Durham railway station

Durham railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of Durham in the North East of England. It is 254 miles 53 chains (409.8 km) north of London King's Cross and is situated between Darlington to the south and Chester-le-Street to the north. Its three-letter station code is DHM.

Durham
National Rail
Durham.jpg
LocationDurham, County of Durham
England
Coordinates54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815Coordinates: 54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815
Grid referenceNZ269428
Owned byNetwork Rail
Managed byLondon North Eastern Railway
Platforms2
Other information
Station codeDHM
ClassificationDfT category C1
Passengers
2014/15Increase 2.522 million
2015/16Increase 2.595 million
2016/17Increase 2.624 million
2017/18Increase 2.748 million
2018/19Increase 2.823 million
 Interchange Decrease 3,983
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road
London North Eastern
Railway routes
Inverness
Aviemore
Kingussie
Pitlochry
Perth
Gleneagles
Stirling
Falkirk Grahamston
Aberdeen
Stonehaven
Montrose
Arbroath
Dundee
Leuchars
Kirkcaldy
Inverkeithing
Glasgow Central Glasgow Subway
Motherwell
Haymarket Edinburgh Trams
Edinburgh Waverley Edinburgh Trams
Dunbar
Berwick-upon-Tweed
Alnmouth
Morpeth
Sunderland Tyne and Wear Metro
Newcastle Tyne and Wear Metro
Durham
Darlington
Northallerton
York
Leeds
Keighley
Bradford Forster Square
Shipley
Harrogate
Horsforth
Leeds
Wakefield Westgate
Hull
Brough
Selby
Doncaster
Retford
Lincoln
Newark North Gate
Grantham
Peterborough
Stevenage
London King's Cross London Underground
Route 2:
Durham Coast Line
Newcastle Tyne and Wear Metro
Heworth Tyne and Wear Metro
Sunderland Tyne and Wear Metro
Seaham
Horden
Hartlepool
Seaton Carew
Billingham
Stockton
Thornaby
Middlesbrough
Most services extend to/from
Hexham or Nunthorpe.

It is managed by London North Eastern Railway. Despite its small physical profile, the station is a major stop on the East Coast Main Line and is served frequently by London North Eastern Railway, CrossCountry, TransPennine Express and Northern trains to a variety of destinations across the country.

Durham is a through station with two platforms and is located on a hill to the north of the city centre. To the south of the station, the railway line is elevated on a viaduct. After a renovation in 2006–2008, the ticket hall is now located in the original stone station building.

HistoryEdit

The city of Durham has been served by four stations, only one of which survives today:

  • Shincliffe (called Shincliffe Town from 1861): located in nearby Shincliffe, this station was built in 1839 and was served by the Durham and Sunderland Railway, using rope haulage until 1856. It closed when Elvet station opened in the city centre. A second station, Shincliffe, on the Leamside to Ferryhill line, was opened in 1844. That closed to passengers in 1941.
  • Durham (Gilesgate): opened in 1844, and within the city boundaries, it was served by a branch from Belmont on the Leamside Line, then the main line from London to Newcastle. Passenger services finished in 1857 with the opening of the current station on the branch from Leamside to Bishop Auckland but it continued in use as a goods shed until final closure in 1966. Today it has been redeveloped as a Travelodge hotel, while the serving track was used in the realignment of the A690 Gilesgate bypass road.
  • Durham: In 1857, a station on the current location and viaducts over North Road and the River Browney immediately to the south were built by the North Eastern Railway, on their Leamside to Bishop Auckland line to Bishop Auckland. The station was redeveloped in 1871, when the North Eastern Railway developed a new line from Tursdale through Relly Mill Junction to Durham, and onwards from Newton Hall Junction through Chester-le-Street to Newcastle Central via the Team Valley.[1] This became the main line, the current East Coast Main Line on 15 January 1872.[2]
  • Durham (Elvet): in 1893, the Durham-Sunderland branch was diverted from Shincliffe Town to a new station at Elvet, within the city boundary. It closed to regular passenger services in 1931 and fully closed in 1953.

On grouping in 1923, the stations came under the control of the London and North Eastern Railway. Passenger services to Bishop Auckland and Sunderland via Penshaw were withdrawn by British Railways under the Beeching cuts, on 4 May 1964.

The East Coast Main Line through Durham was electrified in 1991.

Station MastersEdit

  • Edmund Page ca. 1873 - 1882[3]
  • Joseph Pattison 1900 - 1907[4]
  • William Curley 1907 - 1917 (afterwards station master at Sunderland)[5]
  • William Parker 1917 - 1922 (afterwards station master at Harrogate)
  • J.C. Pigg 1922 - 1925[6] (formerly station master at Bishop Auckland, afterwards station master at Bedlington)
  • Edmund Maleham 1925[7] - 1926 (removed because of support for the General Strike)[8]
  • J.A. Simpson 1926 - 1946[9]

Current facilitiesEdit

Today, the station is owned by Network Rail and managed by London North Eastern Railway. It was refurbished between 2006 and 2008 by the operator Great North Eastern Railway and later National Express East Coast, which included a new passenger lounge, toilets, travel centre, glazed waiting area, lifts and shops. The entrance and ticket hall were moved from the "temporary" 1960s building into the original stone building following renovation and repairs. The works were completed in early 2008 and the newly renovated station won "Best Medium Station" and "Overall Station of the Year" at the 2008 National Rail Awards.[10] Ticket barriers were installed in 2009.

After winning the intercity east coast rail franchise, former operator Virgin Trains East Coast opened an information office on platform 2, added new bench and perch seating and installed Wi-Fi. In 2017, all ticket barriers were removed as part of Virgin Trains East Coast's franchise commitment.

A Brompton Bicycle hire scheme is planned to open in 2018 - however since the demise of Virgin Trains East Coast the management of the station has since passed on to London North Eastern Railway.

Durham County Council, working with the North East Local Enterprise Partnership, have completed a project to improve cycle routes and pedestrian access to the station from the north of the city. This involved the construction of a new cycle path as well as upgrades to road crossings on Framwellgate peth.

In order to accommodate the new London North Eastern Railway Class 800 and 801 Azuma trains that entered service in mid 2019, platform 1 was extended north to a total length of 230 metres.[11]

ServicesEdit

Train services are provided by four companies: London North Eastern Railway (LNER), CrossCountry, TransPennine Express and Northern Trains.[12]

LNER serves Durham with one train per hour each way, southbound to London King's Cross via York, Doncaster and Peterborough, and northbound to Edinburgh Waverley via Newcastle. Some northbound services are extended beyond Edinburgh, with one service per day to both Aberdeen (via Dundee) and Glasgow Central, as well as one daily train to Sunderland (via Newcastle) instead of Edinburgh. There is also one southbound train per day to Leeds (via York) instead of London.

CrossCountry operates services on the Cross Country Route. Northbound, the company runs two trains per hour to Newcastle, of which one continues through to Edinburgh Waverley and one train every two hours is extended even further, to Glasgow Central. There are also two daily services that continue beyond Edinburgh to Dundee, of which one is further extended to Aberdeen. Southbound, there are two trains per hour to Birmingham New Street via York, Leeds/Doncaster,[a] Sheffield and Derby; of these, one train per hour continues to Plymouth via Bristol Temple Meads and Exeter St Davids, and one continues to Reading via Oxford, with two-hourly further extensions to Southampton Central. A few trains per day continue beyond Plymouth to Penzance, or beyond Reading to Guildford.

TransPennine Express serves the station with two trains an hour each way. In the northbound direction, trains run to Newcastle and one train per hour is extended to Edinburgh Waverley. Southbound, trains generally run to Manchester Victoria via York, Leeds and Huddersfield; of the two hourly services, one continues to Manchester Airport (via Manchester Piccadilly) and one runs further to Liverpool Lime Street.

Northern Trains' services at Durham are less frequent, with just three morning trains every weekday north to Newcastle (of which two run through to Carlisle via Hexham) and one evening train per day south to Darlington.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Plymouth trains generally run via Leeds, while Reading trains run via Doncaster.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cobb, Michael H. The Railways of Great Britain: A Historical Atlas
  2. ^ Tomlinson, W.W. (1967, reprint of 1914 edition). North Eastern Railway, Its Rise and Development. Newton Abbot: David and Charles.
  3. ^ "Local News". Durham County Advertiser. England. 16 June 1882. Retrieved 3 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ "Honouring Durham's Late Stationmaster". Durham County Advertiser. England. 22 March 1907. Retrieved 3 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "N.E.R. Appointments". Newcastle Evening Chroncile. England. 31 July 1917. Retrieved 28 February 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "New stationmaster". Blyth News. England. 15 June 1925. Retrieved 28 February 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "New Stationmasters". Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail. England. 30 April 1925. Retrieved 7 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "New has just reached us...". Transport Salaried Staff Journal. 60-61: 179. 1963.
  9. ^ "New Stationmaster". Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette. England. 26 August 1936. Retrieved 7 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Durham named Britain's best railway station". The Northern Echo. 19 September 2008.
  11. ^ https://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/14909250.Plans_to_extend_Durham_rail_station_to_accommodate_longer_trains/
  12. ^ Table 26, 39, 44 & 51 National Rail timetable, Dec 2019

External linksEdit

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
CrossCountry
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
Northern
Tees Valley Line
Darlington   London North Eastern Railway
London-Newcastle/Edinburgh
  Newcastle Central
  Historical railways  
Croxdale
Line open, station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
East Coast Main Line
  Plawsworth
Line open, station closed
Croxdale
Line open, station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Leamside Line
  Leamside
Line and station closed
Brandon Colliery
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Durham to Bishop Auckland Line
  Terminus
Ushaw Moor
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Deerness Valley Railway
  Terminus
Aldin Grange for Bearpark
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Lanchester Valley Railway
  Terminus