubling of service.[11]

In April 2019, the new East Midlands Railway franchise was awarded which included several key improvements for services in Lincoln. These included an increase of London St Pancras to Lincoln services to 2 trains per day as well as the introduction of hourly services between Doncaster and Peterborough via Lincoln from December 2021 instead of the current hourly Peterborough-Lincoln service and 5tpd between Doncaster and Lincoln. Other improvements as part of the new franchise, hourly services will be introduced between Nottingham and Grimsby Town via Lincoln with limited extensions to Cleethorpes replacing, the current two-hourly service from Newark North Gate to Grimsby Town which will terminate here instead of Grimsby this will be achieved by extended the existing Leicester to Lincoln service to Grimsby Town.[12][13] On 9 May 2019, following the end of the standstill period, Abellio confirmed they planned to extend the Leicester service to Grimsby Town meaning that Lincoln would retain its direct link. [14]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 4 June 1962, an express passenger train was derailed due to excessive speed on a curve. Three people were killed and 49 were injured.[15][16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Historic England, "Lincoln Station and footbridge and platform building and yard walls (1388752)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 14 September 2017
  2. ^ Catford, Nick (6 November 2006). "Lincoln St Marks". Disused Stations. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Impact>Station Improvements coming soon" (PDF). East Midlands Trains. September 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Massive investment for Lincoln's railway this summer". Network Rail. 13 June 2007.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "New Bus Station". Lincoln Bus. Lincoln Bus. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  6. ^ "From Lincoln to London in just two hours with new rail link". Lincolnshire Echo. 15 August 2007.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "National Express awarded contract for growth on InterCity East Coast". Department for Transport. 14 August 2007. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ http://www.eastcoast.co.uk/travel-information/Eureka/How-it-will-affect-you/[failed verification]
  9. ^ https://buyingbusinesstravel.com/news/lner-to-put-azuma-trains-into-operation-this-week/
  10. ^ Northern Franchise Improvements - DfT
  11. ^ "125MPH TRAINS TO CUT JOURNEY TIMES". Nottingham Evening Post. 12 April 2008.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Modern Railways June 2019 p.9
  13. ^ East Midlands Franchise Improvements Map Department for Transport; April 2019
  14. ^ Modern Railways June 2019 p.9
  15. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-906899-37-0.
  16. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/MoT_Lincoln1962.pdf

Further readingEdit

  • Hunt, John (19 November – 2 December 1997). "Lincoln: City of surprises!". RAIL. No. 318. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 24–31. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Lincoln Central railway station at Wikimedia Commons

Lincoln Lines
Doncaster–Lincoln line
to Doncaster
 
Sheffield-Lincoln Line
to Sheffield
 
 
 
Pyewipe Junction
Boultham Junction
 
 
 
 
West Holmes Junction
 
 
 
 
 
Nottingham–Lincoln line
to Nottingham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holmes Yard
 
 
 
Lincoln St. Marks
 
 
 
Brayford Wharf Crossing
 
 
 
High Street Crossing
GN and GE
Avoiding Line
 
 
 
Lincoln Central
 
 
 
 
 
Sheffield–Lincoln line
to Cleethorpes
 
 
GN Terrace Crossing
 
 
 
Sincil Junction
Grantham–Lincoln line
to Grantham
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Washingboro' Junction
Peterborough–Lincoln line
to Peterborough
 
 
Lincolnshire loop line
to Spalding & Boston