Portal:London

The London Portal


London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea. London has been a major settlement for two millennia. The City of London, its ancient core and financial centre, was founded by the Romans as Londinium. Known colloquially as the Square Mile, it retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits. The adjacent City of Westminster has for centuries housed the national government. London has 31 additional boroughs north and south of the river. The London region is governed by the mayor of London and the London Assembly.

London is one of the world's major global cities. It exerts strong influence on the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, health care, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation. With a GDP of €801.66 billion in 2017, London is the biggest urban economy in Europe. It is one of the largest financial centres in the world and in 2019 had the second highest number of ultra high-net-worth individuals in Europe after Paris. In 2020 London had the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in Europe, after Moscow. London's universities form Europe's largest concentration of higher education institutions. Its high-ranking institutions include Imperial College London in natural and applied sciences, the London School of Economics in social sciences, and the comprehensive University College London. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games.

London's diverse range of people and cultures mean that more than 300 languages are spoken. Its mid-2018 population (corresponding to Greater London) was about 9 million, which made it Europe's third-most populous city. London accounts for 13.4% of the UK population. Greater London Built-up Area is the fourth-most populous in Europe, after Istanbul, Moscow, and Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The London metropolitan area is the third-most populous in Europe, after Istanbul and the Moscow Metropolitan Area, with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. (Full article...)

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Baden-Powell House, colloquially known as B-P House and sometimes referred to as 65 Queen's Gate, is a hostel and conference centre in South Kensington, London that was built as a tribute to Lord Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting. The house, owned by The Scout Association, hosts a small exhibition relating to Scouting in its current form and a granite statue by Don Potter.

The building committee, chaired by Sir Harold Gillett, Lord Mayor of London, purchased the site in 1956, and assigned Ralph Tubbs to design the house in the modern architectural style. The foundation stone was laid in 1959 by World Chief Guide Olave, Lady Baden-Powell, and it was opened in 1961 by Queen Elizabeth II. The largest part of the £400,000 cost was provided by the Scout Movement itself. (Full article...)

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London , Kodachrome by Chalmers Butterfield edit.jpg
Photo credit: Chalmers Butterfield

Shaftesbury Avenue from Piccadilly Circus, in the West End, c. 1949. The Circus, a famous traffic intersection and public space in the City of Westminster was built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of Piccadilly. Its status as a major traffic intersection has made it a busy meeting point and a tourist attraction in its own right.

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Stone columns supporting arches form the side walls of the long hall, and wooden chairs are set up on either side of a central aisle.
Interior view of Hereford Cathedral. The lower sections predate Foliot's time as bishop.

Gilbert Foliot (c. 1110 – 18 February 1187) was a medieval English monk and prelate, successively Abbot of Gloucester, Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of London. Born to an ecclesiastical family, he became a monk at Cluny Abbey in France at about the age of twenty. After holding two posts as prior in the Cluniac order he was appointed Abbot of Gloucester Abbey in 1139, a promotion influenced by his kinsman Miles of Gloucester. During his tenure as abbot he acquired additional land for the abbey, and may have helped to fabricate some charters—legal deeds attesting property ownership—to gain advantage in a dispute with the Archbishops of York. Although Foliot recognised Stephen as the King of England, he may have also sympathised with the Empress Matilda's claim to the throne. He joined Matilda's supporters after her forces captured Stephen, and continued to write letters in support of Matilda even after Stephen's release.

Foliot accompanied Theobald of Bec, the Archbishop of Canterbury, to a papal council at Reims in 1148. During his time there he was appointed to the Diocese of Hereford by Pope Eugene III. Despite a promise made in Reims not to recognise Stephen, Foliot on his return to England nevertheless swore fealty to the king, causing a temporary rift in his relationship with Henry of Anjou, Matilda's son, who eventually became King Henry II of England in 1154. When Theobald died in 1160, it was widely assumed that he would be replaced by Foliot, but King Henry nominated his Chancellor, Thomas Becket, instead. Foliot later claimed to have opposed this appointment, and supported Henry during the king's dispute with the new archbishop. Foliot was translated, or moved, to the Diocese of London in 1163, perhaps as consolation for not receiving Canterbury. (Full article...)

Selected quotation

Benjamin Disraeli, Tancred (1847), Book V, Chapter 5.

Did you know...

The Savoy Hotel
  • …that the Ritz Hotel in Piccadilly was the first British hotel with a private bathroom to each room?
  • …that the forecourt of the Savoy Hotel (pictured) is the only street in the United Kingdom where vehicles are required to drive on the right?

General images

The following are images from various London-related articles on Wikipedia.

London Boroughs

Transport

London has one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the Tube, are internationally recognised symbols of London. London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations, including two international train stations at St. Pancras railway station and Stratford International, which connect London to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service. London also has six international airports. In addition to public transport, London is the start point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

Routemaster LDS402A.jpg Hackney carriage.jpg Westminster.tube.station.jubilee.arp.jpg Tramlink-Beckenham Jn.jpg BA Planes T4 2004.jpg

Wikipedia Recognised content on London

Featured article Featured articles (188)

1877 Wimbledon Championship1910 London to Manchester air race1998 FA Charity Shield2016 FA Cup Final2017 FA Cup Final2018 FA Cup Final2019 FA Cup Final2020 FA Cup FinalAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAnne of DenmarkHarriet ArbuthnotLilias ArmstrongArsenal F.C.Albert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldAsylum confinement of Christopher SmartAlice AyresBaden-Powell HouseBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBaker Street robberyBattersea BridgeBattle of BarnetIsabella BeetonWilliam Sterndale BennettEnid BlytonThe Boat Race 1993The Boat Race 2003The Boat Race 2012The Boat Races 2015The Boat Races 2016The Boat Races 2017The Boat Race 2018The Boat Race 2019The Boat Race 2020Horatio BottomleyDavid BowieBoydell Shakespeare GalleryBritomart Redeems Faire AmoretBrown Dog affairBruce CastleBuckingham PalaceBurning of ParliamentWilliam Henry BuryCandaules, King of Lydia, Shews his Wife by Stealth to Gyges, One of his Ministers, as She Goes to BedElizabeth CanningCaroline of AnsbachCeilings of the Natural History Museum, LondonCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayCharles II of EnglandChelsea BridgeChelsea F.C.City and South London RailwayCivil Service Rifles War MemorialCleveland Street scandalCock Lane ghostCovent GardenNoël CowardCharles DarwinEmily DavisonDilwale Dulhania Le JayengeEdward III of EnglandEdward VIElizabeth IEnglish National OperaEdmund EvansEvita (1996 film)An Experiment on a Bird in the Air PumpMurder of Yvonne FletcherGilbert FoliotRobin FridayGeorge IVJohn GielgudGray's InnGreat Fire of LondonGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayGreat StinkGreen Park tube stationStanley GreenJoseph GrimaldiGropecunt LaneH.D.Richard HakluytHarris's List of Covent Garden LadiesDeath of Jimi HendrixHenry III of EnglandHer Majesty's TheatreHerne Hill railway stationGeorgette HeyerHistory of Arsenal F.C. (1886–1966)History of Tottenham Hotspur F.C.Charles HoldenStanley HollowayImogen HolstHope (painting)Michael HordernHoxne HoardJames Humphreys (pornographer)Len HuttonIranian Embassy siegeJack the Ripper: The Final SolutionJack the RipperHattie JacquesJames VI and IJamiroquaiEarly life of Samuel JohnsonSamuel JohnsonThe KinksCosmo Gordon LangGeorge LansburyLéal SouvenirDan LenoMarie LloydLondon Beer FloodLondon Necropolis CompanyLoveday, 1458John Bingham, 7th Earl of LucanThe Magdalen ReadingMarchioness disasterMarshalsea2020 Masters (snooker)MellitusMetropolitan RailwayHenry MooreMoorgate tube crashMusidora: The Bather 'At the Doubtful Breeze Alarmed'Elizabeth NeedhamNoel ParkRAF NortholtLaurence OlivierEmmeline PankhurstDeath of Blair PeachPeasants' RevoltAssassination of Spencer PercevalFrank PickPig-faced womenHarold PinterPostman's ParkSinking of SS Princess AliceRAF UxbridgeAlf RamseyTalbot Baines ReedRichard II of EnglandRalph RichardsonRichmond Bridge, LondonRobert of JumiègesRokeby VenusRosetta StoneRoyal Artillery MemorialRoyal Gold CupRoyal National College for the BlindRoyal Naval Division War MemorialThe Royal OperaJohn/Eleanor RykenerDeath of Mark SaundersSex PistolsWilliam ShakespeareGeorge Bernard ShawJack SheppardShoomSiege of Sidney StreetSpaghetti House siegeEdgar SpeyerCharles Villiers StanfordStreatham portraitArthur SullivanTerry-ThomasTheatre Royal, Drury LaneMurder of Julia Martha ThomasJeremy ThorpeThree Studies for Figures at the Base of a CrucifixionDeath of Ian TomlinsonTottenham OutrageTower Hill MemorialThe Tower HouseTower of LondonDick TurpinUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonRalph Vaughan WilliamsVauxhall BridgePrincess Victoria of Hesse and by RhineWandsworth BridgeWhitechapel murdersWilliam WilberforceWilliam the ConquerorMary WollstonecraftHenry WoodYouth on the Prow, and Pleasure at the Helm

Featured article Featured lists (31)

1908 Summer Olympics medal table1948 Summer Olympics medal table2012 Summer Olympics medal tableArsenal F.C. league record by opponentList of The Boat Race resultsChief Mouser to the Cabinet OfficeList of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Southeast EnglandCopley MedalEmirates CupEssex Wildlife TrustList of former and unopened London Underground stationsHerts and Middlesex Wildlife TrustList of Arsenal F.C. records and statisticsList of London Underground stationsList of tallest buildings and structures in LondonList of Arsenal F.C. managersList of Arsenal F.C. seasonsList of London Monopoly locationsList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. seasonsList of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater LondonList of Turner Prize winners and nomineesList of awards and nominations received by Dua LipaList of local nature reserves in Greater LondonList of winners of the London MarathonLondon station groupLondon Wildlife TrustMemorial to Heroic Self-SacrificeList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. playersTimeline of the London UndergroundVenues of the 1948 Summer OlympicsTimeline of Mary Wollstonecraft

Featured article Featured pictures (122)

Good article Good articles (560)

A1 in LondonM25 motorwayA215 road34 Montagu Square, Marylebone1935 World Snooker Championship1948 Summer Olympics torch relay1953 FA Charity Shield1953 World Professional Match-play Championship1965 FA Cup Final1967 Football League Cup Final1968 European Cup Final1988 Football League Cup Final1989 Football League Second Division play-off Final1993 Finchley Road bombings1994 Football League Second Division play-off Final1997–98 Arsenal F.C. season1999 FA Charity Shield2000 FA Charity Shield2001 Masters (snooker)2002 Masters (snooker)2004 Masters (snooker)2005 Masters (snooker)2007 Emirates Cup2008 Emirates Cup2008 FA Cup Final2008 Football League Two play-off Final2009 Emirates Cup2010 Emirates Cup2011 Emirates Cup2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony2012 Summer Paralympics2013 Emirates Cup2014 Emirates Cup2014 FA Cup Final2015 Emirates Cup2015 FA Cup Final2016 Football League One play-off Final2016 London mayoral election2017 Emirates Cup2021 FA Cup FinalAbbey Mills MosqueTammy AbrahamActon Town tube stationAfrobeatsHenry AllinghamEdmund AndrosThe Angel, IslingtonAngel tube stationArcane RootsArnos Grove tube stationArsenal StadiumAs I was going by Charing CrossBahar Mustafa race rowFrank Bailey (firefighter)Cicely Mary BarkerNeil Barrett (footballer)Battersea Power StationBattersea Town HallBaynard's CastleBBC Symphony OrchestraKate BeckinsaleBecontree tube stationHMS BelfastBelgian government in exileTony BennDarren BentThe BillBilly Elliot1993 Bishopsgate bombingBlackadder IIBlackfriars stationBlackwall TunnelDeath of Keith BlakelockBloc PartyBOAC Flight 712The Boat Race 1829The Boat Race 1836The Boat Race 1839The Boat Race 1840The Boat Race 1841The Boat Race 1842The Boat Race 1845The Boat Race 1846The Boat Race 1849 (December)The Boat Race 1849 (March)The Boat Race 1852The Boat Race 1854The Boat Race 1856The Boat Race 1857The Boat Race 1858The Boat Race 1859The Boat Race 1860The Boat Race 1861The Boat Race 1862The Boat Race 1863The Boat Race 1864The Boat 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Boat Race 1987The Boat Race 1988The Boat Race 1989The Boat Race 1990The Boat Race 1991The Boat Race 1992The Boat Race 1994The Boat Race 1995The Boat Race 1996The Boat Race 1997The Boat Race 1998The Boat Race 1999The Boat Race 2000The Boat Race 2001The Boat Race 2002The Boat Race 2004The Boat Race 2005The Boat Race 2006The Boat Race 2007The Boat Race 2008The Boat Race 2009The Boat Race 2010The Boat Race 2011The Boat Race 2013The Boat Race 2014The Boat Race 2021Women's Boat RaceErnest Radcliffe BondJames Bond (literary character)Bond StreetBoosey & HawkesBoston Manor tube stationMichael BostwickAndre BoucaudBow Back RiversBow StreetJohn BoydellBritish AirwaysBritish ArmyBritish Asian Cup2021 British Athletics Marathon and 20km Walk TrialBritish LibraryBroad Street railway station (England)Burney ReliefCad and the DandyDuncan Cameron (British Army officer)Cannon Street stationCannons (house)Casino Royale (1967 film)Central Saint GilesChalk (TV series)Charing Cross railway stationDarius CharlesAsim ChaudhryChiswick BridgeChiswickChiswick High RoadChiswick MallAnjem ChoudaryChurchill War RoomsCity of London SchoolCity Thameslink railway stationCity bonds robberyThe ClashMurder of Victoria ClimbiéColdplayCollege of ArmsCoventry StreetCranhamElizabeth CresswellCrown Jewels of the United Kingdom2016 Croydon tram derailmentCharles Cruft (showman)Crystal Palace DinosaursCrystal Palace F.C.Crystal Palace, LondonCyrus CylinderHarry DaleySteve DavisDaniel Day-LewisDenmark StreetDeptfordDinner by Heston BlumenthalDistrict RailwayDoctor Who Prom (2008)Doomsday (2008 film)The DorchesterDown Street tube stationDubstepAndrew DudleyDunstanEarl's Court tube stationEast Finchley tube stationEastcote House GardensEdward I of EnglandAlec EistElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEmirates StadiumEndell Street Military HospitalNeil EtheridgeEuston RoadEuston tube stationEuston railway station1901 FA Cup FinalFenchurch Street railway stationWilliam Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of GrobyVincent FigginsFightstarFinchley Central tube stationAugustus FitzGeorgeGeorge FitzGeorge HamiltonOlga FitzGeorgeCaroline FlackFleet StreetLeo Fortune-WestJohn FressheGants Hill tube stationGarrick's Temple to ShakespeareGirlschoolGloucester Road tube stationFrancesca GonshawMauricio González-Gordon y DíezGordon Ramsay Plane FoodHugh GrantGreat Marlborough StreetGreat Plague of LondonGreat Reality TV SwindleGreen WingGeorge GrossmithGulf OilGunnersbury TriangleHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHarmondsworth Great BarnHibiscus (restaurant)Tom HiddlestonHighgate tube stationHighgrove House, EastcoteHillingdon HouseHistory of British AirwaysHistory of Crystal Palace F.C.Alfred HitchcockMary HogarthHolborn tube stationHolborn Viaduct railway stationEdward HollambyHot FuzzHounslow West tube stationKonnie HuqHyde Park, LondonIckenhamImperial War MuseumInns of ChanceryIron MaidenJewel TowerKabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...Harry KaneKennington tube stationKensington (Olympia) stationKilburn tube stationKing's College LondonKing's Cross Thameslink railway stationKing's Cross St Pancras tube stationKingstonian F.C.Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65Jim LakerAngela LansburyNigella LawsonRobert Dudley, 1st Earl of LeicesterLeicester SquareLemmonsBernard LevinLike CrazyLiverpool 0–2 Arsenal (1989)Liverpool Street stationKen LivingstoneLondon Bridge stationLondon King's Cross railway stationLondon2019 London Marathon2020 London MarathonLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Paddington stationLondon Philharmonic OrchestraLondon RingwaysLondon Symphony OrchestraLondon Victoria stationLondon Waterloo stationM11 link road protestM.I.A. (rapper)MF DoomMadness (band)Manor Farm, RuislipGeorge MartinKarl MarxMary I of EnglandMary Poppins ReturnsMarylebone station2017 Masters (snooker)2018 Masters (snooker)2019 Masters (snooker)Match PointMayfairFreddie MercuryMiddlesexEd MilibandMillwall F.C.Millwall F.C.–West Ham United F.C. rivalryMongrels (TV series)Moorgate stationMorden tube stationWilliam MorrisMr. BeanCarey MulliganNana's PartyNatWestNational GalleryNational Police Memorial (United Kingdom)Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount NelsonNewbury Park tube stationIsaac NewtonChristopher NolanNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueJohn Dudley, 1st Duke of NorthumberlandOld Kent RoadOld Street stationOne DirectionOxford CircusOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetRichard PacquettePaddington tube station (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines)Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)Pall Mall, LondonPaper War of 1752–1753Park LaneParliamentary Monitoring ServicesPassport to PimlicoCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPétrus (restaurant)Philharmonia OrchestraPiccadillyPiccadilly linePrivy Garden of the Palace of WhitehallProfessor Popper's ProblemMurder of Tom ap Rhys PryceQuatermass and the Pit (film)The Quatermass XperimentQueen's HallQuestion Time British National Party controversyRAF EastcoteDaniel RadcliffeRAF West RuislipEmily RatajkowskiRegent StreetRelocation of Wimbledon F.C. to Milton KeynesThe Restaurant Marco Pierre WhiteRichard Coeur de Lion (statue)Richmond ParkThe Ritz Hotel, LondonLaura RobsonWilliam A. RobsonRock & ChipsHelen RollasonThe Rolling StonesRomfordRomney's HouseRose Street ClubRoyal Philharmonic OrchestraRoyal SocietyRuislip-Northwood Urban DistrictRuislipRuislip WoodsPrince Rupert of the RhineSIS BuildingSt James's TheatreSt Pancras railway stationOld St Paul's CathedralThe Sarah Jane AdventuresSaturday (novel)Savile RowSenate House, LondonThe SerpentineShaun of the DeadSherlock (TV series)Smithfield, LondonSmooth Radio (2010)SohoSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStatue of James II, Trafalgar SquareHoward StauntonJessie StephenThe Stones in the ParkStrand, LondonStratford Dialectical and Radical ClubJamie StuartSummerSlam (1992)Swakeleys HouseSweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007 film)Madge SyersMargaret ThatcherVesta TilleyTipping the VelvetTipu's Tiger1861 Tooley Street fireTottenham Hotspur F.C.Trafalgar SquareTrellick TowerHugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount TrenchardTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men'sTriathlon at the 2012 Summer OlympicsTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Women'sAlan TuringRose TylerUEFA Euro 1996 FinalUEFA Euro 2020 FinalUp All Night TourUpminster Bridge tube stationUpminsterUxbridgeV for Vendetta (film)Vauxhall GardensVauxhall stationVindolanda tabletsVine Street, LondonPaul WalshWanderers F.C.Waterloo East railway stationWaterstonesRachel WeiszWest End GirlsWest Ham United F.C.Westminster tube stationWestway (London)White Lies (band)Whitechapel RoadWhitehallThe WhoOscar WildeWimbledon and Sutton RailwayAmy WinehouseAnna WintourWomen's Boat Race 2013Women's Boat Race 2014Adolphus Frederick Alexander WoodfordWoodland HouseWoolwich FerryThe Young Victoria


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