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Introduction

Lecture at the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University, in Prague, Czech Republic

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.

Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

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Alternative education, also known as non-traditional education or educational alternative, describes a number of approaches to teaching and learning other than traditional publicly- or privately-run schools. These approaches can be applied to all students of all ages, from infancy to adulthood, and all levels of education.

Educational alternatives are often the result of education reform and are rooted in various philosophies that are fundamentally different from those of mainstream compulsory education. While some have strong political, scholarly, or philosophical orientations, others are more informal associations of teachers and students dissatisfied with certain aspects of mainstream education.

Educational alternatives, which include charter schools, alternative schools, independent schools, and home-based learning vary widely, but emphasize the value of small class size, close relationships between students and teachers, and a sense of community.

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A kindergarten classroom in Afghanistan.
Credit: Gary Cook, USAID

Kindergarten (German, "children's garden") is a name given in many parts of the world to the earliest stage of a child's structured classroom education. Typically this involves 3-6 year olds. In some places kindergarten is part of a formal public or private school system; in others it may merely refer to nursery school (pre-school) or daycare.

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John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have been greatly influential in the United States and around the world. He, along with Charles Sanders Peirce and William James, is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism. He also is known as the father of functional psychology; he was a leading representative of the progressive movement in U.S. education during the first half of the 20th century.

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Education (book)

Academic institutions: Universities and colleges • Schools (High schools and secondary schools, Middle schools, Primary and elementary schools)


Alternative education: Education reform • Homeschooling • Religious education • Special education


Education by country: Australia • Brazil • Canada • China • France • Germany • India • Israel • Japan • Korea • Nepal • Pakistan • Russia • Scotland • United Kingdom • United States • Ukraine


Education by subject: Chemical • Language • Legal • Mathematics • Medical • Music • Physics • Public health • Science • Vocational


Educators: Educational psychologists • Principals and headteachers • Teachers  • University and college presidents


Educational: Administration • Philosophy • Psychology •


General: History of education

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Education by country: Australia • Armenia • Brazil • Canada • China • Cuba • Egypt • France • Germany • Hong Kong, China • India • Israel • Japan • Korea • Nepal • Pakistan • Russia • United Kingdom • United States • More...

Education by subject: Agricultural • Art • Bilingual • Chemistry • Hospitality management • Language • Legal • Mathematics • Medical • Military • Music • Peace • Philosophy • Physics • Reading • Religious • Sail • Science • Sex • STEM • Technology • Vocational • More...

Educational stages: Preschool • Kindergarten • Primary • Secondary • Post-secondary (Vocational, Higher education (Tertiary, Quaternary)) • More...

Books: Purdue University

Alternative education: Autodidacticism • Education reform • Gifted education • Homeschooling • Polymath • Religious education • Special education • More...

General topics: Book • List • Glossary • Philosophy • Psychology • Technology • Stubs • More...

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