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Asyut Governorate (Arabic: محافظة أسيوطMuḥāfāzah Asyut, Coptic: ⲡⲓⲑⲱϣ `ⲛⲥⲓⲱⲟⲩⲧ Bitosh enSiowd) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It stretches across a section of the Nile River.[4] The capital of the governorate is the city of Asyut.[5]

Asyut Governorate
Flag of Asyut Governorate
Flag
Official logo of Asyut Governorate
Asyut Governorate on the map of Egypt
Asyut Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 27°15′07″N 31°05′24″E / 27.252°N 31.09°E / 27.252; 31.09Coordinates: 27°15′07″N 31°05′24″E / 27.252°N 31.09°E / 27.252; 31.09
Country Egypt
SeatAsyut (capital)
Government
 • GovernorJamal Nour El Din Mohamed Zaki[2]
Population
 (January 2018)
 • Total4,472,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.640[3]
medium

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The name of Asyut is derived from early Egyptian Zawty (Z3JW.TJ), late Egyptian Səyáwt into Coptic Syowt. An A was added to the beginning of the name Syowt to become Asyut.[6]

OverviewEdit

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[7]

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 4,407,335. In the case of Asyut governorate, there is 1 new city, three aqsam and eleven marakiz. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.[8][9]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Abnub مركز أبنوب Abnūb 413,758 Markaz
Abu Tig قسم ابو تيج Abū Tīj 92,134 Kism (fully urban)
Abu Tig مركز أبوتيج Abū Tīj 231,577 Markaz
El Badari مركز البدارى Al-Badārī 271,635 Markaz
El Fath مركز الفتح Al-Fatḥ 320,636 Markaz
El Ghanayem مركز الغنايم Al-Ghanāyim 133,490 Markaz
El Qusiya مركز القوصية Al-Qūṣiyah 465,787 Markaz
Asyut مركز أسيوط Asyūṭ 518,936 Markaz
Asyut 1 قسم أول أسيوط Asyūṭ 1 250,033 Kism (fully urban)
Asyut 2 قسم ثان أسيوط Asyūṭ 2 212,028 Kism (fully urban)
Dairut مركز ديروط Dayrūṭ 598,001 Markaz
New Asyut مدينة اسيوط الجديدة Madīnat Asyūṭ al-Jadīdah 8,065 New City
Manfalut مركز منفلوط Manfalūṭ 526,382 Markaz
Sahel Selim مركز ساحل سليم Sāḥīl Salim 180,997 Markaz
Sodfa مركز صدفا Ṣidfa 183,877 Markaz

PopulationEdit

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 26.5%. Out of an estimated 4,245,215 people residing in the governorate, 3,119,112 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 1,126,103 in urban areas.[10]

DemographicsEdit

Asyut governorate has a population of over 4 million people, with a significant Coptic presence. In 1914, it had the second largest proportion of Copts in Egypt, where they made up 20.7% of the population.[11] However it is likely that figure is underestimated, since the Church claims up to 48.5% while the remaining population are Sunni Muslims.[12][13] Evangelical (Protestant) religions had significant growth in some districts of Asyut, as evidenced in 1907 census data, where half of the citizens of a village were counted as Protestant Copts.[14] Muslims and Christians have lived together in Asyut and at times there have been clashes. In July 2013, a large number of Christians took to the streets to protest Muslim extremism in Asyut.[15] Whether Christian or Muslim, Asyut is home to a very conservative society and in October, 2016 Upper Egypt's first beauty pageant, which was to be held in Asyut, had to be canceled due to death threats and security issues.[16]

CitiesEdit

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[17]

  • Al Awamer Abnoub
  • Al Zarabi in Abu Tig
  • Al Safa (Beni Ghaleb)
  • Sahel Selim
  • Dairout
  • Badari
  • New Asyut

Projects and programsEdit

In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Asyut, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[18]

Important sitesEdit

Ancient quarries are an important feature of Asyut. There are about 500 rock-cut tombs and limestone quarries all around Asyut.[19] The governorate of Asyut includes the Ancient Egyptian tombs of Meir,[20] and the town of Durunka,[21] which is a pilgrimage site for many Copts who come to visit a monastery dedicated to the Virgin Mary.[22][23][24]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Assiut Governorate". google.com/maps. Google Maps.
  5. ^ Hopkins, Daniel J. (1997). Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). Merriam Webster. ISBN 978-0877795469.
  6. ^ Macmillan & Co (1905). Guide to Egypt and the Sudan: Including a Description of the Route Through Uganda to Mombasa. Macmillan. pp. 105–.
  7. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Asyut Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  9. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Christians of the Middle East". Columbia University. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  12. ^ "The Coptic Orthodox Church in action - Al-Ahram Weekly". weekly.ahram.org.eg. Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  13. ^ Seng, Ph.D, Yvonne (2008). Men in Black Dresses: A Quest for the Future Among Wisdom-Makers of the Middle East. Simon & Schuster. p. 85. ISBN 9781439104569. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  14. ^ Sharkey, Heather J. (2013). American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire. Princeton University Press. p. 73. ISBN 9781400837250. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  15. ^ Thabet, Mamdouh; Hendawi, Hamza. "Christian Egyptians confront Muslim stronghold". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  16. ^ Farouk, Menna A. (October 11, 2016). "Egypt Pulse - Threats drive out beauty pageant in Upper Egypt". Al Monitor. Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  17. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.
  19. ^ Mostafa, Ashraf Aboul-Fetooh. Caves of the Nile Valley (Governorate of Assiut, Middle Egypt): a long-term interaction between human societies and their environment. Open Edition. p. 37. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03.
  20. ^ Maspero, Gaston. History of Egypt, Chald_a, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria (Complete). Library of Alexandria. ISBN 9781465523808. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  21. ^ Albera, Dionigi; Couroucli, Maria (2012). Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean: Christians, Muslims, and Jews at Shrines and Sanctuaries. Indiana University Press. p. 169. ISBN 9780253223173.
  22. ^ "The Convent of Virgin Mary - Assiut". YouTube. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  23. ^ Meinardus, Otto (June 1, 1962). The Holy Family in Egypt. Coptic Net. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  24. ^ Fouly, Mahmoud; Xue, Wang. "Virgin Mary's convent, monastery in Assiut eye witnesses of Holy Family's flee to Upper Egypt". Xinhua. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  25. ^ Meinardus, Otto F. A. (September 1, 2006). Christians In Egypt: Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant Communities - Past and Present. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 9781617972621. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  26. ^ Hanna Fahmy Wissa, Assiout: the saga of an Egyptian family, 2000.
  27. ^ Stephens, Robert Henry (1972). Nasser: A Political Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-21224-7.
  28. ^ "Ḥāfiẓ Ibrāhīm EGYPTIAN POET". Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  29. ^ "مصر تسبق السعودية فى رخصة قيادة السيدات بقرن" (PDF). Al-Shorouk. 3161: 12. 28 September 2017.
  30. ^ "Pope of Egypt's Coptic Christian Church dies". USA Today. March 17, 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.

External linksEdit