Alliance & Leicester
Alliance & Leicester plc was a British bank and former building society, formed by the merger in 1985 of the Alliance Building Society and the Leicester Building Society. The business demutualised in 1997, when it was floated on the London Stock Exchange. It was listed in the FTSE 250 Index, and had been listed in the FTSE 100 Index from April 1997 until June 2008.
|Fate||Merged into Santander UK plc|
|Successor||Santander UK plc|
|Headquarters||Narborough, Leicestershire, UK|
It was fully integrated and rebranded as Santander by the end of 2011. The bank's international subsidiary based in Douglas, Isle of Man, Alliance & Leicester International, continued to use the Alliance & Leicester name until it was merged into Santander UK in May 2013.
The former building society was formed by the merger of the Alliance Building Society (originally based in and called the Brighton & Sussex) and the Leicester Building Society on 1 October 1985. In July 1990, the society acquired Girobank, a major provider of cash handling services to the government and large companies and current accounts, from the Post Office.
With other large building societies such as Halifax and Woolwich, Alliance & Leicester decided to float on the London Stock Exchange, generating windfall payments to members worth up to £5,000 each. Flotation took place on 21 April 1997.
Alliance & Leicester had to be offered a secret £3 billion credit line by HM Treasury in November 2007 to prevent insolvency and a run on the bank. On 14 July 2008, the board of A&L recommended that shareholders accept a takeover bid from Banco Santander for around £1.26 billion. This recommendation was ratified by shareholders at meetings on 16 September 2008. The takeover took effect on 10 October 2008, when shares of the company were delisted from the London Stock Exchange.
|Wikinews has related news: Spain based Santander agrees purchase of UK bank Alliance & Leicester|
The bank transferred its business into Santander UK on 28 May 2010, following a hearing at the Royal Courts of Justice on 13 May 2010, as part of the procedure within the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.
Until this time, Alliance & Leicester was as a separate institution with its own banking licence while at the same time migrating customer accounts to the Partenon software system. Abbey and the Bradford & Bingley savings business were rebranded in January 2010. Branches of Alliance & Leicester were rebranded at the end of 2010.
The four business sectors were mortgage lending and investments, personal banking, commercial banking and treasury. Alliance & Leicester provided current accounts, general insurance, life assurance, unit trusts, asset financing and commercial lending. The bank also operated Alliance & Leicester Commercial Bank. Credit cards were also provided through a partnership with MBNA until the acquisition by Santander.
Cards were subsequently reissued with MBNA branding, while Alliance & Leicester began solely providing Santander branded credit cards, provided by Santander Cards Limited. Selected investment products were also provided, together with those from Legal & General, which the bank had a partnership with.
- Santander's decision to rename Alliance & Leicester 'disappointing' This is Business – East Midlands. 28 May 2009
- "Santander scraps UK bank brands". BBC News. 27 May 2009. Archived from the original on 29 May 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
- Early history section of company website
- Alliance & Leicester lines up for flotation
- "Labour plans were 'ill-conceived and misguided' during financial crisis". Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Bank of England was unaware of impending financial crisis – BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Santander agrees £1.2bn A&L deal". BBC News. 14 July 2008. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- "A&L shareholders approve takeover". BBC News. 16 September 2008. Archived from the original on 15 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
- "Alliance & Leicester PLC (UK): Scheme of Arrangement". FTSE Group. 8 October 2008. Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
- Alliance & Leicester plc proposed transfer to Santander UK plc Alliance & Leicester plc/Santander UK plc joint press release
- Jill Treanor (27 May 2009). "Santander blazes a brand trail through the high street with its flame logo". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 May 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2009.
- Santander rebrands Abbey and Bradford & Bingley BBC News. 11 January 2010
- Alliance & Leicester – Credit Cards – Important Information Alliance & Leicester plc
- Alliance & Leicester Credit Card: Help Archived 15 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine MBNA