Portal:Yorkshire

The Yorkshire Portal

Yorkshire (/ˈjɔːrkʃər, -ʃɪər/; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county in northern England and by far the largest in the United Kingdom. Because of its great size in comparison with other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Throughout these changes, Yorkshire has continued to be recognised as a geographic territory and cultural region. The name is familiar and well understood across the United Kingdom and is in common use in the media and the military, and also features in the titles of current areas of civil administration such as North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire.

Within the borders of the historic county of Yorkshire are large stretches of countryside, including the Yorkshire Dales, North York Moors and Peak District national parks. Yorkshire has been nicknamed "God's Own Country". (Full article...)

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A 1736 map of Sheffield

The history of Sheffield, a city in South Yorkshire, England, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement in a clearing beside the River Sheaf in the second half of the 1st millennium AD. The area now known as Sheffield had seen human occupation since at least the last ice age, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the city did not occur until the Industrial Revolution.

Following the Norman conquest of England, Sheffield Castle was built to control the Saxon settlements and Sheffield developed into a small town, no larger than Sheffield City Centre. By the 14th century Sheffield was noted for the production of knives, and by 1600 it had become the main centre of cutlery production in England, overseen by the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire. In the 1740s the crucible steel process was improved by Sheffield resident Benjamin Huntsman, allowing a much better production quality. At about the same time, the silver plating process which produced Sheffield Plate was discovered. The associated industries led to the rapid growth of Sheffield; the town was incorporated as a borough in 1843 and granted a city charter in 1893.

Sheffield remained a major industrial city throughout the first half of the 20th century, but the downturn in world trade following the 1973 oil crisis, technological improvements and economies of scale, and a wide-reaching rationalisation in steel production throughout the European Economic Community led to the closure of many of the steelworks from the early 1970s onward. Urban and economic regeneration schemes, initiated in the late 1980s, have since transformed the city. (read more . . . )

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Rudston Monolith
Credit: Tony Newbould

The three aligned henges in the Thornborough Henges complex located near the village of Thornborough, North Yorkshire, thought to be part of a 'ritual landscape' dating from between 3500 and 2500 BC. (read more . . . )

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William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce (24 August 1759 – 29 July 1833) was a British politician, philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780 and became the independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire (1784–1812) and a close friend of Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger. In 1785 he underwent a conversion experience and became an evangelical Christian, resulting in changes in his lifestyle and in his interest in reform. In 1787 he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Lord Middleton. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition; and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists, heading the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade until the eventual passage of the Slave Trade Act in 1807. Wilberforce died just three days after hearing that the passage of the Act through Parliament was secure. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to his friend William Pitt. (read more . . . )

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The Churches Conservation Trust, which was initially known as the Redundant Churches Fund, is a charity whose purpose is to protect historic churches at risk, those that have been made redundant by the Church of England. The Trust was established by the Pastoral Measure of 1968. The legally defined object of the Trust is "the preservation, in the interests of the nation and the Church of England, of churches and parts of churches of historic and archaeological interest or architectural quality vested in the Fund ... together with their contents so vested".

The Trust cares for over 350 churches. The charity is financed partly by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport and the Church Commissioners, but grants from those bodies were frozen in 2001, since when additional funding has come from other sources, including the general public. During the 2016-2017 period, the Trust's income was £9,184,283 and expenditures totaled £9,189,061; 92% of the latter was spent on front line projects. During that year it had 64 employees, and received the support of up to 2,000 volunteers. The charity is run by a board of trustees, who delegate the day-to-day management to a chief executive and his senior management team. (Full article...)

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Swaledale Cheese

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The following are images from various Yorkshire-related articles on Wikipedia.

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Fountains Abbey ruins
Credit: Klaus with K
Fountains Abbey ruins seen from West, looking East and South. This abbey in North Yorkshire, England, is a ruined Cistercian monastery, founded in 1132 and operating until 1539. (Read more...)

Topics

Yorkshire

Places: BarnoldswickBradfordDoncasterHalifaxHarrogateHuddersfieldHullLeedsMiddlesbroughNorthallertonRiponScarboroughSheffieldSkiptonWakefieldWhitbyYork

Divisions Diocese of Ripon and LeedsEast Riding of YorkshireList of wapentakes in YorkshireNorth Riding of YorkshireNorth YorkshireSouth YorkshireWest Riding of YorkshireWest YorkshireYorkshire and the Humber

Culture: Yorkshire dialectWhite Rose of YorkOn Ilkla Moor Baht 'atYorkshire SocietyYorkshire TeaYorkshire Ridings SocietyParkin (cake)Pontefract CakesSaddleworth White Rose SocietyYorkshire DayNewspapers of Yorkshire

Organisations: Army Foundation College Harrogate • Association of Nail Technicians ARTTS InternationalBettys and Taylors of HarrogateBlack Sheep BreweryHenlys GroupRAF Linton-on-OuseScouting in Central YorkshireYorkshire Wildlife TrustYorkshire RegimentYorkshire Air AmbulanceTheakston BreweryRooster's BreweryRAF LeconfieldRockingham Pottery

Geography: Geology of YorkshireRiver RawtheyGrass Wood, WharfedaleBarbon BeckDamflask ReservoirPugneys Country ParkYorkshire DalesAgden ReservoirEccup ReservoirRead's IslandSkipton WoodsPeak DistrictDriffield NavigationNorth York Moors

People: Gascoigne familyHigh Sheriff of YorkshireLord Lieutenant of HumbersideLord Lieutenant of Yorkshire

Governance: West Riding of Yorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)Leeds (UK Parliament constituency)Barkston Ash (UK Parliament constituency)Humberside PoliceYorkshire ForwardYorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)

History: DeifrForest of GaltresJorvikThornborough HengesWar of the Roses

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