Sohag Governorate

Sohag Governorate (Arabic: محافظة سوهاج) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the southern part of the country (Upper Egypt), and covers a stretch of the Nile Valley.[4] Since 1960, its capital has been the city of Sohag. Prior to that, the capital was the city of Girga and the name of the governorate was Girga Governorate.[5]

Sohag Governorate
Flag of Sohag Governorate
Official logo of Sohag Governorate
Sohag Governorate on the map of Egypt
Sohag Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°E / 26.56; 31.7Coordinates: 26°34′N 31°42′E / 26.56°N 31.7°E / 26.56; 31.7
Country Egypt
SeatSohag (capital)
 • GovernorAhmed Abdullah Al Ansari[2]
 • Total1,547 km2 (597 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
 • Total5,063,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.650[3]


Al Hager Bawlad Yehya, Markaz Dar El-Salam, Sohag Governorate, Egypt

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[6]

In early 2019, some residents of the poorer villages of Sohag were able to move into their new homes built, in part, with aid from the National Bank of Kuwait. There was a celebration for the completion of 115 homes where residents also received cattle and other gifts.[7]


In April 2019, the archaeological mission of the Ministry of Antiquities led by Mostafa Waziri uncovered a tomb of a nobleman called Toutou and his wife at Al-Dayabat archaeological site dating back to the Ptolemaic era. The tomb contained two tiny rooms with two limestone sarcophagi. Besides, well preserved mummy, mummified animals and birds including falcons, eagles, cats, dogs and shrews were also revealed in the tomb.[8][9][10]

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 4,995,155. In the case of Sohag governorate, there are two new cities, five agsam and twelve marakiz. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[11][12]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Akhmim مركز أخميم Akhmīm 439,080 Markaz
El Balyana مركز البلينا Al-Balyanā 525,042 Markaz
El Kawtar قسم الكوثر Al-Kawthar 4,859 Kism (fully urban)
El Maragha مركز المراغة Al-Marāghah 394,232 Markaz
El Munsha مركز المنشأة Al-Munsha'āh 404,030 Markaz
Aserat مركز العسيرات Al-'Usayrāt 195,927 Markaz
Dar El Salam مركز دار السلام Dar as-Salām 411,524 Markaz
Girga قسم جرجا Jirjā 146,756 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Girga مركز جرجا Jirjā 331,824 Markaz
Juhaynah West مركز جهينة الغربية Juhaynah al-Gharbiyah 272,650 Markaz
New Akhmim مدينة أخميم الجديدة Madīnat Akhmīm al-Jadīdah 0 New City
New Sohag مدينة سوهاج الجديدة Madīnat Sawhāj al-Jadīdah 174 New City
Saqultah مركز ساقلته Sāqultah 207,439 Markaz
Sohag مركز سوهاج Sawhāj 536,871 Markaz
Sohag 1 قسم اول سوهاج Sawhāj 1 132,058 Kism (fully urban)
Sohag 2 قسم ثان سوهاج Sawhāj 2 109,376 Kism (fully urban)
Tahta قسم طهطا Ṭahṭā 165,026 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Tahta مركز طهطا Ṭahṭā 289,312 Markaz
Tima مركز طما Ṭimā 428,975 Markaz


Historical population
1937 1,118,402—    
1947 1,283,468+14.8%
1957 1,449,000+12.9%
1966 1,689,000+16.6%
1976 1,924,960+14.0%
1986 2,455,134+27.5%
1996 3,123,114+27.2%
2006 3,747,289+20.0%
2015 4,603,861+22.9%
2017 4,995,155+8.5%
2018E 5,063,000+1.4%

According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 21.4%. Out of an estimated 4,603,861 people residing in the governorate in 2015, 3,618,543 people lived in rural areas and 985,318 lived in urban areas.[15]

Cities and townsEdit

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[16]

  • Al Kawthar District
  • Al Ahaiwa
  • Beit Dawood, west of Gerga
  • West Of Tahta
  • (New urban community industrial zone) New Sohag

Important sitesEdit

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Sohag Governorate". google.come. Google Map.
  5. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998 (snippet view). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  6. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  7. ^ Al-Ghwait, Khaled (31 January 2019). "Orman and Bank of Kuwait celebrate the completion of the development of 115 houses in Sohag" (in Arabic). Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  8. ^ "In Photos: Ptolemaic-era tomb discovered in Upper Egypt's Sohag - Ancient Egypt - Heritage". Ahram Online. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  9. ^ "Ptolemaic-era tomb discovered in Upper Egypt's Sohag". The Archaeology News Network. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  10. ^ "Ptolemaic-era tomb discovered in Upper Egypt - Xinhua |". Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  11. ^ a b "Sohag Governorate Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 2018-11-26. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  12. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  13. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  14. ^ "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.

External linksEdit