Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (Grupo CAF, literally "Construction & Other Railway Services") is a Spanish publicly listed company which manufactures railway vehicles and equipment and buses through its Solaris Bus & Coach subsidiary. It is based in Beasain, Basque Autonomous Community. Equipment manufactured by Grupo CAF includes light rail vehicles, rapid transit trains, railroad cars and locomotives, as well as variable gauge axles that can be fitted on any existing truck or bogie.

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A.
TypeSociedad Anónima
BMADCAF
IndustryManufacturing
Founded1917 (Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles)
HeadquartersBeasain, Spain
Number of locations
11 factories, including: Beasain (Basque Country)
Zaragoza (Aragon)
Irún (Basque Country)
Linares (Andalusia)
Hortolandia (Brazil)
Huehuetoca (Mexico)
Elmira, New York (US)
Key people
Jose María Baztarrica Garijo, Andrés Arizkorreta (Chief Executive Officer and Chairman)
ProductsDesign, manufacture, maintenance and supply of equipment and components for railway systems
RevenueIncrease € 1,45 billion (2014
Increase € 146 million EBITDA (2014)
Increase € 62 million (2014)
OwnerPublic; Employees via Cartera Social S.A. (30%); Guipúzcoa Donostia Kutxa (23%)
Number of employees
11,433[1] (december 2018 inc. subsidiaries)
WebsiteCAF.net

Over the 20 years from the early 1990s, CAF benefited from the rail investment boom in its home market in Spain to become a world player with a broad technical capability, able to manufacture almost any type of rail vehicle.[2] CAF has supplied railway rolling stock to a number of major urban transit operators around Europe, the US, South America, East Asia, India, Australia and North Africa.

HistoryEdit

 
Bucharest Metro trains, built between 2013 and 2014

CAF was an acronym for the earlier name of Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, as well as for Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles.

Fábrica de Hierros San MartínEdit

In 1860 Domingo Goitia, Martín Usabiaga and José Francisco Arana established this company, whose main activity was puddling furnaces and cylinder rolling.

La Maquinista GuipuzcoanaEdit

In 1892 Francisco de Goitia (Domingo Goitia's son and heir) joined the Marquess of Urquijo to set up La Maquinista Guipuzcoana, whose main activity was the operation of machinery and the forging and construction of railway rolling stock.

In 1898 it set up its plant in Beasain, Gipuzkoa. In 1905 it changed its name to Fábrica de Vagones de Beasain (FVB).

Compañía Auxiliar de FerrocarrilesEdit

Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) was founded in 1917, specializing in freight car production and with a total of 1,600 employees.

In 1940 the Irun factory was set up, following the expansion of activity after the Spanish Civil War (CAF took part in reconstructing the Spanish rail fleet).

In 1954 CAF took over Material Móvil y Construcciones (MMC) from Zaragoza (Aragon), a company with extensive experience in manufacturing long-distance and subway trains.

Since 1958 the company has modernized and enlarged its Beasain plant and expanded its activity to include all kinds of rolling stock. In line with this, in 1969 CAF created its Research and Development Unit, which increased the company's competitiveness and intensified the focus on in-house technology.

Construcciones y Auxiliar de FerrocarrilesEdit

In 1971 the existing Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) merged with Material Móvil y Construcciones (MMC) and the company adopted its current name Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles.

SubsidiariesEdit

CAF U.S.A., a wholly owned subsidiary of CAF, was incorporated in 1998[3] and is based in Elmira, New York. It manufactures rolling stock for the North American market at a plant in Elmira that the company acquired from ADtranz in 2000.[4] The company from Beasain continued its expansion during the third millennium.

On 24 May 2019, it announced the acquisition of the Swedish company Euromaint at a cost of circa €80 million, following other international contracts to supply Flemish and English railway and underground networks in 2017.[5][6]

CAF Rolling Stock U.K. Ltd.[7] is the CAF subsidiary in the United Kingdom. Its factory is based at Celtic Springs Business Park, at Llanwern steelworks near Newport, Wales as a result of an agreement made between CAF and the Welsh Government.[8] The Newport factory will build stock for Transport for Wales, Northern, the Docklands Light Railway, and potentially High Speed 2 if CAF win the bid process.

Political activityEdit

During the 2019 United Kingdom general election, CAF Rail UK Limited made a donation of £50,000 to the Conservative Party.[9]

In 2019, it has entered into litigation that affects its corporate image. Participating in a consortium, JNET, together with the Israeli company Shapir Engineering and Industry, has won a tender promoted by the Israeli occupation authorities to build and extend light rail lines and supply railway equipment from Jerusalem to nearby settlements, in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.[10] In turn, Shapir is a company that is on the list of companies that benefit from the occupation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, as denounced by the United Nations Human Rights Council.[11]

Rolling stockEdit

CarriagesEdit

EMU and DMUEdit

LocomotivesEdit

For FEVE, now part of Renfe Operadora:

For Euskotren:

For Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca:

  • DMU Class 61
  • EMU Class 71
  • EMU Class 81

For other operators:

MetroEdit

For Madrid:

  • Class 300
  • Class 1000
  • Class 2000
  • Class 3000
  • Class 5000
  • Class 6000
  • Class 8000
  • Class 8400

For Barcelona:

 
Class 5000
  • Class 1000
  • Class 2000
  • Class 3000
  • Class 4000
  • Class 5000
  • Class 6000
  • Class S/2100
  • Class S/300

For Helsinki:

TramsEdit

  • Urbos 1 (Tranvía de Bilbao)
  • Urbos 2 (Tranvía de Vélez-Málaga, Tranvía de Vitoria and Metro de Sevilla).
  • Urbos 3 (Metrocentro de Sevilla, Tranvía de Zaragoza, Metropolitano de Granada, Metro de Málaga and Tranvía Metropolitano de la Bahía de Cádiz).

Outside Spain: trainsEdit

 
Algiers Metro
 
Tren de la Costa unit acquired in 1995

Newport factory, South Wales, UKEdit

 
British Rail Class 195 Civity, one of the prospective units to be manufactured at the CAF production line in Newport, Wales

CAF Rolling Stock U.K. Ltd announced in 2017 its UK factory location was selected as Celtic Business Park at Llanwern steelworks in Newport, Wales.[17] It has at least five confirmed UK projects from 2019 onwards and will be the site for their bid to design stock for High Speed 2. The site was funded with support from the Welsh Government Inward Investment Programme.[8]

Outside Spain: metros and tramsEdit

 
Brussels Metro new unit built by CAF
 
Rome metro
 
Caracas metro
 
Budapest tram Line 1, the longest passenger tram in the world

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.caf.net/upload/accionista/Informe-RSC_220219%20DEF.pdf[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Hondius, Dr Harry. "IN FOCUS: CAF, A versatile enterprise that keeps expanding". Railway Gazette International. 168, No. 4 (April 2012).
  3. ^ "Building on a century of progress and success [company history]". CAF USA. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  4. ^ Jamieson, R. (March 24, 2015). "CAF USA keeps Elmira area's rail heritage rolling". Star-Gazette. Elmira, New York. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  5. ^ "CAF logra contratos para suministrar tranvías en Bélgica y Suecia". www.eitb.eus (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  6. ^ "El Grupo CAF refuerza su actividad con la compra de la empresa sueca EuroMaint". www.eitb.eus (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  7. ^ "CAF ROLLING STOCK UK LIMITED - Overview (free company information from Companies House)". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  8. ^ a b "More than 3000 new Welsh jobs created following inward investment". GOV.WALES. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  9. ^ "View donation". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Press release CAF". caf.net. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Informe Base de Datos del Consejo de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas". Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  12. ^ CAF project page on MÁV
  13. ^ Arrived from Spain this morning
  14. ^ Heathrow Express trains take shape Modern Railways issue 564 September 1995 page 541
  15. ^ HEx clones for Leeds triangle Modern Railways issue 595 April 1998 page 213
  16. ^ "More new trains for the North and Scotland". TransPennine Express. TransPennine Express. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  17. ^ "THE NEW CAF PLANT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM WILL BE BUILT IN NEWPORT (WALES)". Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  18. ^ Carter, Kirsty (2019-06-10). "CAF Unveils Bid To Supply Oaris Trains To HS2". Rail Professional. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  19. ^ a b Ltd, DVV Media International. "Railway supply industry news round-up". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  20. ^ "CAF commences design and engineering on DMUs for Wales and Borders franchise". www.railtechnologymagazine.com. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  21. ^ CAF project page on Debrecen
  22. ^ CAF project page on Budapest
  23. ^ CAF project page on Oslo
  24. ^ "CAF wins order for new DLR trains | Railnews | Today's news for Tomorrow's railway". www.railnews.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-08-09.
  25. ^ "Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, we create railway solutions ::". CAF. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2009-07-15.

External linksEdit