North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county (or shire county) and larger ceremonial county in England. It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber but partly in the region of North East England.
North Yorkshire in England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber
(Part of the ceremonial county is in the North East Region)
|Area||8,608 km2 (3,324 sq mi)|
|• Ranked||1st of 48|
|Population (mid-2016 est.)||1,145,700|
|• Ranked||14th of 48|
|Density||132/km2 (340/sq mi)|
North Yorkshire County Council
|Area||8,053 km2 (3,109 sq mi)|
|• Ranked||1st of 27|
|• Ranked||20th of 27|
|Density||75/km2 (190/sq mi)|
Unitary County council area
Districts of North Yorkshire
Neighbouring counties are: East Riding of Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cumbria and County Durham
|Members of Parliament|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
Created by the Local Government Act 1972, it covers an area of 8,654 square kilometres (3,341 sq mi), making it the largest county in England. The majority of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors lie within North Yorkshire's boundaries, and around 40% of the county is covered by National Parks. The largest towns are York (153,717), Middlesbrough (138,400), Harrogate (73,576) and Scarborough (61,749); the county town, Northallerton, has a population of 16,832.
Divisions and environsEdit
The area under the control of the county council, or shire county, is divided into a number of local government districts: Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough and Selby.
The Department for Communities and Local Government considered reorganising North Yorkshire County Council's administrative structure by abolishing the seven district councils and the county council to create a North Yorkshire unitary authority. The changes were planned to be implemented no later than 1 April 2009. This was rejected on 25 July 2007 so the County Council and District Council structure will remain.
The largest settlement in the administrative county is Harrogate, the second largest is Scarborough, while in the ceremonial county, the largest is York. The largest urban area within the ceremonial county is the Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division of Teesside.
York, Middlesbrough and Redcar and Cleveland are unitary authority boroughs which form part of the ceremonial county for various functions such as the Lord Lieutenant of North Yorkshire, but do not come under county council control. Uniquely for a district in England, Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham for this purpose. Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees, and Redcar and Cleveland boroughs form part of the North East England region.
The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape. Within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales; two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray and York. The Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast. The highest point is Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, at 736 metres (2,415 ft). The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure. The Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber estuary. The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale to Middlesbrough and Stockton and to the coast.
North Yorkshire contains a small section of green belt in the south of the county, just north of Ilkley and Otley along the North and West Yorkshire borders. It extends to the east to cover small communities such as Huby, Kirkby Overblow, and Follifoot before covering the gap between the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, helping to keep those towns separate.
The belt meets with the Yorkshire Dales National Park at its southernmost extent, and also forms a border with the Nidderdale AONB. It extends into the western area of Selby district, reaching as far as Tadcaster and Balne. The belt was first drawn up from the 1950s.
The city of York has an independent surrounding belt area affording protections to several outlying settlements such as Haxby and Dunnington, and it too extends into the surrounding districts.
North Yorkshire was formed on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and covers most of the lands of the historic North Riding, as well as the northern half of the West Riding, the northern and eastern fringes of the East Riding of Yorkshire and the former county borough of York.
York became a unitary authority independent of North Yorkshire on 1 April 1996, and at the same time Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and areas of Stockton-on-Tees south of the river became part of North Yorkshire for ceremonial purposes, having been part of Cleveland from 1974 to 1996.
The non-metropolitan county of North Yorkshire is administered by North Yorkshire County Council, a cabinet-style council.. The full council of 72 elects a council leader, who in turn appoints up to 9 more councillors to form the executive cabinet. The cabinet is responsible for making decisions in the non-metropolitan county. The county council have their offices in the County Hall in Northallerton.
Certain areas within the ceremonial county are administered independently of the county council and have their own unitary authority councils: the City of York Council, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Middlesbrough Borough Council, and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council (which is only partly in the ceremonial county, the other part being in County Durham).
The county is affluent and has above average house prices. Unemployment is below average for the UK and claimants of Job Seekers Allowance is also very low compared to the rest of the UK at 2.7%. Agriculture is an important industry, as are mineral extraction and power generation. The county also has prosperous high technology, service and tourism sectors. Tourism alone provided jobs for 15,000 people and generated about £470 million in 2016.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added[Notes 1]||Agriculture[Notes 2]||Industry[Notes 3]||Services[Notes 4]|
North Yorkshire has a temperate oceanic climate, like most of the UK. However, there are large climate variations within the county. The upper Pennines border on a Subarctic climate, whereas the Vale of Mowbray has an almost Semi-arid climate. Overall, with the county being situated in the east, it receives below average rainfall for the UK, but the upper Dales of the Pennines are one of the wettest parts of England, where in contrast the driest parts of the Vale of Mowbray are some of the driest areas in the UK. Summer temperatures are above average, at 22 °C, but highs can regularly reach up to 28 °C, with over 30 °C reached in heat waves. Winter temperatures are below average, with average lows of 1 °C. Snow and Fog can be expected depending on location, with the North York Moors and Pennines having snow lying for an average of between 45 and 75 days per year. Sunshine is most plentiful on the coast, receiving an average of 1650 hours a year, and reduces further west in the county, with the Pennines only receiving 1250 hours a year.
|Climate data for North Yorkshire|
|Record high °C (°F)||15
|Average high °C (°F)||6
|Average low °C (°F)||1
|Record low °C (°F)||−14
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||40
Towns and villagesEdit
Settlements by populationEdit
Settlements in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county.
|1||York||153,717||2011||City of York||York Built-up area||City; this includes the settlement of Acomb|
|2||Middlesbrough||138,400||2011||Middlesbrough||Borough||Refers to the council area of Middlesbrough only; the larger urban settlement has a population of 174,700|
|3||Harrogate||73,576||2011||Harrogate||Town||Unparished; collection of wards|
|4||Scarborough||61,749||2011||Scarborough||Town||Unparished; collection of wards|
|5||Redcar||37,073||2011||Redcar and Cleveland||Town||Unparished; collection of wards|
|6||Thornaby-on-Tees||24,741||2011||Stockton-on-Tees (South)||Town||Unitary authority|
|7||Acomb||22,215||2011||York||Town||Part of York urban area though technically a separate settlement.|
|8||Ingleby Barwick||20,378||2011||Stockton-on-Tees (South)||Town||Unitary authority|
|9||Yarm-on-Tees||19,184||2011||Stockton-on-Tees (South)||Town||Unitary authority|
|11||Guisborough||16,979||2011||Redcar & Cleveland||Town||Unitary Authority|
|12||Northallerton||16,832||2011||Hambleton||Civil Parish||County town|
Settlements in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county..
- Acomb, Ampleforth, Appleton-le-Moors
- Bedale, Bolton-on-Swale, Boroughbridge, Borrowby (Hambleton), Borrowby (Scarborough), Brompton (Hambleton), Brotton, Buckden
- Castleton, Catterick, Catterick Garrison, Cawood, Clapham, Conistone
- Dalton (Hambleton), Dalton (Richmondshire), Danby Wiske, Drax
- Easby, Easingwold, Egton, Eston, Ebberston
- Filey, Folkton, Flixton
- Giggleswick, Glasshouses, Goathland, Grangetown, Grassington, Great Ayton, Grosmont, Guisborough, Ganton, Glaisdale
- Harrogate, Hawes, Hebden, Helmsley, High Bentham, Horton in Ribblesdale, Hunmanby, Huntington, Hutton Rudby
- Kettlewell, Kilnsey, Kirkbymoorside, Knaresborough
- Malham, Malton, Masham, Marske-by-the-Sea, Middleham, Middlesbrough, Middleton, Ryedale, Muston
- New Marske, Normanby, Northallerton, Norton-on-Derwent, North Grimston,
- Osmotherley, Ormesby
- Pateley Bridge, Pickering
- Redcar, Reeth, Riccall, Richmond, Rievaulx, Ripon, Robin Hood's Bay, Romanby
- Saltburn, Scarborough, Scorton, Selby, Settle, Sherburn-in-Elmet, Sheriff Hutton, Skelton, Skinningrove, Skipton, South Bank, Sowerby, Stokesley, Streetlam, Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe, Swinton, near Malton, Scagglethorpe, Scampston, Shipton by Beningbrough,
- Tadcaster, Teesville, Thirsk, Thornaby-on-Tees
- Whale Hill, Whitby, Westow, Wintringham
- Yarm, York, Yedingham
Places of interestEdit
Places of interest in italics lie only within the ceremonial county, not the administrative county..
- Ampleforth College
- Beningbrough Hall
- Bolton Abbey
- Bolton Castle
- Brimham Rocks
- Byland Abbey – English Heritage (EH)
- Castle Howard and the Howardian Hills
- Catterick Garrison
- Cleveland Hills
- Duncombe Park – stately home
- Embsay & Bolton Abbey Steam Railway
- Eston Nab
- Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo
- Fountains Abbey
- Gisborough Priory
- Helmsley Castle – EH
- Ingleborough Cave – show cave
- Kirkham Priory
- Lightwater Valley
- Malham Cove
- Middleham Castle
- Mount Grace Priory – EH
- North Yorkshire Moors Railway
- Ormesby Hall – Palladian Mansion
- Richmond Castle
- Rievaulx Abbey – EH
- Ripley Castle – Stately home and historic village
- Ripon Cathedral
- Selby Abbey
- Scarborough Castle – EH
- Shandy Hall – stately home
- Skipton Castle
- Stanwick Iron Age Fortifications – EH
- Studley Royal Park
- Stump Cross Caverns – show cave
- Tees Transporter Bridge
- Thornborough Henges
- Wharram Percy
- Whitby Abbey
- York Minster
- Yorkshire Air Museum
News and mediaEdit
The County is served by BBC North East and Cumbria, and for more southerly parts of the county BBC Yorkshire. Yorkshire Television and Tyne Tees Television are also received in most areas of the County, Settle and the Western part of the Craven area is served by BBC North West and Granada Television. BBC Tees is broadcast to northern parts of the county, whist BBC Radio York is broadcast more widely. BBC Radio Leeds and Minster FM (Based in York) broadcast to southern parts of the county. New DAB stations have recently proliferated, such a Vale Radio, that broadcasts through 4 DAB transmitters to the whole of North Yorkshire. 56.7% of households in North Yorkshire have a DAB radio according to Ofcom.
The main road through the county is the north-south A1/A1(M) which has gradually been upgraded to motorway status since the early 1990s. The only other motorways within the county are the short A66(M) near Darlington and a small stretch of the M62 motorway close to Eggborough. The other nationally maintained trunk routes are the A168/A19, A64, the A66 and A174.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) bisects the county stopping at Northallerton, Thirsk and York. Passenger services on the ECML within the county are operated by Virgin Trains East Coast, TransPennine Express and Grand Central. TransPennine Express run services on the York to Scarborough Line and the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line (for Middlesbrough) that both branch off the ECML.
Northern operate the remaining lines in the county including commuter services on the Harrogate Line, Airedale Line and York & Selby Lines, of which the former two are covered by the Metro ticketing area. Remaining branch lines operated by Northern include the Yorkshire Coast Line from Scarborough to Hull, the Hull to York Line via Selby, the Tees Valley Line from Darlington to Saltburn and the Esk Valley Line from Middlesbrough to Whitby. Last but certainly not least, the Settle-Carlisle Line runs through the west of the county with services again operated by Northern.
The county suffered badly under the Beeching cuts of the 1960s. Places such as Richmond, Ripon, Tadcaster, Helmsley, Pickering and the Wensleydale communities lost their passenger services. Notable lines closed were the Scarborough and Whitby Railway, Malton and Driffield Railway and the secondary main line between Northallerton and Harrogate via Ripon.
Heritage railways within North Yorkshire include the North Yorkshire Moors Railway between Pickering and Grosmont, which opened in 1973, the Derwent Valley Light Railway near York, and the Embsay and Bolton Abbey Steam Railway. The Wensleydale Railway, which started operating in 2003, runs services between Leeming Bar and Redmire along a former freight-only line. The medium-term aim is to operate into Northallerton station on the ECML once agreement can be reached with Network Rail. In the longer term the aim is to reinstate the full line west via Hawes to Garsdale on the Settle-Carlisle line.
Long-distance coach services are operated by National Express and Megabus. Local bus service operators include Arriva Yorkshire, Harrogate Bus Company, Scarborough & District (East Yorkshire Motor Services), Yorkshire Coastliner, First York and the local Dales & District.
North Yorkshire is home to several football clubs, including Middlesbrough who play in the Championship and York City who play in The Vanarama National League. Harrogate Town play in the National League North. Whitby Town FC have reached the FA cup first round seven times, and have played the likes of Hull City, Wigan and Plymouth Argyle, they currently play in the Evo-Stik Premier league. Other lower league clubs include Harrogate Railway Athletic, Northallerton Town, Pickering Town, Scarborough Athletic, Selby Town and Tadcaster Albion.
Rugby union teams in the county include Middlesbrough RUFC who play their league games in Durham/Northumberland 1. York City Knights (previously York) are a rugby league team who play in the Rugby League Championship.
North Yorkshire is home to many racecourses; these include Catterick Bridge, Redcar, Ripon, Thirsk and York. It also has one motor racing circuit, Croft Circuit; the circuit holds meetings of the British Touring Car Championship, British Superbike and Pickup Truck Racing race series.
The ball game Rock-It-Ball was developed in the county.
- Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
- includes hunting and forestry
- includes energy and construction
- includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
- "North Yorkshire County Council : Contact us". www.northyorks.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
- Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
- "Transport map of shire county divided into districts" (PDF). North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "New council for North Yorkshire". North Yorkshire County Council. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- "Proposals for future unitary structures: Stakeholder consultation" (PDF). Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 10 October 2008.
- "County's unitary plan turned down". BBC News. 25 July 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- North East Assembly – List of local authorities and members
-  Archived 26 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- OPSI – The North Yorkshire (District of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995
- "North Yorkshire County Council Constitution". North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "North Yorkshire population information". North Yorkshire County Council. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Regional Gross Value Added" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2005. pp. 240–253. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Regional mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "UK mapped climate averages". The Met Office. Archived from the original on 30 December 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "Temperature of −19C is new Yorkshire record". BBC News Online. BBC. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "2011 Census – Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
|Look up North Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Yorkshire.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for North Yorkshire.|
- North Yorkshire County Council
- BBC North Yorkshire – North Yorkshire features, videos and pictures from the BBC
- Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust
- North Yorkshire at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Images of North Yorkshire at the English Heritage Archive