Red Sea Governorate

Red Sea Governorate (Arabic: محافظة البحر الأحمرMuḥafaẓah al Baḥr al Aḥmar) is one of the 27 governorates (States) of Egypt. Located between the Nile and the Red Sea in the southeast of the country, its southern border forms part of Egypt's border with Sudan. Its capital and largest city is Hurghada.

Red Sea Governorate
Flag of Red Sea Governorate
Official logo of Red Sea Governorate
Red Sea Governorate on the map of Egypt
Red Sea Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 25°32′1″N 33°26′18″E / 25.53361°N 33.43833°E / 25.53361; 33.43833Coordinates: 25°32′1″N 33°26′18″E / 25.53361°N 33.43833°E / 25.53361; 33.43833
Country Egypt
SeatHurghada (capital)
 • GovernorAhmed Abdullah Mohammed Abdullah[2]
 • Total203,685 km2 (78,643 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
 • Total366,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.701[3]
Historical population
1937 9,914—    
1947 15,929+60.7%
1957 N/A—    
1966 38,000—    
1976 56,191+47.9%
1986 90,491+61.0%
1996 157,314+73.8%
2006 288,661+83.5%
2017 361,480+25.2%
2018E 366,000+1.3%

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 361,480. In the case of Red Sea governorate, some are fully urban, some are fully rural, and some are a combination of rural and urban.[5][6]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Hurghada 1 قسم أول الغردقة Al-Ghurdaqah 1 75,586 Kism (fully urban)
Hurghada 2 قسم ثان الغردقة Al-Ghurdaqah 2 115,925 Kism (fully urban)
El Qusair قسم القصير Al-Quṣayr 48,031 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Shalateen قسم الشلاتين Ash-Shalātīn 12,484 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Halaib قسم حلايب Ḥalāyib 7,930 Kism (fully rural)
Marsa Alam قسم مرسى علم Marsā 'Alam 8,573 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Ras Gharib قسم رأس غارب Ras Ghārib 41,718 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Safaga قسم سفاجا Safājā 51,233 Kism (urban and rural parts)


The Red Sea Governorate is bordered on the north by the Suez Governorate, to the east by the Red Sea, and to the west by the governorates of Aswan, Qena, Sohag, Asyut, al-Minya and Beni Suef. In the south it is bordered by Sudan's Red Sea State. It contains the disputed territory of the Halaib Triangle, including the Siyal Islands.


The Red Sea Governate has seen large percentage increases in population in recent decades.

Heavy industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[7]

  • Bernes 1
  • Bernes 2
  • Alaki 1
  • Alaki 2


The coast is a tourist destination. Since the early 1980s, Hurghada has been a popular destination for beach lovers and scuba divers. Tourism is also growing in the southern cities of Al-Qusair, Safaga and Marsa Alam. In addition to the numerous hotels and tourist establishments in the centers are located in Al-Bahr al-Ahmar 2 official nature reserves are to be developed for tourism or. The Wadi al-Gamal National Park (Valley of the camels) at Hamata near the town of Marsa Alam and the Gebel Elba National Park in disputed Halaib Triangle north of the town of Halaib. Besides a strong tourism industry, there is also a large offshore fishing industry. The area, which extends over the province, is rich in minerals, such as in phosphates. The Ras Gharib region contains 70% of Egypt's oil production.


  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  5. ^ "RED SEA". Archived from the original on 2018-11-22. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  6. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.

External linksEdit