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North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside. The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011. It is the third-most-populated region in the United Kingdom after the South East and Greater London. The largest settlements are Manchester, Liverpool, Warrington, Preston, Blackpool and Chester.

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The Jodrell Bank Observatory (originally the Jodrell Bank Experimental Station, then the Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories from 1966 to 1999) is an observatory that hosts a number of radio telescopes, and is part of the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics at the University of Manchester. It is located near Goostrey and Holmes Chapel in Macclesfield, Cheshire in the north–west of England.

The main telescope at the observatory is the Lovell Telescope, which is the third largest steerable radio telescope in the world. There are three other active telescopes located at the observatory; the Mark II, as well as 42 ft and 7 m diameter radio telescopes. Jodrell Bank Observatory is also the base of the Multi–Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN), a National Facility run by the University of Manchester on behalf of the Science and Technology Facilities Council.

The observatory was established in 1945 by Sir Bernard Lovell, who wanted to investigate cosmic rays after his work on radar in the Second World War. It has since played an important role in the research of meteors, quasars, pulsars, masers and gravitational lenses, and was heavily involved with the tracking of space probes at the start of the Space Age.


Selected biography

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John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980), was an English songwriter, singer, musician, graphic artist, author and peace activist who gained worldwide fame as one of the founders of The Beatles. Lennon and Paul McCartney formed a critically acclaimed and commercially successful partnership writing songs for The Beatles and other artists. Lennon, with his cynical edge and knack for introspection, and McCartney, with his storytelling optimism and gift for melody, complemented each other. In his solo career, Lennon wrote and recorded songs such as "Imagine" and "Give Peace a Chance".

Lennon revealed his rebellious nature and irreverent wit on television, in films such as A Hard Day's Night (1964), in books such as In His Own Write, and in press conferences and interviews. He channelled his fame and penchant for controversy into his work as a peace activist, artist, and author.

He had two sons, Julian, with his first wife Cynthia, and Sean, with his second wife, avant-garde artist Yoko Ono. Lennon was murdered by Mark David Chapman in New York City on 8 December 1980 as he and Ono returned home from a recording session. In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted Lennon into eighth place. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Lennon number 38 on their list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time" and ranked The Beatles at number 1.

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Featured articles: Anfield · The Beatles · John Lennon · List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Northern England · List of Everton F.C. managers · List of Liverpool F.C. managers · List of Liverpool F.C. players · List of Liverpool F.C. seasons · List of Liverpool F.C. statistics and records · List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Merseyside · Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway · Altrincham · Chat Moss · List of castles in Cheshire · John Douglas (architect) · List of new churches by John Douglas · City of Manchester Stadium · Greater Manchester · List of Manchester City F.C. managers · List of Manchester United F.C. managers · List of Manchester United F.C. records and statistics · List of Manchester United F.C. seasons · List of Manchester United F.C. players · List of Manchester United F.C. players (25–99 appearances) · List of Manchester United F.C. players (fewer than 25 appearances) · List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater Manchester · M62 motorway · Manchester · Manchester City F.C. · Oldham · Pendle witch trials · Peterloo Massacre · List of listed buildings in Runcorn (rural area) · List of listed buildings in Runcorn (urban area) · Shaw and Crompton · Stretford · Trafford


Good articles: A500 road · Acton, St Mary's Church · Askam and Ireleth · Beeston Castle · Brassey, Thomas · Bridgewater Canal · Brunner, John · Buckton Castle · Chester Cathedral · Chester Rows · Churche's Mansion · Craig, Daniel · Crewe Hall · Deva Victrix · Didsbury · Dunham Massey · Eddisbury hill fort · Egerton-Warburton, Rowland · Hale Barns · Halton Castle · Jodrell Bank Observatory · Johnson, Eddie (English footballer) · Lindow Man · Lovell Telescope · Lyme Park · Maiden Castle, Cheshire · Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal · Middlewich · Milnrow · Sale · Manchester United F.C. · Nantwich, St Mary's Church · Nether Alderley, St Mary's Church · Norton Priory · Ordsall Hall · Peak District · Runcorn · Urmston · Warburton · Widnes

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Cities and major towns: ManchesterLiverpoolWarringtonBlackpoolBoltonStockportPrestonSouthportChesterOldhamSouthportSalfordCarlisleWigan

Culture: Culture of LiverpoolCulture of ManchesterLiverpool Maritime Mercantile CityManchester International FestivalMadchesterMerseybeatBands from ManchesterBands from MerseysideGay VillageInternational Garden FestivalMusic of LiverpoolMusic of ManchesterManchester Irish FestivalCreamfieldsThe BeatlesThe Beatles StoryThe Cavern Club

Education: List of Schools

History: Deva VictrixHistory of ChesterCottonopolisLiverpool BlitzHistory of LiverpoolManchester BlitzHistory of ManchesterCreation of MerseysideCreation of Greater ManchesterXVII Commonwealth GamesWarrington bomb attacks1996 Manchester bombingMunich air disasterPeterloo MassacrePendle witch trials Bank Hall BrethertonCunard-White Star Line

People: People from ManchesterPeople from LiverpoolPeople from LancashirePeople from CheshirePeople from Cumbria

Governance: European Parliament ConstituencyEconomyPolitics in ManchesterConstituencies in Merseyside

Sport: Everton F.C.Grand NationalLiverpool F.C.Manchester United F.C.Manchester City F.C

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