University of Liverpool
The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England. Founded as a college in 1881, it gained its royal charter in 1903 with the ability to award degrees and is also known to be one of the six original 'red brick' civic universities. It comprises three faculties organised into 35 departments and schools. It is a founding member of the Russell Group, the N8 Group for research collaboration and the university management school is AACSB accredited.
Coat of arms of the University of Liverpool
|Motto||HAEC OTIA STUDIA FOVENT|
Motto in English
|These days of peace foster learning|
|Established||1881 (established as University College Liverpool)|
1884 (Victoria University at Liverpool)
1903 (royal charter)
|Endowment||£167.1 million (as of 31 July 2018)|
|Budget||£543.9 million (2017-18)|
|Vice-Chancellor||Dame Janet Beer|
|Visitor||The Lord President of the Council ex officio|
|Affiliations||Russell Group, EUA, N8 Group, NWUA, AACSB, CDIO, EASN|
Ten Nobel Prize winners are amongst its alumni and past faculty and the university offers more than 230 first degree courses across 103 subjects. Its alumni include the CEOs of GlobalFoundries, ARM Holdings, Tesco, Motorola and The Coca-Cola Company. It was the world's first university to establish departments in oceanography, civic design, architecture, and biochemistry at the Johnston Laboratories. In 2006 the university became the first in the UK to establish an independent university in China, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, making it the world's first Sino-British university. For 2017-18, Liverpool had a turnover of £543.9 million, including £95.6 million from research grants and contracts. It has the fifth largest endowment of any university in England.
Graduates of the university are styled with the post-nominal letters Lpool, to indicate the institution.
The university previously had a strategic partnership with Laureate International Universities, a for-profit college collective, for University of Liverpool online degrees. In 2019 the University announced a new partnership with Kaplan Open Learning for delivery of their online degrees.
University College LiverpoolEdit
The university was established in 1881 as University College Liverpool, admitting its first students in 1882. In 1884, it became part of the federal Victoria University. In 1894 Oliver Lodge, a professor at the university, made the world's first public radio transmission and two years later took the first surgical X-ray in the United Kingdom. The Liverpool University Press was founded in 1899, making it the third oldest university press in England. Students in this period were awarded external degrees by the University of London.
Following a royal charter and act of Parliament in 1903, it became an independent university with the right to confer its own degrees called the University of Liverpool. The next few years saw major developments at the university, including Sir Charles Sherrington's discovery of the synapse and William Blair-Bell's work on chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. In the 1930s to 1940s Sir James Chadwick and Sir Joseph Rotblat made major contributions to the development of the atomic bomb. From 1943 to 1966 Allan Downie, Professor of Bacteriology, was involved in the eradication of smallpox.
In 1994 the university was a founding member of the Russell Group, a collaboration of twenty leading research-intensive universities, as well as a founding member of the N8 Group in 2004. In the 21st century physicists, engineers and technicians from the University of Liverpool were involved in the construction of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, working on two of the four detectors in the LHC.
In 2004, Sylvan Learning, later known as Laureate International Universities, became the worldwide partner for University of Liverpool online.
The university has produced ten Nobel Prize winners, from the fields of science, medicine, economics and peace. The Nobel laureates include the physician Sir Ronald Ross, physicist Charles Barkla, physicist Martin Lewis Perl, the physiologist Sir Charles Sherrington, physicist Sir James Chadwick, chemist Sir Robert Robinson, chemist Har Gobind Khorana, physiologist Rodney Porter, economist Ronald Coase and physicist Joseph Rotblat. Sir Ronald Ross was also the first British Nobel laureate in 1902. The University is also associated with Professors Ronald Finn and Sir Cyril Clarke who jointly won the Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award in 1980 and Sir David Weatherall who won the Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science in 2010. These Lasker Awards are popularly known as America's Nobels.
Over the 2013/2014 academic year, members of staff took part in numerous strikes after staff were offered a pay rise of 1% which unions equated to a 13% pay cut since 2008. The strikes were supported by both the university's Guild of Students and the National Union of Students. Some students at the university supported the strike, occupying buildings on campus.
Campus and facilitiesEdit
The university is mainly based around a single urban campus approximately five minutes walk from Liverpool City Centre, at the top of Brownlow Hill and Mount Pleasant. Occupying 100 acres, it contains 192 non-residential buildings that house 69 lecture theatres, 114 teaching areas and research facilities.
The main site is divided into three faculties: Health and Life Sciences; Humanities and Social Sciences; and Science and Engineering. The Veterinary Teaching Hospital (Leahurst) and Ness Botanical Gardens are based on the Wirral Peninsula. There was formerly a marine biology research station at Port Erin on the Isle of Man until it closed in 2006.
Fifty-one residential buildings, on or near the campus, provide 3,385 rooms for students, on a catered or self-catering basis. The centrepiece of the campus remains the University's original red brick building, the Victoria Building. Opened in 1892, it has recently been restored as the Victoria Gallery and Museum, complete with cafe and activities for school visits Victoria Gallery and Museum, University of Liverpool.
In 2011 the university made a commitment to invest £660m into the 'Student Experience', £250m of which will reportedly be spent on Student Accommodation. Announced so far have been two large On-Campus halls of residences (the first of which, Vine Court, opened September 2012, new Veterinary Science facilities, and a £10m refurbishment of the Liverpool Guild of Students. New Central Teaching Laboratories for physics, earth sciences, chemistry and archaeology were opened in autumn 2012.
Central Teaching HubEdit
The Central Teaching Hub is a large multi-use building that houses a recently refurbished Lecture Theatre Block (LTB) and teaching facilities (Central Teaching Labs, CTL) for the Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Environmental Sciences, within the University's Central City Centre Campus. It was completed and officially opened in September 2012 with an estimated project cost of £23m. The main building, the 'Central Teaching Laboratory' is built around a large atrium and houses seven separate laboratories that can accommodate 1,600 students at a time. A flexible teaching space, computing centre, multi-departmental teaching spaces and communal work spaces can also be found inside. The adjoining University Lecture Block building contains four Lecture rooms and further social spaces.
In 2008 the University of Liverpool was voted joint seventeenth greenest university in Britain by WWF supported company Green League. This represents an improvement after finishing 55th in the league table the previous year.
The position of the university is determined by point allocation in departments such as Transport, Waste management, sustainable procurement and Emissions among other categories; these are then transpired into various awards. Liverpool was awarded the highest achievement possible in Environmental policy, Environmental staff, Environmental audit, Fair trade status, Ethical investment policy and Waste recycled while also scoring points in Carbon emissions, Water recycle and Energy source.
Liverpool was the first among UK universities to develop their desktop computer power management solution, which has been widely adopted by other institutions. The university has subsequently piloted other advanced software approaches further increasing savings. The university has also been at the forefront of using the Condor HTC computing platform in a power saving environment. This software, which makes use of unused computer time for computationally intensive tasks usually results in computers being left turned on. The university has demonstrated an effective solution for this problem using a mixture of Wake-on-LAN and commercial power management software.
Organisation and structureEdit
The university is ranked in the top 1% of universities worldwide according to Academic ranking of world universities and has previously been ranked within the top 150 university globally by the guide. It also is a founding member of the Russell Group and a founding member of the Northern Consortium.
The university is a research-based university with 33,000 students pursuing over 450 programmes spanning 54 subject areas. It has a broad range of teaching and research in both arts and sciences, and the University of Liverpool School of Medicine established in 1835 is today one of the largest medical schools in the UK. It also has strong links to the neighbouring Royal Liverpool University Hospital.
Since 2009, teaching departments of the University have been divided into three faculties: Science and Engineering, Health and Life Sciences, and Humanities and Social Sciences. Each faculty is headed by an Executive Pro-Vice-Chancellor, who is responsible for all schools in the faculty.
Faculty of Health & Life Sciences
Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences
Faculty of Science & Engineering
Rankings and reputationEdit
|Times / Sunday Times (2019)||31|
|CWTS Leiden (2019)||109|
|British Government assessment|
|Teaching Excellence Framework||Silver|
In the Complete University Guide 2013, published in The Independent, the University of Liverpool was ranked 31st out of 124, based on nine measures, while The Times Good University Guide 2008 ranked Liverpool 34th out of 113 universities. The Sunday Times university guide recently ranked the University of Liverpool 27th out of 123. In 2010, The Sunday Times has ranked University of Liverpool 29th of 122 institutions nationwide. In 2008 the THE-QS World University Rankings rated University of Liverpool 99th best in the world, and 137th best worldwide in 2009. In 2011 the QS World University Rankings ranked the university in 123rd place, up 14. Times Higher Education are publishing a separate ranking soon. In the Times Good University Guide 2013, the University of Liverpool was ranked 29th. Liverpool is ranked 122nd in the world (and 15th in the UK) in the 2016 Round University Ranking.
The Research Excellence Framework for 2014 has confirmed the University of Liverpool's reputation for internationally outstanding research. Chemistry, Computer Science, General Engineering, Archaeology, Agriculture, Veterinary & Food Science, Architecture, Clinical Medicine, and English, are ranked in the top 10 in the UK for research excellence rated as 4* (world-leading) or 3* (internationally excellent), and also performed particularly well in terms of the impact of their research. The Computer Science department was ranked 1st in UK for 4* and 3* research, with 97% of the research being rated as world-leading or internationally excellent – the highest proportion of any computer science department in the UK. The Chemistry department was also ranked 1st in the UK with 99% of its research rated as 4* world leading or 3* internationally excellent 
|Offer Rate (%)||87.6||86.5||83.1||83.2||81.1|
|Average Entry Tariff[a]||n/a||147||387||383||403|
In terms of average UCAS points of entrants, Liverpool ranked 40th in Britain in 2014. The university gives offers of admission to 83.1% of its applicants, the 7th highest amongst the Russell Group.
According to the 2017 Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide, approximately 12% of Liverpool's undergraduates come from independent schools. In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 72:3:25 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of 55:45.
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool UniversityEdit
In 2006 the university became the first in the UK to establish an independent university in China, making it the world's first Sino-British university. Resulting from a partnership between the University of Liverpool and Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University is the first Sino-British university between research led universities, exploring new educational models for China.
The campus is situated in Suzhou Industrial Park in the eastern part of Suzhou in the province of Jiangsu, 90 km west of Shanghai. It is a science and engineering university with a second focus in English, recognised by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a "not for profit" educational institution. The University offers undergraduate degree programmes in the fields of Science, Engineering, and Management. Students are rewarded with a University of Liverpool degree as well as a degree from XJTLU. The teaching language is English.
The university offers a wide selection of accommodation that are on campus as well as student villages off campus. As part of a £660 million investment in campus facilities and student experience, the university has built 3 new on campus halls, while refurbishing existing accommodation. The accommodation offered currently by the university for 2014/2015 academic year are listed below:
- Crown Place
- Philharmonic Court
- Vine Court
- Dover Court
- Mulberry Court
- Tudor Close
- Melville Grove
Greenbank Student Village
- Derby & Rathbone Halls
The University of Liverpool has a proud sporting tradition and has many premier teams in a variety of sports. The current sporting project comes under the title of Sport Liverpool and offers nearly 50 different sports ranging from football, rugby, cricket and hockey to others such as windsurfing, lacrosse and cheerleading.
Many of the sports have both male and female teams and most are involved in competition on a national scale. BUCS is the body which organises national university competitions involving 154 institutions in 47 sports. Most sports involve travelling to various locations across the country, mainly on Wednesday afternoons.
Two other prominent competitions are the Christie Championships and the Varsity Cup. The Christie Cup is an inter-university competition between Liverpool, Leeds and Manchester. The Varsity Cup is a popular "derby" event between Liverpool John Moores University and the University of Liverpool.
- Edward Stringer, Deputy Chief Defence, Royal Air Force.
- Gwen Alston, aerodynamicist and educationalist
- Clive Barker, fantasy and horror fiction writer and film director
- Hossein Bashiriyeh, Iranian professor of political science
- Stephen Bayley
- Dr Jaclyn Bell, Senior Teaching Fellow at Imperial College and Trainee Astronaut
- Torben Betts, playwright
- Roger Bolton, broadcaster and television producer
- George Henry Bolsover Director, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, London, 1947–76
- John Brophy, soldier and author
- Dariush Borbor, Iranian architect, urban planner, civic designer, writer
- Paula Byrne, biographer
- Mary Cannell, educator, historian and biographer
- Philip Clarke, CEO Tesco PLC
- Steve Coppell, footballer and manager
- Alexander Critchley, M.P. for Liverpool Edge Hill 1893–1943.
- Frances Crook
- Victoria Derbyshire
- Frank Duckworth, statistician, developed the Duckworth–Lewis method
- Carol Ann Duffy, Poet Laureate
- Colum Eastwood, Northern Irish politician and SDLP leader
- Steve Firth, musician
- Maxwell Fry, modernist architect
- Ernest Gibbins, dipterist
- Rob Grant
- Nick Grimshaw
- Brian Hall, footballer
- Rose Heilbron, barrister and judge
- William Holford, Baron Holford, architect and town planner
- John Holt, physicist
- Barry Horne, journalist and pundit
- Beverley Hughes MP PC
- Dr Robert Roland Hughes, pioneer in Neuroscience and Electroencephalography
- Frank Irving, aeronautical engineer, glider pilot and author
- Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, first President and Prime Minister of The Gambia
- Rory Jennings, actor
- Sanjay Jha, Co-CEO Motorola, Inc. and CEO of Motorola's Mobile Devices business
- Syed Kamall
- Alfredo Kanthack FRCP FRCS, pathologist
- Brian Keaney, children's author
- Sir Frank Kermode, literary critic
- Sir Ian Kershaw, historian
- Peter Kilfoyle
- Robert Legget, civil engineer, historian, and non-fiction writer
- Sir Leigh Lewis, permanent secretary
- Dr Ann Limb CBE DL first woman Chair of The Scouts
- Edward Snowden, system administrator and counterintelligence trainer
- Oliver W F Lodge
- Chris Lowe, musician
- Diarmaid MacCulloch, historian
- Rex Makin, solicitor and philanthropist
- Helen Marnie, member of the band Ladytron
- Anna Maxwell Martin
- Rod I. McAllister, architect
- Tony McNulty, Labour Minister
- Brian Millard, leader of Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council from 2005 to 2007
- Ben Mosley, expressive artist
- Margaret Murphy, crime writer
- Doug Naylor, co-creator of Red Dwarf
- Sir John Neale, historian of Tudor England
- Ernest Newman, music critic and biographer of Wagner
- Lord Nicholls, retired Law Lord
- Paddy Nixon, Vice-Chancellor & President of Ulster University
- Gordon Oakes
- Stel Pavlou, author and screenwriter
- David Andrew Phoenix OBE, biochemist
- Dee Plume and Sue Denim, musicians from the band Robots in Disguise
- Ceri Powell, geologist and senior Royal Dutch Shell executive
- John Preston (1950-2017), music industry executive
- James Quincey, CEO The Coca-Cola Company
- Phil Redmond, television producer
- Sir Leonard Redshaw, shipbuilder
- Gordon Jackson Rees, paediatric anaesthesiologist
- Wolfgang Rindler, physicist
- Dame Stella Rimington, Director-General of MI5
- Winifred Robinson, broadcaster
- Patricia Routledge, actress
- Barham Ahmad Salih, Prime Minister of Kurdistan Regional Government
- Amha Selassie of Ethiopia
- Sir Robin Saxby, former chairman of ARM Holdings
- Maeve Sherlock OBE
- Margaret Simey, social and political campaigner
- F.E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
- Martin Smith, vehicle designer
- Jon Snow, Channel 4 television news presenter
- Olaf Stapledon, novelist and philosopher
- Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of Singapore
- Sir James Stirling, architect
- Lytton Strachey, biographer and essayist
- Sir Michael Thompson, academic
- Emma Jane Unsworth, writer
- Steve Voake, children's author
- Tung Chee Hwa, first chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
- Baroness Walmsley, politician
- Helen Walsh, novelist
- Sid Watkins, former Formula 1 chief medical officer
- Emma Watkinson, entrepreneur
- Sir David Weatherall, Regius Professor of Medicine, 1992–2000
- Laurence Westgaph, social historian and activist
- Geraint Williams, Actor, Singer and Drummer
- Jim Woodcock, professor of software engineering
- Verna Wright, evangelist, physician and research scientist
- Wade Barrett, professional wrestler
- Warrington Yorke, Professor of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool
- Matt Taylor, project scientist for the Rosetta mission.
Nobel Prize winnersEdit
There have been ten Nobel Prize Laureates who have been based at the University during a significant point in their career.
- Sir Ronald Ross (awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1902) for his work with malaria.
- Charles Barkla (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917) for discovering the electromagnetic properties of X-rays.
- Sir Charles Sherrington (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1932) for his research into neurons.
- Sir James Chadwick (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1935) for discovering neutrons.
- Sir Robert Robinson (awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1947) for his research into anthocyanins and alkaloids.
- Har Gobind Khorana (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1968) for his work on the interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.
- Rodney Porter (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine in 1972) for his discovery of the structure of antibodies.
- Ronald Coase (awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1991) for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy.
- Joseph Rotblat (awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995) for his efforts with nuclear disarmament.
- Martin Lewis Perl (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1995) for his discovery of the tau lepton.
- New UCAS Tariff system from 2016
- "University Regalia" (PDF). liv.ac.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "History of the University". University of Liverpool. 27 March 2007. Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukla/2004/4 University of Manchester Act 2004. legislation.gov.uk (4 July 2011). Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- "Financial Statements for the Year to 31 July 2018" (PDF). University of Liverpool. p. 20. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "AACSB Accredited Schools Listing". Aacsb.net.
- "Management School awarded international accreditation – University of Liverpool News". News.liv.ac.uk. 8 December 2012.
- "University of Liverpool Alumni Relations". alumni.liv.ac.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Our Universities – University of Liverpool". Russell Group. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "University of Liverpool – News". News.liv.ac.uk.
- Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University#cite note-0
- "University of Liverpool Online Programs (in partnership with Laureate Online Education)". www.laureate.net. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "New partner announced for University's online learning provision". news.liverpool.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- "A brief history of the University - University of Liverpool". Archived from the original on 11 May 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
- "Student lists". Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Accessed 12 May 2009. Liverpool University. Retrieved on 14 September 2011. Archived 13 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Laureate Online Education and K.I.T. eLearning B.V., the eLearning partner of the University of Liverpool, announce name change" (PDF).
- "Awards | The Lasker Foundation". The Lasker Foundation. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Akkoc, Raziye (3 December 2013). "Liverpool students hit by second lecturers pay strike". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Trew, Alannah (4 December 2013). "Liverpool students occupy campus buildings in solidarity with staff strikes". The Independent. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "GALLERY - Nobel Prize winner, Sir Paul Nurse opens CTL - University of Liverpool News - University of Liverpool". Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- London - Study - University of Liverpool
- "New £23M Central Teaching Laboratory unveiled". Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Victoria Gallery & Museum - University of Liverpool". Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- People & Planet – The Green League 2008 Archived 28 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Peopleandplanet.org. Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- People & Planet – People & Planet Green League 2007 Archived 10 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Peopleandplanet.org. Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- People & Planet – The Green League 2008: Methodology Archived 12 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Peopleandplanet.org. Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- "PowerDown". 23 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "University of Liverpool save estimated £70 per PC". 23 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- University of Liverpool Condor Project. Liverpool University. Retrieved on 14 September 2011. Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- University of Liverpool case study with Data Synergy PowerMAN software. Datasynergy.co.uk. Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- "University of Liverpool". Archived from the original on 16 May 2013.
- "About the University". Liverpool University. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- "University League Table 2020". The Complete University Guide. 1 May 2019.
- "University league tables 2020". The Guardian. 7 June 2019.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University Good University Guide 2019". Times Newspapers.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
- "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019 - PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019.
- "QS World University Rankings 2019". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd.
- "World University Rankings 2019". Times Higher Education.
- "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England.
- The Independent newspaper, 24 April 2008
- The Times: http://extras.timesonline.co.uk/gug/gooduniversityguide.php
- The Times: http://extras.timesonline.co.uk/stug/universityguide.php. 23 May 2008
- "topuniversities.com". Archived from the original on 27 December 2012.
- "Round University Rankings 2016". RUR Rankings Agency. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "U.S. News and World Report Best Global Universities Rankings 2018". U.S. News and World Report.
- "SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2019 - Overall Rank". www.scimagoir.com.
- "Liverpool research ranked in UK top 10". Retrieved 25 December 2014.
- "REF 2014 Computer Science". Retrieved 25 December 2014.
- "REF 2014 University of Liverpool Chemistry REF results 2014- Chemistry - University of Liverpool". Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_03 Applications by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Sex, area background and ethnic group: L41 The University of Liverpool". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_02 Main scheme acceptances by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Top UK University League Table and Rankings". Complete University Guide.
- "University League Table 2017". Complete University Guide. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- "Which elite universities have the highest offer rates". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2017". The Good University Guide. London. Retrieved 16 August 2016.(subscription required)
- "Where do HE students study?". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "LING JUNHUI in China Today No.9 September 2011, saved on Nov.9, 2013". News.xjtlu.edu.cn. 28 October 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013.
- "Campus development". Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- The Christie Championships – SPORT Archived 3 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. University of Liverpool. Retrieved on 14 September 2011.
- Denselow, Robin (1 December 2017). "John Preston obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- Rigg, J. Anthony (1968) "A comparative history of the libraries of Manchester and Liverpool Universities up to 1903", in: Saunders, W. L., ed. University and Research Library Studies: some contributions from the University of Sheffield Post-graduate School of Librarianship and Information Science. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1968