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Introduction

Lecture at the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University, in Prague, Czech Republic

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.

Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

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A teacher in front of the class
In education, teachers are those who help students or pupils learn, often in a school. The objective is typically a course of study, lesson plan, or a practical skill, including learning and thinking skills. The different ways to teach are often referred to as the teacher's pedagogy. When deciding what teaching method to use, a teacher will need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals as well as standardized curricula as determined by the relevant authority.

Teaching can also be mixed with entertainment. When the term education is combined with entertainment, the term edutainment is coined. Edutainment also called 'e-learning' are new methods and practices that enabled learning in faster, more efficient and more entertaining ways. The idea is usually to combine games with learning, using software or interactive courses.

In many cultures, teaching is referred to as a profession. Arguments for this include the respect that is felt for teachers in some cultures, the existence of a body of specialised professional knowledge, and codes of ethics. Others dispute this appellation because of significant differences with other professions, especially concerning teaching's relatively low status, low salaries, and its lack of power to control entry to the profession. These aspects all vary greatly by culture.

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One-room school building in Jefferson, Colorado
Credit: Matthew Trump

One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland, England, Ireland and Spain in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Socrates
Socrates (circa 470399 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy. Perhaps his most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic (answering a question with a question) method of inquiry, known as the Socratic Method or method of elenchos, which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice. It was first described by Plato in the Socratic Dialogues. For this, Socrates is customarily regarded as the father of political philosophy and ethics or moral philosophy, and as a fountainhead of all the main themes in Western philosophy in general.

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Education (book)

Academic institutions: Universities and colleges • Schools (High schools and secondary schools, Middle schools, Primary and elementary schools)


Alternative education: Education reform • Homeschooling • Religious education • Special education


Education by country: Australia • Brazil • Canada • China • France • Germany • India • Israel • Japan • Korea • Nepal • Pakistan • Russia • Scotland • United Kingdom • United States • Ukraine


Education by subject: Chemical • Language • Legal • Mathematics • Medical • Music • Physics • Public health • Science • Vocational


Educators: Educational psychologists • Principals and headteachers • Teachers  • University and college presidents


Educational: Administration • Philosophy • Psychology •


General: History of education

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Educational stages: Preschool • Kindergarten • Primary • Secondary • Post-secondary (Vocational, Higher education (Tertiary, Quaternary)) • More...

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Alternative education: Autodidacticism • Education reform • Gifted education • Homeschooling • Polymath • Religious education • Special education • More...

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